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NOTES AND QUERIES.
Il S. X. JULY 18, 1914.)
by Mr. Fleay is not unimpeachable either :
The enclosure of commons, he says, was
fred, Act I. sc. ii.). This was no recent
grievance, however, since a petition of the
inhabitants of Stixwold in Lincolnshire has NOTES :- - The Probable Date of Webster's The Devil's Law Case.' 41—Illustrations of Casanova, 42—"A Biblin. been quoted by Mr. G. Shaw-Lefevre in graphy of Thomas Holcroft,' 43 -' Berrow's Worcester English Commons and Forests' (1894); Journal'-Record of Monumental Inscriptions in Ilertfordshire, 46-Lines hy Sidney Godolphin-“ Anent”
nay; a popular song published in ‘N. & Q. “Felix Summerly" (Sir Henry Cole), 47.
(5 S. vi. 246) proves that as early as 1548 QUERIES :-"Placing " in Universities, 47 Cotterell,
the public were complaining of an edict of
The play is reported to have been acted
can have been produced no later than 8 July,
Children of the Revels
-three years Riddell and Burns — Rav. James Thomas, c. 1819 – 52, Newgate Street: a Sculptured Stone, 50-Army Scouts after their patron's death. The name of and the Fleur-de-lis, 51.
“the Queen's Servants,” indeed, is menREPLIES :-Sir Gregory Norton, the Regicide, 51–"The tioned subsequently in Sir Henry Herbert's Broad Arrow": the King's Mark-Burnap, alias Burnett papers (with reference to Massinger's 'Bond
Cowlard, 52-Oriental Names inentioned by (tray-
The under-title of the play has been NOTES ON BOOKS :-The Oxford Dictionary - Pageant hitherto unheeded, though it plainly alludes of the Life and Death of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of to some scandalous lawsuit in which the Warwick.'
litigants had been
Among the Notices to Correspondents.
many cases which were tried in James I.'s reign, during which Lord and Lady Rochester,
Sir Walter Raleigh, Sir Giles Mompesson, Notes.
and Bacon appeared before the Courts of Justice, none answers Webster's description
so well and is so fitly paralleled by the play JOHN WEBSTER: THE PROBABLE as Lake v. Exeter, which came to an issue
in February, 1619. DATE OF THE DEVIL'S LAW CASE.'
The daughter of Sir Thomas Lake, SecreTHE full title of the play runs thus :
tary of State, having married Lord Roos, “ The Deuils Law-Case, Or, When Women goe serious misunderstanding soon broke out
the Earl of Exeter's grandson and heir, a to Law, the Deuil is full of Businesse. A new Tragecomcedy. The true and perfect Copie from between her and her husband's very young the Originall. As it was approouedly well Acted step-grandmother. Lady Lake, who of by her Maiesties Seruants. Written by John course took her daughter's side, not only Webster....1623."
hinted that the Countess had been unduly Mr. Fleay has asserted that the play may intimate with Lord Roos, but accused the have been written in 1610, on the score that, noble lady of having attempted to poison in Act IV. sc. ii., Romelio states his age her and Lady Roos, and produced a written to be 38, having been born in the year 1572. apology by which the Countess had tried This kind of argument, which was used, to gain the mother's and daughter's forgivein the case of 'Romeo and Juliet,' in order ness This lawsuit between an illustrious house to assign 1591 as the date of the play, on and the family of a powerful statesman account of the 1580 earthquake, is not created a tremendous excitement, especially altogether to be relied upon, especially for after Lord Roos's escape to Rome. Lady - The Devil's Law Case,' as most of the cha- Exeter, however, asserted herself innocent, racters in this play are convicted of false- and protested that the written confession hood. The second piece of evidence adduced had been forged by Lady Lake. The latter
purported the document to have been Brother).' He, however, found it impossible drawn up by the Countess at Lake's house at to make up a whole play out of this subject, Wimbledon, in the presence of Diego, Lord and forced it into the subsequent plot of Roos's foreign servant ; besides, it was stated Leonora's scheme. Unless some earlier law. that one Sarah Swarton, Lady Lake's maid, suit may be found that obviously influenced standing behind the arras, had overheard The Devil's Law Case,' I shall maintain Lady Exeter's reading of the document after that this part of it was suggested by the it was signed. The trial proceeded from Lake affair. It is likely that Shakspeare January, 1618, to February, 1619, during was no favourite of Lady Lake, who else which time 17,000 sheets of paper were used might have pondered over the lines in by the counsel of both parties.
“Hamlet' (II. ii.) about stage-players :This extraordinary case, and the wicked- After your death you were better have a bad ness of Lady Lake, countenanced by her epitaph, than their ill report while you live.” devoted servant Sarah Swarton, certainly
BON A. F. BOURGEOIS. suggested to Webster the apparently incredible scheme of the unnatural mother Leonora and her accomplice Winifred. What is more striking still is the conclusion of this ILLUSTRATIONS OF CASANOVA. plot, for which Webster is indebted to no
The splendid recognition M. Charles other person than King James I. himself. In the play, Leonora's supposed lover of N. & Q.' in his excellent study 'Jacques
Samaran has given of the work done by yore is Crispiano, whose portrait is produced Casanova, Vénitien ? (Paris, Calmann-Lévy), in Court, when the judge turns evidence and discloses himself to be Crispiano in prompts the notes which follow :person. Thus had King James in 1619 de- II. (Edition Carnier) 343. Le Duc de livered from the Bench the positive con- Matalone, at Paris.-M. le Comte Dufort de viction of Lady Lake's falsehood.
As he Cheverney, 1751-2, p. 140, says :happened to hunt in the neighbourhood of J'avais attiré dans la maison de Madame Wimbledon one day, he bethought himself of B...... les étrangers les plus distingués, les Princes going and ascertaining the conditions under de Corsini, dont un depuis a été cardinal, et le
duc de Matalone de Naples." which the confession had been drawn up ;
II. 384. Le Comte de Melfort. --Louis and, having been shown the room in ques. Drummond, Comte de Melfort (1722–88); tion, found that the arras was too short by 2 ft. for allowing Sarah Swarton to stand see · The Scots Peerage,' vi. 69. concealed behind it. None but the canny
(Dufort de Cheverney, i. 128) Scottish king had been a match for the
“de petite taille, mais fait comme un modèle
et fort comme Hercule, suivait la chasse, quand il cunning lady.
ne faisait pas sa cour à Versailles.” It was, therefore, after February, 1619,
11. 406. Prince de Saxe-Hildbourghausen. that Webster undertook his tragi-comedy,
-Ernst Friedrich III. (1727-80). Suc. or at least the latter part of it.
ceeded his father in 1745. Married : 1, months before (November, 1618) had taken place the execution of Sir Walter Louise of Denmark, died 1756 ; 2, Christiane Raleigh whose firmness death is alluded of Brandenburg-Baireuth; 3, Auguste of to in Act V. sc. iv. Webster, however,
Saxe-Weimar. was so slow in composition that the play
III. 106. Maria da Riva. See Rinato was not completed till the summer of the Fulin, ‘Maria da Riva, Studi.' next year, after the news of the Anglo- III. 435. L'Abbé Galiani. - See SwinDutch conflict at Sumatra in August, 1619, burne’s ‘ Letters, 20 June, 1777, and ii. 295. had reached England (Act IV. sc. ii.) and III. 493. Madame la Gouvernante, mère the Mompesson scandal (Act III. sc. i.). du Stathouder.-Anna, daughter of King
It is possible that Webster began the George II. of Great Britain, widow since portion of the play dealing with Contarino, 1751 of William IV. of Orange, mother of Jolenta, Ercole, and Romelio before 1618 ; William V., died 12 Jan., 1759.
Her son for this he is indebted to some Spanish was born in 1748. novel, perhaps to Don Diego Agreda's IV. 228. L'électeur de Cologne.-Clement 'El Hermano Indiscreto '* (The Unwise Augustus of Bavaria (1723-61).
“ His electoral Highness has a just Title to be * This novel was dramatized by Alexandre called Clement Augustus, for he is of stately mien, Hardy, whose play, however, is unknown except is handsome, and of easy Access, and loves for the account of the scenery in Mahelot's MS. Pleasures and particularly Hunting, as much as
his Condition will admit of; his Regular Life, and VI. 318. Je fis arrêter à Paris....et the Soundness of his Morals, may serve for an
m'étant fait apporter des montres dans ma example to many older Prelates, that are not su powerful nor so nobly descended.” Baron de
voiture, j'en achetai une pour quinze louis.' Poelnitz's Memoirs,' ii. 341.
-William Cunninghame, writing in 1751, IV. 330. Le jeune Duc de Rosebury.
says that the Parisians offered wares to Neil, third Earl of Rosebery, born 1729. each post-chaise, His elder brother died in 1755, and he so that in a few hours you are as well fitted out travelled abroad “ some time on the Con. in equipage and everything at Paris as in other
places in as many days. tinent.” He returned home, and elected a Scottish representative
VI. 468. in
Comte de Schwerin, neveu de peer
l'illustre feld maréchal."--Marshal Chris1768 (* The Scots Peerage,' vii. 224). IV. 479. Parcalier, Marquis de Prié.-- killed at the battle of Prague, 6 May, 1757.
topher Schwerin, the Prussian general, See L. Dutens, “Mémoires d'un Voyageur
A. FRANCIS STEUART. qui se repose,' pp. 132–4. V. 288. Lord Talon. See 'Jacobite Peer
A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THOMAS age,' by the Marquis de Ruvigny, pp. 76–7.
(See ante, p. 1.) de Turin."
1780. Contributions to The Westminster Magazine “The Jews here have a quarter called Gheto,
( Memoirs,' p. 87):with a Synagogue and burial-place. Every JoW
The Actor,' No. I., January, p. 7. is obliged to wear a yellow ribbon sewed on to
No. II., March, p. 121. the breast of his coat."-Swinburne's 'Letters,'
No. III., April, p. 180. i. 272, Turin, 6 June, 1779.
No. IV., May, p. 241.
No. V., August, p. 419. V. 388. La Renaud.--Catherine Renaud married (contract dated 23 June, 1768) 1780. " Alwyn, or the Gentleman Comedian. M. Böhmer, Jeweller to the Crown, so well London : Fielding and Walker, 1780.” 2 vols.,. known through “ l'Affaire du Collier.'
12mo. He died at Stuttgart, 18 Sept., 1794, and she European Magazine (1: 49) says 1779, but, remarried at Bâle, 28 July, 1796, his partner, later (22: 403) corrects the date to 1780. Paul Bassenge, by whom she had a son. The volume was noticed cursorily and unShe died at Dresden, 12 Sept., 1806 (Funck favourably in the September, 1780, number Brentano's The Diamond Necklace,' p. 349). of The Monthly Review (63: 233). It is V. 515. “ Bal du théatre de Carignan.”'.
almost entirely the work of Holcroft, but “ We went to the little opera-house of Carignan,
William Nicholson (1753–1815) assisted somewhich is the only one open at this time of the what in its writing (* Memoirs,' p. 95)—the year. No one seems to attend to the music or same Nicholson who was living with Holcroft representation. ... This theatre is but ill lighted ; at the time, and who did the Prologue to. it does to dance in during the Carnival, when the 'Duplicity.' Opera is held at the Grand Theatre adjoining the Palace, which is very large, and one of the nost magnificent in Italy.”—6 June, 1779. Swin. 1780. (June or early July—probably last of
June.) burne's 'Letters,' i. 272.
A plain and succinct narrative of
the late riots and disturbances in the cities: Miss Berry describes it also in her Diary, of London and Westminster and borough of 2 July, 1783.
Southwark. Containing particulars of the
burning of Newgate, the King's Bench, the VI. 195. La Princesse de Monaco, née
Fleet, and New Bridewell Prisons. Also, the Catherine de Brignolé. She married Ilouses of Lord Mansfield, Sir John Fieldiny, secondly, 24 Oct., 1798, Louis Joseph, Messrs. Langdale, Rainsforth, Cox, Hyde, &c.. Prince de Condé. Her first husband, Prince
Romish Chapels, Schools, &c., with an account Honoré III., died in France, in exile, 1795.
of the Commitment of Lord George Gordon to.
the Tower and anecdotes of his life. To which She, the niece of Rodolfo Brignolé, Doge of is prefixed, An Abstract of the Act lately passed Genoa, died in 1813.
in favour of the Roman Catholics. And an VI. 236. Babet Rangoni.—Prince Aloys
account of the Bill, as moved for in Parliament III. (Luigi II.) of Gonzague-Solferino, born
by Sir George Savile, with the observations of
Sir George and Mr. Dunning on the Papist 1745, married Elizabeth Rangoni. He suc. penal Laws. By William Vincent, of Gray's. ceeded his grandfather, Prince Luigi, in Inn. Paternoster Row. (Price one shilling.) 1768, and died in 1819 (Betham, Genea- London, printed for Fielding, and Walker, 1780. logical Tables,' and also Stokvis). The wife
Entered at Stationers' Hall."
1780. ...The Second Edition, corrected : of his father, Prince Leopold, is called by with an appendix.” Octavo, 62 + 11 pp Betham “ Helena Medina."