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less acceptable than the foreign books I trans-ought to be the daily entertainment of every realated, Rabelais and Don Quixote. This the critics sonable creature; and can consider with pleasure allow me, and while they like my wares they may to myself, by which of those deliverances, or as dispraise my writings. But as it is not so well we commonly call them, distempers, I may possiknown yet, that I frequently cross the seas of late, bly make my escape out of this world of sorrows, and speak in Dutch and French, besides other lan-into that condition of existence, wherein I hope guages, I have the conveniency of buying and im- to be happier than it is possible for me at present porting rich brocades, Dutch atlasses, with gold to conceive.

But this is not all the use I make of the above

and silver, or without, and other foreign silks of the newest modes and best fabrics, fine Flanders mentioned weekly paper. A bill of mortality is, lace, linens, and pictures, at the best hand; this my in my opinion, an unanswerable argument for a new way of trade I have fallen into, I cannot Providence. How can we, without supposing ourbetter publish than by an application to you. My selves under the constant care of a Supreme Being, wares are fit only for such as your readers; and I give any possible account for that nice proportion, would beg of you to print this address in your which we find in every great city, between the paper, that those whose minds you adorn may take deaths and births of its inhabitants, and between the ornaments for their persons and houses from the number of males and that of females brought me. This, sir, if I may presume to beg it, will be into the world? What else could adjust in so exact the greater favour, as I have lately received rich a manner the recruits of every nation to its losses, silks and fine lace to a considerable value, which and divide these new supplies of people into such will be sold cheap for a quick return, and as I have equal bodies of both sexes? Chance could never also a large stock of other goods. Indian silks hold the balance with so steady a hand. Were we were formerly a great branch of our trade; and not counted out by an intelligent supervisor, we since we must not sell them, we must seek amends should sometimes be overcharged with multitudes, by dealing in others. This I hope will plead for and at others waste away into a desert: we should one who would lessen the number of the teasers of be sometimes a populus virorum, as Florus elegantly heart cant the Muses, and who, suiting his spirit to his circum-expresses it, a generation of males, and at others Cannot fri stances, humbles the poet to exalt the citizen. Like a species of women. We may extend this consiuncomp a true tradesman, I hardly ever look into any deration to every species of living creatures, and books, but those of accounts. To say the truth, consider the whole animal world as an huge army I cannot, I think, give you a better idea of my made up of innumerable corps, if I may use that being a downright man of traffic, than by acknow-term, whose quotas have been kept entire near five ledging I oftener read the advertisements, than the thousand years, in so wonderful a manner, that matter of even your paper. I am under a great there is not probably a single species lost during temptation to take this opportunity of admonish- this long tract of time. Could we have general ble life.ing other writers to follow my example, and trouwhichble the town no more; but as it is my present budibertsiness to increase the number of buyers rather than sellers, I hasten to tell you that I am,

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'Your most humble, and
'most obedient servant,
PETER MOTTEUX."*

T.

rep No 289. THURSDAY, JANUARY 31, 1711-12.

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Vita summa brevis spem nos vetat inchoare longam.
HOR. Od. iv. l. i. ver. 15.
Life's span forbids us to extend our cares,
And stretch our hopes beyond our years.
CREECH.

bills of mortality of every kind of animals, or particular ones of every species in each continent and island, I could almost say in every wood, marsh, or mountain, what astonishing instances would they be of that Providence which watches over all his works.

I have heard of a great man in the Romish church, who, upon reading those words in the fifth chapter of Genesis, And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years, and he died; and all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years, and he died; and all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred and sixty-nine years, and he died;' immediately shut himself up in a convent, and retired from the world, as not thinking any thing in this life worth pursuing, which had not regard to another.

The truth of it is, there is nothing in history which is so improving to the reader as those acUPON taking my seat in a coffee-house, I often counts which we meet with of the deaths of emidraw the eyes of the whole room upon me, when nent persons, and of their behaviour in that dreadin the hottest seasons of news, and at a time per- ful season. I may also add, that there are no haps that the Dutch mail is t come in, they hear parts in history which affect and please the reader me ask the coffee-man for his last week's bill of in so sensible a manner. The reason I take to be mortality. I find that I have been sometimes taken this, because there is no other single circumstance on this occasion for a parish sexton, sometimes for in the story of any person, which can possibly be an undertaker, and sometimes for a doctor of phy- the case of every one who reads it. A battle or a sic. In this, however, I am guided by the spirit triumph are conjunctures in which not one man in of a philosopher, as I take occasion from thence a million is likely to be engaged; but when we to reflect upon the regular increase and diminu- see a person at the point of death, we cannot fortion of mankind, and consider the several various bear being attentive to every thing he says or does, ways through which we pass from life to eternity. because we are sure that some time or other we I am very well pleased with these weekly admo- shall ourselves be in the same melancholy circumnitions, that bring into my mind such thoughts as stances. The general, the statesman, or the philosopher, are perhaps characters which we may This writer was a French refugee, (born in Normandy, 1660,) who settled in England, where he produced some dra never act in, but the dying man is one whom, thatic pieces, and altered others, and gave pretty good transla. sooner or later, we shall certainly resemble. tions of Rabelais and Don Quixote. He died a violent death, It is, perhaps, for the same kind of reason, that ether by his own hand or that of another, at a house of ill few books written in English have been so much fame, near Temple Bar, February 1718.

2

ADDISON.

L.

No 290. FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1711.12.

Projicit ampullas et sesquipedalia verba.
HOR. Ars Poet. ver. 97.
Forgets his swelling and gigantic words.
ROSCOMMON.

perused as Dr. Sherlock's Discourse upon Death; changes its inhabitants so often, and receives suck though at the same time I must own, that he who a perpetual succession of guests, is not a palace has not perused this excellent piece, has not per- but a caravansary.' haps read one of the strongest persuasives to a religious life that ever was written in any language. The consideration with which I shall close this essay upon death, is one of the most ancient and most beaten morals that has been recommended to mankind. But its being so very common, and so universally received, though it takes away from it the grace of novelty, adds very much to the weight of it, as it shows that it falls in with the general sense of mankind. In short, I would have every one consider that he is in this life nothing more than THE players, who know I am very much their a passenger, and that he is not to set up his rest friend, take all opportunities to express a gratitude here, but to keep an attentive eye upon that state to me for being so. They not could have a better of being to which he approaches every moment, occasion of obliging me, than one which they lately and which will be for ever fixed and permanent. took hold of. They desired my friend Will HoThis single consideration would be sufficient to ex-neycomb to bring me to the reading of a new tra tinguish the bitterness of hatred, the thirst of ava- gedy; it is called The Distressed Mother. I must rice, and the cruelty of ambition. confess, though some days are passed since I enI am very much pleased with the passage of An-joyed that entertainment, the passions of the se tiphanes, a very ancient poet, who lived near an veral characters dwell strongly upon my imagina hundred years before Socrates, which represents tion: and I congratulate the age, that they are at the life of man under this view, as I have here last to see truth and human life represented in the translated it word for word. Be not grieved, incidents which concern heroes and heroines. The says he, 'above measure, for thy deceased friends. style of the play is such as becomes those of the They are not dead, but have only finished that first education, and the sentiments worthy those of journey which it is necessary for every one of us the highest figure. It was a most exquisite plea to take. We ourselves must go to that great place sure to me, to observe real tears drop from the eyes of reception in which they are all of them assemof those who had long made it their profession to bled, and in this general rendezvous of mankind, dissemble affliction; and the player, who read, fre live together in another state of being.' quently threw down the book, until he had given I think I have, in a former paper, taken notice vent to the humanity which rose in him at some of those beautiful metaphors in scripture, where irresistible touches of the imagined sorrow. We life is termed a pilgrimage, and those who have seldom had any female distress on the stage, through it are all called strangers, and sojourners which did not, upon cool examination, appear to upon earth. I shall conclude this with a story, which flow from the weakness, rather than the misfortune I have somewhere read in the travels of Sir John of the person represented: but in this tragedy you Chardin. That gentleman, after having told us are not entertained with the ungoverned passions that the inns which receive the caravans in Persia, of such as are enamoured of each other, merely and the eastern countries, are called by the name as they are men and women, but their regards are of caravansaries, gives us a relation to the follow-founded upon high conceptions of each other's ing purpose. virtue and merit: and the character which gives

pass

of

A dervise travelling through Tartary, being ar- name to the play, is one who has behaved herself rived at the town of Balk, went into the king's with heroic virtue in the most important circum palace by mistake, as thinking it to be a public stances of a female life, those of a wife, a widow, inn, or caravansary. Having looked about him and a mother. If there be those whose minds have for some time, he entered into a long gallery, been too attentive upon the affairs of life, to have where he laid down his wallet, and spread his car-any notion of the passion of love in such extremes pet, in order to repose himself upon it, after the as are known only to particular tempers, yet in manner of the eastern nations. He had not been the above-mentioned considerations, the sorrow long in this posture before he was discovered by the heroine will move even the generality of man some of the guards, who asked him what was his kind. Domestic virtues concern all the world, and business in that place? The dervise told them he there is no one living who is not interested that intended to take up his night's lodging in that ca- Andromache should be an imitable character ravansary. The guards let him know, in a very The generous affection to the memory of her de angry manner, that the house he was in was not a ceased husband, that tender care for her son, which caravansary, but the king's palace. It happened is ever heightened with the consideration of his that the king himself passed through the gallery father, and these regards preserved in spite of during this debate, and smiling at the mistake of being tempted with the possession of the highest the dervise, asked him how he could possibly be so greatness, are what cannot but be venerable even dull as not to distinguish a palace from a caravan- to such an audience as at present frequents the sary? Sir,' says the dervise, give me leave to English theatre. My friend Will Honeycomb, ask your majesty a question or two. Who were commended several tender things that were said, the persons that lodged in this house when it was and told me they were very genteel: but whis first built?' The king replied, 'His ancestors.And pered me, that he feared the piece was not bus who,' says the dervise, was the last person that enough for the present taste. To suppply this, be lodged here?' The king replied, 'His father,-And recommended to the players to be very careful who is it,' says the dervise, that lodges here at

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present? The king told him, that it was he himself. the Andromaque of Racine. The Epilogue to this play, whic

By Ambrose Philips. It is little more than a translation from And who,' says the dervise, will be here after has Mr. Budgell's name prefixed to it, and has been very e you?' The king answered, The young prince his admired, Dr. Johnson says, was actually written by Adde son? Ah, sir,' said the dervise, a house that Mrs. Johnson was assured so by Mr. Draper, the partner

Tonson, the bookseller.

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· Ubi plura nitent in carmine, non ego paucis
Offendor maculis, quas aut incuria fudit,
Aut humana parum cavit natura.-

HOR. Ars Poet, ver. 351,

But in a poem elegantly writ,
I will not quarrel with a slight mistake,
Such as our nature's frailty may excuse.
ROSCOMMON.

to find that they did not neglect my friend's ad- No 291. SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1711-12. monition, because there are a great many in this class of criticism who may be gained by it: but indeed the truth is, that as to the work itself, it is every where nature. The persons are of the highest quality in life, even that of princes; but their quality is not represented by the poet with direc tions that guards and waiters should follow them in every scene, but their grandeur appears in greatness of sentiments, flowing from minds worthy their condition. To make a character truly great, this I HAVE now considered Milton's Paradise Lost author understands that it should have its founda- under those four great heads, of the fable, the chaes to express iption in superior thoughts, and maxims of conduct. racters, the sentiments, and the language; and not could bare It is very certain, that many an honest woman have shown that he excels in general, under each would make no difficulty, though she had been the of these heads. I hope that I have made sewife of Hector, for the sake of a kingdom, to veral discoveries which may appear new, even to marry the enemy of her husband's family and those who are versed in critical learning. Were country; and indeed who can deny but she I indeed to choose my readers, by whose judgment might be still an honest woman, but no heroine? I would stand or fall, they should not be such as That may be defensible, nay laudable in one cha-are acquainted only with the French and Italian racter, which would be in the highest degree ex-critics, but also with the ancient and modern who ceptionable in another. When Cato Uticensis have written in either of the learned languages. killed himself, Cottius, a Roman of ordinary qua- Above all, I would have them well versed in the oes and helity and character, did the same thing; upon which Greek and Latin poets, without which a man very one said, smiling, 'Cottius might have lived, though often fancies that he understands a critic, when in ments word Cæsar has seized the Roman liberty. Cottius's reality he does not comprehend his meaning. most excondition might have been the same, let things at It is in criticism as in all other sciences and spears drop the upper end of the world pass as they would. culations; one who brings with him any implicit it their What is further very extraordinary in this work, notions and observations, which he has made in his player, is, that the persons are all of them laudable, and reading of the poets, will find his own reflections their misfortunes arise rather from unguarded vir- methodized and explained, and perhaps several tue, than propensity to vice. The town has an little hints that had passed in his mind perfected opportunity of doing itself justice in supporting and improved, in the works of a good critic: the representations of passion, sorrow, indignation, whereas one who has not these previous lights is even despair itself, within the rules of decency, very often an utter stranger to what he reads, and honour, and good-breeding; and since there is no one can flatter himself his life will be always for apt to put a wrong interpretation upon it. Nor is it sufficient that a man, who sets up for a above-mentioned, unless he has also a clear and logical head. Without this talent he is perpetually puzzled and perplexed amidst his own blunders, mistakes the sense of those he would confute, or, if

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* MR. SPECTATOR,

IAM appointed to act a part in the new tragedy has be called the Distressed Mother. It is the celebrated he chances to think right, does not know how to import grief of Orestes which I am to personate; but 1 of ashall not act it as I ought, for I shall feel it too inti-perspicuity. Aristotle, who was the best critic, was also one of the best logicians that ever ap

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lowance, to do it with satisfaction."

convey his thoughts to another with clearness and

an expression of rage, and in the middle of the peared in the world. Mr. Locke's Essay on Human Understanding temes sentence there was a stroke of self-pity which will be thought a very odd book for a man to Jo quite unmanned me. Be pleased, sir, to print this make himself master of, who would get a reputaletter, that when I am oppressed in this manner tion by critical writings; though at the same time it all that such an interval, a certain part of the audience is very certain, that an author who has not learned may not think I am out: and I hope with this al- the art of distinguishing between words and things, and of ranging his thoughts and setting them in proper lights, whatever notions he may have, will lose himself in confusion and obscurity. I might further observe, that there is not a Greek or Latin critic, who has not shown, even in the style of his criticisms, that he was a master of all the elegance and delicacy of his native tongue.

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The truth of it is, there is nothing more absurd, than for a man to set up for a critic without a good insight into all the parts of learning; whereas many of those who have endeavoured to signalize themselves by works of this nature, among our English writers, are not only defective in the above. mentioned particulars, but plainly discover, by the

Ir is not me you are in love with, for I was very phrases which they make use of, and by their con ill and kept my chamber all that day.

STEELE,

Your most humble servant,
'THE SPECTATOR.'

T.

fused way of thinking, that they are not acquainted with the most common and ordinary systems of arts

* See Nos. 267, 273, 279, 285,

and sciences. A few general rules extracted out of critics I have been here mentioning. "A favou the French authors, with a certain cant of words, critic," says he, "having gathered together all the has sometimes set up an illiterate heavy writer for faults of an eminent poet, made a present of them a most judicious and formidable critic. to Apollo, who received them very graciously, and

One great mark, by which you may discover a resolved to make the author a suitable return for critic who has neither taste nor learning, is this, the trouble he had been at in collecting them. In that he seldom ventures to praise any passage in order to this, he set before him a sack of wheat, an author which has not been before received and as it had been just thrashed out of the sheaf. He applauded by the public, and that his criticism then bid him pick out the chaff from among the turns wholly upon little faults and errors. This corn, and lay it aside by itself. The critic applied part of a critic is so very easy to succeed in, that himself to the task with great industry and plea we find every ordinary reader, upon the publishing sure, and, after having made the due separation, of a new poem, has wit and ill-nature enough to was presented by. Apollo with the chaff for his turn several passages of it into ridicule, and very pains." often in the right place. This Mr. Dryden has very agreeably remarked in those two celebrated lines:

"Errors, like straws, upon the surface flow;

He who would search for pearls, must dive below.'

ADDISON.

L.

N° 292. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1711-12.

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Illam, quicquid agit, quoque vestigia flectit,
Componit furtim, subsequiturque decor.
TIBULL. Eleg. ii. 1. 4. ver. 8.
Whate'er she does, where'er her steps she bends,
Grace on each action silently attends.

A true critic ought to dwell rather upon excel. lencies than imperfections, to discover the concealed beauties of a writer, and communicate to the world such things as are worth their observation. The most exquisite words, and finest strokes of an author, are those which very often appear As no one can be said to enjoy health, who is only the most doubtful and exceptionable to a man who not sick, without he feel within himself a lightsone wants a relish for polite learning; and they are and invigorating principle, which will not suffer these, which a sour undistinguishing critic generally him to remain idle, but still spurs him on to attacks with the greatest violence. Tully observes, action; so in the practice of every virtue, there is that it is very easy to brand or fix a mark upon some additional grace required, to give a claim of what he calls verbum ardens, or as it may be ren-excelling in this or that particular action. A diadered into English, a glowing bold expression,' mond may want polishing, though the value be still and to turn it into ridicule by a cold ill-natured intrinsically the same; and the same good may be criticism. A little wit is equally capable of ex-done with different degrees of lustre. No man posing a beauty, and of aggravating a fault; and should be contented with himself that he barely though such a treatment of an author naturally pro- does well, but he should perform every thing in the duces indignation in the mind of an understanding best and most becoming manner that he is able. reader, it has however its effect among the gene. Tully tells us he wrote his book of offices be rality of those whose hands it falls into, the rabble cause there was no time of life in which some corof mankind being very apt to think that every respondent duty might not be practised; nor is thing which is laughed at, with any mixture of wit, there a duty without a certain decency accompany is ridiculous in itself. ing it, by which every virtue it is joined to will Such a mirth as this is always unseasonable in a seem to be doubled. Another may do the same critic, as it rather prejudices the reader than con- thing, and yet the action want that air and beauty vinces him, and is capable of making a beauty, as which distinguish it from others; like that inimiwell as a blemish, the subject of derision. A man table sunshine Titian is said to have diffused over who cannot write with wit on a proper subject, is his landscapes; which denotes them his, and has dull and stupid; but one who shows it in an im- been always unequalled by any other person. proper place, is as impertinent and absurd. Be- There is no one action in which this quality I am sides, a man who has the gift of ridicule is apt to speaking of will be more sensibly perceived, than find fault with any thing that gives him an oppor- in granting a request, or doing an office of kind. tunity of exerting his beloved talent, and very often ness. Mummius, by his way of consenting to a becensures a passage, not because there is any fault nefaction, shall make it lose its name; while Carus in it, but because he can be merry upon it. Such doubles the kindness and the obligation. From the kinds of pleasantry are very unfair and disinge- first, the desired request drops indeed at last, but nuous in works of criticism, in which the greatest from so doubtful a brow, that the obliged has masters, both ancient and modern, have always almost as much reason to resent the manner of be appeared with a serious and instructive air. stowing it, as to be thankful for the favour itself. As I intend in my next paper to show the de- Carus invites with a pleasing air, to give him an fects in Milton's Paradise Lost, I thought fit to opportunity of doing an act of humanity, meets premise these few particulars, to the end that the the petition half way, and consents to a request reader may know I enter upon it, as on a very with a countenance which proclaims the satisfac ungrateful work, and that I shall just point at the tion of his mind in assisting the distressed. imperfections without endeavouring so inflame The decency then that is to be observed in libe them with ridicule. I must also observe with rality, seems to consist in its being performed with Longinus, that the productions of a great genius, such cheerfulness as may express the godlike plea with many lapses and inadvertencies, are infinitely sure to be met with, in obliging one's fellow-cres preferable to the works of an inferior kind of tures; that may show good-nature and benevolence author, which are scrupulously exact, and conformable to all the rules of correct writing.

I shall conclude my paper with a story out of Boccalini, which sufficiently shows us the opinion that judicious author entertained of the sort of

overflowed, and do not, as in some men, run upon
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mentioning. "A far gathered together I will llustrate it, a little, by an example drawn ments. They avoided even an indecent posture made a present of from private life, which carries with it such a pro- in the very article of death. Thus Cæsar gathered hem very gracious fusion of liberality, that it can be exceeded by no- his robe about him, that he might not fall in a bor a suitable re thing but the humanity and good-nature which ac- manner unbecoming of himself; and the greatest companies it. It is a letter of Pliny, which I shall concern that appeared in the behaviour of Lucrehere translate, because the action will best appear tia when she stabbed herself was, that her body in its first dress of thought, without any foreign or should lie in an attitude worthy the mind which had inhabited it:

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PLINY TO QUINTILIAN.

Ne non procumbat honeste,
Extrema hæc etiam cura cadentis erat.'

OVID, Fast. 1. 3. ver. 833.
''Twas her last thought, how decently to fall.'
'MR. SPECTATOR,

THOUGH I am fully acquainted with the contentwith the cment and just moderation of your mind, and the conformity the education you have given your daughter bears to your own character: yet since she is suddenly to be married to a person of dis-I AM a young woman without a fortune; but of tinction, whose figure in the world makes it neces- last degree proud and vain. I am ever railing at a very high mind: that is, good sir, I am to the sary for her to be at a more than ordinary expense, the rich, for doing things, which, upon search into in clothes and equipage suitable to her husband's quality; by which, though her intrinsic worth be my heart, I find I am only angry at, because I not augmented, yet will it receive both ornament cannot do the same myself. I wear the hooped and lustre: and knowing your estate to be as mopetticoat, and am all in calicoes when the finest derate as the riches of your mind are abundant, I are in silks. It is a dreadful thing to be poor and must challenge to myself some part of the burden; Proud; therefore, if you please, a lecture on that and as a parent of your child, I present her with subject for the satisfaction of 'Your uneasy humble servant, twelve hundred and fifty crowns, towards these 'JEZEBEL.' expenses; which sum had been much larger, had I not feared the smallness of it would be the greatest inducement with you to accept of it. Farewel.'

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Thus should a benefaction be done with a good grace, and shine in the strongest point of light; it N° 293. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1711-12. should not only answer all the hopes and exigencies of the receiver, but even outrun his wishes. It is this happy manner of behaviour which adds new charms to it, and softens those gifts of art and nature which otherwise would be rather distasteful than agreeable. Without it valour would dege- THE famous Gracian,* in his little book, wherein nerate into brutality, learning into pedantry, and he lays down maxims for a man's advancing himthe genteelest demeanour into affectation. Even self at court, advises his reader to associate himself religion itself, unless decency be the handmaid with the fortunate, and to shun the company of the which waits upon her, is apt to make people ap-unfortunate; which, notwithstanding the baseness pear guilty of sourness and ill-humour: but this of the precept to an honest mind, may have someshows virtue in her first original form, adds a come-thing useful in it, for those who push their interest liness to religion, and gives its professors the just-in the world. It is certain, a great part of what est title to the beauty of holiness.' A man fully we call good or ill fortune, rises out of right or instructed in this art, may assume a thousand wrong measures and schemes of life. When I hear shapes, and please in all; he may do a thousand a man complain of his being unfortunate in all his actions shall become none other but himself; not undertakings, I shrewdly suspect him for a very that the things themselves are different, but the weak man in his affairs. In conformity with this manner of doing them. way of thinking, Cardinal Richelieu used to say,

If you examine each feature by itself, Aglaura that unfortunate and imprudent, were but two and Calliclea are equally handsome, but take them words for the same thing. As the cardinal himself in the whole, and you cannot suffer the compari-had a great share both of prudence and good forson: the one is full of numberless nameless graces, tune, his famous antagonist, the Count d'Olivarez, the other of as many nameless faults. was disgraced at the court of Madrid, because it

The comeliness of person, and the decency of was alleged against him that he had never any behaviour, add infinite weight to what is pronounc-success in his undertakings. This, says an eminent ed by any one. It is the want of this that often author, was indirectly accusing him of imprudence. makes the rebukes and advice of old rigid persons Cicero recommended Pompey to the Romans for of no effect, and leave a displeasure in the minds their general upon three accounts, as he was a man of those they are directed to: but youth and of courage, conduct, and good fortune. It was, beauty, if accompanied with a graceful and be- perhaps, for the reason above mentioned, namely, coming severity, is of mighty force to raise, even that a series of good fortune supposes a prudent in the most profligate, a sense of shame. In Milton, management in the person whom it befals, that the devil is never described ashamed but once, and not only Sylla the dictator, but several of the Rothat at the rebuke of a beauteous angel:

'So spake the cherub, and his grave rebuke,
Severe in youthful beauty, added grace
Invincible. Abash'd the devil stood,
And felt how awful Goodness is, and saw

Virtue in her own shape how lovely! saw and pin'd
His loss."

The care of doing nothing unbecoming has
companied the greatest minds to their last

man emperors, as is still to be seen upon their medals, among their other titles, gave themselves that of Felix or Fortunate. The heathens, indeed, seem to have valued a man more for his good for.

Balthazar Gracian, a Spanish Jesuit, rector of the college of Tarragon, who died 1658, leaving, besides the book here alluded to, several sermons and other writings, which were much esteemac-ed by his fraternity and his countrymen; but his style is inflated, and his sentiments often extravagant.

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