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PAOR.

STATISTICS OF TRADE AND COMMERCE.

Statistics of the Cotton Trade-Exports, Imports, and Duties of principal Commercial Countries 81

Commerce of Richmond, Virginia

92

JOURNAL OF BANKING, CURRENCY, AND FINANCE.

How to detect Counterfeit Bills. - Condition of Banks out of Boston....

93

Statistics of the Banks in Boston.....

95

Gold and silver Coinage of the United States

97

Banking in South Australia

Conditron of the Banks of Ohio.-Condition of the Banks of South Carolina.

99

Amendineat of the Usury Laws of Louisiana...

100

Purchase of United States stocks by the Government.-Money: whence comes the word ?. 101

Missouri Loan of stock tu aid Ruilroads....

102

POSTAL DEPARTMENT.

The London Post-Ofice........

103

NAUTICAL INTELLIGENCE.

Lighthouse on Troabridge Shoals, Gulf St. Vincent, South Australia

104

Guofleot Light, East swin, Eugland-Entrance to Thaines

104

Notice to Mariners.--Guntleet Lighthouse, East swin

105

Gulf of Athens-mixed Light on Lipso-Kulala

105

Light on the Balearic Islands— Mediterranean Sea

106

COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS.

Peruvian Guano Restrictions

106

New Orleans Harbur Regulations....

107

The Limited Partnersbip Law

108

Maritime Law in Time'ul War.-Importation of Breadstuffs into Sweden...

109

JOURNAL OF INSURANCE.

Does a Man shorten his Life by insuring it? ......

STATISTICS OF AGRICULTURE, &c.

Progress of Vegetables and increase of Animals in United States

114

The Growth of tobacco ...

116

The cost and manner of using Guano in Arequipa

117

RAILROAD, CANAL, AND STEAMBOAT STATISTICS.

Shortest Route between Eurupe and America. - The United States Railroad Directory.

118

Operations of the Railways of Massachuselts

JOURNAL OF MINING AND MANUFACTURE S.

The Gold Product of Australia and California compared......

121

Gutta Percha and India-Rubber...

123

The Great frou. Works near l'roy, New York.-Decline of the Weaving Trade in Scotland 125

American and European Marb.es.

125

Paper from refuse Cauned Leather.-Characteristics of the rare Guins

126

Great Brilaiu opposed to Cotton Manufacturus.—Machine for Pegging Boots and shoes

126

New Machine für Picking Fibrous Alaterials.........

127

STATISTICS OF POPULATION, &c.

Past, Present, and Prospective Population of Western Cities ......

127

Decrease of the Population of New Hampshire

127

Pupulation of Suuin Carolina.-Immigra.lou at Quebec, Canada

128

MERCANTILE MISCELLANTES.

The Late Abbott Lawrence

129

The Merchants' r'und of Philadelphia .

131

Mercantile Library Association of New York.--The Landlord, Broker, and Merchant on Sunday 132

The stores of Protective Unions and Working men..

The Cod Fishery and Fisheries at St. Johu's

134

The New York Chamber of Commerce and the Revenue Law

135

The Louisville Chamber of Cominurce.- The Cleveland Commercial Gazette

136

Benefit of Advertising

136

THE BOOK TRADE.

Notices of new Books or new Editions. ...

...... 137-144

HUNT'S

MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE

AND

COMMERCIAL REVIEW,

JULY, 1856.

Art. 1.-TIB MERCHANTS, AND THE MERCHANTS' FUND*

THE MERCHANT IS THE FRIEND OF MAN."--Gibbon.

I. MERCHANTS—WHO AND WHENCE ARE THEY ?

1. They are an historic class. Their existence as a body can be traced to the earliest annals of the world. As far back as the days of Abraham, nearly 2,000 years before Christ, we find the Patriarch buying the field of Machpelah, and paying Ephron for it “ 400 shekels of silver, current money with the merchant;" showing, not only the existence of merchants a a class, but also that they had standard weights and coins, and regulated the currency of the times.

A little after this record, Moses writes of “Midianitish merchantmen," who " came from Gilead, with their camels bearing spicery, and balm, and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt.” Job speaks of "merchants” in his day; and towards the splendor of King Solomon, merchants largely contributed. The vast quantities of gold, and ivory, and spices, and precious woods, and linens, and wool, and other articles, which he accumulated, were obtained not only by traffic with foreign traders, but also through those denominated “ the king's merchants," who were the factors

"We have been sarnished with a copy of the address delivered before the “ Merchants' Fund” Association of Philadelphia, on the occasion of their second anniversary, January 24, 1856. This article embraces, as will be seen, u comprebensive sketch of the merchants as an bistoric class, to gelber with a brief sketch of the history and character of mercantile benevolence. For an account of the “ Merchants' Fund” of Philadelphia our readers are referred to the department of “ Mercadtile Miscellanies," page 131, in the present number of the Merchants' Magazine. - Ed.

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