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acting actual adapted advantage alteration America Animals and Plants appearance arguments attempts become beginning belief better breed Buffon cause of modification causes of variation cells certain changes characters CHARLES DARWIN complete conception conclusions considered continually cross-fertilization cultivated Darwin descendants direct discussed distribution Domestication drawn earth effects evidence evolved Examined explain facts flower follow forms fossil function further geological give given going gradual greater habits human hypothesis idea important increased individuals inhabitants inherited instance Islands kind known Lamarck length less living matter means MICHIGAN natural selection naturalist neck never objection offspring organic evolution Origin of Species parents period phenomena possess possible present probable produced progeny published question relation remain served shown shows soon structure struggle for existence successive suggested tend theory thought tion truth UNIVERSITY variability varieties views whole
Стр. 27 - There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed by the Creator into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being evolved.
Стр. 10 - ... species had not been independently created, but had descended, like varieties, from other species. Nevertheless, such a conclusion, even if well founded, would be unsatisfactory, until it could be shown how the innumerable species inhabiting this world have been modified, so as to acquire that perfection of structure and coadaptation which justly excites our admiration.
Стр. 24 - In one sense the conditions of life may be said, not only to cause variability, either directly or indirectly, but likewise to include natural selection ; for the conditions determine whether this or that variety shall survive. But when man is the selecting agent, we clearly see that the two elements of change are distinct ; variability is in some manner excited, but it is the will of man which accumulates the variations in certain directions ; and it is this latter agency which answers to the survival...
Стр. 9 - ... free access to it from other countries be circumscribed, and let the change of conditions continue progressing (forming new stations), in such a case the original inhabitants must cease to be as perfectly adapted to the changed conditions as they were originally. It has been shown in a former part of this work, that such changes of external conditions would, from their acting on the reproductive system, probably cause the organization of those beings which were most affected to become, as under...
Стр. 30 - FLOWER in the crannied wall, I pluck you out of the crannies, I hold you here, root and all, in my hand, Little flower — but if I could understand What you are, root and all, and all in all, I should know what God and man is.
Стр. 22 - Thus, as I believe, natural selection will tend in the long run to reduce any part of the organisation, as soon as it becomes, through changed habits, superfluous, without by any means causing some other part to be largely developed in a corresponding degree. And, conversely, that natural selection may perfectly well succeed in largely developing...
Стр. 10 - ... trees, which has seeds that must be transported by certain birds, and which has flowers with separate sexes absolutely requiring the agency of certain insects to bring pollen from one flower to the other, it is equally preposterous to account for the structure of this parasite, with its relations to several distinct organic beings, by the effects of external conditions, or of habit, or of the volition of the plant itself.
Стр. 10 - Naturalists continually refer to external conditions, such as climate, food, &c., as the only possible cause of variation. In one limited sense, as we shall hereafter see, this may be true ; but it is preposterous to attribute to mere external conditions, the structure, for instance, of the woodpecker, with its feet, tail, beak, and tongue, so admirably adapted to catch insects under the bark of trees.