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negroes from one place in a transmarine province to another, which is to be prohibited in foreign vessels.

By the sixth point it is recommended that the shipment of liberated negroes to any foreign country should be prohibited.

And by the seventh, that the authorities who may transgress these stipulations shall be made strictly responsible.

The Earl of Clarendon.

I have, &c.

HENRY F. HOWARD.

(Inclosure 1.)-The Marquis de Loulé to Mr. Howard. (Translation.)

Palace, September 4, 1856. THE Marine Department having been made acquainted with the subject of the note which Sir Richard Pakenham addressed to my predecessor on the 19th January of last year, as also with those which you addressed to him on the 25th February, 28th March, and 14th April last, relating to the interpretation of Article V of the Treaty of the 3rd July, 1842, between Portugal and Great Britain, for the abolition of the Slave Trade, and in which you referred to the shipment of 10 slaves on board the American vessel Seamew, at Loanda, for the Island of St. Thomas; that Department has communicated to me the Report of the Colonial Board upon this subject dated the 12th August last.

In transmitting to you a copy of the above-mentioned report, it becomes my duty to state to you that by the last packet the Count de Lavradio, His Majesty's Minister in London, received the necessary instructions to come to an understanding with Her Britannic Majesty's Government upon each of the points of the said report, in order to settle definitively the matter in question, and to issue the proper orders to the Portuguese authorities in the transmarine provinces. I renew, &c.

H. F. Howard, Esq.

MARQUIS DE LOULE.

(Inclosure 2.)-Report.

Secretary of State's Office for Marine and Colonial Affairs.

(Translation.)

THE Board are of opinion:

August 12, 1856.

1. That your Majesty's Government, in order to show their solicitude for putting a stop to the traffic in slaves, may agree to declare Article V of the Treaty of the 3rd July, 1842, to be as interpreted by the British Government.

2. That it should be enacted that such liberated negroes as leave Angola for the Islands of St. Thomas and Prince, may embark only at the city of Loanda, and at no other place, and that they must be furnished with certificates of registration, the embarkation to be effected under the supervision of the administrative authority and of

the Board of Guardians of Slaves and Liberated Negroes, and that such liberated negroes may only be conveyed from Loanda direct to the city of St. Thomas, where they shall be landed and placed under the supervision of the local Board of Guardians.

3. That the prohibition to convey slaves by sea from one part of the continent to another, within the same colony, should not be admitted, as it goes beyond the stipulations of the Treaty, but that in order to prevent abuses, the greatest supervision should be exercised, that the slaves should be furnished with an authentic document from the proper authority, that they should only go in national merchant-vessels, and not more than five slaves to be conveyed on each voyage, a greater number to be permitted only in open boats going direct from one district to another, or within the same district, but always accompanied by authentic documents containing the names of all and each of the slaves.

4. That the conveyance of liberated slaves from one place in a transmarine province to any other place should not be allowed in foreign vessels of any description, the captains or masters transgressing this rule to incur the penalty set down in the police regulations.

5. That it should be enacted that no vessel should convey, on each voyage, more than 10 liberated negroes, unless by a special order from your Majesty's Government.

6. That the shipment of liberated negroes to any foreign country, even alleging that they are engaged as free men for certain temporary service, should be prohibited throughout the entire Por tuguese territory in Africa; and that the stipulations of this Article should be made extensive to the aborigines of the Islands of Timor and Solor.

7. That the authorities who may transgress these stipulations shall be made strictly responsible.

Your Majesty will above all determine what is best.
Lisbon, Council Chamber, August 12, 1856.
ANTO. PEDRO de Cavalho.

SIR,

J. F. PESTANA, Vice-President.

J. J. DA SILVA GUARDADO.

D. C. ARONCA.

A. J. D'O. LIMA.

J. M. MARQUES.

L. J. MONIZ.

JOAO DE ROBOREDO.

No. 368.-The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Howard.

Foreign Office, September 20, 1856.

I HAVE received your despatch of the 6th instant, stating that the Portuguese Government have recommended the Governor

General of the Portuguese Possessions in India to complete the extinction of slavery in those possessions, and that the Viscount de Sá da Bandeira, the Minister of Marine and Colonies, contemplates the adoption of measures for the abolition of slavery in some of the Cape Verde Islands; and I have to acquaint you that Her Majesty's Government have learnt with satisfaction that Viscount de Sá da Bandeira is so well disposed to accomplish the complete extinction of slavery in the Portuguese Colonial Possessions.

H. F. Howard, Esq.

I am, &c.

CLARENDON.

No. 378.-Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.-(Rec. Oct. 13.)
MY LORD,
Lisbon, October 8, 1856.

HER Majesty's Commissioners at Loanda, in their despatch of the 29th January last, a copy of which was inclosed to me in your Lordship's despatch of the 1st of May, transmitted the copy of a Portaria issued by the Governor-General of Angola on the 28th of the first-named month, imposing restrictions on the establishment of factories on the coast of that Province.

By a Royal Decree of the 27th ultimo, published in the "Diario do Governo" of this day, this Portaria, of which Her Majesty's Commissioners speak so favourably in their report, has been approved of with only a slight amendment in Article IV, according to which it is the retaining and not the placing of slaves in irons which is rendered penal, and the provisions of the Article are not to apply to slaves who, not being so detained, are undergoing, by orders of their masters, punishments permitted by the police regulations.

The Earl of Clarendon.

I have, &c.

HENRY F. HOWARD.

No. 384.-Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.-(Rec. Nov. 2.)
MY LORD,
Lisbon, October 27, 1856.

WITH reference to my despatch of the 6th ultimo, I have the honour of transmitting herewith translation of a Portaria issued on the 20th instant by Viscount Sá da Bandeira, the Minister of Marine and Colonies, and published in the "Diario do Governo" of the following day's date, conveying the commands of His Majesty the King of Portugal that the Governor-General of the Cape de Verd Islands should report whether it will be possible to declare at once, or when, the complete extinction of slavery in one or some of those islands, the necessary time being allowed for the proprietors of slaves in the islands in which slavery is to be abolished, to dispose of them in other islands in the same manner as has been determined by law in regard to Ambriz. I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon.

HENRY F. HOWARD.

(Translation.)

(Inclosure.)-Portaria.

Palace, October 20, 1856. ALTHOUGH various circumstances do not permit the immediate cessation of the condition of slavery in every part of the Portuguese Monarchy, His Majesty the King is desirous that such condition should be gradually abolished, and at the earliest possible period, without prejudice to the legally vested rights of slave owners, according to the provisions of the Law of the 5th of July last, published in the official "Gazette" of the 15th of the same month, regarding the district of Ambriz; and His Majesty, considering the small number of slaves now held in some islands of the archipelago of Cape Verd, as well as the little importance which slavery appears to have in those islands, directs, through the Secretary of State's Office for the affairs of Marine and Colonies, the Governor-General of the Province of Cape Verd to report whether it may be possible, either now, or at some later period, to proclaim the entire cessation of slavery in one or more of those islands, while allowing, with this object, sufficient time for slaveholders in the islands in which slavery is to be abolished, to dispose of their slaves in the other islands in a similar manner to that provided in the said Law for Ambriz. SA DA BANDEIRA.

No. 400.-Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.-(Rec. Dec. 3.) MY LORD, Lisbon, November 28, 1856.

I HAVE the honour of transmitting herewith translation of a Portaria issued by the Minister of Marine and Colonies, Viscount de Sá da Bandeira, on the 19th instant, by command of the King of Portugal, and published in the "Diario do Governo" of the 20th instant, setting forth the expediency of the children of the principal native Chiefs, and other potentates of Angola, being well acquainted with the Portuguese language, and receiving a regular education which may qualify them for following the usages of civilized life, and directing the Governor-General of that Province, with that view, to employ the means he may think most fit in order to bring the children of the most notable of those Chiefs as scholars to Loanda, for the purpose of being well instructed in the Portuguese language, in reading, writing, and arithmetic, and in the Christian doctrine. I have, &c.

The Earl of Clarendon,

(Translation.)

HENRY F. HOWARD.

(Inclosure.)-Portaria.

Palace, November 19, 1856.

As it is expedient that the sons of the principal Chief, Sobas, and other Potentates of the Province of Angola, should be well

acquainted with the Portuguese language, and should have an education which may qualify them for following the practices of civilized life: His Majesty ordains, through the Secretary of State for the Marine Department and the Colonies, that the GovernorGeneral of that Province, employing all the means he may think most proper, should require that the sons of the most notable Chiefs be sent as pupils to Loanda, in order to learn the Portuguese language, reading, writing, and arithmetic, and Christian doctrine; the said Governor-General being authorized to assemble these pupils in a proper edifice, under the tuition of masters, and to expend the necessary sums for their board, their clothing in the European style, and their education; for which purpose the items of the corresponding expenditure will be examined before a financial board, in order to be included at the proper time in the general estimate of receipts and expenditure of the Province.

VISCOUNT DE SA DA BANDEIRA.

No. 409.-The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Howard.

SIR, Foreign Office, December 26, 1856. I TRANSMIT to you herewith a copy of a despatch which I have received from Her Majesty's Commissioners at Loanda, commenting upon the proceedings of the Board of Protection established in the Colony of Angola under the provisions of the Portuguese Decree of the 14th of December, 1854, for the registration and partial emancipation of slaves in the Portuguese Colonial Posses

sions.

You will perceive that the Commissioners accuse the Board of having misappropriated the funds in their possession, inasmuch as they lent to the Colonial Government, for the purpose of carrying out the expedition undertaken to the mines of Encoge, the money assigned to the Board of Protection from the product of the registration fees, and which should, in accordance with the spirit of the Decree above referred to, have been applied for the education and instruction of the libertos and slaves, instead of being diverted to the purposes for which they have been applied. Moreover, the conduct of the Board of Protection in refusing to receive from the slave Fabião, as the price of his manumission, the sum at which he had been originally valued, and their subsequent proceedings with regard to this man, appear to be in direct opposition to the letter and spirit of the Decree of the 14th December, 1854, which secured to the whole slave population the privilege of purchasing their own freedom at a valuation to be conducted upon fair and liberal principles; and I have to instruct you to bring these matters under the consideration of the Portuguese Government, who will doubtless

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