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Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, a translation of that Portaria, as published in the "Diario do Governo" of the 21st of that month, which I am convinced will have caused great satisfaction to Her Majesty's Government, but that I will not fail to transmit to the Earl of Clarendon a copy of your Excellency's note.

I avail, &c.

The Marquis de Loulé.

HENRY F. HOWARD.

No. 450.-Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.—(Rec. March 24.) MY LORD, Lisbon, March 17, 1857. WITH reference to my despatch of the 5th of October last, transmitting a copy of a note which I wrote on the 3rd of that month to the Marquis de Loulé, concerning the horrible fate of the liberated negroes who were landed at Whydah, on the coast of Africa, from the Portuguese vessel General Rego, I have the honour of forwarding herewith a translation of a note of the 14th instant, which I have this day received from his Excellency in reply, and of its inclosure, being a translation of a circular addressed by him on the 13th instant to the Portuguese Consuls in Brazil upon that subject.

In this circular the Marquis de Loulé states that His Majesty the King directs that the Portuguese Consuls, and the Vice-Consuls subordinate to them, should only deliver passports to liberated negroes proceeding in Portuguese vessels to Africa, when ports where there are European authorities are their destination; and should exercise the greatest vigilance in order to prevent the laws for the suppression of the Slave Trade, as concerning the equipment and victualling of vessels, from being evaded.

The Earl of Clarendon.

I have, &c.

HENRY F. HOWARD.

(Inclosure 1.)-The Marquis de Loulé to Mr. Howard. (Translation.)

Palace, March 14, 1857. WITH reference to the note which you were pleased to address to me, under date of the 3rd of October of last year, relating to the inhuman conduct of various captains of Portuguese vessels, who, having left the ports of Brazil conveying as passengers to their native land some liberated Africans, had obliged them to land at different places from those agreed upon, the result of which was that some forty of these liberated negroes, who were forcibly landed at Ajuada, fell into the power of the King of Dahomey, who caused the adults to be killed, and reduced the children to slavery; I have the honour to place in your hands, for your information and that of your Government, a translation of the circular which, under yester

day's date, I caused to be issued on this subject to the Portuguese Consular Agents in the Brazilian Empire.

H. F. Howard, Esq.

I renew, &c.

MARQUIS DE LOULE.

(Inclosure 2.)-Circular addressed to Portuguese Consuls in Brazil. Secretary of State's Office for Foreign Affairs, March 13, 1857.

(Translation.) WHEREAS it is indispensable to put a stop to the inhuman conduct of certain captains of Portuguese vessels who, having left the ports of Brazil conveying as passengers to their native land some liberated Africans, had obliged them to land at different places from those agreed upon, the result of such a practice being, as it appears, from the representations of Her Britannic Majesty's Minister at this Court, that some 40 of these liberated negroes, who were forcibly landed at Ajuada, had fallen into the power of the King of Dahomey, who caused the adults to be put to death, and reduced the children to slavery; His Majesty the King commands that you, and the Vice-Consuls under your orders, shall not furnish passports to liberated negroes going to Africa in Portuguese vessels, excepting for such ports as have European authorities established in them. And whereas some vessels thus engaged had on board an excess of provisions, and equipment of doubtful application, His Majesty further commands that you, and the above-mentioned Vice-Consuls, shall employ the greatest vigilance in order to prevent, under such pretext, any infraction of the laws for repressing the Traffic in Slaves; or that, even when such equipment is made in good faith, these vessels may not be exposed to legal detention owing to the equipment bearing indications of the Slave Trade, as set forth in the Slave Trade Treaty with Great Britain.

God preserve, &c.

MARQUIS DE LOULE.

No. 451.-Mr. Howard to the Earl of Clarendon.-(Rec. March 24.)
MY LORD,
Lisbon, March 18, 1857.

THE Viscount de Sá da Bandeira presented to the Chamber of Deputies on the 16th instant the project of law, concerning which he had spoken to me as reported in my despatch of the 14th instant, prohibiting the importation of slaves, under any denomination, into the Island of St. Vincent, and abolishing slavery there for ever; moreover authorizing the Government to extend this provision to any other islands or territories to which, under identic circumstances, it may be applicable, and repealing contrary legislation.

The Earl of Clarendon.

I have, &c.

HENRY F. HOWARD.

SIR,

No. 452.-The Earl of Clarendon to Mr. Howard. Foreign Office, March 30, 1857. I HAVE received your despatch of the 17th instant, inclosing a copy of a note from the Marquis de Loulé, communicating a copy of a circular addressed by his Excellency to the Portuguese Consuls in Brazil, with a view to prevent the recurrence of inhuman conduct on the part of masters of Portuguese vessels similar to that which took place last year in the case of the General Rego, the master_of which vessel compelled some liberated Africans whom he had brought as passengers from Brazil to land at a part of the coast of Africa where they fell into the power of the King of Dahomey, who put some of them to death and reduced others to slavery; and I have to instruct you to convey to the Marquis de Loulé the thanks of Her Majesty's Government for his obliging communication.

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No. 455.-Consul Smith to the Earl of Clarendon.-(Rec. Oct. 24.)
MY LORD,
Lisbon, October 18, 1856.

I HAVE the honour to inclose for your Lordship's information, a translation of a Decree, dated 27th of September ultimo, prohibiting factories from being established on any part of the coast of the Province of Angola, where no public administrative authority resides, without the previous sanction of the Governor-General of the province; and ordering that the proprietors of those already in existence shall, within sixty days after the publication of the Decree, petition the Governor-General for his authorization to allow such factories to continue, in which no slaves, even those liberated, will however be permitted unless duly registered; in default of which all such slaves shall be liberated, and placed at the disposal of the respective Protective Board; and that all factories established without such authorization are to be destroyed; and renews the ancient law against keeping slaves chained, manacled, handcuffed, &c., imposing a fine of 20 milreis (47. 10s.) or thirty days' imprisonment on the transgressors, for each slave so found in irons, and if found in a factory on the sea-coast, where no public authority exists, such slaves shall be deemed as intended for exportation, and immediately

set at liberty, the owners incurring the loss of them and other penalties, should any attempt be made to export them.

The Earl of Clarendon.

(Inclosure.)-Decree.

I have, &c.

WM. SMITH.

(Translation.) Palace, September 27, 1856. WHEREAS the Governor-General of the Province of Angola having represented to me the necessity of a legislative measure which, regulating the right of establishing factories on the coast of that province for the use of lawful commerce, would prevent speculations in the Slave Trade, sometimes made by means of said factories, in conformity to the opinion of the Colonial Board ("Conselho Ultramarino") emitted in its report of the 2nd instant; having heard the Ministers in Council, and exercising the power conferred by Article 15 of the Additional Act to the Constitutional Charter of the Monarchy, I am pleased to decree in the following manner the approval of the Governor-General of the Province of Angola's Order ("Portaria") of the 28th of January last, and published in the supplement to No. 539 of the official "Boletim :"

ART. I. From henceforward no one is allowed to establish a factory on any point of the coast of the Province of Angola where no public administrative authority exists, without the previous consent of the Governor-General of the province. The demand for this concession shall be made by means of a petition declaring the purpose the said factory is intended for. The Governor may at pleasure require or not a security for the contraventions against the laws repressive of the Slave Trade which may be committed or abetted by the owners of such factories.

II. The owners of the factories already existing in said place are obliged, within the term of sixty days from the publication of the present Decree in the official "Boletim " of the province, to petition the Governor-General in order to be authorized to continue them.

III. In conformity with Articles I and IV of the Decree of the 14th December, 1854, no slaves or liberated slaves can be permitted in said factories without having been registered. The document, to prove the compliance with this legal precept, shall be the certificate of registration. The omission of presenting said document to the authorities who may be charged with superintending the execution of the provisions of the present Decree, shall authorize the apprehension of the slaves, and liberated slaves, who shall all be considered of the latter description, and shall remain at the disposal of the respective Protective Board ("Junta Protectora"), should the owners not prove within sixty days their having registered them previous to the apprehension. The omission of presenting to said

authorities the Governor-General's licence for establishing the factory, will have the effect of causing said factory to be destroyed. IV. The ancient prohibition of keeping slaves chained, or in any other manner in irons, manacled, or handcuffed, &c., is hereby renewed.

§ 1. The transgressors of this determination shall incur a fine of 20 milreis, or 30 days' imprisonment, for each slave that may have been kept in irons. Should the slaves found in irons be in a factory on the sea-coast where no public authority exists, they shall, under such circumstances, be considered as destined for exportation; their owners incurring the loss of them besides other legal penalties, in the event that an attempt at exporting said slaves should be proved.

§ 2. Slaves are not comprehended in the provisions of the present Article, who, though not in durance, are nevertheless, by order of their masters suffering punishments permitted by the police regulations.

V. Any slave who shall give information that others are kept in irons on any part of the coast, shall, on the truth being ascertained, be ransomed at the expense of the State, according to the mode established by the Decree of the 14th of December, 1854. If, however, the slave should belong to the same owner to whom those kept in irons belong, his freedom shall be granted to him without any indemnity being given to the said owner.

VI. All legislation to the contrary is hereby revoked.

The Viscount Sá da Bandeira, Peer of the Realm, Minister and Secretary of State for Naval and Colonial Affairs, so to understand it, and have it carried into execution.

VISCOUNT SA da Bandeira.

KING.

SPAIN.

No. 483.-Mr. Otway to the Earl of Clarendon.-(Rec. October 16.) MY LORD,

Madrid, October 10, 1856.

I HAVE the honour to inform your Lordship that the official "Gazette" of to-day contains a circular to Spanish Consuls, as well as its introductory statement, a long document, which is not without its interest, as it involves a slight change in the regulations at present in force to prevent a vessel from engaging in the Slave Trade.

By Article X of the Treaty between Great Britain and Spain for the abolition of the traffic in negroes, it is determined that the finding on board a vessel certain utensils, and among them watercasks or empty barrels in great number, shall be considered primâ

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