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it in an ignorant, vain, irreverent, profane, superstitious, or wicked mentioning or otherwise using the titles, attributes, 1 ordinances, or works; " by blasphemy; perjury; all sin




h Acts xvii. 23. Whom therefore ye ignorantly worship.

i Prov. xxx. 9. Who is the Lord? the name of my God

Lest I be full and deny thee, and say, Or lest I be poor, and steal, and take in vain.

J Mal. i. 6, 7, 12. If then I be a father, where is my honour? And if I be a master, where is my fear? saith the Lord of hosts unto you, O priests, that despise my name. But ye have profaned it, in that ye say, The table of the Lord is polluted; and the fruit thereof, even his meat, is contemptible. Mal. iii. 14.

* Jer. vii. 4, 9, 10, 14, 31. Trust ye not in lying words, saying, The temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, the temple of the Lord, are these, &c. Col. ii. 20, 21, 22.

1 Ex. v. 2. And Pharaoh said, Who is the Lord, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? Psa. cxxxix. 20. For they speak against thee wickedly, and thine enemies take thy name in vain.

m Psa. 1. 16, 17. But unto the wicked God saith, What hast thou to do to declare my statutes, or that thou shouldest take my covenant in thy mouth? seeing thou hatest instruction, and castest my words behind thee.

D Isa. v. 12. And the harp, and the viol, the tabret, and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of his hands.

• 2 Kings xix. 22. Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel. Lev. xxiv. 11.

P Zech. v. 4. And it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it.





ful cursing, oaths, vows, and lots; violating our oaths and vows, if lawful;" and fulfilling them, if of things unlawful; ▾ murmuring and quarrelling at," curious prying into, and misapplying of God's decrees


q Rom. xii. 14. Bless, and curse not. 1 Sam. xvii. 43. 2 Sam. xvi. 5.

Jer. v. 7. Thy children have forsaken me, and sworn by them that are no gods. Jer. xxiii. 10. For because of swearing the land mourneth.

Deut. xxiii. 18. Thou shalt not bring the hire of a whore, or the price of a dog, into the house of the Lord thy God for any vow. Acts xxiii. 12, 14. And when it was day, certain of the Jews banded together, and bound themselves under a curse, saying that they would neither eat nor drink till they had killed Paul.

Esth. iii. 7, and ix. 24. They cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman, from day to day.-Because Hamanhad devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur.

" Psa. xxiv. 4. Who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. Ezek. xvii. 16, 18, 19.Surely mine oath that he hath despised, and my covenant that he hath broken, even it will I recompense up on his own head.

▾ Mark vi. 26. And the king was exceeding sorry: yet for his oath's sake, and for their sakes which sat with him, he would not reject her. 1 Sam. xxv. 22, 32, 33, 34.

w Rom. ix. 14, 19, 20. Is there unrighteousness with God? God forbid.-Why doth he yet find fault? For who hath resisted his will? Nay, but, O man, who art thou that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast thou made me thus? Deut. xxix. 29. The secret things belong unto the


y Rom. iii. 5, 7, 8. But if our unrighteousness commend the righteousness of God, what shall we say? Is God unrighteous who taketh vengeance ?-For if the truth



and providences; ' misinterpreting, * misapplying, or any way perverting the word, or any part of it, to profane jests, curious and unprofitable questions, vain janglings, or the maintaining of false doctrines; abusing it, the creatures, or any thing contained under the name of God, to charms, or sinful lusts



of God hath more abounded through my lie unto his glory; why yet am I also judged as a sinner? &c.

2 Eccl. viii. 11. Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil. Psa, lxxiii. 12, 13.

a Matt. v. 21 to the end.

b Ezek. xiii. 22. Because with lies ye have made the heart of the righteous sad, whom I have not made sad; and strengthened the hands of the wicked, that he should not return from his wicked way, by promising him life.

c 2 Pet. iii. 16. In which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. Matt. xxii. 24-31.-Ye do err, not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God, &c.

d Jer. xxiii. 34, 36, 38.

e 1 Tim. vi. 4, 5, 20. He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings, evil surmisings, perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds, and destitute of the truth.-Avoiding profane and vain babblings, and oppositions of science falsely so called. 2 Tim. ii. 14.Charging them before the Lord, that they strive not about words to no profit, but to the subverting of the hearers. Tit. iii. 9.

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Deut. xviii. 10 to 14. There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or in enchanter, or a witch, or a charmer, or a



and practices; the maligning, scorning, i reviling, or any ways opposing of God's truth, grace, and ways; making profession of religion in hypocrisy, or for sinister ends;' being ashamed of it, m or a shame to it, by


consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer. Acts xix. 13.

g 2 Tim. iv. 3, 4. For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; and they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned into fables. Jude 4. Rom. xiii. 13, 14. 1 Kings xxi. 9, 10.

h Acts xiii. 45. But when the Jews saw the multitudes, they were filled with envy, and spake against those things which were spoken by Paul, contradicting and blasphemIng. 1 John iii. 12.

Pet. iii. 3. Knowing this first, that there shall come In the last day scoffers, walking after their own lusts. Psa. . 1.-nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.

J1 Pet. iv. 4. Wherein they think it strange that ye runot with them to the same excess of riot, speaking vil of you.

Aets xiii. 45, 46, 50. See letter (i), above. But the Jews stirred up the devout and honourable women, and the clef men of the city, and raised persecution against Paul and Barnabas, and expelled them out of their coasts. Acts 17. 18.-And commanded them not to speak at all, aor teach in the name of Jesus. Acts xix. 9. 1 Thess. . 16. Heb. x. 29.

12 Tim. iii. 5. Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof. Matt. xxiii. 14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer. Matt. vi. 1, 2, 3, 5, 16.

m Mark viii. 38. Whosoever therefore shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation, of him also shall the Son of man be ashamed, when he cometh in the glory of his Father, with the holy angels.


uncomfortable," unwise, °. unfruitful, offensive walking or backsliding from

it. r

Q. 114. What reasons are annexed to the third commandment?


A. The reasons annexed to the third commandment, in these words "the Lord thy God," and "for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain," are, because he is the Lord and our God, therefore his name is not to be profaned, or any way abused by us; especially because he will be so far from acquitting and sparing the trans


For all the day long have I been every morning, &c.

Psa. lxxiii. 14, 15. plagued, and chastened Eph. v. 15, 16, 17. See then that ye walk circumspectly, not as fools, but as wise. Wherefore be ye not unwise, but understanding what the will of the Lord is. 1 Cor. vi. 5, 6.

P Isa. v. 4. What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? Wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes? 2 Pet. i. 8, 9.

9 Rom. ii. 23, 24. Thou that makest thy boast of the law, through breaking the law dishonourest thou God? For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles, through you.

Gal. iii. 1, 3. O foolish Galatians, who hath bewitched you, that ye should not obey the truth, before whose eyes Jesus Christ hath been evidently set forth, crucified among you?-Are ye so foolish? Having begun in the Spirit, are ye now made perfect by the flesh? Heb. vi. 6.

• Ex. xx. 7.

t Lev. xix. 12. And ye shall not swear by my name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am the Lord.

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