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Thee, bold Longinus! all the Nine inspire, And bless your critick with a poet's fire: An ardent judge, who, zealous in his trust, With warmth gives sentence, yet is always just; Whose own example strengthens all his laws, And is himself that great sublime he draws.

Pope. If it were true that women were thus naturally vain and light, then how much more blameable is that education, which seems contrived to strengthen and increase this folly. Law

3. To animate; to fix in resolution.

Let us rise up and build: so they strengthened their hands for this work. Nehemiah.

Charge Joshua, and encourage him, and strengthen him. Deuteronomy. 4. To make to increase in power or security.

Let noble Warwick, Cobham, and the rest, With powerful policy strengthen themselves. Shakspeare.

They sought the strenghtening of the heathen. 1 Maccabees.

To STRENGTHEN. v. n. To grow strong. Oh men for flatt'ry and deceit renown'd! Thus when y' are young ye learn it all like him;

Till, as your years increase, that strengthens too, T'undo poor maids.

Otruay. The disease, that shall destroy at length, Grows with his growth, and strengthens with his strength. Pope. STRENGTHENER. Į n. s. [from strengthSTRENGTHNER. Sen: by contraction strengthner.]

1. That which gives strength; that which makes strong.

Garlick is a great strengthener of the stomach, upon decays of appetite, or indigestion. Temple. 2. [In medicine.] Strengtheners add to the bulk and firmness of the solids: cordials are such as drive on the vital actions; but these such as confirm the stamina. Quincy. STRENGTHLESS. adj. [from strength.] 1. Wanting strength; deprived of strength. Yet are these feet, whose strengthless stay is numb,

Unable to support this lump of clay. Shakspeare.

As the wretch, whose fever-weakened joints, Like strengthless hinges, buckle under life, Impatient of his fit, breaks like a fire Out of his keeper's arms. 2. Wanting potency; weak. Used of liquors.


The liquor must be inflammable or not, and yet subtile and pungent, which may be called spirit; or else strengthless or insipid, which may be named phlegm.

Boyle. STRENUOUS. adj. [strenuus, Latin.] 1. Brave; bold; active; valiant ; dangerously laborions.

Nations grown corrupt Love bondage more than liberty; Bondage with ease than strenuous liberty. Milt. 2. Zealous; vehement.

He resolves to be strenuous for taking off the test, against the maxims of all wise christian governments, which always had some established religion, leaving at best a toleration to others.

Swift to Pepe. Citizens within the bills of mortality have been strenuous against the church and crown. Swift. STRENUOUSLY. adv. [from strenuous.] 1. Vigorously, actively.

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There was no true catholick but strenuously contended for it. Waterland.

STRE PEROUS. adj. [strepo, Lat.} Loud; noisy.

Porta conceives, because in a streperous eruption it riseth against fire, it doth therefore resist lightning. Brows. STRESS. n. s. [rzece, Saxon, violence; or from distress.]

1. Importance; important part.

The stress of the fable lies upon the hazard of having a numerous stock of children.

L'Estrange. This, on which the great stress of the business depends, would have been made out with reasons sufficient. Locke. 2. Importance imputed; weight ascribed. A body may as well lay too little as too much stress upon a dream; but the less we heed them the better. L'Estrange. It showed how very little stress is to be laid Lesies. upon the precedents they bring. Consider how great a stress he laid upon this duty, while upon earth, and how earnestly he recommended it. Atterbury. 3. Violence; force, either acting or suf fered.

By stress of weather driv'n, At last they landed.


Though the faculties of the mind are improved by exercise, yet they must not be put to a stress beyond their strength.


To STRESS. v. a. [evidently from distress.] To distress; to put to hardships or difficulties.

Stirred with pity of the stressed plight Of this sad realm.

Spenser. To STRETCH. v. a. [reɲecan, Saxon; strecken, Dutch.]

1. To extend; to spread out to a distance. The stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land. Isaiab. Stretch thine hand unto the poor. Ecclesiasticus. Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand. Exodus.

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At all her stretch her little wings she spread, And with her feather'd arms embrac'd the dead:

Then flickering to his pallid lips, she strove
To print a kiss.
Disruption, as strong as they are, the bones
would be in some danger of, upon a great and
sudden stretch or contortion, if they were dry.

2. Force of body extended.

He thought to swim the stormy main,
By stretch of arms the distant shore to gain.

Dryden. 3. Effort; struggle: from the act of running.

Those put a lawful authority upon the stretch, to the abuse of power, under the colour of prerogative. L'Estrange. Upon this alarm we made incredible stretches towards the south, to gain the fastnesses of Preston. Addison.

4. Utmost extent of meaning.

Quotations, in their utmost stretch, can signify no more than that Luther lay under severe agonies of mind. Atterbury.

5. Utmost reach of power.

This is the utmost stretch that nature can, And all beyond is fulsome, false, and vain.


STRETCHER. n. s. [from stretch.]

1. Any thing used for extension.
His hopes enstil'd

His strength, the stretcher of Ulysses' string,
And his steele's piercer.

2. A term in bricklaying.


Tooth in the stretching course two inches with the stretcher only. Moxon.

3. The timber against which the rower plants his feet.

This fiery speech inflames his fearful friends; They tug at ev'ry oar, and every stretcher bends. Dryden.

To STREW. v. a. [The orthography of this word is doubtful. It is sometimes written strew, and sometimes strow; I have taken both: Skinner proposes strow, and Junius writes straw. Their reasons will appear in the word from

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And strew'd his mangled limbs about the field. Dryden. STRE'WMENT. n. s. [from strew.] Any thing scattered in decoration.

Her death was doubtful.-For charitable

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STRI'ATE. adj. [from stria, Lat. strié,
STRIATED. Fr.] Formed in striæ.

These effluviums fly by striated atoms and winding particles, as Des Cartes conceiveth, or glide by streams attracted from either pole unto the equator. Brown.

Des Cartes imagines this earth once to have been a sun, and so the centre of a lesser vortex, whose axis still kept the same posture, by reason of the striate particles finding no fit pores for their passages, but only in this direction.

Ray. Crystal, when incorporated with the fibrous talcs, shews, if broke, a striated or fibrous texture, like those talcs. Woodward. STRIATURE. n. s. [from striæ; strieure, French. Disposition of striæ.

Parts of tuberous hæmatitæ shew several va-
rieties in the crusts, striature, and texture of the
<. n. s. [5piyž; strix, Latin.] A
bird of bad omen.

The ill-fac'd owl, death's dreadful messenger,
The hoarse night-raven, trump of doleful drere,
The leather-winged bat, day's enemy,
The rueful strick, still waiting on the bier.

STRICKEN. The ancient participle of

strike; but it has in the antiquated phrase stricken (that is, advanced in years) a meaning not borrowed from strike.

The cunningest mariners were so conquered by the storm, as they thought it best with stricken sails to yield to be governed by it. Sidney. That shall I shew, as sure as hound The stricken deer doth challenge by the bleeding wound. Spenser. Abraham and Sarah were old, and well stricken in age. Genesis. With blindness were these stricken. Wisdom. Parker and Vaughan, having had a controversy touching certain arms, were appointed to run some courses, when Parker was stricken into the mouth at the first course.


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The fatal noose performed its office, and with most strict ligature squeezed the blood into his face. Arbuthnot.

5. Tense; not relaxed.

We feel our fibres grow strict or lax according to the state of the air. Arbuthnot.

STRICTLY. adv. [from strict.]
1. Exactly; with rigorous accuracy.

His horse-troupes, that the vantgard had, he
strictly did command

To ride their horses temperately. Chapman. The other parts, being grosser, composed not only water, strictly so called, but the whole mass of liquid bodies.


Charge him strictly Not to proceed, but wait my farther pleasure.

Dryden. 2. R gorously; severely; without remission or indulgence.

In the discharge of thy place, set before thee the best examples; and, after a time, set before thee thine own, and examine thyself strictly whether thou didst not best at first. Baxa

God may with the greatest justice strictly require endeavours from us, and, without any inconsistency with his goodness, inflict penalties on those who are wanting. Rogers.

A weak prince again disposed the people to new attempts, which it was the clergy's duty to endeavour to prevent, if some of them had not proceeded upon a topick that, strictly fol lowed, would enslave all mankind. Swift.

3. Closely tightly; with tenseness. STRICTNESS. n. s. [from strict.] 1. Exactness; rigorous accuracy; nice re gularity.


I could not grant too much, or distrust too ttle, to men that pretended sing lar piety and religious strictness. King Charles. Such of them as cannot be concealed connive at, though in the strictness of your judgment you cannot pardon. Dryden. Who were made privy to the secrets of Heaven, but such as performed his revealed will at an higher rate of strictness than the rest? South. Eusebius, who is not in strictness to be reckoned with the Ante-Nicenes. Waterland. Though in strictness our Saviour might have pleaded exemption from the Jewish tribute, he exerted his divine power in a miracle to pay it. Rogers.

Severity; rigour.

These commissioners proceeded with such strictness and severity as did much obscure the king's mercy. Bacon.

3. Closeness; tightness; not laxity. STRICTURE. n. s. [from strictura, Lat. a spark.]

I. A stroke; a touch.

The God of nature implanted in their vegetable natures certain passive strictures, or signatures of that wisdom which hath made and ordered all things with the highest reason. Hale. 2. Contraction; closure by contraction. As long as there is thirst, with a free passage by urine, and stricture of the vessels, so long is water safely taken. Arbuthnot.

3. A slight touch upon a subject; not a set discourse.

Thus have I passed through all your letter, and given myself the liberty of these strictures, by way of reflection on all and every passage. Hammond. STRIDE. n. s. [reɲæde, Saxon.] A long step; a step taken with great violence; a wide divarication of the legs.

I'll speak between the change of man and boy, With a reed voice, and turn two mincing steps Into a manly stride.


The monster moved on with horrid strides.

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STRIDULOUS. adj. [stridulus, Latin.] Making a small noise.

It arises from a small and stridulous noise, which, being firmly rooted, maketh a divulsion of parts. Brown.

STRIFE. n. s. [from strive.]

1. Contention; contest; discord; war; lawsuit.

I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon.

Judges. Some preach Christ even of envy and strife, and some of good-will. Philippians. He is proud, knowing nothing; but doating about questions and strife of words. 1 Timothy. These acts of hateful strife, hateful to all, How hast thou disturb'd heav'n's blessed peace! Milton. These vows, thus granted, rais'd a strife above Betwixt the god of war and queen of love: She, granting first, had right of time to plead; But he had granted too, and would recede.

Dryden. "T is this that shakes our country with alarms, And gives up Rome a prey to Roman arms, Produces fraud, and cruelty, and strife. Addison. Inheriting no strife, Nor marrying discord in a noble wife. 2. Contest of emulation.


Thus gods contended, noble strife! Who most should ease the wants of life. Congr. By wise governing, it may be so ordered, that both sides shall be at strife, not which shall flatter most, but which shall do the prince and the publick the most honest and the most faithful service. Davenant. 3. Opposition; contrariety; contrast. Artificial strife

Lives in those touches, livelier than life. Shaks. 4. Natural contrariety: as, the strife of acid and alkali.

STRIFEFUL. adj. [strife and full.] Contentious; discordant.

The ape was strifeful and ambitious, And the fox guileful and most covetous. Spens.

I know not what new creation may creep forth from the strifeful heap of things, into which, as into a second chaos, we are fallen. Dr. Maine. STRIGMENT. n. s. [strigmentum, from stringo, Latin, to scrape.] Scraping;


Many, besides the strigments and sudorous adhesions from men's hands, acknowledge that nothing proceedeth from gold in its usual de



To STRIKE. v.a. preterit struck or strook; part. pass. struck, strucken, stricken, or strook. [arzɲican, Sax. streichen, Germ. adstrykia, Islandick; stricker, Danish.] 1. To act upon by a blow; to hit with a blow.

He at Philippi kept
His sword e'en like a dancer, while I struck
The lean and wrinkled Cassius. Shakspeare.
We will deliver you the cause,
Why I, that did love Cæsar when I struck him,
Proceeded thus.

I must
But wail his fall, whom I myself struck down.

Then on the crowd he cast a furious look, And wither'd all their strength before he strook. Dryden. 2. To punish; to afflict.


To punish the just is not good, nor to strike princes for equity. 3. To dash; to throw by a quick motion. The blood strike on the two side-posts. Exod. 4. To notify by sound.


The Windsor bell hath struck twelve. Shaksp. The drums presently striking up a march, they plucked up their ensigns, and forward they go. Knolles.

A judicious friend moderates the pursuit, gives the signal for action, presses the advantage, and strikes the critical minute. Collier.

To stamp ; to impress.

The memory in some men is very tenacious; but yet there seems to be a constant decay of all our ide s, even of those which are struck deepest, and in minds the most retentive. Locke. 6. To contract; to lower; to vale. It is used only in the phrases to strike sail, or to strike a flag.

How many nobles then would hold their places, That must strike sail to spirits of vile sort! Shakspeare.

To this all differing passions and interests should strike sail, and, like swelling streams running different courses, should yet all make haste into the sea of common safety. Temple. They strike sail where they know they shall be mastered, and murder where they can with safety. Dryden. Now, did I not so near my labour's end Strike sail, and hast'ning to the harbour tend, My song to flow'rygardens might extend. Dryd, 7. To alarm; to put into emotion; to surprise.

The rest struck with horror stood, To see their leader cover'd o'er with blood.

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With murder, treason, sacrilege, and crimes That strike my soul with horror but to name them. Addison.

We are no sooner presented to any one we never saw before, but we are immediately struck with the idea of a proud, a reserved, an affable, or a good-natured man. Addison.

Nice works of art strike and surprise us most upon the first view; but the better we are acquainted with them, the less we wonder.

Atterbury. Court virtues bear, like gems, the highest rate, Born where heav'n's influence scarce can penetrate;

In life's low vale, the soil the virtues like, They please as beauties, here as wonders strike.

8. [fœdus ferire.] To make a bargain.

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Sign but his peace, he vows he'll ne'er again The sacred names of fops and beaus profane; Strike up the bargain quickly; for I swear, As times go now, he offers very fair.


I come to offer peace; to reconcile Past enmities; to strike perpetual leagues With Vanoc. A. Philips.

To produce by a sudden action. The court paved striketh up a great heat in summer and much cold in winter.


Waving wide her myrtle wand, She strikes an universal peace thro' sea and land. Milton.

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When verses canrot be understood, nor a man's good wit seconded with the forward child understanding, it strikes a man more dead than a great reckoning in a little room. Shakspeare.

Strike her young bones, Ye taking airs, with lameness.


He that is stricken blind cannot forget The precious treasure of his eyesight lost. Shak. So ceas'd the rival crew, when Purcell came, They sung no more, or only sung his fame; Struck dumb, they all admir'd.

Dryden. Humility disarms envy, and strikes it dead. Collier. Addison.

Then do not strike him dead with a denial, But hold him up in life. 11. To cause to sound by blows: with up only emphatical.

Strike up the drums, and let the tongue of war Plead for our int'rest, and our being here. Shaks. 12. To forge; to mint.

Though they the lines on golden anvils beat, It looks as if they struck them at a heat. Tate. Some very rare coins, struck of a pound weight, of gold and silver, Constantine sent to Chilperick. Arbuthnot. 13. It is used in the participle, I know not well how, for advanced in years.

The king

Is wise and virtuous, and his noble queen Well struck in years; fair, and not jealous. Shak. 14. To STRIKE off. To erase from a reckoning or account.

Deliver Helen, and all damage else

Shall be struck off.

Shakspeare. Ihave this while with leaden thoughts been prest; But I shall in a more convenient time Strike off this score of absence.


When any wilful sin stands charged on our account, it will not be struck off till we forsake and turn away from it. Kettleworth.

Ask men's opinions: Scoto now shall tell How trade increases, and the world goes well: Strike off his pension by the setting sun, And Britain, if not Europe, is undone. 15. To STRIKE off. To separate by a blow, or any sudden action.


Germany had stricken off that which appeared corrupt in the doctrine of the church of Rome; but seemed nevertheless in discipline still to retain therewith great conformity." Hooker.

They followed so fast that they overtook him, and without further delay struck off his head. Knolles. He was taken prisoner by Surinas, lieutenantgeneral for the king of Parthia, who stroke off his Hakewill.


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To strike at me upon his misconstruction,
When he tript me behind.

He wither'd all their strength before he stronk.

2. To collide; to clash.




Holding a ring by a thread in a glass, tell him that holdeth it, it shall strike so many times against the side of the glass, and no more. Bacch. To act by repeated percussion.

Bid thy mistress, when my drink is ready, She strike upon the bell. Shakspeare. Those antique minstrels, sure, were Charleslike kings.

Cities their lutes, and subjects hearts their strings;
On which with so divine a hand they strook,
Consent of motion from their breath they took.

To sound by the stroke of a hammer.
Cæsar, 't is strucken eight. Shakspeart.

Deep thoughts will often suspend the senses so far, that about a man clocks may strike, and bells ring, which he takes no notice of. Grew. 5. To make an attack.

Is not the king's name forty thousand names?
Arm, arm, my name; a puny subject strikes
At thy great glory.
When, by their designing leaders taught
To strike at power which for themselves they

The vulgar, gull'd into rebellion, arm'd,
Their blood to action by their prize was warm'd.

6. To act by external influx.

Consider the red and white colours in porphyre; hinder light but from striking on it, and its colours vanish. Locke.

7. To sound with blows.

Whilst any trump did sound, or druzi struck up, His sword did ne'er leave striking in the field. Shakspeare.

8. To be dashed; to be stranded.

9. A mass of water would be struck off and separate from the rest, and tossed through the air like a flying river. Burnet.

16. To STRIKE out. To produce by col-

My thoughtless youth was wing'd with vain

My manhood, long misled by wand'ring fires,
Follow'd false lights; and, when their glimpse

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The admiral galley, wherein the emperor was, struck upon a sand, and there stuck fast. Kneller. To pass with a quick or strong effect. Now and then a glittering beam of wit or pas sion strikes through the obscurity of the poem: any of these effect a present liking, but not a lasting admiration. Dryden.

10. To pay homage, as by lowering the sail.

We see the wind sit sore upon our sails; And yet we strike not, but securely perish. Shakspeare.

I'd rather chop this hand off at a blow, And with the other fling it at thy face, Than bear so low a sail, to strike to thee. Shaks.

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