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As the man loves least at home to be, That hath a sluttish house, haunted with sprites; So she, impatient her own faults to see, Turns from herself, and in strange things delights. Davies.

3. Wonderful; causing wonder.

It is evident, and it is one of the strangest secrets in sounds, that the whole sound is not in the whole air only; but is also in every small part of the air.

Bacon. Sated at length, ere long I might perceive Strange alteration in me. Milton.

Thus the strange cure to our spilt blood applied,

Sympathy to the distant wound does guide.


It is strange they should be so silent in this matter, when there were so many occasions to speak of it, if our Saviour had plainly appointed such an infallible judge of controversies. Tillotson. Strange to relate! from young Iülus' head A lambent flame arose, which gently spread Around his brows, and on his temples fed.

Dryden. 4. Odd; irregular; not according to the.

common way.

Desire my man's abode, where I did leave him:

He's strange and peevish.

Shakspeare. A strange proud return you may think I make you, madam, when I tell you it is not from every body I would be thus obliged.

5. Unknown; new.


Long custom had inured them to the former kind alone, by which the latter was new and strange in their ears. Hooker.


Here is the hand and seal of the duke: you know the character, I doubt not; and the signet is not strange to you. Joseph saw his brethren, but made himself strange unto them. Genesis. Milton.

Here passion first I felt,

Commotion strange!

6. Remote.

She makes it strange, but she would be best pleas'd

To be so anger'd with another letter. Shaksp. 7. Uncommonly good or bad.

This made David to admire the law of God at that strange rate, and to advance the knowledge of it above all other knowledge. Tillotson. 2. Unacquainted.

They were now, like sand without lime, ill

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Strange! that fatherly authority should be the only original of government, and yet all mankind not know it. Locke. To STRANGE. v. n. [from the adjective.] To wonder; to be astonished.

Were all the assertions of Aristotle such as theclogy pronounceth impieties,which we strange not at from one of whom a father saith, Nec Deum coluit, nec curavit. Glanville, STRANGELY. adv. [from strange.] 1. With some relation to foreigners. As by strange fortune

It came to us, I do in justice charge thee That thou commend it strangely to some place, Where chance may nurse or end it. Shakspeare. 2. Wonderfully; in a way to cause wonder, but commonly with a degree of dislike.

My former speeches have but hit your thoughts,

Which can interpret farther: only, I say, Things have been strangely borne. Shakspeare.

How strangely active are the arts of peace, Whose restless motions less than wars do cease: Peace is not freed from labour, but from noise And war more force, but not more pains, employs. Dryden.

We should carry along with us some of those virtuous qualities, which we were strangely careless if we did not bring from home with us.

Spratt. In a time of affliction, the remembrance of our good deeds will strangely cheer and support our spirits. Calamy.

It would strangely delight you to see with what spirit he converses, with what tenderness he re-. proves, with what affection he exhorts, and with what vigour he preaches.


How strangely crowds misplace things and miscal!


Madness in one is liberty in all. STRANGENESS. n. s. [from strange.] 1. Foreignness; the state of belonging to another country.

If I will obey the gospel, no distance of place, no strangeness of country, can make any man a stranger to me. Spratt.

2. Uncommunicativeness; distance of be



Ungird thy strangeness, and tell me what I shall vent to my lady. Shakspeare. Will you not observe The strangeness of his alter'd countenance? Shakspeare. 3. Remoteness from common manners or notions; uncouthness.


Men worthier than himself

Here tend the savage strangeness he puts on;
And undergo, in an observing kind,
His humorous predominance.

Mutual dislike.


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Wonderfulness; power

5. der.

of raising won

If a man, for curiosity or strangeness sake, would make a puppet pronounce a word, let him consider the motion of the instruments of voice, and the like sounds made in inanimate Bacon. bodies.

This raised greater tumults and boilings in the hearts of men, than the strangeness and seeming unreasonableness of all the former arSouth. ticles.

STRANGER. n. s. [estranger, Fr.]
1. A foreigner; one of another country.
I am a most poor woman and a stranger,
Born out of your dominions; having here
No judge indiff'rent.

Your daughter hath made a gross revolt;
Tying her duty, beauty, wit, and fortunes,
To an extravagant and wheeling stranger
Of here and where.
There is no place in Europe so much tre-
quented by strangers, whether they are such as
come out of curiosity, or such who are obliged
to attend the court of Rome.


After a year's interregnum from the death of Romulus, the senate of their own authority chose a successor, and a stranger, merely upon the fame of his virtues. 2. One unknown.


Strangers and foes do sunder, and not kiss. Shakspeare. You did void your rheum upon my beard, And foot me as you spurn a stranger cur Shakspeare. Over your threshold. We ought to acknowledge, that no nations are wholly aliens and strangers the one to the other.


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This day to be our guest: bring forth and pour
Abundance, fit to honour and receive
Our heavenly stranger.

4. One unacquainted.


My child is yet a stranger in the world;
She hath not seen the change of fourteen years.

I was no stranger to the original: I had also studied Virgil's design, and his disposition of it. Dryden.

5. One not admitted to any communication or fellowship.

I unspeak my detraction; here abjure
The taints and blames upon myself,
For strangers to my nature

Melons on beds of ice are taught to bear,
And strangers to the sun yet ripen here.

Granville. To STRANGER. v. a. [from the noun.] To estrange to alienate.

Will you, with those infirmities she owes, Dower'd with our curse, and stranger'd with our oath,

Take her or leave her?

Shakspeare. TO STRANGLE. v. a. [strangulo, Lat.] 1. To choak; to suffocate; to kill by intercepting the breath.

His face is black and full of blood;

His eye-balls farther out than when he liv'd, Staring full ghastly, like a strangled man. Shakspeare.

Shall I not then be stifled in the vault, To whose foul mouth no healthsome air breathes in,

And there be strangled ere my Romeo comes? Shakspeare.

Dost thou not know that, thou hast strangled Tebit. thine husbands?

The lion did tear in pieces enough for his whelps, and strangled for his lionesses, and filled Nebemiab. his holes with prey.

So heinous à crime was the sin of adultery, that our Saxon ancestors compelled the adulteress to strangle herself; and he who debauched her Ayliffe. was to be hanged over her grave. 2. To suppress; to hinder from birth or appearance.

By th' clock, 't is day;

And yet dark night strangles the travelling lamp: Is 't night's predominance, or the day's shaine? Shakspeare. STRANGLER. n. s. [from strangle.j ́One who strangles.

The band that seems to tie their friendship together, will be the very strangler of their amity. Shakspeare. STRANGLES. n. s. [from strangle.] Swellings in a horse's throat. STRANGULATION. n. s. [from strangle.] The act of strangling; suffocation; the state of being strangled.

A spunge is mischievous, not in itself, for its powder is harmless; hut because, being received into the stomach, it swelleth, and, occasioning its continual distension, induceth a strangulation.


The reduction of the jaws is difficult; and, if they be not timely reduced, there happen paraWiseman. lysis and strangulation. STRANGURY. n. s. [sgulyugia; strangurie, Fr.] A difficulty of urine attended with pain.

STRAP. n. s. [stroppe, Dutch; stroppa, Italian.] A narrow long slip of cloth or leather.

These clothes are good enough to drink in, and so be these boots too; an' they be not, let them hang themselves in their own straps.


I found but one husband, a lively cobler, that kicked and spurred all the while his wife was carrying him on; and had scarce passed a day without giving her the discipline of the strap. Spectatar STRAP. v. a. [from strap.] To beat with a strap. STRAPPA'DO. n. s.



Chastisement by

Were I at the strappado, or all the racks in the world, I would not tell you on compulsion. Shakspeare. STRAPPING. adj. Vast; large; bulky. Used of large men or women in contempt.

STRATA. n. s. [The plural of stratum, Lat.] Beds; layers. A philosophical

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With how much wisdom are the strata laid,
Of different weight and of a different kind,
Of sundry forms for sundry ends design'd!

STRA'TAGEM. n. s. [5;arnynua; strata-
geme, Fr.]

1. An artifice in war; a trick by which
an enemy is deceived.

John Talbot, I did send for thee,
To tutor thee in stratagems of war. Shakspeare.
Ev'ry minute now

Should be the father of some stratagem.

Shakspeare. 2. An artifice ; a trick by which some advantage is obtained.

your coun

Rouse up your courage, call up all
And think on all those stratagems which nature
Keeps ready to encounter sudden dangers.


Those oft are stratagems which errours seem; Nor is it Homer nods, but we who dream. Pope. To STRATIFY. v. a. [stratifier, Fr. from stratum, Latin.] To range in beds or layers. A chymical term. STRATUM. n. s. [Lat.] A bed; a layer. A term of philosophy.

Another was found in a perpendicular fissure of a stratum of stone in Langron iron-mine, Cumberland. Woodward.

Drill'd through the sandy stratum, ev'ry way The waters with the sandy stratum rise. Thomson.

STRAW. n. 5.

[repeop, Saxon; stroo,

1. The stalk on which corn grows, and from which it is thrashed.

I can counterfeit the deep tragedian, Tremble and start at wagging of a straw, Intending deep suspicion.

Plate sin with gold,


And the strong lance of justice hurtless breaks;
Arm it in rags, a pigmy's straw doth pierce it.

Apples in hay and straw ripened apparently; but the apple in the straw more.


My new straw hat, that's trimly lin'd with green,

Let Peggy wear.


More light he treads, more tall he seems to rise,

And struts a straw breadth nearer to the skies.

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3. To err; to deviate from the right.

We have erred and strayed. Common Prayer. To STRAY. v. a. To mislead. Obsolete. Hath not else his eye

Stray'd his affection in unlawful love? Shaksp.
STRAY. n. s. [from the verb.]

1. Any creature wandering beyond its
limits; any thing lost by wandering.
She hath herself not only well defended,
But taken and impounded as a stray
The king of Scots.


Should I take you for a stray,
You must be kept a year and day.


When he has traced his talk through all its wild rambles, let him bring home his stray; not like the lost sheep, with joy, but with tears of penitence. Government of the Tongue. Seeing him wander about, I took him up for a stray. Dryden. He cries out, neighbour, hast thou seen a stray Of bullocks and of heifers pass this way? Addison.

Act of wandering.

I would not from your love make such a stray, STREAK. n. s. [reɲice, Saxon; streke, To match you where I hate. Shakspeare.

Dutch; stricia, Italian.] A line of

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Now spurs the lated traveller apace, To gain the timely inn.


What mean those colour'd streaks in heav'n, Distended, as the brow of God appeas'd? Milt. The night comes on, we eager to pursue Till the last streaks of dying day withdrew, And doubtful moonlight did our rage deceive.

Dryden. Ten wildings have I gather'd for my dear; How ruddy, like your lips, their streaks appear! Dryden.

While the fantastick tulip strives to break In two-fold beauty, and a parted streak. Prior. To STREAK. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To stripe; to variegate in hues; to dapple.

All the yeanlings which were streak'd and pied

Should fall as Jacob's hire.


A mule admirably streaked and dappled with white and black.


To-morrow, ere fresh morning streak the east, With first approach of light we must be ris'n, And at our pleasant labour, to reform Yon flow'ry harbours.

Milton. Now let us leave this earth, and lift our eye To the large convex of yon' azure sky; Behold it like an ample curtain spread, Now streak'd and glowing with the morning red, Anon at noon in flaming yellow bright, And chusing sable for the peaceful night. Prior. 2. To stretch. Obsolete.

She lurks in midst of all her den, and streaks From out a ghastly whirlpool all her necks; Where, glotting round her rock, to fish she falls. Chapman. STREAKY. adj. [from streak.] Striped; variegated by hues.

When the hoary head is hid in snow, The life is in the leaf, and still between


The fits of falling snows appears the streaky Dryden. STREAM. n.s. [reneam, Saxon; straum, Islandick; stroom, Dutch.]

1. A running water; the course of running water; current.

As plays the sun upon the glassy stream, Twinkling another counterfeited beam. Shaksp. He brought streams out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers. Psalms.

Cocytus nam'd, of lamentation loud Heard in the rueful stream; fierce Phlegethon, Whose waves of torrent fire inflame with rage; Far off from these, a slow and silent stream, Lethe, the river of oblivion, rolls

Her wat'ry labyrinth.


O could I flow like thee, and make thy


My great example, as thou art my theme! Tho' deep yet clear, tho' gentle yet not dull, Strong without rage, without o'erflowing full.


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You, Drances, never want a dream of words, Dryden The stream of beneficence hath, by several rivulets which have since fallen into it, wonderAtterbury. fully enlarged its current. Any thing forcible and continued.

Had their cables of iron chains had any great length, they had been unportable; and, being short, the ships must have sunk at an anchor in any stream of weather. Raleigh.

It is looked upon as insolence for a man to adhere to his own opinion, against the current stream of antiquity. 4. Course; current.


The very stream of his life, and the business he hath helmed, must give him a better proclamation. Shakspeare. To STREAM. v. n. [streyma, Islandick.] 1. To flow; to run in a continuous current.

God bad the ground be dry,

All but between those banks where rivers now Stream, and perpetual draw their humid train.

On all sides round


Streams the black blood, and smokes upon the ground. Pope. 2. To emit a current; to pour out water in a stream; to be overflown.

Then grateful Greece with streaming eyes would raise

Historick marbles to record his praise. Pope. 3. To issue forth with continuance, not by fits.

Now to impartial love, that god most high, Do my sighs stream. Shakspeare. From opening skies may streaming glories shine, And saints embrace thee.

Pope. TO STREAM. v. a. To mark with colours or embroidery in long tracks.

The herald's mantle is streamed with gold.

STREAMER. n. s. [from stream.] An en-
sign; a flag; a pennon; any thing flow-
ing loosely from a stock.
His brave fleet

With silken streamers the young Phoebus fan
The rosy morn began to rise,
And wav'd her saffron streamer through the skies.
Brave Rupert from afar appears,
Whose waving streamers the glad general knows.

The man of sense his meat devours,
But only smells the peel and flowers:
And he must be an idle dreamer,
Who leaves the pie, and gnaws the streamer.

STREAMY. adj. [from stream.] 1. Abounding in running water. Arcadia,


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Before him flaming, his enormous shield Like the broad sun illumin'd all the field; His nodding helm emits a streamy ray. Pope. STREET. n. s. [repær, Saxon; straz, German; strada, Spanish and Italian; streede, Danish; straet, Dutch; stratum, Latin.]

1. A way, properly a paved way between two rows of houses.

He led us through fair streets; and all the way we went there were gathered people on both sides, standing in a row. Bacon.

The streets are no larger than alleys. Sandys.
When night
Darkens the streets, then wander forth the sons
Of Belial, flown with insolence and wine;
Witness the streets of Sodom.


The Italians, say the ancients, always considered the situation of a building, whether it were high or low, in an open square, or in a narrow street, and more or less deviated from their rule of art. Addison. When you tattle with some crony servant in the same street, leave your own street-door open. Swift.

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2. Proverbially, a publick place.
That there be no leading into captivity, and
no complaining in our streets.
Our publick ways would be so crowded, that
we should want street-room.

Let us reflect upon what we daily see practised in the world; and can we believe, if an apostle of Christ appeared in our streets, he would retract his caution, and command us to be conformed to the world?

Rogers. STRE ETWALKER. n. s. [street and walk.] A common prostitute, that offers herself to sale in the open street. STRENGTH. n. s. [repengd, Saxon.] 1. Force; vigour; power of the body.

But strength from truth divided, and from just, Ilaudable, nought merits but dispraise. Milton. Thou must outlive

Thy youth, thy strength, thy beauty, which will change

To wither'd, weak, and


Th' insulting Trojan came,


And menac'd us with force, our fleet with flame:
Was it the strength of this tongue-valiant lord,
In that black hour, that sav'd you from the

sword ?

2. Power of endurance; firmness; dura-
bility; toughness; hardness.

Not founded on the brittle strength of bones.

Firm Dorick pillars found the solid base,
The fair Corinthian crown the higher space,
And all below is strength, and all above is grace.

3. Vigour of any kind; power of any

Strength there must be either of love or war, even such contrary ways leading to the same unity. Holyday.

God, in all things wise and just,
Hinder'd not Satan to attempt the mind
Of man, with strength entire and free-will arm'd.

This act

Shall crush the strength of Satan.


4. Power of resistance; sureness; fastness.

Our castle's strength

Will laugh a siege to scorn.


5. Support; security; that which supports.

Bereave me not thy aid,

Thy counsel in this uttermost distress,
My only strength and stay.


6. Power of mind; force of any mental faculty.

Aristotle's large views, acuteness and penetration of thought, and strength of judgment, few have equalled. Locke.

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And each from each contract new strength and light. Pope.

7. Spirit; animation.

Methinks I feel new strength within me rise, Wings growing, and dominion given. Milton. Adam and first matron Eve

Had ended now their orisons, and found Strength added from above, new hope to spring Out of despair. Milton. 8. Vigour of writing; nervous diction; force, opposed to softness, in writing or painting.

Leave such to tune their own dull rhymes,
and know

What's roundly smooth, or languishingly slow;
And praise the easy vigour of a line,

Where Denham's strength and Waller's sweet

ness join.
Caracci's strength, Coreggio's softer line,
Paulo's free stroke, and Titian's warmth divine.

9. Potency of liquors.

10. Fortification; fortress.

The rashness of talking should not only be
retarded by the guard of our heart, but fenced
in by certain strengths placed in the mouth.
Ben Jonson.

He thought
This inaccessible high strength to have seiz'd.
Betray'd in all his strengths, the wood beset;
All instruments, all arts of ruin met. Denham.
11. Support; maintenance of power.

What they boded would be a mischief to us, you are providing, shall be one of our principal strengths. Spratt.

13. Confidence imparted.
12. Legal force; validity; security.

Certain services were due from the soldier to his captain, and from the captain to the prince; and upon the strength of such tenures, in after times, the descendents of these people and their kings did subsist and make their wars. Davenant.

The allies, after a successful summer, are too apt, upon the strength of it, to neglect their preparations for the ensuing campaign. Addison, 14. Armament; force; power.

What is his strength by land? Shakspeare. Nor was there any other strength designed to attend about his highness than one regiment. Clarendon,

15. Persuasive prevalence; argumentative force.

This presupposed, it may then stand very well with strength and soundness of reason, thus to Hooker. TO STRENGTH. v. a. To strengthen. Not used.


Edward's happy order'd reign most fertile

Plenty of mighty spirits, to strength his state.

To STRENGTHEN. v. a. [from strength.]
1. To make strong.

2. To confirm ; to establish.

Authority is by nothing so much strengthened and confirmed as by custom; for no man easily distrusts the things which he and all men have been always bred up to. Temple,

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