Изображения страниц
[blocks in formation]


[blocks in formation]

And death, if death must be my doom, Shall join my soul to thee.



3. Any thing destroyed, or quitted for the
sake of something else; as, he made a
sacrifice of his friendship to his interest.
4. Any thing destroyed.

SACRIFICER. n. s. [from sacrifice.] One
who offers sacrifice; one that immolates.
Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers. Shaks.
When some brawny sacrificer knocks,
Before an altar led, an offer'd ox.

A priest pours wine between the horns of a
bull: the priest is veiled after the manner of
the old Roman sacrificers.
SACRIFICIAL. adj. [from sacrifice.] Per-
forming sacrifice; included in sacrifice.
Rain sacrificial whisp'rings in his ear;
Make sacred even his stirrop.

Tertullian's observation upon these sacrificial

rites, is pertinent to this rule.

SA'CRILEGE. n. s. [sacrilege, French; sacrilegium, Latin.] The crime of appropriating to himself what is devoted to religion; the crime of robbing heaven; the crime of violating or profaning things sacred.

By what eclipse shall that sun be defac'd, What mine hath erst thrown down so fair a tower! What sacrilege hath such a saint disgrac'd?

Sidney. Then 'gam a cursed hand the quiet womb Of his great grandmother with steel to wound, And the hid treasures in her sacred tomb With sacrilege to dig. Fairy Queen. We need not go many ages back to see the vengeance of God upon some families, raised upon the ruins of churches, and enriched with South. the spoils of sacrilege. SACRILEGIOUS. adj. [sacrilegus, Latin; from sacrilege.] Violating things sacred; polluted with the crime of sacrilege. To sacrilegious perjury should I be betrayed, I should account it greater misery. King Charles. By vile hands to common use debas'd, With sacrilegious taunt, and impious jest. Prior. Still green with bays each ancient altar stands, Above the reach of sacrilegious hands.


Blasphemy is a malediction, and a sacrilegious detraction from the Godhead.


[blocks in formation]

SAD. adj. [Of this word, so frequent in the language, the etymology is not known. It is probably a contraction of sagged, heavy, burdened, overwhelmed, from To sag, to load.]

1. Sorrowful; full of grief.

Do you think I shall not love a sad Pamela so well as a joyful? Sidney.

One from sad dismay
Recomforted, and after thoughts disturb'd,
Submitting to what seem'd remediless. Milton.
The hapless pair

Sat in their sad discourse and various plaint. Milt.
Up into heav'n, from Paradise in haste
Th'angelic guards ascended, mute and sad. Milt.
I now must change


Those notes to tragick; sad task!


Six brave companions from each ship we lost: With sails outspread we fly th' unequal strife, Sad for their loss, but joyful of our life. Pope. 2. Habitually melancholy; heavy; gloomy; not gay; not cheerful.

It ministreth unto men, and other creatures, all celestial influences: it dissipateth those sad thoughts and sorrows, which the darkness both begetteth and maintaineth. Raleigh.

See in her cell sad Eloisa spread, Propp'd on some tomb, a neighbour of the dead.

Pope. 3. Gloomy; showing sorrow or anxiety by outward appearance.

Be not as the hypocrites of a sad countenance. Matthew. Earth trembled from her entrails, as again In pangs, and Nature gave a second groan; Sky lour'd, and muttering thunder, some sad drops

Wept at completing of the mortal sin Original. Milton. 4. Serious; not light; not volatile; grave. He with utterance grave, and countenance sad, From point to point discours'd his voyage. Spens. The lady Katharine, a sad and religious woman, when Henry VIII's resolution of a divorce from her was first made known, said that she had not offended; but it was a judgment of God, for that her former marriage was made in blood. Bacon.

If it were an embassy of weight, choice was made of some sad person of known judgment and experience, and not of a young man, not weighed in state matters. Bacon.

A sad wise valour is the brave complexion That leads the van, and swallows up the cities: The gigler is a milk-maid, whom inflection, Or a fir'd beacon, frighteth from his ditties. Herbert.

5. Afflictive; calamitous.

Thoughts in my unquiet breast are risen, Tending to some relief of our extremes, Or end, tho' sharp and sad, yet tolerable. Milt. 6. Bad; inconvenient; vexatious. A word of burlesque complaint.

These qualifications make him a sad husband.

7. Dark-coloured.


Crystal, in its reduction into powder, hath a vale and shadow of blue; and in its coarse pieces is of a sadder hue than the powder of Venice glass. Brozon.

I met him accidentally in London in sad coloured clothes, far from being costly. Walton. Scarce any tinging ingredient is of so general use as woad, or glastum; for though of itself it dye but a blue, yet, it is used to prepare cloth for green, and many of the sadder colours, when the dyers make them last without fading. Boyle. Woad or wade is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colours. Mortimer.

2. Heavy; weighty; ponderous.

With that his hand, more sad than lump of lead, Uplifting high, he weened with Morddure, His own good sword, Morddure, to cleave his head. Fairy Queen.

9. Cohesive; not light; firm; close. Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad, and therefore require warm applications and light compost.


To SA'DDEN, v. a. [from sad.] 1. To make sad; to make sorrowful. 2. To make melancholy; to make gloomy.

Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene, Shades ev'ry flow'r, and darkens ev'ry green; Deepens the murmurs of the falling floods, And breathes a browner horror on the woods.


3. To make dark coloured.

4. To make heavy; to make cohesive.

Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands. Mortimer. SA'DDLE. n. s. [rabl, Saxon; sadel, Dutch.] The seat which is put upon the horse for the accommodation of the rider.

His horse hipped, with an old moth-eaten saddle, and the stirrups of no kindred. Shakspeare. The law made for apparel, and riding in saddles, after the English fashion, is penal only to Englishmen. Davies.

One hung a pole-ax at his saddle bow,
And one a heavy mace.


The vent'rous knight is from the saddle thrown; But 't is the fault of fortune, not his own. Dryd. To SA'DDLE, V a. [from the noun.] 1. To cover with a saddle.


I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride there2 Samuel Rebels, by yielding, do like him, or worse, Who saddled his own back to shame his horse. Gleaveland.

No man, sure, e'er left his house, And saddl'd Ball, with thoughts, so wild, To bring a midwife to his spouse, Before he knew she was with child. Prior. 2. To load; to burden. . .

Resolv'd for sea, the slaves thy baggage pack, Each saddl'd with his burden on his back; Nothing retards thy voyage. Dryden. SA'DDLEBACKED. adj. [saddle and back.] Horses, saddlebacked, have their backs low, and a raised head and neck. Farrier's Dictionary. SA'DDLEMAKER. n. s. (from saddle.] SA'DDLER.


is to make saddles.

One whose trade

[blocks in formation]


The utmost exactness in these belongs to farriers, saddlers, and smiths. Digby. The smith and the saddler's journeyman ought to partake of your master's generosity. Swift. SA'DLY. ada. [from sad.]

1. Sorrowfully; mournfully.

My father is gone wild into his grave;
For in his tomb lie my affections;
And with his spirit sadly I survive,

To mock the expectations of the world. Shaksp.
He griev'd, he wept, the sight an image brought
Of his own filial love; a sadly pleasing thought.

He sadly suffers in their grief, Out-weeps an hermit, and out-prays a saint. Dry. 2. Calamitously; miserably.

We may at present easily see, and one day sadly feel. South. SA'DNESS. n. s. [from sad.]

1. Sorrowfulness; mournfulness; dejection of mind.

The soul receives intelligence

By her near genius of the body's end,
And so imparts a sadness to the sense. Daniel.
And let us not be wanting to ourselves,
Lest so severe and obstinate a sadness
Tempt a new vengeance.


A passionate regret at sin, a grief and sadness of its memory, enter into God's roll of mourn→ Decay of Piety.


2. Melancholy look.

Dim sadness did not spare
Celestial visages.

3. Seriousness; sedate gravity.


If the subject be mournful, let every thing in it have a stroke of sadness.


[blocks in formation]

SAFE. n. s. [from the adjective.] A butAinsworth.

tery; a pantry. SAFECONDUCT. n. s. [saufconduit, Fr.] 1. Convoy; guard through an enemy's country.

2. Pass; warrant to pass.

A trumpet was sent to sir William Waller, to desire a safeconduct for a gentleman. Clarendon. SAFEGUARD. n. s. [safe and guard.] 1. Defence; protection; security.


We serve the living God as near as our wits can reach to the knowledge thereof, even according to his own will; and do therefore trust, that his mercy shall be our safeguard. Hooker.

If you do fight in safeguard of your wives, Your wives shall welcome home the conquerors. Shakspeare.

Cæsar, where dangers threatened on the one side, and the opinion that there should be in him little safeguard for his friends on the other, chose rather to venture upon extremities than to be thought a weak protector. Raleigh.

Great numbers, descended from them, have, by the blessing of God upon their industry, raised themselves so high in the world as to become, in times of difficulty, a protection and a safeguard to that altar, at which their ancestors ministred. Atterbury.

Thy sword, the safeguard of thy brother's throne,

Is now become the bulwark of thy own. Granville. Convoy; guard through any interdicted road, granted by the possessor.

3. Pass; warrant to pass.

On safeguard he came to me.

Shakspeare. A trumpet was sent to the earl of Essex for a safeguard or pass to two lords, to deliver a message from the king to the two houses. Clarendon. To SAFEGUARD. v. n. [from the noun.] To guard; to protect.

We have locks to safeguard necessarics, And pretty traps to catch the potty thieves. Slak. SAFELY. ad. [from safe.]

In a safe manner; without danger.

Who is there that hath the leisure and means

to collect all the proofs, concerning most of the opinions he has, so as safely to conclude that he hath a clear and full view? Locke.

All keep aloof, and safely shout around; But none presumes to give a nearer wound. Dryd. 2. Without hurt.

God safely quit her of her burden, and with gentle travel, to the gladding of your highness with an heir. Shakspeare. SA FENESS. n. s. [from safe.] Exemption from danger.

If a man should forbear his food or his business, 'till he had certainty of the safeness of what he was going about, he must starve and die disputing. South.

SAFETY. n. s. [from safe.]

1. Freedom from danger.

To that dauntless temper of his mind, He hath a wisdom that doth guide his valour To act in safety. Shakspeare.

2. Exemption from hurt.

If her acts have been directed well, While with her friendly clay she deign'd to dwell, Shall she with safety reach her pristine seat, Find her rest endless, and her bliss complete?

3. Preservation from hurt.


Let not my jealousies be your dishonours, But mine own safeties: you may be rightly just, Whatever I shall think. Shakspeare. 4. Custody; security from escape.

Imprison him;

Deliver him to safety, and return. Shakspeare. SAFFLOW. . n. s. A plant.

An herb they call saflow, or bastard saffron, dyers use for scarlet. Mortimer.

SAFFRON. n. s. [safran, French; from saphar, Arabick. It was yellow, according to Davies in his Welsh dictionary. Crocus, Latin.] A plant. Miller. Grind your bole and chalk, and five or six shives of saffron. Peacham. SAFFRON, Bastard. n.s. [carthamus, Lat.] A plant.

This plant agrees with the thistle in most of its characters; but the seeds of it are destitute of down. It is cultivated in Germany for dyers. It spreads into many branches, each producing a flower, which, when fully blown, is pulled off, and dried, and it is the part the dyers use. Miller. SAFFRON. adj. Yellow; having the colour of saffron.

Are these your customers? Did this companion, with the saffron face, Revel and feast it at my house to-day, Whilst upon me the guilty doors were shut?Sbak. Soon as the white and red mixt finger'd dame Had gilt the mountains with her saffron flame, I sent my men to Circe's house. Chapman. Now when the rosy morn began to rise, And wav'd her saffron streamer through the Dryden.


To SAG. v. n. To hang heavy.

The mind I say by, and the heart I bear, Shall never sag with doubt, nor shake with fear. Shakspeare.

To SAG. v. a. To load; to burden. SAGA'CIOUS. adj. [sagax, Latin.] 1. Quick of scent: with of.

So scented the grim feature, and up-turn'd His nostrils wide into the unurky air; Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Milton. With might and main they chas'd the murd'rous fox,

Nor wanted horns t' inspire sagacious hounds. Dryden.

2. Quick of thought; acute in making discoveries.

Only sagacious heads light on these observations, and reduce them into general propositions. Locke.

SAGA'CIOUSLY. adv. [from sagacious.] 1. With quick scent.

2. With acuteness of penetration.
SAGA'CIOUSNESS. n. s. [from sagacious.]
The quality of being sagacious.
SAGA CITY. n. s. [sagacité, French; sa-
gacitas, Latin.]

1. Quickness of scent.
2. Acuteness of discovery.

It requires too great a sagacity for vulgar minds to draw the line nicely between virtue and vice.

South. Sagacity finds out the intermediate ideas, to discover what connection there is in each link of the chain, whereby the extremes are held together. Locke.

Many were eminent in former ages for their discovery of it; but though the knowledge they have left be worth our study, yet they have left a great deal for the industry and sagacity of after


[blocks in formation]




2. The juice of some unknown plant used in medicine.

SAGE. n. s. [sauge, French; salvia, Lat.]

A plant of which the school of Salernum thought so highly, that they left this


[blocks in formation]

Tired limbs to rest,

O matron sage, quoth she, I hither came. F.Queen.
Vane, young in years, but in sage councils old,
Than whom a better senator ne'er held
The helm of Rome.

Can you expect that she should be so sage
To rule her blood, and you not rule your rage?

SAGE. n.s. [from the adjective.] A philo-
sopher; a man of gravity and wisdom.
Though you profess
Yourselves such sages; yet know I no less,
Nor am to you interior.

At his birth a star proclaims him come,
And guides the eastern sages, who enquire
His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold. Milt.
For so the holy sages once did sing,
That he our deadly forfeit should release,
And with his father work us a perpetual peace.


Groves, where immortal sages taught, Where heav'nly visions Plato fir'd. SA'GELY. adv. [from sage.] Wisely; prudently.

SA'GENESS. . . [from sage.] Gravity; prudence.

SAGITTAL. adj. [from sagitta, Latin, an arrow.]

1. Belonging to an arrow.

[blocks in formation]


SA'GO. n. s. A kind of eatable grain. Bailey. SA'ICK. n. s. [saica, Italian; saique, Fr.]

A Turkish vessel proper for the carriage of merchandise.

Bailey. SAID. The pret. and part. pass. of say. I. Aforesaid.

King John succeeded his said brother in the kingdom of England and dutchy of Normandy. Hale.

2. Declared; showed. SAIL. n. s. [regl, Saxon; seyhel, seyl, Dutch.]

1. The expanded sheet which catches the wind, and carries on the vessel on the water.


He came too late; the ship was under sail. Shakspeare. They loosed the rudder-bands, and hoisted up the main-sail to the wind.


The galley born from view by rising gales, She follow'd with her sight and flying sails. Dryd. [In poetry.] Wings.

He cutting way

With his broad sails, about him soared round; At last, low stooping with unwieldy sway, Snatch'd up both horse and man. Fairy Queen. 3. A ship; a vessel.


A sail arriv'd

From Pompey's son, who through the realms of


Calls out for vengeance on his father's death.


Sail is a collective word, noting the number of ships.

So by a roaring tempest on the flood, A whole armado of collected sail

Is scatter'd.


It is written of Edgar, that he increased the fleet he found two thousand six hundred sail. Raleigh. A feigned tear destroys us, against whom Tydides nor Achilles could prevail, Nor ten years conflict, nor a thousand sail. Denh.

He had promised to his army, who were discouraged at the sight of Seleucus's fleet, consisting of an hundred sail, that at the end of the summer they should see a fleet of his of five hundred sail.

Arbuthnot. 5. To strike SAIL. To lower the sail.

Fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, they strake sail, and so were driven. Acts. 6. A proverbial phrase for abating of pomp or superiority.

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

Batter'd by his lee they lay; The passing winds thro' their torn canvass play, And flagging sails on heartless sailors fall. Dryd. Young Pompey built a fleet of large ships, and had good sailors, commanded by experienced captains. Arbuthnot.

Full in the openings of the spacious main It rides, and, lo? descends the sailer train. Pepe. SAILYARD. . s. [sail and yard.] The pole on which the sail is extended. With glance so swift the subtle lightning past, As split the sailyards. Dryden. SAIM. n. s. [saime, Italian.] Lard. It still denotes this in the northern counties, and in Scotland: as, swine's saim. SAIN. [à participle, obsolete, from say.] Said.

Some obscure precedence, that hath tofore been sain. Shakspeare. SA'INFOIN. n. s. [sainfoin, Fr. medica.] A kind of herb.

SAINT. n. s. [saint, Fr. sanctus, Lat.] A
person eminent for piety and virtue.
To thee be worship and thy saints for aye.
She will not stay the siege of loving terms,
Nor ope her lap to saint seducing gold. Shaksp.
Then thus I cloath my naked villany
With old odd ends, stol'n forth of holy writ,
And seem a saint, when most I play the devil.
Miracles are required of all who aspire to this
diguity, because they say an hypocrite may imi-
tate a saint in all other particulars. Addison.
By thy example kings are taught to sway,
Heroes to fight, and saints may learn to pray.

So unaffected, so compos'd a mind; So firm, yet soft, so strong, yet so refin'd, Heav'n, as its purest gold, by tortures try'd; The saint sustain'd it, but the woman dy'd. Pope. To SAINT. v. a. [from the noun.] To number among saints; to reckon among saints by a publick decree; to canonize. Are not the principles of those wretches still owned, and their persons sainted, by a race of men of the same stamp? South.

Over-against the church stands a large hospital, erected by a shoemaker, who has been beatified, though never sainted. Addison.

[blocks in formation]

I mention still

Him whom thy wrongs, with saintly patience borne,

Made famous in a land and times obscure. Milt. SA'INTSHIP. n. s. [from saint.] The cha racter or qualities of a saint.

He that thinks his saintship licenses him to censures, is to be looked on not only as a rebel, but an usurper. Decay of Piety. This savours something ranker than the tenets of the fifth monarchy, and of sovereignty founded upon saintship. South.

The devil was piqu'd such saintship to behold, And long'd to tempt him. Pope. SAKE. n. s. [rac, Sax. saecke, Dutch.] 1. Final cause; end; purpose. Thouneither do'st persuade me to seek wealth For empire's sake, nor empire to affect For glory's sake.

Milton. The prophane person serves the devil for nought, and sins only for sin's sake. Tillotson. Wyndham like a tyrant throws the dart, And takes a cruel pleasure in the smart; Proud of the ravage that her beauties make, Delights in wounds, and kills for killing's sake. Granville. 2. Account; regard to any person or thing. Would I were young for your sake, mistress Anne! Shakspeare. The general so likes your musick, that he desires you, for love's sake, to make no more noise with it. Shakspeare. SAKER. n. s. [Saker originally signifies a hawk, the pieces of artillery being often denominated from birds of prey.]

The cannon, blunderbuss, and saker, He was th' inventor of, and maker. Hudibras. According to observations made with one of her majesty's sakers, and a very accurate pendulum chronometer, a bullet, at its first discharge,

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »