Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

SCIENTIAL. adj. [from science.] Producing science.

From the tree her step she turn'd;

But first low reverence done, as to the pow'r That dwelt within; whose presence had infus'd Into the plant sciential sap, deriv'd From nectar, drink of gods. Milton. SCIENTIFICAL. adj. [scientifique, Fr.] SCIENTIFICK. S scientia and facio, Lat.] Producing demonstrative knowledge; producing certainty.

Natural philosophy proceeding from settled principles, therein is expected a satisfaction from scientifical progressions, and such as beget a sure or rational belief. Brown.

Nowhere are there more quick, inventive, and penetrating, capacities, fraught with all kind of scientifical knowledge. Howel.

Noman, who first trafficks into a foreign country, has any scientifick evidence that there is such a country, but by report, which can produce no more than a moral certainty; that is, a very high probability, and such as there can be no reason to except against. South.

The systems of natural philosophy that have obtained, are to be read more to know the hypotheses, than with hopes to gain there a comprehensive, scientifical, and satisfactory, knowledge of the works of nature. Locke. SCIENTIFICALLY. adv. [from scientifi cal.] In such a manner as to produce knowledge.

Sometimes it rests upon testimony, because it is easier to believe than to be scientifically instructed. Locke. SCIMITAR. n. s. [See CIMETER.] A short sword with a convex edge.

I'll heat his blood with Greekish wine to-night, Which with my scimitar I'll cool to-morrow. Shakspeare. SCINK. n. s. A cast calf. Ainsworth. In Scotland and in London they call it slink.

To SCINTILLATE. v. n. [scintillo, Lat.] To sparkle; to emit sparks. SCINTILLATION. n. s. [scintillatio, Lat. from scintillate.] The act of sparkling; sparks emitted.

These scintillations are not the accension of the air upon the collision of two hard bodies, but rather the inflammable effluences discharged from the bodies collided. Brozen.

He saith the planets scintillation is not seen, because of their propinquity. Glanville. SCIO LIST. n. s. [sciolus, Lat.] One who knows many things superficially.

'T was this vain idolizing of authors which gave birth to that silly vanity of impertinent citations: these ridiculous fooleries signify nothing to the more generous discerners, but the pedantry of the affected sciolists. Glanville.

These passages were enough to humble the presumption of our modern sciolists, if their pride were not as great as their ignorance. Temple. Scr'OLOUS. adj. [sciolus, Latin.] Superficially or imperfectly knowing. Not

usel.

[blocks in formation]

Scr'oN. n. s. [scion, Fr.] A small twig taken from one tree to be ingrafted into another.

Sweet maid, we marry

A gentle scion to the wildest stock;
And make conceive a bark of baser kind,
By bud of nobler race.

Shakspeare.

March is drawn, in his left hand blossoms, and scions upon his arm. Peacham.

The scions are best of an old tree. Mortimer. SCIRE FACIAS. n. s. [Latin.] A writ judicial, in law, most commonly to call a man to shew cause unto the court whence it is sent, why execution of a judgment passed should not be made. This writ is not granted before a year and a day is passed after the judgment given. Corvell. SCIRRHOSITY. n. s. [from scirrhous.] An induration of the glands.

The difficulty of breathing, occasioned by scirrbosities of the glands, is not to be cured. Arbuthnot. SCIRRHOUS. adj. [from scirrhus.] Having a gland indurated; consisting of a gland indurated.

How they are to be treated when they are strumous, scirrhous, or cancerous, you may see. Wiseman.

SCIRRHUS. n. s. [scirrhe, French. This should be written skirrhus, not merely because it comes from axijos, but because e in English has before e and i the sound of s. See SKEPTICK.] An indurated gland.

Any of these three may degenerate into a scirrus, and that scirrbus into a cancer. Wiseman. Sci'sSIBLE. adj. [from scissus, Lat.] Capable of being divided smoothly by a sharp edge.

The differences of impressible and not impressible, scissible and not scissible, and many other passions of matter, are plebeian notions.

Bacon.

Scr'SSILE. adj. [scissile, Fr. scissilis, Lat.] Capable of being cut or divided smoothly by a sharp edge.

Animal fat is a sort of amphibious substance, scissile like a solid, and resolvable by heat.

Arbuthnot. Scr'ssION. . s. [scission, Fr. scissio, Lat.] The act of cutting.

Nerves may be wounded by scission or puncture: the former way they are usually cut through, and wholly cease from action. Wiseman. SCISSOR. . . [This word is variously written, as it is supposed to be derived by different writers; of whom some write cisors, from cado, or incido; others scissors, from scindo; and some cisars, cizars, or scissars, from ciseaux, French.] A small pair of sheers, or blades moveable on a pivot, and intercepting the thing to be cut.

His beard they have sing'd off with brands of
fire;

And ever, as it blaz'd, they threw on him
Great pulls of puddled mire to quench the hair:
My master preaches patience to him, and the

while

I's man with scissars nicks him for a fool. Shaky.

Wanting the scissars, with these hands I'll tear, If that obstruct my flight, this load of hair. Priør.

When the lawyers and tradesmen brought extravagant bills, sir Roger wore a pair of scissars in his pocket, with which he would snip a quarter of a yard off nicely. Arbuthnot. Scr'SSUE. n. s. [scissum, Lat.] A crack; a rent; a fissure.

Pardon me, 't is the first time that ever
I'm fore'd to scold.
Shakspeare.
The one as famous for a scolding tongue,
As th' other is for beauteous modesty. Sbaks.
They attacked me, some with piteous moans,
others grinning and only shewing their teeth,
others ranting, and others scolding and reviling.
Stilling fleet.

For gods, we are by Homer told,

Can in celestial language scold.
Decay of Piety.

The breach seems like the scissures and ruptures of an earthquake, and threatens to swallow all that attempt to close it, and reserves its cure only for omnipotence. SCLEROTICK. adj. [sclerotique, French; ox Hard: an epithet of one of the coats of the eye.

The ligaments observed in the inside of the sclerotick tunicles of the eye serve instead of a muscle, by their contraction, to alter the figure of the eye. Ray on the Creation. SCLEROTICKS. n. s. [from the adjective.] Medicines which harden and consolidate

the parts they are applied to. Quincy. To SCOAT. Įv.a. To stop a wheel by To SCOTCH. putting a stone or piece of wood under it before. Bailey. To SCOFF. v. n. [schoppen, Dutch.] To treat with insolent ridicule; to treat with contumelious language: with at.

Of two noblemen of the west of England, the one was given to scoff, but kept ever royal cheer in his house; the other would ask of those that had been at his table, Tell truly, was there never a flout or dry blow given? Bacon.

There is no greater argument of a light and inconsiderate person, than prophanely to scoff at religion. Tillotson.

Such is love,

[blocks in formation]

Swift.

Scolding and cursing are her common conversation.

Swift.

SCOLD. n. s. [from the verb.] A clamorous, rude, mean, low, foul-mouthed,

woman.

A shrew in domestick life is now become a Addison. scold in politicks.

Sun-burnt matrons mending old nets; Now singing shrill, and scolding oft between; Scolds answer foul-mouth'd scolds. Swift. Sco'LLOP. n. s. [Written properly seallop.] A pectinated shell-fish ScoLOPE'NDRA. 2. s. [scolopendre, Fr. σκολόπενδρα. ]

1. A sort of venomous serpent. 2. [scolopendrium, Lat.] An herb. Ainsa. SCOMM. n. s. [perhaps from scomma, Lat.] A buffoon. A word out of use, and unworthy of revival.

The scomms, or buffoons of quality, are wolvish in conversation. L'Estrange.

SCONCE. n.s. [schantz, German.]
I. A fort; a bulwark.

Such fellows are perfect in the great commanders names, and they will learn you by rote where services were done; at such and such a sconce, at such a breach. Shakspeare. 2. The head: perhaps as being the acropolis, or citadel of the body. A low word.

3.

Some little souls, that have got a smattering of astronomy or chemistry, for want of a due acquaintance with other sciences, make a scoff at them all, in comparison of their favourite sciWatts. 4. SCO'FFER. n. s. [from scoff.] Insolent ridiculer; saucy scorner; contumelious reproacher.

ence.

Sell when you can; you are not for all markets:

Cry the man mercy, love him, take his offer; Foul is the most foul, being found to be a scoffer. Shakspeare.

Divers have herded themselves amongst these profane scoffers, not that they are convinced by their reasons, but terrined by their contumelies. Government of the Tongue. Consider what the apostle tells these scoffers they were ignorant of; not that there was a deluge, but he tells them, that they were ignorant that the heavens and the earth of old were so and so constituted. Burnet.

SCOFFINGLY. adv. [from scoffing.] In conte pt; in ridicule. Aristotle applied this hemistick scoffingly to the sycophants at Athens. Broome. 7. SCOLD.

[scholden, Dutch.] To quarrel c...orously and rudely.

Why does he suffer this rude knave now to knock him about the sconce with a dirty shovel, and will not tell him of his action of battery? Shakspeare. A pensile candlestick, generally with a looking-glass to reflect the light. Golden sconces hang upon the walls, To light the costly suppers and the balls. Dryd. Triumphant Uinbriel, on a sconce's height, Clapp'd his glad wings, and sat to view the fight.

Put candles into sconces. A mulct, or fine.

Pope.

Swift.

To SCONCE. v. a. [A word used in the universities, and derived plausibly by Skinner, whose etymologies are generally rational, from sconce, as it significs the head; to sconce being to fix a fine on any one's head.] To mulet; to fine. A low word, which ought not to be retained.

SCOOP. n. s. [schoepe, Dutch.] 1. A kind of large ladle; a vessel with a long handle used to throw out liquor. They turn upside down hops on malt-kilns, when almost dry, with a scoop. Mortimer.

2. A chirurgeon's instrument.

Endeavour with thy scoop, or fingers, to force the stone outwards. Sbar

3. A sweep; a stroke. Perhaps it should be swoop. What, all my pretty chickens and their dam At one fell scoop! Shakspeare.

Oh hell-kite!

[blocks in formation]

ation of what is true, but that he might let him. self loose to visionary objects, which may give him a freer scope for imagination. Dryden.

These theorems being admitted into opticks, there would be scope enough of handling that science voluminously, after a new manner; not only by teaching those things which tend to the perfection of vision, but also by determining mathematically all kinds of phenomena of colours which could be produced by refraction. Newton.

4. Liberty; freedom from restraint.

A spectator would think this circular mount 5. had been actually scooped out of that hollow space.

Spectator. Her fore-feet are broad, that she may scoop away much earth at a time. Addison.

To his single eye, that in his forehead glar'd Like a full moon, or a broad burnish'd shield, A forky staff we dext'rously apply'd,

Which, in the spacious socket turning round, Scoopt out the big round gelly from its orb. Addis. 5. To cut into hollowness or depth.

Whatever part of the arbour they scoop in, it has an influence on all the rest; for the sea immediately works the whole bottom to a level. Addison.

Those carbuncles the Indians will scoop, so as Arbuthnot. to hold above a pint.

It much conduces how to scare
The little race of birds, that hop
From spray to spray, scooping the costliest fruit,
Insatiate, undisturb'd.
Philips.

The genius of the place
Or helps th' ambitious hill the heav'n to scale,
Or scoops in circling theatres the vale. Pope.
SCOOPER. n.s. [from scoop.] One who

scoops.

SCOPE. n. s. [scopus, Latin.] 1. Aim; intention; drift.

Your scope is as mine own,

So to enforce or qualify the laws,
As to your soul seems good.

Shakspeare.

His coming hither hath no farther scope Than for his lineal royalties, and to beg Infranchisement immediate on his knees. Sbak. Had the whole scope of the author been answerable to his title, he would have only undertaken to prove what every man is convinced of; but the drift of the pamphlet is to stir up our compassion towards the rebels. Addison.

2. Thing aimed at; mark; final end.

The scope of all their pleading against man's authority is to overthrow such laws and constitutions in the church, as, depending thereupon, if they should therefore be taken away, would leave neither face nor memory of church to continue long in the world.

Now was time

To ain their counsels to the fairest scope.

Hooker.

Hub. Ta. Weshould impute the war to the scope at whichit aimeth. Raleigh.

He, in what he counsels, and in what excels, Mistristful, grounds his courage on despair And utter dissolution, as the scope

Of all his aim.

Milton.

3. Roon, space; amplitude of intellectual view

Aneroick poet is not tied to a bare represent

If this constrain them to grant that their axiom is not to take any place, save in those things only where the church hath larger scope,it resteth that they search out some stronger reason. Hook. Ah, cut my lace asunder,

That my pent heart may have some scope to beat,
Or else I swoon with this dead killing news.
Shakspeare.
Liberty beyond just limits; licence.
Sith 't was my fault to give the people scope,
T would be my tyranny to strike and gall them
For what I bid them do.
Shakspeare.

Being moody, give him line and scope, 'Till that his passions, like a whale on ground, Confound themselves with working. Shakspeare. 6. Act of riot; sally.

As surfeit is the father of much fast,
So every scope, by the immoderate use,
Turns to restraint.

7. Extended quantity.

Shakspeare.

[blocks in formation]

8. It is out of use, except in the three first

senses.

Dict.

SCO'PULOUS. adj. [scopulosus, Lat.] Full
of rocks.
SCORBU'TICAL. adj. [scorbutique, Fr.
SCORBU TICK. from scorbutus, Lat.]
Diseased with the scurvy.

A person about forty, of a full and scorbutical body, having broke her skin, endeavoured the curing of it; but observing the ulcer sanious, I proposed digestion. Wiseman.

Violent purging hurts scorbutick constitutions; lenitive substances relieve. Arbuthnot. SCORBU'TICALLY, adv. [from scoroutical.] With tendency to the scurvy; in the scurvy.

A woman of forty, scorbutically and hydropically affected, having a sordid ulcer, put herself Wiseman. into my hand.

SCORCE. 2. s. This word is used by Spen-
ser for discourse, or power of reason:
in imitation perhaps of the Italians.
Lively vigour rested in his mind,
And recompens'd him with a better scarce;
Weak body well is chang'd for mind's redoubled
Fairy Queen.
To SCORCH. v. a. [scorened, Saxon,
burnt.]

force.

1. To burn superficially.

[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]

He, from whom the nations should receive Justice and freedom, lives himself a slave; Tortur'd by cruel change of wild desires, Lash'd by mad rage, and scorch'd by brutal fires. Prior.

To SCORCH. v. n. To burn superficially; to be dried up.

The swarthy Africans complain
To see the chariot of the sun

So nigh their scorching country run. Roscommon. The love was made in autumn, and the hunting followed properly, when the heats of that Dryden. scorching country were declining.

Scatter a little mungy straw or fern amongst your seedlings, to prevent the roots from searching, and to receive the moisture that falls.

Mortimer.

[blocks in formation]

The fewer still you name, you wound the

more;

Bond is but one, but Harpax is a score. Pope. For some scores of lines there is a perfect absence of that spirit of poesy.

Watts.

9. A song in SCORE. The words with the
musical notes of a song aunexed.
To SCORE. v. a.

1. To set down as a debt.

Madam, I know when
Instead of five you scar'd me ten.

2. To impute; to charge.

Swift.

Your follies and debauches change With such a whirl, the poets of your age Are tir'd, and cannot score 'em on the stage; Unless each vice in short-hand they indite, Ev'n as notcht prentices whole sermons write. Dryden.

3. To mark by a line.

Hast thou appointed where the moon should

rise,

And with her purple light adorn the skies?
Scar'd out the bounded sun's obliquer ways,
That he on all might spread his equal rays?

Sandys. SCO'RIA. n. s. [Lat.] Dross; recrement.

The scoria, or vitrified part, which most metals, when heated or melted, do continually protrude to the surface, and which, by covering the metals in form of a thin glassy skin, causes these Nereton, colours, is much denser than water. SCO'RIOUS. adj. [from scoria, Latin.] Drossy; recrementitious.

To

By the fire they emit many drossy and scorious Brown, parts.

SCORN. v. a. [schernen, Dutch; escorner, Fr.] To despise; to slight; to revile; to vilify; to contemn.

Job.

My friends scorn me; but mine eye poureth out tears unto God. To SCORN. v. n.

1. To scoff; to treat with contumely. He said mine eyes were black, and my hair black;

And, now I am remember'd, scorn'd at me. Shakspeare

Our soul is filled with the scorning of those that are at ease, and with the contempt of the Psalms. proud.

2. To disdain; to think unworthy.
I've seen the morning's lovely ray
Hover o'er the new-born day,
With rosy wings so richly bright,

Crashaw.

As if he scorn'd to think of night. Fame, that delights around the world to stray, Scorus not to take our Argos in her way. Pope. 3. To despise; to contemn.

Surely he storneth the scorner, but he giveth grace unto the lowly.

Proverbs,

Back to th' infernal pit I drag thee chain'd, And seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn The facil gates of hell too slightly barr'd. Milt. 4. To neglect; to disregard.

This my long sufferance, and my day of grace, They who neglect and scorn shall never taste; But hard be harden'd, blind be blinded more. Milton.

SCORN. n. s. [escorne, old Fr. from the verb.]

1. Contempt; scoff; slight; act of contumely.

We were better parch in Africk's un Than in the pride and salt scorn of his eyes. Shakspeare.

Why should you think that I should woo in

scorn?

Scorn and derision never come in tears. Shaks.

to scorn.

If we draw her not unto us, she will laugh us Judith. Diogenes was asked in scorn, What was the matter that philosophers haunted rich men, and not rich men philosophers? He answered, Because the one knew what they wanted, the others did not. Bacon.

Whosoever hath any thing in his person that induces contempt, hath also a perpetual spur to rescue himself from scorn: therefore all deformed persons are bold, as being on their own defence, as exposed to scorn. Bacon. Every sullen frown and bitter scorn But fann'd the fuel that too fast did burn. Dryd. 2. Subject of ridicule; thing treated with contempt.

Is it not a most horrid ingratitude, thus to make a scorn of him that made us? Tillotson. Numidia's grown a scorn among the nations For breach of publick vows. Addison. 3. To think SCORN. To disdain; to hold unworthy of regard. Not now in use. If he do fully prove himself the honest shepherd Menalcas his brother and heir, I know no reason why you should think scorn of him Sidney.

Unto thee will I cry, O Lord: think no scorn of me, lest, if thou make as though thou hearest not, I become like them that go down into the pit. Psalms. 4. To laugh to SCORN. To deride as contemptible.

He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh them to scorn; the Lord shall have them in derision. Psalms. Common Prayer. SCO'RNER. n. s. [from scorn.] 1. Contemner; despiser.

They are very active; vigilant in their enterprizes, present in perils, and great scorners of death. Spenser

2. Scoffer; ridiculer.

The scorner should consider, upon the sight of, a cripple, that it was only the distinguishing mercy of heaven that kept him from being one L'Estrange. They, in the scorner's or the judge's seat, Dare to condemn the virtue which they hate.

too.

[blocks in formation]

SCO'RNFULLY. adv. [from scornful.] Contemptuously; insolently.

country.

He us'd'us scornfully: he would have shew'd us His mark of merit, wounds receiv'd for 's Shakspeare. The sacred rights of the christian church are scornfully trampled on in print, under an hypocritical pretence of maintaining them. Atterbury. SCORPION. n. s. [scorpion, Fr. scorpio, Latin.]

1. A reptile much resembling a small lob. ster, but that his tail ends in a point, with a very venomous sting.

Well, fore-warning winds Did seem to say, seek not a scorpion's nest. Shakspeare. Full of scorpions is my mind, dear wife. Shak. 2. One of the signs of the zodiack.

The squeezing crab and stinging scorpion shine. Dryden. 3. A scourge so called from its cruelty.

[blocks in formation]

To SCOTCH. v. a. To cut with shallow incisions.

He was too hard for him: directly before Corioli, he scotebt and notcht him like a carbonado. Shakspeare. SCOTCH. n. s. [from the verb.] A slight cut; a shallow incision.

We'll beat 'em into bench-holes: I have yet room for six scotches more. Shakspeare. Give him four scotches with a knife, and then put into his belly, and these scotches, sweet herbs. Walton SCOTCH Coops, or Scotched Collops. n. s. CoNops, [from to scotch, or cut.] Veal cut into small pieces.

Scorch Hoppers. n. s. A play in which boys hop over lines or scotches in the ground.

Children being indifferent to any thing they can do, dancing and scotch boppers would be the same thing to them. Locke. SCOTFREE'. adj. Without scot or mulct; unhurt; impune.

SCO'TOMY, n. s. [oxitwun.] A dizziness or swimming in the head, causing dimness of sight, wherein external objects seem to turn round. Ainsw. Bailey. SCOTTERING. n. s. A provincial word, which denotes, in Herefordshire, a custom among the boys of burning a wad of pease-straw at the end of harvest.

Bailey. Sco'VEL. n. s. [scopa, Lat.] A sort of mop of clouts for sweeping an oven; a maulkin. Ainsworth. Bailey. Sco'UNDREL. n. s. [scondaruolo, Italian, a hider: Skinner.] A mean rascal; a low petty villain. A word rather ludicrous.

[blocks in formation]
« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »