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those animals whose tails are very short, as a hare.

In the hare it is aversely seated, and in its distension inclines unto the coccix or scut. Brown. He fled to earth, but first it cost him dear; He left his scut behind, and half an ear. Swift. SCUTCHEON. n.s. [scuccione,Italian; from scutum, Lat.] The shield represented in heraldry; the ensigns armorial of a family. See EsCUTCHEON.

And thereto had she that scutcheon of her desires, supported by certain badly diligent miniSidney. Your scutcheons, and your signs of conquest, shall


Hang in what place you please.

Honour is a meer scutcheon.

Shakspeare. Shakspeare.

The chiefs about their necks the scutcheons


With orient pearls and jewels powder'd o'er. Dryden. SCUTE'LLATED. adj. [scutella, Latin.] Divided into small surfaces.

It seems part of the scutellated bone of a sturgeon, being flat, of a porous or cellular constitution. Woodrvard.

SCU'TIFORM. adj. [scutiformis, Latin.]
Shaped like a shield.
SCUTTLE. n. s. [scutella, Latin; scutell,
Celtick. Ainsworth.]

1. A wide shallow basket, so named from a dish or platter which it resembles in form.

A seuttle or skrein to rid soil fro' the corn. Tusser. The earth and stones they are fain to carry from under their feet in scuttles and baskets. Hakerill.

2. A small grate.

To the hole in the door have a small scuttle,

to keep in what mice are there. Mortimer. 3. [from scud.] A quick pace; a short run; a pace of affected precipitation. This is properly scuddle.

She went with an easy scuttle out of the shop.

To SCUTTLE. v.n. [from scud or scuddle.]
To run with affected precipitation.
The old fellow scuttled out of the room.

To SDEIGN. v. a. [Spenser.
Italian; Milton, for disdain.]
Lifted up so high,

Arbuthnot. Sdegnare,


I sdeign'd subjection. SDE IGNFUL. adj. [Contracted for disdainful.]

They now, put up with sdeignful insolence, Despise the brood of blessed sapience. Spenser, SEA. n. s. [ræ, Sax. see, or zee, Dutch.] 1. The ocean; the water, opposed to the land.

Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood Clean from my hand? No, this my hand will rather

Thy multitudinous sea incarnadine,
Making the green one red.

Shakspeare. Carew.

The rivers run into the sea. He made the sea, and all that is therein. Exod. So do the winds and thunders cleanse the air, So working seas settle and purge the wine. Dav. Amphibious, between sea and land, The river horse.

Some leviathan,


Haply slumb'ring on the Norway foam,
The pilot of some small night-founder'd skiff

Deeming some island, oft as seamen tell,
With fixed anchor in his scaly rind,
Moors by his side under the lee, while night
Invests the sea.

Small fragments of shells, broken by storms on some shores, are used for manuring of sea land. Woodward. They put to sea with a fleet of three hundred sail. Arbuthnot. Sea racing dolphins are train'd for our motion, Moony tides swelling to roll us ashore. Dryden. But like a rock unmov'd, a rock that braves The raging tempest and the rising waves, Propp'd on himself he stands: his solid sides Wash off the sea weeds, and the sounding tides. Dryden.

The sea could not be much narrower than it is, without a great loss to the world. Bentley. So when the first bold vessel dar'd the seas, High on the stern the Thracian rais'd his strain, While Argo saw her kindred trees Descend from Pelion to the main. 2. A collection of water; a lake. By the sea of Galilee.



3. Proverbially for any large quantity.


That sea of blood, which hath in Ireland been barbarously shed, is enough to drown in eternal infamy and misery the malicious author and instigator of its effusion. King Charles. Any thing rough and tempestuous.

To sorrow abandon'd, but worse felt within, And in a troubled sea of passion tost. Milton.

5. Half SEAS over. Half drunk.


The whole magistracy was pretty well disguis ed before I gave 'em the slip: our friend the alderman was half seas over before the bonfire was Spectator. SEA is often used in composition, as will appear in the following examples. SE'ABAR. n. s. [from sea and bar; hirunds piscis, Latin.] The sea-swallow. SEABEAT. adj. [sea and beat.] Dashed by

the waves of the sea.

The sovereign of the seas he blames in vain, That once seabeat will to sea again. Spenser. Darkness cover'd o'er

The face of things: along the seabeat shore
Satiate we slept.


SE A BOAT. n. s. [sea and boat.] Vessel capable to bear the sea.

ent seamen.

Shipwrecks were occasioned by their ships being bad seaboats, and themselves but indifferArbuthnot. SEABORN. adj. [sea and born.] Born of the sea; produced by the sea.

Like Neptune and his seaborn niece, shall be The shining glories of the land and sea. Waller. All these in order march, and marching sing The warlike actions of their seaborn king. Dryd. SE'A BOY. n. s. [sea and boy.] Boy employed on shipboard.

Canst thou, O partial sleep! give thy repose To the wet seaboy in an hour so rude, And in the calmest and the stillest night Deny it to a king?

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The seacalf, or seal, is so called from the noise he makes like a calf: his head comparatively not big, shaped rather like an otter's, with teeth like a dog's, and mastaches like those of a cat: his body long, and all over hairy: his forefeet, with fingers clawed, but not divided, yet fit for going: his hinder feet, more properly fins, and fitter for swimming, as being an amphibious animal. The female gives suck, as the porpess, and other viviparous fishes. Grew.

SE ACAP. n. s. [sea and cap.] Cap made to be worn on shipboard.

I know your favour well, Though now you have no seacap on your head. Shakspeare. SE'ACARP. n. s. [from sea and carp; turdus marinus, Lat.] A spotted fish that lives among stones and rocks. SE'ACHART. n. s. [sea and chart.] Map on which only the coasts are delineated. The situation of the parts of the earth are better learned by a map or seachart, than reading the description. Watts. SE'ACOAL. n. s. [sea and coal.] Coal so called, not because found in the sea, but because brought to London by sea; pitcoal.

We'll have a posset soon at the latter end of a seacoal fire. Shakspeare.

Seacoal lasts longer than charcoal. Bacon. This pulmonique indisposition of the air is very much heightened, where a great quantity of seacoal is burnt. Harvey. SEACOAST. n. s. [sea and coast.] Shore; edge of the sea.

The venturous mariner that way, Learning his ship from those white rocks to save, Which all along the southern seacoast lay; For safety's sake that same his seamark made, And nam'd it Albion. Fairy Queen. Upon the seacoast are many parcels of land, that would pay well for the taking in. Mortimer. SE'ACOB. n. s. [gavia, Latin.] A bird, called also seagull. SE'ACOMPASS. n. s. [sea and compass.] The card and needle of mariners.

The needle in the seacompass still moving but to the north point only, with moveor immotus, notified the respective constancy of the gentleCamden, man to one only.

SK'ACOOT.n.s. [from sea and coot; fulica marina, Lat.] A seafowl like the moorhen.

SE ACORMORANT, or Seadrake. n.s. [from sea and cormorant; corvus marinus, Lat.] A seacrow.

SE'ACOW. n. [sea and cow.] The mana


The seacu is of the cetaceous kind. It grows to fifteen feet long, and to seven or eight in circumference: its head is like that of a hog, but longer, and more cylindrick: its eyes are small, and it has no external ears, but only two little apertures. Its lips are thick, and it has two

long tusks standing out. It has two fins, which stand forward on the breast like hands, whence the Spaniards called it manatee. The female has two round breasts placed between the pectoral fins. The skin is very thick and hard, and not scaly, but hairy. Hill.

SE'ADOG. n. s. [sea and dog.] Perhaps the shark.

Fierce seadogs devour the mangled friends.

When, stung with hunger, she embroils the


The seadog and the dolphin are her food. Pope. SE'AEAR. n. s. [from sea and ear; auris marina, Latin.] A sea plant. SEAFARER. n. s. [sea and fare.] A traveller by sea; a mariner.

They stiffly refused to vail their bonnets by the summons of those towns, which is reckoned intolerable contempt by the better enabled s farers.

Carew. A wand'ring merchant, he frequents the main, Some mean seafarer in pursuit of gain; Studious of freight, in naval trade well skill'd; But dreads th' athletick labours of the field. Pope. SEAFA'RING. adj. [sea and fare.] Travel ling by sea.

My wife fasten'd him unto a small spare mast, Such as seafaring men provide for storms. Shaks. It was death to divert the ships of seafaring people, against their will, to other uses than they Arbuthnot. were appointed. SE'AFENNEL. The same with SAM


SE AFIGHT. n. s. [sea and fight.] Battle of ships; battle on the sea.

Seafights have been often final to the war; but this is when princes set up their rest upon the battles. Bacon.

If our sense of hearing were a thousand times quicker than it is, we should, in the quietest retirement, be less able to sleep than in the midLocke. dle of a seafight.

This fleet they recruited with two hundred sail, whereof they lost ninety-three in a seafight. Arbuthnot. SEAFOWL. n. s. [sea and fowl.] Birds that live at sea.

The bills of curlews, and many other seaforul, are very long, to enable them to hunt for the worms. Derbam. A seafowl properly represents the passage of a deity over the seas. Broome. A length of ocean and unbounded sky, Which scarce the seafowl in a year o'er-fly. Pope. SE'AGIRDLES. n. s. pl. [fungus phasga.

noides, Lat.] A sort of sea mushrooms. SE'AGIRT. adj. [sea and girt.] Girded or encircled by the sea.

Neptune, besides the sway Of every salt flood and each ebbing stream, Took in by lot, 'twixt high and nether Jove, Imperial rule of all the seagirt isles. Milton. Telemachus, the blooming heir Of seagirt Ithaca, demands my care: T is mine to form his green unpractis'd years In sage debates. Pope SEAGRASS. n. s. [from sea and grass; alga, Latin.] An herb growing on the seashore.

SE AGREEN, adj. [sea and green.] Resembling the colour of the distant sea; cerulean.

White, red, yellow, blue, with their several mixtures, as green, scarlet, purple, and seagreen, come in by the eyes,

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Upon his urn reclin'd,

His seagreen mantle waving in the wind, The god appear'd. Pope. SE'AGREEN. n. s. Saxifrage. A plant. SEAGULL. n. s. [sea and gull.] A waterfowl.

Seagulls, when they flock together from the sea towards the shores, foreshow rain and wind. Bacon.

Bitterns, herons, and seagulls, are great enemies to fish. Mortimer. SE'AHEDGEHOG. n. s. [echinus.] A kind of sea shellfish.

The seabedgebog is inclosed in a round shell, fashioned as a loaf of bread, wrought and pinched, and guarded by an outer skin full of prickles, as the land urchin. Carew.

SE'AHOG. n. s. [sea and bog.] The porpus. SE'AHOLLY. n. s. [eryngium, Latin.] A plant.

The species are, seabolly, or eryngo. Common eryngo. The roots of the first are candied, and sent to London for medicinal use, being the true eryngo.

SE'AHOLM. n. s. [sea and holm.]


1. A small uninhabited island. 2. Seaholly. A kind of seaweed. Cornwal bringeth forth greater store of seabolm and samphire than any other county.


SEAHORSE. n. s. [sea and horse.] 1. A fish of a very singular form, as we see it dried, and of the needlefish kind. It is about four or five inches in length, and nearly half an inch in diameter in the broadest part. Its colour, as we see it dried, is a deep reddish brown; and its tail is turned round under the belly. Hill. 2. The morse.

Part of a large tooth, round and tapering; a tusk of the morse, or waltron, called by some the seahorse. Woodward. 3. The medical and the poetical seahorse seem very different. By the seahorse Dryden means probably the hippopota


Seahorses, flound'ring in the slimy mud,
Toss'd up their heads, and dash'd the ooze
about 'em.
SE'AMAID. n. s. [sea and maid.] Mermaid.
Certain stars shot from their spheres,
To hear the seamaids musick. Shakspeare.

SE'AMAN. n. s. [sea and man.]
1. A sailor; a navigator; a mariner.
She, looking out,

Beholds the fleet, and hears the seamen shout.

Seamen, through dismal storms, are wont To pass the oyster-breeding Hellespont. Evelyn.

Eneas order'd

A stately tomb, whose top a trumpet bore,
A soldier's falchion, and a seaman's oar;
Thus was his friend interr'd.

Dryden. By undergoing the hazards of the sea, and the company of common seamen, you make it evident you will refuse no opportunity of rendering yourself useful. Dryden.

Had they applied themselves to the increase of their strength by sea, they might have had the greatest fleet, and the most seamen, of any state in Europe. Addison.

2. Merman; the male of the mermaid. Seals live at land and at sea, and porpuses have the warm blood and entrails of a hug, not to mention mermaids or seamen,


SE'AMARK. X.n.s. [sea and mark.] Point or conspicuous place distinguished at sea, and serving the mariners as directions of their course.

Those white rocks,

Which all along the southern seacoast lay,
Threat'ning unheedy wreck and rash decay,
He for his safety's sake his seamark made,
And nam'd it Albion.
Fairy Queen.
Though you do see me weapon'd,
Here is my journey's end, here is my butt,
The very seamark of my utmost sail. Shaksp.
They were executed at divers places upon the
seacoast, for seamarks, or light-houses, to teach
Perkins's people to avoid the coast. Bacon.
They are remembered with a brand of infamy
fixt upon them, and set as seamarks for those
who observe them to avoid.

The fault of others sway
He set as seamarks for himself to shun. Dryden.
SEAME'W. n. s. [sea and mes.] A fowl
that frequents the sea.

An island salt and bare,

The haunt of seals, and orcks, and seamers clang. Milton. The chough, the seamer, the loquacious crow, Scream aloft. Pope. SEAMONSTER. n. s. [sea and monster.] Strange animal of the sea.

Seamonsters give suck to their young. Lam. Where luxury late reign'd, seamonsters whelp. Milton. SE'AMOSS. n. s. [sea and moss; corallium, Latin.] Coral, which grows in the sea like a shrub, and, being taken out, becomes hard like a stone.

SE'ANAVELWORT. n. s.[androsaces, Lat.] An herb growing in Syria, by which great cures are performed.

SE ANYMPH. n. s. [sea and nymph.] Goddess of the sea.

Virgil, after Homer's example, gives us a transformation of Æneas's ships into seanymphs. Broome. SE'A ONION. n. 5. An herb. Ainsworth. SE'AOOSE. n. s. [sea and oose.] The mud

in the sea or shore.

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The bigger whale like some huge carrack lay, Which wanteth searoom with her foes to play. Waller. SEARO'VER. n. s. [sea and rove.] A pirate. SEʼARUFF. n. s. [sea and ruff; orphus, Latin.] A kind of sea fish. SE'ASERPENT. n. s. [sea and serpent; bydrus, Latin.] A water serpent; an adder. SEASE'RVICE. n. s. [sea and service.] Naval war.

You were pressed for the seaservice, and got off with much ado. Swift. SE'ASHARK. n. s. [sea and shark.] A ravenous sea fish.

Witches mummy, maw and gulf Of the ravening salt seasbark. Shakspeare. SEASHELL. n. s. [sea and shell.] Shells found on the shore.

Seashells are great improvers of sour or cold land. Mortimer. SE'ASHORE. n. s. [sea and shore.] The coast of the sea.

That seashore where no more world is found, But foaming billows breaking on the ground. Dry. Fournier gives an account of an earthquake in Peru, that reached three hundred leagues along the seashore. Burnet.

To say a man has a clear idea of any quantity, without knowing how great it is, is as reasonable as to say he has the positive idea of the number of the sands on the seashore. Locke.

SEASICK. adj. [sea and sick.] Sick, as new voyagers on the sea.

She began to be much seasick, extremity of weather continuing. Shakspeare.

Barbarossa was not able to come on shore, for that he was, as they said, seasick, and troubled with an ague.

In love's voyage, nothing can offend;
Women are never seasick.


Dryden. Weary and seasick, when in thee confin'd; Now, for thy safety, cares distract my mind. Swift.

SEASIDE. n. s. [sea and side.] The edge of the sea.

Their camels were without number, as the sand by the seaside.


There disembarking on the green seaside, We land our cattle, and the spoil divide. Pope. SEASURGEON. n. s. [sea and surgeon.] A chirurgeon employed on shipboard.

My design was to help the seasurgeon. Wisem. SEASURROUNDED. adj. [sea and surround. Encircled by the sea.

To seasurrounded realms the gods assign Small tracts of fertile lawn, the least to mine. Pope. SEATE'RM. N. S. [sea and term.] Word of art used by the seamen.

I agree with you in your censure of the seaterms in Dryden's Virgil, because no terms of art, or cant words, suit the majesty of epick poetry. Pope. SEAWATER. n. s. [sea and water.] The salt water of the sea.

By digging of pits in the seashore, he did frustrate the laborious works of the enemies, which had turned the seawater upon the wells of Alexandria. Bacon.

I bathed the member with seawater. Wiseman. Seawater has many gross, rough, and earthy, particles in it, as appears from its saltness; whereas fresh water is more pure and unmixt. Broome. SE'AWITHWIND. n. s. [soldanella, Latin.] Rindweed,

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The seal or soyle is in make and growth not unlike a pig, ugly faced, and footed like a moldwarp: he delighteth in musick, or any loud noise, and thereby is trained to shew himself above wa ter: they also come on land.

An island salt and bare,

Carew The haunt of seals, and orcks, and seamews clang. Milton SEAL. n. s. s. [rigel, Saxon; sigillum, Lat.] 1. A stamp engraved with a particular impression, which is fixed upon the wax that closes letters, or affixed as a testimony.

The king commands you
To render up the great seal.

Shakspeare. If the organs of perception, like wax overhardened with cold, will not receive the impres sion of the seal; or, like wax of a temper too soft, will not hold it; or else supposing the wax of a temper fit, but the seal not applied with a sufficient force to make a clear impression: in any of these cases the print left by the seal will be obscure. Locke

The same his grandsire wore about his neck In three seal rings; which after, melted down, Form'd a vast buckle for his widow's gown. Pope. 2. The impression made in wax.

"Till thou canst rail the seal from off my bond, Thou but offend'st thy lungs to speak so loud. Shakspeare.

Solyman shewed him his own letters, asking him if he knew not that hand, and if he knew not that seal? Knalles.

He saw his monkey picking the seal wax from a letter. Arbuthnot.

3. Any act of confirmation.

They their fill of love

Took largely, of their mutual guilt the seal. Mill. To SEAL. v. a. [from the noun.]

1. To fasten with a seal.

He that brings this love to thee,
Little knows this love in me;
And by him seal up thy mind.


I have seen her rise from her bed, take forth paper, fold it, write upon 't, and afterwards seal Shakspeare.


2. To confirm or attest by a seal.

God join'd my heart to Romeo's; thou our hands;

And ere this hand, by thee to Romeo seal'd, Shall be the label to another deed, Or my true heart with treacherous revolt Turn to another, this shall slay them both. Shak 3. To confirm; to ratify; to settle. My soul is purg'd from grudging hate, And with my hand I seal our true hearts love. Shakspeare. When I have performed this, and sealed to them this fruit, I will come into Spain. Romans. To shut; to close with up. Seal up your lips, and give no words, but mum! Shakspeare.




At my death

Thou hast seal'd up my expectation. Shakspeare. The sense is like the sun; for the sun seals up the globe of heaven, and opens the globe of earth: so the sense doth obscure heavenly things, and reveals earthly things. Bacon.

To make fast.

Back to th' infernal pit I drag thee chain'd, And seal thee so, as henceforth not to scorn

The facil gates of hell too slightly barr'd. Milt.

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We make a sure covenant and write it, and our princes and priests seal unto it. Nehemiah. SEALER. n.s. [from seal.] One that seals. SE'ALINGWAX. n. s. [seal and wax.] Hard wax used to seal letters.


The prominent orifice was closed with sealing Boyle. SEAM. n. s. [ream, Sax. zoom, Dutch.] 1. The suture where the two edges of cloth are sewed together.

In velvet white as snow the troop was gown'd, The seams with sparkling emeralds set around. Dryden. Precepts should be so finely wrought together in the same piece, that no coarse seam may discover where they join. Addison. 2. The juncture of planks in a ship. With boiling pitch the seams instops, Which, well laid o'er, the salt sea waves withstand. Dryden.

3. A cicatrix; a scar.

4. [ream, Saxon, a load.] A measure; a vessel in which things are held; eight bushels of corn. Ainsworth,

5. SEAM of Glass. A quantity of glass weighing 120 pounds.

6. [reme, Saxon; saim, Welsh; sain, Fr.]
Tallow; grease; hog's lard.
Shall the proud lord,
That bastes his arrogance with his own seam,
Be worshipp'd?


Part scour the rusty shields with. seam, and part New grind the blunted ax.

To SEAM. v. a. [from the noun.]


1. To join together by suture, or otherwise.

2. To mark; to scar with a long cicatrix. Seam'd o'er with wounds, which his own sabre gave. Pope.

Say, has the small or greater pox Sunk down her nose, or seam'd her face? Swift. SEAMLESS. adj. [from seam.] Having no


SE'AMRENT. n. s. [seam and rent.] A separation of any thing where it is joined; a breach of the stitches.

SE'AMSTRESS. 7. s. [reamestre, Sax.]

A woman whose trade is to sew. Often written sempstress.

They wanted food and raiment; so they took Religion for their seamstress and their cook. Cleaveland.

SE'AMY. adj. [from seam.] Having a seam; showing the seam.

Some such squire he was,

That turn'd your wit the seamy side without, That made me to suspect you. Shakspeare. SEAN. . s. [regne, Sax. sagena, Latin.] A net. Sometimes written seine, or


SEAR. adj. [rearian, Saxon, to dry.] Dry;
not any longer green. Spenser uses it.
I have liv'd long enough: my May of life
Is fall'n into the sear, the yellow leaf. Shaksp.
Ye myrtles brown, with ivy never sear. Milt.
Some may be cherished in dry places, as in
star wood.

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To SEARCE. v. a. [sasser, French.] To sift finely.

Put the finely searced powder of alabaster into a flat-bottomed and well-heated brass vessel. Boyle. For the keeping of meal, bolt and searce it from the bran. Mortimer. SEARCE. n. s. A sieve; a bolter. SEA'RCER. z. s. [from scarce.] He who


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Draw up some valuable meditations from the depths of the earth, and search them through the vast ocean. Watts.

To probe as a chirurgeon. Alas, poor shepherd! searching of thy wound, I have, by hard adventure, found my own. Shak. With this good sword,

That ran through Cæsar's bowels, search this bosom. Shakspeare. For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart. Judges.

The signs of wounds penetrating are discover ed by the proportion of the searching candle, or probe which enters into the cavity. Wiseman. 4. To SEARCH out. To find by seeking.

Who went before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in? Deuteronomy. They may sometimes be successful to search out truth. Watts.

To SEARCH. v. n.

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