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605; Auroral Phenomena, Dr. C. M. Ingleby, 363; Auroric Bismuth Compounds, 374,
Light, G. H. Kinahan, 410

Black Sheep, Chas. Darwin, F.R.S., 193
Australian Plants in India, Dr. G. Bidie, 555

Blach heath Holes, 320 ; C. E. de Rance, 365
Austria, Earthquake Shock in, 42, 63

Blaikie (W. Garden, D.D.), “Life of David Livingstone," &c.,
Austrian Myriopuds, Dr. Robert Latzel, 167

238
Avalanches frum Mont Pourri, 396

Blake Cruise, 494
Awdry (Mrs. W.), “ Easy Le sons in Light,” 32

Blanford (W. T.), Geology of East Central Africa and the Sub.
Ayrton (Prof. W. E.), Wire Torsion, 35; Measuring the Index terranean Forest in Bombay, 145
of Refraction of Ebonite, 519

Blood-Vessels of Valves of the Heart, 159
Blowpipe, Practical, Assaying, by Geo. Attwood, Dr. C. Le

Neve Foster, 191
Backhouse (T.W.), Aurora of January 31, Position of Aurural Bombay, Subterranean Forest in, 105; Geology of East Central
Rays, 410

Africa and, W. T. Blanford, 145
Baker (J. G.), Plants of Madagascar, 125; Eaton's Ferns of Boricky (Prof. Dr. Emanuel), Death of, 319
Ni rth America, 479

Boron and Vanadium, 373
Balance, a New, 42

Bosnia and Herzegovina, Geology of, Prof. Arch. Geihie,
Ball (V.), on the Identity of some Ancient Diamond Mines in F.R.S., 224
India, especially those mentioned by Tavernier, 490

Boston, Mass., U.S.A., American Academy of Arts and Sciences,
Baller (Mr.), Opium Harvest at Kweichow, 151

451
Banjaluka (Bosnia), Earthquake Shock in, 182

Butanical Clubs, 107
Banks of the Yang-tse at Hankow, H. B. Guppy, 507

Botanical Society, Formation of a, for Northern Thuringia, 181
Barfoed's (Dr. Chr. Th.), “Lehrbuch der Organischen Qualita- Butarisches Centralblatt, 241
tiven Analyse,” 335

Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik Pflanzengeschichte und
Barometer, Average Height of, in London, E. Douglas Archi Pflanzengeographie, 263
bald, 243

Botany : Handbook of, Dr. N. J. C. Müller, 142; Atlas of
Barometric Cycles, Prof. Balfour Stewart, 237

Physiological, Dr. Dodel-Pori's, 157 ; “Botany for Children,”
Barometric Pressure, Abnormal Variations of, in the Tropics, Kev. Geo. Henslow, 241

and their Relation to Sun-spots, Rainfall, and Famines, Fred. Botrydium, Anabæna Living in, 158
Chambers, 88, 107; E." Douglas Archibald and Fred. Bott (W.), Saits of Zinc, 78
Chambers, 399

Bottonley (J. T.), Experiments with Vacuum Tubes, 218, 243 ;
Barometric Pressure, Periodic Oscillations of, Dr. J. Allan Elasticity of Wires, 281 ; his Experiments with Vacuum Tubes
Broun, 556

and the Aurora, Prof. Silvanus P. Thompson, 289
Barometric and Solar Cycles, S. A. Hill, 409 ; Prof. Balfour Bouch (Sir Thomas), Death of, 19
Stewart, F.R.S., 457

Biurnemouth and Vancouver I. land, Climates of, Alfred R.
Barometric Gradient, Abnormal, between London and St. Wallace, 169

Petersburg in the Sun-spot Cycle, E. Douglas Archibald, 618 Boy (C. V.), the Influence of a Tuning-Fork on a Garden
Batavia, Natural History Notes from, 275

Spider, 149
Bateman (Arthur W.), Notes on the Mode of Flight of the Brain, Concealed Bridging Convolutions in a Human, W.
Albatross, 125

Carter, 556
Baynes (Robert E.), Critical Temperature of Ethylene, 186 Brain-Weight, 277
Becquerel (M.), Subscription for raising a Statue to, 156

Braun (Dr. C.), Measuring the Height of Clouds, 458
Bedford College, Physical Science at, 181

Breath, Temperature of the, Dr. R. E. Dudgeon, 10, 76; Dr.
Bees, Ants, and Wasps, Observations on, Sir. J. Lubbock, Wm. Roberts, 55 ; Dr. C. J. McNally, 217, 244 ; Dr. William
Bart., F.R.S., 255

McLaurin, 244
Beetles, Birds, and Fishes, Food of, 494

Bre-cia, Earı hquake at, 205
Belgian Entomological Society, 62

Bressa Prize, 540
Belgium, Geological Survey of, 184

Brewster (Sir David), Centenary of the Birthday of, 614
Bell's (Prof. Graham) Photophone, 15

Briygs (T. R. Archer), Flora of Plymouth, 74
Bells, Vibration of, with Liquids in them, 278

Brighton Aquariuin, Death of the Male Sea-Lion in, 253
Bendery, Skeleton of a Mammoth discovered at, 371

Brine-Springs, Subsidence of Land caused by Natural, Thos.
Bennett (Alfred W.), Natural Science for Women, 195

Ward, 388
Benzene, the Heat of Formation of, 207

British Animals, Extinct, Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S., 431
Bergsö (Herr V.), on the Habits of the Tarentula, 84

British Association, Meeting at York, 1881, 275, 613
“Bericht über die Thätigkeit der Btanischen Section der British Birds, Prof. Alfred Newton, F.R.S., 287
Schlesischen Gesellschaft im Jahre 1877," 264

Britih Butterflies, Colours of, J. Innes Rogers, 435; Rev. W.
Berichte über die Verhandlungen der naturf. Ge-sells, zu Frei Clement Ley, 458
burg-im-Breisgau, 499

Bri'ish Columbia, Prof. Whitney on the Glaciation of, Geo, M.
Berlin : Geographical Society, 87, 188, 284, 399, 420

Dawson, 290
Berne : Second International Conference at, 233 ; Earthquake British Earthquakes, 117; Prof. J. P. O'Reilly, 170
at, 348, 396

British Islands, Atmospheric Pressure of the, 470
Berthoud Borel and Co., New Di covery in Practical Telegraphy “Bitish Marine Polyzoa,” T. Hincks, F.R.S., 51
by, 85

British Medical Association, Annual Meeting for 1881 at Ryde,
Beryllium, Atomic Weight of, 57, 374

131
Bibliography, a New Medical Catalogue, 28

British Museum, John Millar's Botanical Drawings at, 83; the
Bibliothèque Belge, 64

Catalogue of Birds, 439 ; the Catalogue of Printed Books, 440
Bidie (Dr. G.), Avstralian Plants in India, 555

Brodhurst (R. E.), Phosphorescent Centipedes, 99
Bidwell (Shelfora), the Photophone, 58; Tele-Photography, Brodie (Sir Benjamin C., F.R.S.), Death of, 106; Obituary
344

Notice of, 126
Bigsby (Dr. J. J.), Death of, 389

Brorsen's Comet in 1842, 298
Biological Notes, 158, 276, 494, 543

Broun (Allan D.), Flying Fish, 508
Biology of Plants, 310

Broun (Dr. J. Allan, F.R.S.), Periodic Oscillations of Barometric
Bird (Isabella L.), * Unbeaten Tracks in Japan," 12

Pressure, 556
Birds : Soaring of, S. E. Peal, 10; W. Larden, 77; European and Brown (Horace T.), Electrical Thermometer for Determining

North American, 277; British Birds, Prof. A. Newton, F.R.S., Temperatures at a Di tance, 464
287 ; Birds Laying in January, J. H. Willinore, 314; Migra Brownell (J. T.), a Case of Fascination, 314; Ice-Casts of
tion of Birds, 484 ; Food of Birds, Fishes, and Bee les, 494 Tracks, 484
Birmingham (J ), the Appulse of Jupiter to a Fixed Star on Buchare t, Curious Result since the Recent Earthquake at, 253
November 20, 170; Probably New Variable Siar, 555

Buchland (Frank), Obituary Notice of, 175; Museum of
Birmingham : Endowment of Research in, 304; Mason Science Economic Fish Culture, 232 ; Proposed Memorial to, 468,
College, 440

516; British Fishes, 576

in, 93

Buckley (Arabella B.), “Life and her Children," 123

E. Armstrong, F.R.S., 141; Nature of the Chemical Ele.
Budde (D.), Modern Use of Ancient Stone Implements, 218 ments, Dr. Edmund J. Mills, F.R.S., 193; German Chemical
Bulletin de l'Académie Royale des Sciences de Belgique, 211, Society, 436; Experimental Chemistry for Junior Students,
402, 474

456; the Effects of Frost on Chemicals, 347; Society of
Bulletin de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Petersbourg, Chemical Industry, 516, 541
593

Cheques, Bankers', New Process for making, 373
Bunsen (Robert Wilhelm), “Scientific Worthies,” Prof. H. E. Chesapeake Zoological Laboratory, 279
Roscoe, F.R.S., 597

Cheshire Subsidences, Landslips, T. Mellard Reade, 219
Burbidge (F. W.), "Gardens of the Sun," 143

Chimborazo and Cotopaxi, Edward Whymper's Ascents of, 323
Burder (George F.), Sound of the Aurora, 529

China, Exploration of, 45; Coal Mines in, 297 ; Acoustics in,
Burdo (Adolphe), the Niger and the Benueh : Travels in Central John Fryer and Dr, W. H. Stone, 448
Africa, 169

Chio, Earthquake at, 541, 564
Burmah, another Earthquake Shock at, 253

Chlorophyll in the Epidermis of Plants, 158
Butler (S.), “ Unconscious Memory,” 285, 312, 335

Chlorophyll, William Carter, 388; Sydney H. Vines, 561
Butterflies : in Winter, Thomas W. Shore, 364 ; Colours of Chronograph, Dent's, 59

British Butterflies, J. Innes Rogers, 435 ; Rev. W. Clement "Chrysanthemum," New Japanese Magazine, 371
Ley, 458

Ciamician (G.), Influence of Pressure and Temperature on
Byeloukher Mountain, the Glacier of, 210

Vapours and Gases, 160

Cinchona Bark, Importations of, from Jamaica, 132, 157
Caird (Very Rev. Principal), Portrait of, presented to the Cincinnati Measures of Double Stars, 396
Glasgow University, 320

Citania, Rev. R. Burton Leach, 363
Calderon, Bi-Centenary of, Major F. F. J. Ricarde-Seaver, 457 City and Guilds of London Institute, 473, 614
California, the furmer Indians of, 253

Civilisation? What is, 166
Calves, Fluke in, 244

Clairvoyance, an Article in Scribner's Monthly on, 19
Cambrian Sandstones near Loch Maree, Curious Impressions Clark (Edwin), Distance of Clouds, 244

Classification of Statures, 494
Cambridge Philosophical Society, 163

Claypole (Prof. E. W.), Minerva Ornaments at Troy, and Net-
Campbell (Sir Geo.), on Indian Agriculture, 541

Sinkers, 292; Migration of the Wagtail, 387
Canoe, Discovery of, in the Marshes of Corcellettes, 106 Climate of Vancouver Island, Capt. Edmund H. Verney, 147 ;
Cape of Good Hope, Longitude of the, 21

Alfred R. Wallace, 169; William Pengelly, F.R.S., 267;
Cape Catalogue, the New, 276

Dr. Geo. M, Dawson, 385
Capillarity, Volkmann's Experiments in, 133

Climates, Geological, Prof. Samuel Haughton, F.R.S., 8, 98.
Capron (). Rand), Condition of Jupiter, 34; Aurora of November 145, 290, 313, 384; Prof. P. Martin Duncan, F.R.S., 145 ;

3. 76 ; Parhelion, 291 ; Aurora and Electric Storm of January J. J. Murphy, 290 ; Alfred R. Wallace, 124, 217, 266;
31, 348

William Ingram, 169; J. Starkie Gardner, 193 ; Dr. Max
Carbon, on the Spectrum of, 313; Dr. W. M. Watts, 197, 265, well T, Masters, 266; Dr. John Rae, F.R.S., 337 ; Dr. A
361 ; Prof. G. D. Liveing, F.R.S., 265, 338

Woeikoff, 362
Carbon, the Estination of, 615

Clouds, on estimating the Height of, by Photography and the
Card upoms, a New Work on, 347

Stereoscope, John Harmer, 194
Carnelley's (Dr.) Hot Ice, Dr. Olive: J. Lodge, 264; Experi- | Clouds, Distance of, Edwin Clark, 244
ments on Ice under Low Pressures, 341

Clouds, Measuring the Height of, Dr. C. Braun, 458
Carnot (M.), proposed Statue to, 439

Clouds, Fogs, Dusts, &c., John Aitken, 195, 384; W. H.
Carpenter (W. Lant), Falls of Niagara in Winter, su

Preece, Dr. H. J. H. Groneman, 336
Carr (G. S.), “Syno sis of Elementary Results in Pure and Coal-Dust, Colliery Explosions and, Hon. Rollo Russell, 193.
Applied Mathematics,” 603

Coal Fields of Great Britain,” Prof. Hull's, 321
Carter (William), Chlorophyll, 388 ; Concealed Bridging Con. Cod, on the Red Colour of Salt, 543
volutions in a Human Brain, 556

Coffee, Cultivation of, in Gaboon, 299; Liberian, 541 ; Cosee-
Carvalho (S. N., jun.), Chalk, 193

Leaf Disease, 354
Casamicciola in the Island of Ischia, Earthquake at, 439, 468, Collett (Col. H.), Occultation of 73 Piscium, 458
492, 516

Colliery Explosions, Mr. Plimsoll's Cure for, W. Galloway, 170
Cassell's Natural History, 317

Colliery Explosions and Coal-dust, Hon. R. Russell, 193
Cave, the Schipka, 296

Colours of British Butterflies, J. Innes Rogers, 435; Rev. W.
Cave Animals and Multiple Centres of Species, D. Wetterhan, Clement Ley, 458
458

Colour, the Eye and Intensity of, 543
Census of 1881, 540

Comets : of 1812 and 1815, 21, 542 ; Discovery of a Comet,
Census of the Indian Empire, 419

43; Hartwig's Comet (1880 d), 43 ; Comet Finders, 82 ; the
Centipedes, Phosphorescent, B. E. Brodhurst, 99

Third, of 1869, 85; Faye's Comet, 115 ; Swift's Comet, 115,
Cephei, Ceraski's Variable Star J, 21, 43, 255, 322

182, 255, 322, 372, 441 ; Comets of Hartwig and Swift, 158;
Ceraiki's Cireumpolar Variable Star, 21, 43, 255, 322

a New Comet, 183; Comet 1873 VII., 206; Pechüle's Comet,
Cervus maral, 419

207; Winnecke's Comet, 254 ; Brorsen's Comet in 1842, 298 ;
Cetonia inda, 65

Encke's Comet in 1881, 396
Ceylon, the Botanical Gardens at Peradeniya, 65

Communism, Agricultural, in Greece, W. Mattieu Williams, 579
Chalk, 243; S. N. Carvalho, jun., 193

Compass-Bearing, Mode of Masking or Cutting off Sharply by
Challenger, Volume 1, of the Publications of the, Prof. T. H. the Light from Revolving Apparatus on any desired, by means
Huxley, F.R.S., I, 33, 43

of a Reciprocating Screen, Thomas Stevenson, 560
Chambers (Fred.), Abnormal Variations of Barometric Pressure Compressibility of Gases, Herr Roth, 43

in the Tropics, and their Relation to Sun-Spots, Rainfall and Congress of the French Learned Societie-, 619
Famines, 88, 107, 399

Coniferæ, a Chapter in the History of the, J. Starkie Gardner,
Chambers's Handbook of Astronomy, 418

251, 412
Charing Cress Station, Jablochkoff Light at, 64

Conisers, Dimorphic Leaves of, Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, 267
Charleville, Ireland, Shock of Earthquake at, 182

Conscious Matter, Stewart Duncan, Geo. J. Romanes, 1.R.S.,
Charts and Maps, Recent, of Curves of Equal Magnetic Varia 553
tion or Declination, 314

Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers, 294
Chasles (Michel), Death of, 174; Obituary Notice of, R. Tucker, Constable (F.C.), Jelly Fish, 170
224

Constant, Acoustical, Note on an, W. J. Grey and J. T. Dunn,
Chatel (M.), Dust, Fogs, and Smoke, 436

146
Chemistry : Chemical Society, 47, 95, 161, 211, 306, 403, 425, Contact Electricity, on a Method of Measuring, Prof. Sir

474, 523, 547, 571, 619; i hemical Notes, 85, 207, 373, 396, William Thomson, F.R.S., 567
469, 565, 615; Chemistry, M. Fremy on, at the Paris Museum Continents always Continents, Prof. James D. Dana, 410
of Natural History, 83 ; Chemistry of the Future, Prof. Henry Continuous Motion, Speed Governor for, Prof. J. Lwing, 473

A 2

66

Convolutions in a Human Brain, Concealed Bridging, W. Carter,

Dunn (1. T.), Note on an Acoustical Constant, 146

556

Dust, Fogs, and Clouds, John Aitken, 195, 311, 384; W. H.

Coppinger (Dr. R. W.), Rapidity of Growth in Corals, 53 ; Preece, Dr. H. J. H. Groneman, 336; Hon. Rollo Russell,

Oceanic Phenomenon, 482

267 ; M. Chatel, 436

Coral Reefs and Islands, Joseph Le Conte, 77

Dutch Arctic Cruisers, Zoological Results of, 205
Corals, Rapidity of Growth in, Dr. R. W. Coppinger, 53 Duveyrier (M. Henri) on the Sources of the Niger, 184
Corean Archipelago, Notes on the Geology of, H. B. Guppy, Dynamics of “Radiant Matter," on some Points relating to the,
417

s. Tolver Preston, 461; Wm. Muir, 483

Corfield's (Prof.) Lectures on Health to Ladies, 231

Dynamite, Preparation of, 492

Corn, Feeding a Gull with, W. A. Forbes, 483

Dynamite Mine, St. Petersburg, 531
Cornu (Maxime), Phylloxera in France, 127

"Dytiscidæ, Avis préliminaire d'une Nouvelle Classification de
Cortambert (M. Eugène), Death of, 439

la Famille des,” Dr. Sharp, 98
Cossa (Dr. Luigi), Political Economy, 97
Crabs and Actinia, Col. H. Stuart-Wortley, 529

Earth Currents-Electric Tides, 424

Crannog, Submarine, at Ardmore, 42

Crawford (Consul), at Oporto, on the Disease in the Port Wine Earthquakes : at Valparaiso, 20; Shock, in Southern Austria,

District, 20

42 ; in Austria, 63 ; Shock in the Tyrol, 83 ; at Agram,

63, 83, 106, 132, 156, 182, 253, 297, 419, 439, 492, 516;
Crimea, Prehistoric Anthropology of the, N. Mereshkovsky on,

Prof. v. Hochstetter on the, 106; Prof. Szabo on, 530 ;

63, 107

in Scotland and North of Ireland, 106; at Dortmund, 106;

Crimea, Phylloxera in the, 253

Crinoids, Interesting New, 377

British Earthquakes, 117; Prof. J. P. O'Reilly, 170; Dr.

Criterion of Reality, 144

Novak on Earthquakes, 156; Prof. Rudolph Falb on, 156,

205; in Germany, 156; at Wiesbaden, 156; in Banjaluka
Crookes (W., F.R.S.), Heat Conduction in Highly Rarefied

(Bosnia) and in Agram, 182; at Charleville, Ireland, 182;
Air, 234 ; Viscosity of Gases at High Exhaustions, 421, 443

Cure for Smoke, the New, J. A. C. Hay, 386

at Brescia, Schloss Trakostyan, and Smyrna, 205 ; in Rou.

mania, Transylvania, Hungary, &c., 232; at Rou-durf, 253;

Cutler's Company's Hall, Lectures at, 85

at Bucharest, 253; Shock at Burmah, 253; at Peshawar, 275;
Cycles, Barometric, Prof. Balfour Stewart, 237

in Switzerland, January 27, 320 ; in Bologna, Florence,
Dalzell's (Sir John), Anemone, 495

Venice, Padua, Ferrara, &c., 320 ; at Berne, 348, 396 ; in
Dana (Prof. James D.), Continents always Continents, 410

the Swiss Jura, information of, 369; at St. Petersburg, 370 ;
Dana's (Edward S.), Text-book of Mechanics, 552

at St. Michael's in the Azores, 419 ; St. Ivan Zelina, Agram,
Darwin (Charles F.R.S.), Sir Wyville Thomson and Natural &c., 439; at Casamicciola in the Island of Ischia, 439, 468,

Selection, 32; Homage to, 57, 393 ; Black Sheep, 193; 492, 516; in Switzerland, 468; in Ischia, H. J. Johnston-
Movement of Plants, 409 ; on Vivisection, 583; Movements Lavis, 497 ; at Chio, 541, 564; Earthquake Warnings, 529;
of Leaves, 603

at San Cristobal, 564 ; Earthquake of November 28, 1880, in
Darwin (Francis), Physiology of Plants, 178; Alpine Flowers,

Scotland and Ireland, 591

Eaton's “ Ferns of North America,” J. G. Baker, 479
333

Darwin (G. H., F.R.S.), on Tidal Friction in Connection with Eaton (Rev. A. E.), the Oldest Fossil Insects, 507; Winter

the History of the Solar System, 389

Gnats (Trichocera), 554

Dawkins (Prof. W. Boyd, F.R.S.), Prehistoric Europe, 309, Ebonite, Measuring the Index of Refraction of, Professors

361, 482, Extinct British Animals, 431

Ayrton and Perry, 519

Đawson (Dr. Geo. M.), Prof. Whitney on the Glaciation of Echinodermata, the Locomotive System of, G. J. Romares,

British Columbia, 290 ; Climate of Vancouver Island, 385

F.R.S., 545

Dawson (J. W., F.R.S.), Geological Relations of Gold in Nova Eclipse, Solar, of December 31, 65
Scotia, 578

Eclipses, Lunar, 1880-84, 114

Davy (M.), Analysis of the Air at Montsouris, 63

Edinburgh : Royal Society, 212, 451, 475, 500, 571, 595

Day (Dr. Francis), Work on Fishes, 107; “ Fishes of Great Edison Electric Light in New York, 614

Britain and Ireland," 264

Education in Science, Mr. Mundella on, 134

Death, Signs of, 494

Education, Introduction of Hypotheses in School, Dr. Hermann

Deep-Sea Exploration, J. Gwyn Jeffreys, F.R.S., 300, 324

Müller on, 157
Deep-Sea Ophiurans, 464

Egerton (Sir Philip de Malpas Grey), Death of, 541; Obituary

Delesse (Achilie), Death of, 516; Obituary Notice of, 535

Notice of, 579

Dembowski (Baron), Death of, 322

Eggs, Testing the Age of, 132
Dent's Chronograph, 59

Elasticity of Wires, J. T. Bottomley, 281

Development of Human Intelligence, 617

Electricity : Electric Lighting at London Railway Stations, 64;

Dew and Fog, 398

Incandescent Electric Lights, 104 ; the Maxim Light, 131 ;

Dewar (Prof.), on Atoms, at the Royal Institution, 181

and Navigation on the Rhine, 132 ; Lighthouses illuminated

Diamond Mines in India, on the identity of some, especially by Electricity, 347; New Method of Dividing Electric Light,

those mentioned by Tavernier, V. Ball, 490

373 ; Electric Lighting in the City, 440 ; Scientific Principles

Dimorphic Leaves Conifers, Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, 267 involved in Electric Lighting, Prof. W. Grylls Adams, F.R.S.,

Dimorị hism of Flowers, New Cases of, Errors Corrected, Dr. 580, 605; Electric Light in New York, 614; New Discovery

Heru ann Müller, 337

in Electric Induction, 85; Electric Dust Figures, 208; on the

Disease in Italy, Statistics of, 543

Thermic and Optic Behaviour of Gases under the Influence of

Disinfectant, a New, 374

the Electric Discharge, Dr. Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., 258; a

Distance of Clouds, Edwin Clark, 244

New Electric Motor, 278; Trial of Electric Railways at the
Dobbie (James J.), Oxidation of Quinine, 243

Electrical Exhibition, Paris, 296; Electric Discharges in
Dodel: Pöri's (Dr.) “Atlas of Physiological Botany," 157

Gases, 397 ; Electric Tides in Telegraphic Circuits, 346;
Dorsetshire, Hailstorm in, Dr. Geo. J. Allman, F.R.S.,-146 Electric Tides, Earıh Currents, 424 ; Electrical Thermometer
Dortmund, Shock of Earthquake at, 106

for Determining Temperatures at a Distance, Horace T.
Double Stars, Cincinnati Measures of, 396; Herschel 3945, 591 Brown, 464 ; Future Development of Electrical Appliances,
Dublini, Scientific Societies of, 316

Geo. Rayleigh Vicars, 528; Herr Hoorweg on Electricity,
Dudgeon (Dr. R. E.), Temperature of the Breath, 10, 76

43; Behaviour of Electricity in Gases, Pierr Narr, 43 ;
Duncan (John), the Alford Weaver-Botanist, Wm. Jolly, 252,

Place du Carrousel to be Lighied withi, 254 ; the Relation
269; Fund for, 317, 491

between Electricity and Light, Dr. O. J. Lodye, 302 ; Pro-
Duncan (Prif. P. Martin, F.R.S.), Geological Climates, 145; posed International Exhibition of Electricity, 84, 320, 347 ;

elected President of the Royal Microscopical Society, 418 Seeing by Electricity, 423; a New Mode of obtaining Electri-
Duncan's (Stewart) Conscious Matter, Geo. J. Romanes, F.R.S., city by Friction, 441 : on a Method of Mea: uring Contact
553

Electricity, Prof. Sir William Thomson, F.R.S., 567 ; Elec-
Duncombe (Cecil), Squirrels Crossing Water, 484

tricity and Gas as Heating Agen's, C. W. Siemens, F.R.S,
Dundee Naturalists' Society, Annual Conversazione, 370

326, 351 ; Molecular Electromagnetic Induction, Prof. D, E.
Dunes and Moving Sands, 569

Hughes, F.R.S., 519

Ellis (William), Correspondence of Phenomena in Magnetic Fisher (Rev. Osmond), “ Physics of the Earth’s Crust,” 131;
Storms, 33; Magnetic Storm of 1880, August, 482

Aurora of January 31, 329
Elongation of Mimas, 255

Flame-Length, Note on, Lewis T. Wright, 527
Elsden (J. Vincent), Microscopic Structure of Malleable Metals, Flammarion (M.), a Knight of the Légion d'Honneur, 439
391

Fletcher (Thos), Dr. Siemens' New Cure for Smoke, 91
Encke's Comet in 1881, 396

Flight of the Albatross, Notes on the Mode of, Arthur W.
“Encyclopædia Britannica,” Vols. X., XI., 119

Bateman; 125
Endowment of Research in Birmingham, 304

“Flora of Plymouth,” T. R. Archer Briggs, 74.
Entomological Collection, the late John Miers', F.R.S., Pre Florence, Collection of Italian Vertebrates at, 41
sentation of, to the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford, 41

Flowers, New Cases of Dimorphism in-Errors Corrected, Dr.
Entomological Society, 116, 162, 307, 404, 475, 620

Hermann Müller, 337
Entomological Society of Belgium, 62

Fluke in Calves, 244
Epidermis of Plants, Chlorophyll in the, 158

Fluor-spar, Hankel on, 133
Epping Forest and County of Essex Naturalists' Field Club, 20, Flying Fish, Francis P. Pascoe, 312; R. E. Taylor, 388; Allan
276

D. Broun, 508
Equus Prjevalski, 494

Fog and Dew, 398
Erbium, Atomic Weight of, 86

Fogs, Dust, and Clouds, John Aitken, 195, 311, 384; W. H.
Erhard (M.), Death of, 19

Preece, Dr. H. T. H. Groneman, 336; M. Chatel, 436 ; Hon.
Ernst (Dr. A.), Some Remarks on Peripatus Edwardsii, Blanch, Rollo Russell, 267
446

Fogs of London, 165
Esparto Grass, Irish, 437

Food of Birds, Fishes, and Beetles, 494
“Ethnographisch-Anthropologische Abtheilung des Museum Forest, Subterranean, in India, 105
Godeffroy in Hamburg. Ein Beitrag zur Kunde der Südsee Formula of Evolution, Prof. Tait on, 78

Völker," J. D. E. Schmeltz und Dr. med. R. Krause, 168 Fossil Insects, Oldest, Dr. H. A. Hagen, 483 ; Rev. A. E.
Ethylene, Critical Temperature of, Robert E. Baynes, 186

Eaton, 507
Etna Observatory, 559

France, Phylloxera in, Maxime Cornu, 127
Eucalyptus in Rangoon, 370

Franz-Josef Land, Exploration of, 278
Europe, Lava Fields of North-Western, Prof. Arch. Geikie, Free Libraries in Scotland, 64
F.R.S., 3

Freezing Points of Alcoholic Liquids, M. Raout on, 85
Europe, Prehistoric, Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S., 309, Fremy (M.), on Chemistry at the Paris Museum of Natural

361, 482 ; Dr. James Geikie, F. R.S., 336, 458; Dr. James History, 83
Geikie, F.R.S., R. H. Tiddeman, 433, 528

French Institute, Annual Meeting of, 19
Europeans and North American Birds, 277

French Association, Meeting at Algiers, 319, 491, 575, 541; G.
Everett (Prof. J. D., F.R.S.), a General Theorem in Kine F. Rodwell, 582, 606
matics, 99

French Learned Societies, Congress of, 619
Eves (Florence), Girton and Newnham Colleges, 291

Frere (Sir Bartle) at the Geographical Society's Meeting, 87
Evolution, Formula of, Prof. Tait on, 78

Fret, Greek, Alfred C. Haddon, 9
Evolution, Prof. Huxley on, 203, 227

Fritsch’s (Dr.) Method of taking Casts of Skeletons, 275
Ewing (Prof. J.), Speed Governor for Continuous Motion, 473 Frost, Vibration of Telegraph Wires during, T, Mellard Reade,
Exner (Frank), on Thermo-Electricity, 44 ; a Correction, 170 314; F. T. Mott, 338
Exner and Young, Professors, Prof. C. A. Young, 312

Frost, the Effects of, on Chemicals, 347.
Exploration, Deep-Sea, J. Gwyn Jeffreys, F.R.S., 300, 324 Fryer (John), Acoustics in China, 448
Explosion, Recent Gas, Herbert McLeod, F.R.S., 8

Fungal Growths in the Animal Body, 277
Explosions, Colliery, Mr. Plimsoll's cure for, W. Galloway, 170
Explosions, Colliery, and Coal-Dust, Hon. R. Russell, 193
Explosive Gas in a Lake, J. Shaw, 435

Galloway (W.), Mr. Plimsoll's Cure for Colliery Explosions,
Exposé Historique concernant le Cours des Machines, dans

170
l'Enseignement de l'École Polytechnique," 75

“Gardens of the Sun,” F. W. Burbidge, 143
Extinct British Animals, Prof. w. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S., Gardner (J. Starkie), Geological Climates, 53, 193 ; a Chapter
431

in the History of the Coniferæ, 251, 412; Geologising at
Eye and Intensity of Colour, 543

Sheppey, 293
Garrod (Prof. A. H.), Publication of his Scientific Papers, 491

Gas-Burner, Regenerative, Herr F. Siemens', 131
Falb (Prof. Rudolph) on Earthquakes, 156, 205

Gas Explosion, Recent, Herbert McLeod, F.R.S., 8
Falls of Niagara in Winter, W. Lant Carpenter, 511

Gas, Explosive, in a Lake, J. Shaw, 435
Faraday Lecture, Prof. Helmholtz's, 535

Gas-Grate, Dr. Siemens's, Dr. R. Douglas Hale, 145
Fascination, L. P. Gratacap, 56; Arthur Nicols, 77 ; J. T. Gases and Vapours, their Dissolving Power on one another, 86
Brownell, 314; Carl Ochsenius, 508

Gases and Vapours, Spectra of, Influence of Pressure and Tem-
Faye's Comet, 115

perature on, G. Ciamician, 160
Feeding a Gull with Corn, W. A. Forbes, 483

Gas and Electricity as Heating Agents, C. W. Siemens, F.R.S,
"Fer Bravais,” Experiments on, 86

326, 351
Ferns of North America, J. G. Baker, 479

Gases, on the Thermic and Optic Behaviour of, under the
Fiji, Baron A. von Hugel's proposed Work on, 45

Electric Discharge, Dr. Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., 258
Finland, Baron Nordenskjöld in, 340

Gases, Viscosity of, at High Exhaustions, W. Crookes, F.R.S.,
Finland, Algæ of the Gulf of, 494

421, 443
Firth (Mark), Death of, 106

Gaseous Matter, Action of an Intermittent Beam of Radiant
Fish, Jelly, F. C. Constable, 170

Heat upon, Prof. Tyndall, F.R.S., 374
Fish, Flying", Francis P. Pascoe, 312 ; R. E. Taylor, 388; | Geelong Vineyards, Phylloxera in the, 181
Allan D. Broun, 508

Gegenbaur's Morphologisches Jahrbuch, 283
Fish-Culture in the United States, 532

Geikie (Prof. Arch., F.R.S.), Lava Fields of North-Western
" Fishes of Great Britain and Ireland," Dr. Francis Day, 107, Europe, 3; Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and
264

Ireland, 150; Geology of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 224;
Fishes, Dr. Günther, F.R.S., on, 213

Murchison Medal awarded to, 346; Wallace's “ Island Life,
Fishes, Birds, and Beetles, Food of, 494

357, 391
Fishes, Briti:h, Frank Buckland, 576

Geikie (Dr. James, F.R.S.), “Prehistoric Europe,” 336, 433
Fisheries, German, Union, Offer of a Prize by the, 205

Geography: Geographical Notes, 21, 44, 87, 134, 159, 184,
Fisheries Exhibition at Norwich, 564, 588

210, 233, 255, 278, 299, 323, 398, 420, 443, 495, 518, 544,
Fishery Society, Khenish, foundation of, at Cologne, 158

565; Geographical Results of the Afghan Campaign, Capt
Fisher (Dr. Ferd.) appointed Editor of the Jahresbericht für die T. H, Holdich, 159 ; Geographical Societies of the World,
chemische Technologie, 106

299, see also Royal Geographical Society

241

Geology: Geological Changes of Level, Sir C. Wyville Thomson, Harmer (John), on Estimating the Height of Clouds by Photo-

F.R.S., 33; Geological Society, 71, 140, 161, 211, 330, 403, graphy and the Stereoscope, 194 ; Aurora of January 31, 329
426, 449, 523, 547, 595 ; Medals Awarded by, 394; Geological Hartwig's Comet (1880 d), 43.
Notes, 184; Geological Age of the North Highlands of Scot Hartwig and Swift, Comets of, 158
land, Prof. Edward Hull, F.R.S., 289; Geological Climates, Harvard College, U.S., Observatory of, 321
Prof. Samuel Haughton, F.R.S., 8, 98, 145, 241, 290, 313, Haughton (Prof. Samuel, F.R.S.), Geological Climates, 8, 98,
384 ; Prof. P. Martin Duncan, F.R.S., 145; Dr. A. Woeikoff, 145, 241, 290, 384
241, 362 ; J. J. Murphy, 290 ; J. Starkie Gardner, 53, 193; Hay (J. A. C.), New Cure for Smoke, 360, 386
Alfred R. Wallace, 124, 217, 266 ; Dr. Maxwell T. Masters, Hay (Col. Drummond), Birds of the Estuary of the Tay, 516
266 ; William Ingram, 169; Dr. John Rae, F.R.S.,_337'; Heart, Blood-Vessels of Valves of the, 159
Geology of East Central Africa and the Subterranean Forest Heat, Easy Lessons in," C. A. Martineau, 32
in Bombay, W. T. Blanford, 145; Geological Survey of Heat of Formation of a Compound, A. P. Laurie, 35
Belgium, 184; Geology of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Prof. Heat Conduction in Highly Rarefied Air, W. Cruokes, F.R.S.,
Arch. Geikie, F.R.S., 224 ; Geologising at Sheppey, J. 234
Starkie Gardner, 293; Geology of the Corean Archipelago, Heat of Stellar Masses, Samuel J. Wallace, 579
H. B. Guppy, 417; International Geological Congress, C. E. Heintz (Dr. Wilhelm), Death of, 181; Obituary Notice of, 245
de Rance, 510; Geological Relations of Gold in Nova Scotia, Heller (Prof. Karl B.), Death of, 205
J. W. Dawson, F.R.S., 578

Helmholtz's (Prof.) Faraday Lecture, 535
Geometrical Optics, W. G. Logeman, 125; Phenomeni of, 372. Henslow (Rev. George), Regelation, 11; " Botány for Children,"
Geometrical Teaching, 414
German Rivers, the Quantities of Water in, 94

Herculaneum, Discavery by Prof. Giuseppe Novi of a Magnificent
German Fisheries Union, Offer of a Prize by tbe, 205

Bathing Establishment near, 182
German Chemical Society, 436

Herring, Prof. Huxley, F.R.S., 607
Gifford (Lord) on Scientific Education, 64

Herschel (Sir W. J.), Shin-furrows of the Hand, 76
Giglioli (Prof. H. H.), Lophiomys Imhausi, 291

Herschel's First Observation of Uranus, 299
Gilmour (Rev. James), Mongol Doctors, 132

Herschel (Sir William), J. R. Hind, F.R.S., 429, 453. 573
Girton and Newnham Colleges, Florence Eves, 291

Herschel 3945, the Double Star, 591
Glaciers, Retrograde Motion of, Herr W. Grömer on, 181 Herschel (Prof. A. S.), Infusible Ice, 383
Glaciation of British Columbia, Prof. Whitney on, Geo. M. Herzegovina and Bosnia, Geology of, Prof. Archd, Geikie,
Dawson, 290

F.R.S., 224
Gladstone (Dr. J. H., F.R.S.), the Refraction Equivalents of Herzen (Herr A.), Acetous Fermentation, 86

Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Organic Compounds, 378 Hewitt (William), “ Class-Book of Elementary Mechanics,” 53
Glisenap (M.), on Refraction, 373

Highbury Microscopical and Scientific Society, 64
(Glasgow, Naval and Marine Engineering Exhibition at, 41 Highlands, North, of Scotland, Geological Age of, Prof. Edward
Gleanings, Nile, 526

Hull, F.R.S., 289
Gnat with Two kinds of Wives, 277

Hill (S. A.), Barometric and Solar Cycles, 409 ; Indian Winter
(inats, Winter (Trichocera), Rev. A. E. Eaton, 554

Rains, 604
(odeffroy Museum at Ilamburg, 320

Hincks (T., F.R.S.), "A History of British Marine Polyzoa,” 51
Godwin Austen (H. H.), Squirrel Crossing Water, 340

Hind (J. R., F.R.S.), Sir William Herschel, 429, 453, 573
Gold in Newfoundland, 472

Histology, Atlas of, 382
vold in Nova Scotia, Geological Relations of, J. W. Dawson, Hochstetter (Prof. v.) on the Agram Earthquake, 106
F.R.S., 578

Hodgson (Brian Houghton, F.R.S.), Presentation of Drawings
Gore (J. E.), Variable Stars, 362

to the Anthropological Institute, 107
Göttingen Royal Society of Sciences, 356

Holdich (Capt. T. H.), Geographical Results of the Afghan
Gould (John, F.R.S.), Death of, 346; Obituary Notice of, 364; Campaign, 159
bis Ornithological Collections, 491

Holub (Dr.), on the Art Faculty of the Australians, 20; Pro-
Grahame Medal, 19, 181

posed Journey Across Africa, 22
“Grallatores and Natatores of the Estuary of the Tay,” 516 Hoorweg (Herr), on Electricity, 43
Grasshoppers in Russia, 157

Horner (F.), Aurora and Electric Storm of January 31, 348
Gratacap (L. P.), Fascination, 56

Hot Ice, see Ice
Greece, Agricultural Communism in, W. Mattieu Williams, 572 Hubbard (Fred.), Squirrels Crossing Water, 484
Greek Fret, Alfred C. Haddon, 9

Hugel (Baron A. von), Proposed Work on Fiji, 45
Grey (W. J.), Note on an Acoustical Constant, 146

Hughes (Prof. McK.), Scientific Use of the Late Severe Weather,
Grigorieff (M.), on Japanese Gardens, 205

346
Grömer (Herr W.), Retrograde Motion of Glaciers, 181

Hughes (Prof. D. E., F.R.S.), Molecular Electro-magnetic In-
Groneman (Dr. H. T. H.), Height of the Aurora, 56; Dust, duction, 519 ; Permanent Molecular Torsion of Conducting
Fogs, and Clouds, 337

Wires produced by the Passage of an Electric Current, 569
Groves (Thos. B.), Phosphorescence of the Sea, 411

Hull (Prof. Edward, F.R.S.), Geological Age of the North
“Guaco” and Snake-bites, 182

Highlands of Scotland, 289
Guannarus pulex, 419.

Huli's (Prof.) “Coal-Fields of Great Britain," 321
Guence (Achille) Death of, 252

Human Brain, Concealed Bridging Convolutions in a, W.
Gull, Feeding a, with Corn, W. A. Forbes, 483

Carter, 556
Günther (Dr., F.R.S.), on Fishes, 213

Human Intelligence, Development of, 617
Guppy (H. B.), the Yang-tse, the Yellow River, and the Pei-ho, Humblot (M. Léon), Return to Paris from Madagascar, 41

35, 99; Notes on the Geology of the Corean Archipelago, Humboldt Institution for Natural Research and Travel, 371
417; Banks of the Yang-tse at Hankow, 507; Oceanic Phe. Hungary, Earthquake Shock in, 232
nomenon, 507

Hunterian Lectures, the, 395
Gyrostat, a Liquid, 69

Hutton (F. Wollaston), Manual of the New Zealand Mol..

lusca,” 7
Habich (E. J.), “ Études géométriques et cinématiques,” &c., 603 Huxley (Prof. T. H., F.R.S.), First Volume of the Publications

of the Challenger, 1 ; Challenger Publications, 33; on Evolu-
Haddon (Alfred C.), Greek Fret, 9
Hagen (Dr. H. A.), Oldest Fossil Insects, 483

tion, 203, 227; Appointed to the Inspectorship of Fisheries,

275; Herring, 607
Hailstones, Remarkable, Col. Foster Ward on, 233
Hails orm in Dorsetshire, Dr. George J. Allman, F.R.S., 146

Hydrochloric Acid, the Influence of, on Metallic Chlorider, 397
Hale (Dr. R. Douglas), Dr. Siemens' Gas Grate, 145.

Hypotheses in School Education, Introduction of, Dr. Hermann
Hampe (Prof. Ernst), Death of, 156

Müller, 157
Hand, Skin-furrows of the, Sir W. J. Herschel, 76-
Hankow, Banks of the Yang-tse at, H, B. Guppy, 507

Ice, Hot, 34 ; Prof. John Perry, 288; Dr. Oliver J, Lodge,
Hannay (J. B.), Hot Ice, 504

264, 504 ; J. B. Hannay, 504; Geo. B. Richmond, 504; Ice
“ Harcourt and Madan's Chemistry," 181

intrusive in Peat, T. Mellard Reade, 339; Experiments on Ice

H

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