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WORKS

BY

SAMUEL RAWSON GARDINER.

HISTORY OF ENGLAND, from the Accession of James I. to the Outbreak of the Civil War, 1603-1642. 10 vols. crown 8vo. 6s. each.

A HISTORY OF THE GREAT CIVIL WAR, 1642-1649. (3 vols.) Vol. I. 1642-1644. With 24 Maps. 8vo. 21s. Vol. II. 1644-1647. With 21 Maps. 8vo. 24s.

THE FIRST TWO STUARTS AND THE PURITAN REVOLUTION, 1603-1660. 4 Maps. Fcp. 8vo. 2s. 6d.

THE THIRTY YEARS' WAR, 1618-1648. With a Map. Fcp. 8vo. 2s. 6d.

OUTLINE OF ENGLISH HISTORY, B.C. 55-A.D. 1886. With 67 Woodcuts and 17 Maps. Fcp. 8vo. 2s. 6d.

THE FRENCH REVOLUTION, 1789-1795.
S. R. GARDINER. With 7 Maps. Fcp. 8vo. 2s. 6d.

By Mrs.

London: LONGMANS, GREEN, & CO.

A

STUDENT'S

HISTORY OF ENGLAND

FROM THE EARLIEST TIMES TO 1885

BY

SAMUEL RAWSON GARDINER

FELLOW OF ALL SOULS COLLEGE, OXFORD

ETC.

VOL. II.

A.D. 1509-1689

LONDON

LONGMANS, GREEN, AND CO.

AND NEW YORK: 15 EAST 16th STREET

1891

C

All rights reserved

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PREFACE

IN preparing the present volume for the press I have received valuable assistance from the Rev. W. HUNT, who has kindly gone through the proof-sheets, and has called my attention to several errors and omissions which had escaped my eye.

The illustrations of this volume, like those in the first, have been selected by Mr. W. H. ST. JOHN HOPE, AssistantSecretary of the Society of Antiquaries. He wishes to acknowledge much valuable assistance given to him in the choice of portraits by GEORge Scharf, Esq., C.B., F.S.A., who is recognised as the highest authority on the subject.

I am indebted to Her Majesty the Queen for two of the portraits appearing in the following pages-viz. those of Bishop Fisher, on p. 393, and the Duke of Norfolk, on p. 410—the originals in both cases being at Windsor Castle.

I have to thank the Right Hon. Earl SPENCER, for permission to engrave the portrait on p. 362; the Hon. Sir SPENCER PONSONBY-FANE, K.C.B., for that on p. 365; Viscount DILLON, F.S.A., for that on p. 376; EDWARD HUTH, Esq, for that on p. 387; Mrs. DENT, of Sudeley, for that on p. 395; the Earl of WARWICK for that on p. 403; H. HUCKS GIBBS, Esq., for that on p. 419; the Earl of CARLISLE for

that on p. 459; Sir JOHN FARNABY LENNARD, Bart., for that on p. 463; the Earl of ESSEX for that on p. 476 ; T. A. Hope, Esq., for that on p. 487; to the authorities of the University of Cambridge for that on p. 477; of Jesus College, Cambridge, for that on p. 414; and of Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge, for that on p. 567; E. B. NICHOLSON, Esq., for the portrait of Lord Burghley in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, engraved on p. 479; and the Treasurer of Christ's Hospital, London, for the portrait of Charles II. on p. 579.

I have also to thank Mr. W. NIVEN for permission to use the illustration on p. 381; Messrs. PARKER & Co. for those on pp. 409 and 451; the Rev. H. H. HENSON, vicar of Barking, Essex, for the photograph of the monument of Sir Charles Montague on p. 507; Mr. J. G. WALLER for the illustration on p. 515; and the Science and Art Department for those on pp. 371, 440, 518, and 612; Mr. W. H. WHEELER, of Oxford, for the photograph from which the engraving on p. 384 is made; Messrs. Valentine & SONS, Dundee, for those on pp. 378 and 485; and Mr. R. KEENE, of Derby, for those on pp. 466, 467, 469, and 471.

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