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North.

Indeed, Lincoln's warmest sympathizers were those who suffered most from the direful American civil contest-the cotton-spinners and the whole body of the working classes. And as nothing succeeds like success, I am bound to add that in the process of time the undaunted determination of the Northern States, under a series of alarming defeats, with their best-trained generals and officers, and their chief arsenals, on the side of the slaveholders, gradually gained for them and for their great inspirer, Abraham Lincoln, the respect and admiration of all parties-and this admiration and this respect were vastly increased when, in the hour of victory, all cries for vengeance were hushed, and the hand of brotherhood was held out to the defeated party by the noble-hearted President, with the full consent of his victorious country

men.

And now that what was deemed impossible is an accomplished fact, viz.: the abomination of slavery eradicated forever from the great American Republic, and peace and prosperity restored throughout the land, I trust that, in Mr. Arnold's own words, "nothing may ever disturb the friendly feeling and respect which each of the great Anglo-Saxon nations entertains for the other."

Already have they given a striking proof of their advanced civilization and friendly feelings, and a noble example to all other civilized nations, in the peaceful settlement of the burning Alabama question, which, but one generation ago would most certainly have led to an obstinate war, ruinous to both countries. That the decision of the neutral body of arbitrators was impartial and toler

TITO PAGLIARDIRRI'S ADDRESS.

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ably just was proved by its giving at the time entire satisfaction to neither party, the whole question being, however, soon after completely dropped, leaving no angry feelings behind, as would have done a war, however successful in the end. May God grant that any future differences between these two great nations having a common origin, a common language, a common literature, and so many institutions in common, be settled in the same just friendly, and rational manner. No fratricidal war must or can ever arise between them. All their future battles must be fought on the peaceful fields of science, literature, and the industrial arts. Victories on these fields will benefit both, and the whole human race into the bargain.

I will now conclude these hasty remarks by proposing a hearty vote of thanks to the Hon. Isaac N. Arnold for his very valuable and interesting paper.

Which was unanimously adopted.

LINCOLN'S FIRST POLITICAL SPEECH

WHEN A CANDIDATE FOR THE ILLINOIS LEGISLATURE IN 1832.

"GENTLEMEN, FELLOW-CITIZENS: I presume you know who I am. I am humble Abraham Lincoln. I have been solicited by many friends to become a candidate for the Legislature. My politics can be briefly stated. I am in favor of the internal improvement system, and a high protective tariff. These are my sentiments and political principles. If elected, I shall be thankful; if not, it will be all the same."

[graphic]

21

FAC SIMILE OF THE GOLD MEDAL PRESENTED TO MRS. ABRAHAM LINCOLN BY 40,000 FRENCH PEOPLE, RAISED BY A
SUBSCRIPTION FUND OF TWO SOUS EACH.

Napolean III, adverse to this movement, would not allow it to be struck in France, so it was produced in Switzerland, but presented from
Paris, October 13, 1866.

On one side of the medal is a correct likeness of Mr. Lincoln, with inscription. On the reverse, Victory stands with anchor and wreath.
Two freedmen, one pointing to the American Eagle, the other is placing a palm branch on the altar.

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