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All of which is very general, and so seems tually it does much more than that. It is vague, perhaps. So now to make it con- an equalizer of moisture, for one thing, and crete. Frame this window with curtains does not permit the plants to dry out as which only frame it--or cover it completely rapidly as they must on the old and un

, if it must be covered, evenly. Have them sightly zinc shelf; and at the same time it simple and straight as to line, and simple insures them always against excess of water and plain as to material. Make them

Make them standing at the roots, which is one of the only an adjunct, not an ornament or deco- greatest menaces of plants grown in pots or ration by themselves. Keep them if pos- boxes. Watered on the sand, these retain sible to warm, sunburned whites, or to dull just as much water as their earth will hold, gold, or to some one of the tan or ecru or and not another drop-which is exactly "string" colors. These are the colors ap- what they should retain. Of course the proaching sunlight.

sand-bed is possible with any kind of a There is no better foundation or begin- foundation; the wash bench as a beginning ning for the window-garden itself-unless is only a suggestion for solving the problem it is built into place--than a small kitchen easily and cheaply, and is not recommended table or a wash bench of suitable length, if where better provision is possible. the table is too broad and too high to suit Both boxes and pots are prepared in the the situation. Aim at a level of soil which same way for planting. First there goes in shall receive the light from above, rather a layer of drainage material-broken pots, than altogether from the side. Of course it oyster shells, coarse cinders, siftings from is bound to come from the side, in the main; the soil and what not; and on top of this a but if the surface of the earth is decidedly filling of potting soil. This must be mixed, below the bottom of the window—from six usually, for perfect potting soil is seldom to eight inches below it, let us say-the found in an ordinary garden. To ordinary rays strike obliquely down as well as across. garden soil add sharp, clean sand until the And it is this that will draw the growing former is “friable”—that is, porous, light, plants up instead of altogether over. and readily drained-together with finely Plants grown on a level with the window ground bone meal or pulverized sheep mawill bend almost double in their efforts to nure, or both, in the proportion of about a go toward the light; for it is on the tops double handful to a pailful of the soil. Mix of their heads that they always want to re- this very thoroughly before using. ceive the direct rays, and they bow and A window-garden need not necessarily courtesy themselves altogether out of shape employ many varieties in its planting in trying to bring this to pass.

order to be interesting and attractive. InNail a thin strip of wood two to three deed, it is with gardening indoors quite the inches wide all around against the outer same as out-a mass of one well-chosen edge of the table or bench top, allowing it to thing is greatly to be preferred to single specproject above the surface of the top like a imens of many varieties, however beautiful little fence. It may be a molding or not, as specimens these may be. It is mass that just as you prefer or are able to secure; its counts always--the continuity of it as well function is to make of the top really a shal- as the impressiveness of quantity. low box which is to be filled not quite full of Of all the plants available for the windowclean sand-beach sand if you can get it, garden there are two very decidedly the kindergarten sand if you must buy it. best. One of these is the ubiquitous geLeave the top of the stand and the inside of ranium. This will grow probably for more this "fence" unfinished, but paint the rest kinds of people, and in more kinds of places, of the wood ebony, green, white, or to match than any other plant on earth; but that is the wood of the room.

not to say that geraniums rightly selected On this sand-bed the window-garden re- and tended are not quite a different plant poses-either as plants in pots, not so very from the scraggly thing usually seen. Indifferent from those we are accustomed to deed, they possess a dazzling beauty altoor else plants planted in a box of earth, this gether unsuspected by the average person box being of a size to keep one inch within who has never seen a really fine plant. the sand-bed all around.

Select a fine variety, either pink, scarlet, The sand-bed is to take the place of the or deep red, in the first place; use only this, zinc or other metal tray customarily placed or this and some equally good white-flowunder plants to catch the drippings; but ac- ering form; give the plants a soil that is

a

“towards heavy” rather than light-less ful, or a whole window-garden filled with it.

sand mixed with it than ordinary potting Give it a little lattice and let its delicate soil requires, or even some heavy loam and tracery embower the whole window, if you cow manure added, to insure density; and like; it will, easily, for its average growth always keep them “towards dry” rather is ten feet. One of its greatest advantages than well watered, and in a sunny place. is that it will grow in the shade, where few

The other plant of this twain is helio- things can be induced to grow indoors. Entrope; and I put it second only because rich the soil for it by adding a little more than it is to me first choice. Modern horticul- the double handful of bone-meal to a pailful. ture has developed not only several shades of For semi-shady windows choose fuchsias, purple of this exquisite old plant, but a begonias, or primroses. And for an altogether white form as well, and flowers in trusses shady window limit the choice to English ivy, six inches across. Heliotrope does not myrtle, “corn-palm" or aspidistra, or such transplant well, however, so it is better to ferns as do not require the hothouse atmoraise the plants from seed in the box, or in sphere of moisture. It is practically impospots where they are to abide permanently, sible to have flowering plants, even the soor to transplant only by repotting from called shade-enduring kinds, blossom in small pots to larger. Be very sure that the absolute shade, therefore frank recognition plants never get dry at the roots; and of such a window's limits will bring more never undertake to grow them where the satisfactory results than the most laborious night temperature will go lower than 55o. effort to do the impossible. Myrtle does

The common smilax which florists use is bloom in dense shade, however, and a coma charming window-vine, and it has fra- bination of the common Vinca major alba grant white blossoms in winter, too, which I with the Madagascar periwinkle, Vinca rosea, doubt many know. A plant or two of this will provide very delightfully for a position at either end of any sort of mass is delight- where nothing else will grow.

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It isn't how many flowers grow in your window-garden-it is the mass of bloom that tells. You can always count on geraniums and heliotrope; for less sunny windows, on fuchsias, begonias, and primroses: for growing in real shade, on ivy, myrtle, periwinkle, ferns. A charming window-vine is

smilax, which climbs easily, and in winter blossoms fragrantly in white-as few people know

Sinful Economies and Wicked Wastes

BEING A SEMI-SERMONETTE ON FRENCH HOUSEWIFELY THRIFT

By Martha McCulloch-Williams

Author of "Dishes and Beverages of the Old South," elc.

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UST as we had got away from the old Only think, cry these traveled wise folk, ascetic doctrine that appetite was French working people eat merely to live; shameful, given us but to be morti- American working people, too many of them,

fied, that things pleasant to our live to eat. Tradesmen tell us it is their palates were bad for our souls, comes the laboring custom, which demands, and for high cost of living to serve us even worse. the most part gets, the best of everything. It has flooded us with preachments as to When, when, will our people learn that our sinful extravagance in diet, it has the way to have your cake is not to bombarded us with meatless menus, set

eat it? us awash with inky floods describing My traveled friends, I do certainly hope sociologic and college meals at about the never. The laborer is worthy not only of price of a postage-stamp. Worse than all his hire, but of hire enough to keep him full else, it tells us fairy tales of French thrift fed, and on the best. Don't tell me bone and and prosperity, founded on the corner- gristle and so on are really the best-if stone of the pot au feu.

you but cook them rightly. If they were One who knows, reads to laugh a little the best, they wouldn't be cheap-no trust impatiently. But the multitude which so far has set out to corner them. I grant does not know accepts the title for gospel. you readily that it is well enough to know It does not realize the fact, which is wholly in what fashion such food supplies can best beyond contradiction, that you can never be used, but that is not saying they are take out of a pot au feu, or otherwise, one preferable to better things. Wonder if grain of nutriment you have not put into you preachers have ever tried a dinner of it. Cookery is not alchemy-it cannot soup-meat? It is mighty close kin to the

Its utmost is to make available thready French boulli. Meat half gristle food elements in raw stuffs. How then shall becomes tender enough by long, slow cooka few pounds of meat, more than half ing—but the taste, even with seasoning, bone and gristle, supplemented by herbs, is painfully like glue. It will serve as a seasoning, a handful of barley, a few carrots, foundation of soups, stews, and so onand turnips, supply plentiful food to a a meal of it once a week will do no hurt. family through several days? That is Make it staple, and see what happens! exactly what was set forth for it, cate- If you have growing children, they will gorically, in a late publication. It has either be pale and stunted or grow up been set forth over and over, in slurring spindling, almost spineless-unless the soup contrast to American wastefulness.

feeding is generously supplemented with

a

eggs, cheese, milk, butter, and fruit, along to use up, and use up very badly, a halfwith rich sweets.

cent's worth of stale or broken bread. France, rich in money, is poor in men, and Whoso sets it before her lord oftener that growing poorer. Not only is the birth-rate

once a fortnight is guilty of contribusmaller than the death-rate

tory negligence if he sues for -the term of the conscript

divorce. Better throw away the has been extended from

bread. Prevention is two years to three,

easiest. If your for only thus

family can the

leaves its army be

crusts, kept at

cut them full

off before strength

slicing the without

bread, lowering

brown in the physical standard

the oven, then for recruits. England, where un

either crush and use up as brown derfeeding is notorious, has

crumbs, or serve crisp and been forced to lower the

well buttered, smoking hot, standard of height-I think

instead of rolls or toast for by two inches. Facts like

breakfast. Crisped slowly these somehow recall

and browned throughout, Scripture. "What shall it

they crackle and crumble profit a man if he gain

in the teeth. Nothing is the whole world, and lose

more wholesome for chilhis own soul?" Para

dren-and few things more phrase, “What shall it prof

tasty. it a nation to gain the whole

Brown crumbs soaked in world, and lose its civic soul?”

melted butter, then made into The process may be slow, but it

puddings or custards with eggs, is deadly sure. Kipling is in

sugar, and milk, reënforced many things more seer than A new rice-boiler. Rice cooked in taste by soaked raisins or poet. He delights to sing of

thus is whole, every grain distinct,

candied peel cut fine, baked,

tender, and perfectly steamed the countries overseas, with

and set aside, are a very pre“Their tall deep-bosomed women, Their sent help in the matter of satisfying ravenstalwart meat-fed men.” He knows the ous after-school appetites. The appetites difference-only too painfully. A nation should never be left unsatisfied. An inunderfed is an open invitation to plague alienable right of growing children is enough and famine.

to eat. Their schedule of meals might Witness India, whose rice-eating millions, with advantage resemble that of an English slow-witted and treacherous, breed like maid who told her prospective mistress rabbits in a warren, to die like murrained she should expect to have, if she took the sheep when the rains fail or pious pilgrims place, “A dew-bit and breakfast, a stay-bit

, , bring home the plague. Depend on it, and luncheon, a nommett, a crummett, tea, the roast beef of old England has done a dinner, and supper." Unless food is relished lot toward making the British drum-beat it does not satisfy—therefore down with the heard round the world. It is a question, fetish that things good for your palate are though, if the credit does not truly belong very, very bad for your health. A stomach to bacon. Tommy Atkins eats that, when may be full-of pale and nasty concoctions, he gets the taste of meat-and Tommy is, or inert masses lacking flavor and savorin the last analysis, the symbol and epitome yet crave furiously something different. of military glory.

This after-craving, due to unsatisfying A mere exordium, this, to the sermon meals, does much to fill the saloons, to send whose message is, Live generously, but es- boys and girls to the ice-cream parlors or chew sinful economies. Bread-pudding, for soda-fountains with their resultant perils. example—which entails the wasting of fifty No better First Aid to Family Happiness cents' worth of eggs, milk, butter, and sugar than a well-filled cake-box, a pie-shelf never empty, a spice-scented cold ham, on the side—for your dinner Saturday. ever has been found-or ever will be. Next day roast your chick, first cutting off

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Proper feeding is the bed-rock of proper the drumsticks-eat one side of the breast breeding. Good food, well served and well and one thigh. What remained, by help relished, makes good blood, nerves that last of the reserved drumsticks, would be abun

- hence good understanding, good temper, dance for Monday dinner. Maybe soand good manners. Hunger is a fruitful only the family appetite must have been

a source of ill. Even worse is the sense of severely chastened. repletion from ill feeding with yet a gnaw- Such counsel is an insult to intelligence. ing ache underneath. Flavor and savor Instead, my way is—save on something are essential to digestion, but they are else. The “movies,” for instance, are crutches merely. Your dinner must not be cheap, but if the family of three, or even “the substance of things hoped for, the two, goes twice a week, there's the price of evidence of things not seen,” as is so often a good dinner-meat. Missionaries also. the case in the table d'hôtes. Instead, let .Better use your pennies to prevent home it be something hot in the mouth, sweet heathen than send them wandering to the to the palate, tangible, ponderable, to be heathen in his blindness—who is quite chewed with relish and swallowed with happy bowing down to wood and stone. joy. This means—meat with the proper Bacon comes in handily here. It is not trimmings. The problem is how to get the cheap actually--only relatively. A pound, meat in sufficient quantity and quality, yet boiled, with string-beans, cabbage, kale, avoid bankruptcy.

turnips, etc., seasons a huge potful. Boil Meat prices mountainous-and the meat two hours at least before putmounting. The sociologists, of course, ting in the vegetables; thus it becomes in a have a remedy. They calmly bid you eat degree emulsified and very digestible. very little of it-making out with things Or else fry the bacon crisp, pour away part like eggs, cheese, and so on. This, quite of the fat for later shortening, and fry in regardless of the fact that eggs and cheese what remains, apples, tomatoes, potatoes are not cheap-indeed, their cost is on all of both sorts, sliced a quarter-inch thick, fours with pretty much everything else. or mashed potatoes made in tiny cakes. The sociologists remind me of a wise lady Bananas, too—they take only a little while, who told the world how to live well on but should be fried last on account of dripnothing through the pages of a Sun- ping sweet juice. All these things the crisp day paper. To make one chicken yield bacon makes delicious. Either boiled or fried three dinners for a large family, you had thus, with sour pickle or cayenne vinegar, only to boil head, feet, wings, and giz- plenty of bread and butter, a fat generous pie, zard, make soup of the boiling

and cups of black coffee afterwater, and serve it

ward, and the eaters with two pounds

will certainly of sausage and

are

[graphic]

know they potatoes

have dined.

This illustration shows a practical breakfast service for oranges that will fill a long felt want. The
oranges are quickly prepared and in a most convenient fashion for eating. The method, which

comes to us from a land of oranges, can be fully appreciated only after a trial

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