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CONTENTS.

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THE EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENT

PHYSIQUE,.

Comparison of the forms of army and navy recruits, to show that different
kinds of life have the effect of changing parts of the body. The Union
infantry marching as compared with the marching of the Confederate
infantry. The differences between the Sioux and the Apaches. The
change that takes place in men upon being subjected to military drill.
The effect of West Point drill upon the cadets. The desirability of
calisthenics for girls, if they have no opportunity of taking the natural
exercises. The use of the dancing-master. Change in physique in
California within a very short period after its occupation. Change in
the physique of the Englishman within quite modern times. Change
in the Frenchman. Changes in the immigrant shortly after landing at
New York. The Chinaman's walk and shoes. The little feet of
China. Conclusions.

other savages walk with parallel feet. The proper degree to which
the feet should be turned out is dependent upon a number of con-
ditions specified. The rolling gait of the sailor. Directions for walk-
ing. The grace of little girls as compared with their movements when
no longer little girls. The reason for the change for the worse. Slow
movements of the body the severest tests as to gracefulness of person.
Montaigne's confirmation of that view. The carrying of water-jars
on the head conducive to gracefulness of bearing. Dr. Thomas S.
Ellis's monograph on the subject of the foot and walking. His idea
of the dome-like character of the two feet constraining one to adopt
the mode of walking with parallel feet. His idea of the best position
of the great toe for the backward thrust from the ground in propelling
the body. Test by the facts observable in the movements of profes-
sional dancers. The military mode of marching.

The motive in women's dressing for adornment. The dressing of Ameri-

can women as compared with that of foreign women. Cases of want

of discretion in women, in not modifying fashions to suit their forms.

Beauty of the American woman as compared with that of the French

woman. Béranger's comic old grandmother. Carlyle on dress. A

retrospect of fifty years in the matters of fashion. The change in the

American from simplicity to luxury. The simultaneous improvement

in hygienic practices. What the Countess of Jersey says on the same

topic in the Nineteenth Century. The concomitant social change

among Americans. The main proportions of the female form. Ele-

gance as shown by the characteristic length of limb. The beauty of

the female bosom. The bosom as found among some low, savage

tribes. Warning against the pretensions of quacks to change the

bosom. Dressing with relation to the form. The vulgarity of tight

shoes and tight gloves. General disuse of tight-lacing. The per-

nicious effect of tight-lacing. Beauty of person and grace incompati-

ble with tight-lacing. The wearing of tight shoes prejudicial to grace

and destructive of the feet. The blonde and brunette types of female

beauty. The condition of Spain during historical times fully accounts

for the beauty and the particular gracefulness there existing. History

of the country from the earliest times of which we know anything

down to the present. The American has not yet a distinct racial type.

The conditions which will probably make of the American the hand-

somest type of the world.

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