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Soli rerum maximarum Effectori,
Soli totius mundi Gubernatori,

On the 22nd July, they put into Sierra Leone, on the coast of Africa, where they stopped two days to take in water, and obtained there oysters and fruit. On the 24th, they again put to sea, and on the 26th September, 1580, "which," says the narrative," was Monday in the just and ordinary reckoning of those that had stayed at home, in one place or country, (but in our computation was the Lord's day or Sunday,) we safely, with joyful minds and thankful hearts to God, arrived at Plimouth, the place of our first setting forth, after we had spent two years, ten months, and some odd days beside, in seeing the wonders of the Lord in the deep, in discerning so many admirable things, in going through with so many strange adventures, in escaping out of so many dangers, and overcoming so many difficulties, in this our encompassing of this nether globe, and passing round about the world, which we have related.

Soli suorum Conservatori,
Soli Deo sit semper gloria."*

The World Encompassed.

CHAPTER V.

DRAKE ON SHORE.

-VISIT TO LONDON.

1580-1585.

Drake's kind reception at Plymouth-The reverse in the capital -Neglect of the Queen, who makes ample amends-Visits his ship at Deptford-Confers Knighthood on him-Honours paid to the ship-Verses in praise of his fame from various quarters.

As soon as Drake's arrival with his single ship at Plymouth was known, the inhabitants hastened in crowds to the shore to welcome their old friend. On landing he was received by the Mayor and civic authorities, the bells of St. Andrew's church ringing a merry peal, which was prolonged during the whole day. The general joy was extreme, for a very common impression had gone forth, after the arrival of Captain John Winter, who had deserted him, that some fatal disaster had befallen Drake. The day was spent in feasting and rejoicing. But his first visit, on the following day, was to his native village near Tavistock; an act which proved, that no degree of celebrity nor change of fortune could divert this brave and right-minded man from performing an act of pious devotion to the once residence of his old parents, in which most

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probably he first drew his breath, and from which those parents had been driven by religious persecution-so strong is the affection generally felt for the abode of one's early youth.

Having been fêted for some days by the authorities of Plymouth and the neighbouring gentry, and rejoined his little bark, the Golden Hind, that had borne him through so many perils and adventures, and with which, as one of the old writers observes, “he ploughed up a furrow round the world,”—he set sail for Deptford. The report of his arrival had of course preceded his appearance in London; where, it may be supposed, his adventures on the first voyage round the globe, by an Englishman, were not alone the topic of conversation, but that it was also combined with the most exaggerated account of the immense wealth he had brought back, and that various opinions were held as to the manner in which it had been acquired. But that which must have affected him most deeply, was the total silence of the court, where, before his departure, he had been so cordially received, and his projected enterprise had met with such flattering encouragement. No intimation was now given that his appearance there would be acceptable. The first Englishman, and the second of any country, that had circumnavigated the globe, might have been considered an object of curiosity, if of no higher consideration, and as one not unworthy of his sovereign's special notice.

It is said, indeed, that in less dignified circles, the cool reception that Drake met with was too marked to be misunderstood; and that some were squeamish enough to refuse the acceptance of any little trifling gift or curiosity at his hands, lest it might not have been honestly come by; or that the wealth he had brought home had not been honestly or legitimately obtained. Stow appears to be the only writer of the time who enters into the case, and being a contemporary with, and having survived, Drake, and a collector by profession, as it were, of all that was going forward, the following account may not be considered uninteresting. After stating Drake's arrival at Plymouth, "being very richly fraught with golde, silver, silke, pearls, and precious stones," he goes on to say,

"The newes of this his great wealth so far fetcht, was miraculous strange, and of all men held impossible and incredible, but both proving true, it fortuned that many misliked it and reproached him : besides all this there were others that devised and divulged all possible disgraces against Drake and his followers, deaming him the master thiefe of the unknowne world; yet neverthelesse, the people generally, with exceeding admiration, applauded his wonderful long adventures and rich prize, chiefly for some such reasons following.

“The Queene, not yet persuaded to accept and approve his unknowne purchase, paused a while

and heard every opinion, which at that time were many; the principal points whereof were, that if this action of Drake should be justified, it would call in question the late piracy of Captayne Christmasse: the staying of the Spanish king's treasure by Martine Frobisher: hinder commerce: break the league raise reproach: breede warre with the house of Burgundy and cause imbargo of the English shippes and goodes in Spayne. Whereunto answer was made, that it was neither prize, nor piracy, nor civil policy, to cast so much treasure out of their possession: neither could any prince or private subject rightly challenge it: nor by it any offence committed, or intended to any christian prince or state.

"And that it was very necessary to retaigne it, as well for further triall of the Spanish malice, shewed to the English merchants in Spayne; as for the descrying of secret enemies at home, against both which, it would prove a present remedy: as also that if warres ensued, which the Spanyards long threatened, then the same treasure of itself would fully defray the charge of seaven yeares warres, prevent and save the common subject from taxes, loanes, privy seals, subsidies and fifteenes, and give them good advantage against a daring adversary: the which said opinion strongly prevayled.

"Yet Captaine Drake, all this while, being therewithal, and by his friends much encouraged, rested

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