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Joseph Cook on Missions,
The philanthropic idea of Missions is enough to give us zeal in this particular, even without the teachings of the Bible.
There are three hundred millions of women in the world whose highest hope is to be born again as men instead of toads or snakes. There are eighty millions of women in Moslem harems.
"Did We Win the Battle?”
I have in my possession a picture
Republic who bears in his body the
was a member of the Fifth Maine
that He who redeemed it and comforbade them to leave Jerusalem on manded His apostles to evangelize it, endued with power from on high. their glorious mission till they were They obeyed Him; the power came
and thousands were converted by it. But there never was and never will
IN 1885 there assembled at Mr.
Moody's boys' school at Mount Hermon, in Massachusetts, about three hundred students from the various colleges for a few weeks study of
Battery and fought at Gettysburg. be any substitute for this spiritual When General Picket was making power, this holy annointing. Withhis famous charge a terrible artillery out it evangelistic or missionary duel was in progress. With shirtwork must be in the deepest sense a sleeves rolled up and with face failure.-[H. Grattan Guinness. black with powder and smoke Chase was ramming home a cartridge, when a rebel shell fell about three All that united Protestant Chris- feet from him and burst. The fragtendom pays annually for Missions ments flew in all directions; his would not pay the liquor-bill of the clothes were stripped from him; bis United States for three days. Prot- right arm was blown of; his left eye the Word of God. A few who had estant Christendom paid last year torn from its socket-while his in view the foreign field greatly deseven million five hundred thousand breast and shoulders were gashed sired a missionary meeting, and all dollars. This amount is scarcely with wounds. Two days afterward, the students were invited. There was worth mentioning in comparison when the dead were buried, he with not even a missionary map to assist with the sums expended at the vari- others was conveyed to the grave. On the way thither a groan from in impressing the facts; the speaker ous summer resorts for self gratifica-him attracted attention, when he drew on the blackboard a rude outwas discovered to be alive. Upon line of the continents, and then proregaining consciousness, the first ceeded to trace the great facts of words that came from his lips were
Great expenditures now will make great expenditures unnecessary in the near future.
"DID WE WIN THE BATTLE?"
missions, and so deep was the interest awakened, that meeting after meeting followed; from about a score, the number who chose the God needs mission field arose to a hundred; then certain chosen men resolved to
many missionaries like Private Chase
O, for a hundred thousand Mis-leading facts of missions; and tosionaries who will consecrate them- day in America and England, a band selve to the rescue of a lost world of probably no less than three as Chase consecrated himself to the thousand young men and women salvation of his country!-[Chap. stand ready to go to the foreign McCabe. field if the door shall open before them. If disciples do not wish to flame with missionary zeal, they must avoid contact and converse with the facts and the heroic souls who are the living factors of missions. It is dangerous business to trifle with the combustible material, unless you are quite sure there is not even a spark of life or love in your soul.-[A. T. Pierson.
For the thousands of workers still needed in the mission-field we must
The ablest men are needed at the first of all pray-pray as Elijah front.
prayed for the rain, fervently, effectually, incessantly till the prayer is A Christian church has been built answered; pray as the church prayed with stones from the ruins of a for the promised Spirit before Penheathen temple by the native con- tecost, and we need such a season toverts connected with the Madura day. We want the world to be Mission of the American Board. evangelized, but we must remember
THE world is my parish.-Wesley.
For Church Classes.
ARRANGED BY REV. J. M. AVAUN, B. D.
1. The Normal Method of Instruction combines the religious with the secular, for all truth is inter-related. But where the people in any community are not all of the same faith, this, the best method theoretically, is not the best practically. Hence, public schools are becoming more
tioned upon it. The memory verses 4. Its Author. In its existing
| FIRST SERIES.-SEVEN LESSONS
I-THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.
whether from revelation, *oral tradition or more ancient documents has been disputed.
5. Earlier Documents. It is now well established that the art of writing was known long before the time of Moses, and there seems no doubt that he made use of ancient different documents is clearly discernable.
and more secularized, and religious in- a volume rather than as many vol- *manuscripts; the presence of these
struction is relegated to the family and the church.
2. The Duty of Parents to give their children a religious training cannot be too strougly emphasized. Having under God given them existence, they more than all others are responsible for the character of that existence. But parents are not usually qualified to give their children all the religious instruction they wish them to receive; and few make any attempt to give regular and definite instruction, even family worship is the exception rather than the
The several parts are so related that they make up a symmetrical whole. In the unity of its design and in the harmony of its parts, the book is one.
style begins with the history of 6. Oral Sources. Uniformity of Joseph; from that point, Moses 2. The Bible a Library. The Bible, however, is a collection of from oral sources. probably received his information history, poetry, prophesy, biogra- material, revising its form and conHe so used his phy and letters written in different necting it together, that he is, under ages. It is a library of sixty-six God, the responsible author of the books written by about thirty-six whole book. authors during sixteen centuries. It is in two parts, the Old Testament with thirty-nine books and the New Testament with twenty-seven books.
8. The Sunday School, with its social greetings and cheerful songs, has many attractions, and where there is not disorder and irreverence it has a strong religious influence. Its small classes enable the teacher to study the characteristics and 3. Analysis of the Old Testament, tendencies of each scholar and by personal The books of the O. T. are arranged association, out of the school as well as according to their character and not in, to shape his character. But, as a school, it is largely a failure. Its sessions in the order written, except that are too short and its methods are essentially books in a particular class are usually in chronological order. There are (1) seventeen historical books, (2) five poetical books, (3) seventeen prophetical books. The first class is divided into (a) the five books of Moses called the *Pentateuch and (b) the twelve historical books. The third class is divided into (a) the five major prophets and (b)the twelve minor prophets. (Let the names of the books be learned in their order.)
4. The Result of this Failure on the part of parents, public schools and Sunday schools to give anything like adequate instruction, is that children of even christian families are growing up with very imperfect knowledge of God's word and with little or no knowledge of the history of
5. Church Classes should everywhere be organized for religious instruction where approved school methods can be employed. Each grade should meet by itself and be in charge of an efficient teacher. Absenteeism, tardiness, confusion, listlessness and failure in lessons should be as inexcusable as in the secular school; and a spirit of reverence should pervade all the exercises.
6. These Lessons are designed for such a
class; they are adapted to young people who are in the Upper Grammar and High Schools. They cover a year of study and aim to give a comprehensive knowledge of the whole Bible. The Daily Readings are designed to promote the consecutive reading of the Bible in the home. They cover nearly all of the New Testa
ment and much of the Old Testament.
7. It is suggested that the whole congre
gation be invited to join in the Daily Readings; to keep up the interest let frequent reference be made to them in the church
services. Then let a class be formed of young people who will take the lessons. The "outline" should be made the basis of lustrations being given by the teacher. Before the next meeting the "outline" should be memorized and the class ques
oral instruction, additional facts and il
II-INTRODUCTION TO GENESIS.
1. Name and Value. Genesis, from a Greek word meaning generation, is the most important book of antiquity, for it contains an authentie account of the origin of the world and of man, and the earliest records of the human race.
2. The Two Parts. It has two main parts; the first gives a history of the whole race to a time subsequent to the deluge, and the second gives the personal and family history of the Jewish *patriarchs.
3. Part of the Pentateuch. The book forms an organic part of the Pentateuch, which has for its general subject the establishment of the *theocracy. Genesis is purely his torical, it describes the steps which led to the theocracy.
7. Contents. The contents Genesis may be thus summarized: antediluvian world; 4.-The deluge 1.-The creation; 2.-The fall; 3.-The and confusion of tongues; 5.-Abraham; 6.-Isaac; 7.-Jacob.
III-DAILY READINGS,GEN. I-IV, VI-VIII MEMORY VERSES, GEN. 1, 1–5; PSALM VIII, 1-2.
I-THE CREATION. 1. God the Creator. The first sentence in the Bible sublimely declares that God is the creator of the universe, but it does not tell when nor how he made it.
2. The Chaotic Waste. The second sentence describes the state of things on the earth after an indefinite lapse of time, and immediately antecedent to the present order of things. How many previous transformations it may have undergone we are not told. It was waste and void, covered with waters and wrapped in darkness. But God's Spirit was brooding over it.
3. Formation Periods. The several stages in the process of fitting up the earth for the abode of man follow next. The length of these stages cannot be determined from the record. The word " day" may have been used in an indefinite sense, just as it is said, "Such a thing has had its day." This view prevailed in the church to a considerable extent before the birth of modern science.
4. The Method. Nothing is said about the method by which the
XXXVII, XXXIX-XLIII. MEMORY
earth was brought into its present III--DAILY READINGS,
GEN. XXXV, Synagogue" of which Ezra, Neh.,
1. The Authors and Dates of the several books of the Old Testament The earlier books passed through cannot be determined with certainty. the hands of editors, who, under divine direction, revised them and adapted them to their own times. There were, however, several well defined periods in the formation.
2. Mosaic Period, 1500-1400 B.
MEMORY VERSES, HEB. XI: 23-29. *These words are to be defined.
Supernaturalism vs Rationalism.
5. The Order of these changes 18 given, at least in broad outlines: (1) light, (2) atmosphere, clouds, etc., (3) elevation of continents, (4) vegetable life, (5) clearing up of the sky, (6) animal life, first the lower We are in an age of the re-examiforms then the higher, (7) man. C. During this period, when the nation of the foundations on which 6. The Deductions of Modern foundations of Judaism were being Christianity and the church is reared. Science agree with these broad out- laid, the books of Job and Genesis lines. It gives us substantially the were copied from ancient documents All the great questions which divide same order. It tells us there was and the earliest draft made of Ex., supernaturalism from naturalism are *cosmic light before the appearance Le., Nu., De., and Josh., Moses was up for examination. The present is of the sun. But science knows not the principal writer. not simply a discussion about mira how the change from the chaotic 3. Davidic Period, 1100-1000 B. cles. It goes deeper than that, and and empty was effected, it knows C. During this period, when the involves the very authority and nothing of the origin of life. Re Jewish nation reached its golden ligion says GOD. age, the books of Ju., Ru., 1 Sa., sanctions of the Christian religion. 2 Sa., the first collection or Pa., Pr., The church, always true to Christ and the S. of S. were written, Sam and Christianity, is to make for uel, David and Solomon were the itself a record on these points in this principal writers.
age. It will ultimately have to pro-
7. Nothing Comparable with the opening words of the Bible can be found in ancient literature. All other cosmogonies have gone to pieces before the advance of science, 4. The Prophetic Period, 850-550 but this still stands in all its original B. C. During this period, when the simplicity and grandeur. Jewish state was overthrown and its GEN. VIII- people carried into captivity, most of the prophets lived and prophesied. 1 Ki. and 2 Ki. were compiled under their direction. They appeared in the following order: Ob., Joel, Jon., and is bringing to the front the anHo., M., Is., Na., Hab., Zeph., Je., tagonistic elements among us. Ezek., and Dan. It is not certain months we have recognized that the that in every case they wrote their conflict was inevitable, and we have own prophecies, nor that they were printed many articles on the general written during their lifetime. Is., Je., Ezek. and Dan., were the principal prophets.
1. A Covenant is made by God with Noah that He will not again drown the world, the rainbow is made the sign of the covenant.
2. The Tower of Babel is built, but God causes a confusion of tongues and the people are scattered. 3. Abraham is called out of Chaldean Idolatry. God makes a covenant with him, that he shall be the father of a great nation and that in 5. The Closing Period, 550-400 his seed all nations shall be blessed. B. C. During this period, when the 4. Lot, Abraham's nephew, chooses Jews were restored to their country, the plain of Sodom for his home. Hag., Zech., Mal., 1 Ch., 2 Ch., Ezra, Sodom and Gomorrah are destroyed Ne., Es., and probably Ecc., were by fire on account of wickedness, but written. Ezra and Nehemiah were Lot the principal writers.
5. Isaac is born to Abraham in his old age. Abraham's faith is tested by a command to offer Isaac as a sacrifice. He is stayed from the
subject of the Christian evidences without any reference to individual opinions, so as to prepare our readers for the outbreak of controversy. We reaffirm our conviction that the church will stand on the old historic basis, and that rationalism will be remanded to the rear. It will not be allowed to usurp the privileges
According to the command of Moses, the book of the law was put by the side of the of the church for the dissemination From these of its opinions. The church will not ark (Deut. 31: 26). *autographs, copies were made and be compromised by any alliance. circulated among the people (2 Ch. with it.-The Universalist. 17: 9).
After the return from Babylon the Levites read the "Word of the Lord" to the people, which shows that they then had a collection of sacred books.
or CAN any man woman choose duties? No more than they can choose their birth-place, or their The "Great father or mother.-Geo. Eliot.
Topics and Leaders for Y. P.
SUNDAY EVENINGS, AT 6:30.
Dec. 1st. Topic, Encouragement; Judges vii: 9-23. Leader, Mr. A. W. Scobey.
Dec. 8th. Topic, The Source of Peace; Ps. cxix: 119- 159; John xiv: 27. Leader, Miss Edith Pettee.
Dec. 15th. Topic, Strength out of Weakness; Gen. xxxii: 24-30; Cor.
Our Student's Register.
a series of special meetings soon, if
The union service of the Baptist, Congregational, Methodist and Presbyterian churches was held at the Presbyterian church this year. Dr.
xii: 10. Leader, Mr. Will P. Walter,/ of the hours for finding them and W. S. Studley, of the M. E. church,
Dec. 22nd. Topic, God's Battle; 2 Cor. xx: 14-25. Leader, Miss
preaching the sermon,
hence not meeting all upon whom
Olney Memorial Day.
of Diamonds." Mr. Conwell's church has a membership of 1,200 and he is at the head of a workingmen's college with 1,100 students.
GREAT reformations have been
Sunday, Dec. 8th, is appointed throughout Michigan for an offort through Baptist Sunday achieved in the past by the agency Schools to complete the memorial of single individuals or a few faithful endowment of an Olney Mathemat-heroes; but in our day the multiical professorship in Kalamazoo tudes must co-operate in accomplishCollege. We shall make it a special ing the divine purposes. Not one occasion for reviewing the memory of the great mathematician, the successful teacher, and the noble Christian worker, who built himself into the life of the University and of our
well-balanced voices render most ac- church. ceptable rervice,
The morning service and the SunOur Sunday School has just pur-day School hour will be devoted to chased 200 copies of a most admira- the purpose. President Angell and able book entitled "Our Sunday others will make addresses comSchool Songs." It is a careful selec- memorating Dr. Olney's work, and tion and adaptation of songs, every there will be further exercises of one of which possesses genuine mu- interest. sical merit. It is compiled by the editor of the Baptist Hymnal, Prof. E. H. Johnson, D. D., and it is hoped At a brief after-meeting following that it will not only prove to be a the baptismal service, Sunday, Nov. source of culture to our Sunday 24th, twelve persons arose to signify School but will render the young people more familiar with our church hymnal, many of whose best selections are found also in "Our Sunday School Songs."
their recent acceptance of Christ or
man of mighty talents, but many
one-talented are needed. Education
is being genarally diffused, modern civilization recognizes the rights and protects the interests of the men of one talent, and opens channels of usefulness for them. No one can excuse himself from christian work on the ground that his talents are few. The call of God comes to the many with slender acilities to go up and possess the land.
THINGS essential to the growth of the Church: 1st, Pure, consistent lives in its members; 2d, Consecration to the spiritual interests of the work; 3rd, Attendance on the social services; 4th, Burden of heart for the unsaved around us. Have you these essentials in your hearts and lives? If not you will be held responsible for lack of growth in the church.
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CHRISTIAN MACK, President.
W. W. WINES, Vice-President.
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