Изображения страниц
[blocks in formation]

evil around them, cannot devise
expedient to relieve him. They are
surrounded by cannibals, and poison-
tipped arrows thin their numbers.
"Meantime, I, in command of the
river column, am anxiously searching
up and down the river in four differ-

With what a glad thrill Christen dom read, for a verity, of Stanley's safety and his return out of the Dark Continent. He seems glad also that his labors for a time are over, for hent directions; through forests my says: "I feel like a laborer of a Sat men are seeking for them but not urday evening returning home with until the sixth day are we successful his week's work done, his week's in finding them. wages in his pocket, and glad that to-morrow is the Sabbath." Here are some of the experiences of which he writes to the New York Herald: "This has certainly been the most extraordinary expedition I have ever led into Africa. A veritable divin ity seems to have hedged us while we journeyed. I say it with all rev. erence. It has impelled us whither it would, effected its own will, but nevertheless guided and protected


duties as the strictest honor would compel. My faith that the purity of my motive deserved success was firm, but I have been conscious that the issues of every effort were in other hands.

"Not one officer who was with me

will forget the mis-ries he endured. Yet every one that started from his home destined to march with the advance column and share its wonderful adventures is here to day sound and well.

"This is not due to me. Lieut.

"Taking the same month and the same date in 1888, a year latter, on Aug. 17th, I listened horror-struck to the tale of the last surviving Stairs was pierced with a poisoned officer of the rear column at Banalya arrow like others, but others died and am told of nothing but death and he lives. The poisoned tip and disaster, disaster and death, came out from under his heart 18 death and disaster. I see nothing months after he was pierced. Jephbut horrible forms of men smitten son was four months a prisoner with with disease, bloated, disfigured and guards with loaded rifles around scarred, while the scene in the camp, him. That they did not murder infamous for the murder of poor him is not due to me. Barttelot barely four weeks before, is simply sickening.

"On the same day, 600 miles west of this camp, Jameson, worn out with fatigue, sickness and sorrow, breathes his last.

What can you make of this, for instance? On Aug. 17, 1887, all the officers of the rear column are united at Yambuya. They have my letter of instructions before them, but instead of preparing for the morrow's march, to follow our track, "On the next day, Aug. 18, 600 they decide to wait at Yambuya, miles east, Emin Pasha and my of which decision initiates the most aw-ficer Jephson, are suddenly surroundful season any commuuity of men ed by infuriated rebels, who menace ever endured in Africa or elsewhere. them with loaded rifles and instant The results are that three-quarters death, but fortunately they relent of their force die of slow poison. and only make them prisoners to be Their commander is murdered, and delivered to the Mahdists. the second officer dies soon after of sickness and grief. Another officer is wasted to a skeleton and obliged to return home. A fourth is sent to wander aimlessly up and down the Congo, and the surveyor is found in such a fearful pest-hole that we dare not describe its horrors.

"Having saved Bonney out of the jaws of death we arrive a second time at Albert Nyanza to find Ein Pasha and Jephson prisoners in daily expectation of their doom.

"Jephson's own letters will describe his anxiety. Not until both were in my camp and the Egyptian fugi"On the same date, 150 miles away, tives under our protection did I be the officer of the day leads 333 men gin to see that I was only carrying of the advanced column into the out a higher plan than mine. My bush, loses the path and all con- own designs were constantly frus sciousness of his whereabouts, and trated by unhappy circumstances, every step he takes only leads him I endeavored to steer my course as further astray. His people become lirect as possible, but there was an frantic, his white companions, vexed unaccountable influence at the helm. and irritated by the sense of the I gave as much goodwill to my

"These officers have had to wade through as many as seventeen streams and broad expanses of mud and swamp in a day. They have endured a sun that scorched whatever it touched. A multitude of impediments have ruffled their tempers and harrassed their hours. They have been maddened with the agonies of fierce fevers. They have lived for months in an atmosphere that medical authority declared to be deadley. They have faced dangers every day and their diet bas been all through what legal serfs would have declared to be infamous and abominable, and yet they live.

"This is not due to me any more than the courage with which they have borne all that was imposed upon them by their surroundings, or the cheery energy which they ful voices which rang in the ears of bestowed to their work, or the hopedeafening multitude of blacks and urged the poor souls on to their goal.


"The vulgar will call this luck, unbelievers will call it chance, but deep down in each heart remains the feeling that, of a verity, there are more things in heaven and earth han are dreamed of in common philosophy.


A little bit of Patience

Often makes the sunshine come; And a little bit of Love

Makes a very happy home;

A little bit of Hope

Makes a rainy day look gay;

A little bit of Charity

Makes glad a weary way.

Our Fireside.


It may be under palace roof,

Princely and wide;

No pomp foregone, no pleasure lost,
No wi-h denied;

But if beneath the diamond's flash
Sweet, kind eyes hide;

A pleasant place, a happy place,
Is our fireside.

It may be 'twixt four lowly walls,
No show, no pride;

Where sorrows oftimes enter in,
But ne'er abide.

Yet if she sitseside the hearth,
Help, comfort, guide,
A blessed place, a heavenly place,
Is our fireside.

Binding Off.

gives up her music on marrying, real. It does not make much differ-
when perhaps she has most need of ence whether you own the house, or
it, finds her facility soon unravelling have one little room in that house,
at a rapid rate. In intellectual ac- you can make that little room a
quisitions, we cannot, unfortunately, home to you. You can people it
take a few stitches at the end of our with such moods, you can turn to it
studies, and be sure that henceforth with such sweet fancies, that it will
they will be permanently ours. The be fairly luminous with their pres-
method of 'binding off,' so far as ence, and will be to you the very
the memory is concerned, is repeti perfection of a home. Against this
tion and review. A few minutes home none of you should ever trans-
each day may thus preserve to us gress. You should always treat
>ome possession of memory or facil- each other with courtesy. It is often
ity or power which is worth retain- not so difficult to love a person as it
ing. It is equally true with moral is to be courteous to him. Courtesy
effort. To bind off' is simply to is of greater value and a more royal
clinch the nail, to furnish a holdfast, grace than some people seem to
to drive home a conviction, to settle think. If you will but be courteous
a cause upon a solid foundation, to to each other, you will soon learn to
embody a principle in an institution love each other more wisely, pro-
where it may have permanent value. foundly, not to say lastingly, than
How many men are there who spend you ever did before."-Selected.
years in the acquisition of money,
and then, at their death, let their

on earth, is bound in heaven. Be
ure you engage in some work which

fortune ravel out, frittered away among a lot of quarrelling heirs, "The expression is a domestic one. when they might have 'bound off' It is connected with knitting needles and retained forever the moral and and crochet hooks, which are being beneficent value of that fortune by vigorously plied just now for the generously investing it in some noble Christmas season. When the young enterprise! Such a gift, when bound lady who has crocheted a beautiful afghan with which to surprise some of her male friends on that morning is worth doing, and that you seek has made one of its stripes of the requisite length, her work is not completed till she has ''bound it off." It is an application of the hook on the last row, which prevents it from ravelling out. Without it, a little tension on the end of the yarn would pull out the labor of weeks. The process is a suggestive one.

"It is worth while in life to bind things off, to take those stitches which shall secure to us permanently the fruit of previous labor. A good deal of our work is constantly unravelling for want of this process. It is so in intellectual culture. Hours and weeks may be spent in the acquisition of a language; but the habit of reading or speaking is not kept up, and in a comparatively short time it ravels out. The woman who

to preserve those results which are
worth preserving. Every man and
woman has this opportunity to lay
up treasures which shall not fade."-
The Christian Register.

"A GERMAN, whose sense of sound was exceedingly acute, was passing by a church a day or two after he had landed in this country, and the sound of music caused him to enter, though he had no knowledge of our

language. The music proved to be a piece of nasal psalmody, sung in the most discordant fashion, and the sensitive German would fain have covered his ears. As this was

scarcely civil, and might appear like insanity, his next impulse was to rush into the open air and leave the hated sound behind him. "But this I feared to do," said he, "lest offense might be given. I resolved to endure the torment with the best fortitude I could assume, when lo! I distinguished amid the din the It is Robert Browning who says: clear, soft voice of a woman singing

Courtesy At Home.

"Ah, the little more, and how much it is!
And the little less, and what worles away."

Perhaps a careful consideration of
the following would help us to the
"little more:"

in perfect tune. She made no effort to drown the voices of her companions, neither was she disturbed by their noisy discord, but patiently and sweetly she sang in full, rich tones;


"Probably nineteen-twentieths of after another yielded to the gentle influence, and before the tune the happiness you will ever have you was finished all was in perfect harwill get at home. The independence mony." It is in this way a quiet that comes to a man when his work and pure life brings other lives unis over, and he feels that he has run der its gentle sway. It uses no word out of the storm into the quiet barof protest against.prevailing discord, but sings on its own sweet songs of bor of home, where he can rest in obedience and faith and joy until peace with his family, is something others feela nd thrill with its power."


For Church Classes.



First Lesson.


visited Thessalonica while on his second
missionary tour. Many *proselytes ac-
cepted the gospel. This excited the envy
of the Jews and an angry mob drove him
from the city.

2. Occasion of the Epistle. Deeply conTHIRD SERIES.-SEVEN LESSONS cerned for the converts, Paul sent Timothy back to learn their state, and passing on to Athens and thence to Corinth, he there anxiously awaited his coming. Timothy came in a few months and reported persePaul then cutions heroically endured. wrote to them his first epistle. 3. Contents of the Epistle. The epistle consists of a glowing account of their history since receiving the gospel, earnest exhortation to sanctification and consolation from the second coming of Christ. DAILY READINGS, ACTS XV-XVII, I THESS.

1 Language of the Old Testament. The Old Testament was written in Hebrew except about three-fifths of Daniel and onethird of Ezra, which was written in Chaldee. Hebrew was the language of the Jews before the Babylonish captivity. After their return they used the Chaldee and this was the language of Palestine at the time of Christ. Chaldee is very similar to Hebrew, both belong to the semitic family of languages and they are very simple in their construction.

2. Language of the New Testament. The New Testament was written in Greek, except Matthew, which was first written in Hebrew. The Greek belongs to the Asyran family of which Latin and the languages of modern Europe are also members. It is the richest, the most precise and the most philosophical of human tongues.


3. The Original Manuscripts. original writings were upon papyrus. They were in large capital letters, without chapters, verses, punctuation or spaces between words. The Hebrew and Chaldee were also without vowels. These autograph copies have long since perished. The oldest *manuscripts that have reached us are upon *vellum.


Second Lesson.


Three manuscripts of the New Testa-
worthy of particular study.
ment on account of their great age are

that library in 1853. This was the first great uncial that was critically examined by scholars. It was published fac simile in 1786.


ter to the Thessalonions was written a few 1. Time and Place. Paul's second letmonths after the first while Paul, Silas and

Timothy were still at Corinth and like the

first it was sent in the name of them all.

2. Occasion. The vivid description of the glorious appearing of Christ to judge the world in the first eplstle made a deep impression and a rumor was started that another letter had been received declaring the advent was at hand.

3. Contents. The Thessalonians are praised for their firmness in persecution, assured of justice at the coming of Christ which however is not at hand. Idlers are charged to become industrious. III-DAILY READINGS, I THESS. V, II THESS. I-III, ACTS XVIII, I COR. I-II. MEMORY VERSES, I THESS. V: 12-18.

Third Lesson.


he had written in a different line and thus

be led to omit a number of words; or he might think faster than he wrote and thus make omissions.

1. The Vatican Manuscript. This was written in the first half of the fourth cen- 1. *Integrity of the Manuscripts. There tury, that is, within 250 years of the death was great demand for the New Testament of the last apostle, and hence is over 1,500 in the first centuries and copies were years old. It contains the New Testament rapidly multiplied and widely spread. Any complete as far as Heb. ix: 14, an origin- general mutilation or corruption of the ally included all of the Septuagint (see the text was impossible. Over 1,700 manunext lesson). The letters were carefully scripts of the New Testament, complete retraced in the eighth century, but the and incomplete, are known to scholars and The manu- they are in better condition than any original lines can still be seen. script was placed in the Vatican library at other ancient writings. Rome in the fifteenth century, but nothing 2. Minor Differences. Without a series is known of its previous history. It has of miracles mistakes in copying were sure 4. Copying the Scriptures. The Jews held their sacred books in awful reverence. authorities and not until quite recently has very great. been zealously guarded by the papal to rise. The total number of variations is Copying them was a religious work. The it been accessible to scholars. It was pub- ever, are of no importance; being variaThe majority of them, howcopyist was required to bathe his whole lished in #fac simile in 1868, under the tions in spelling or the use of different body before beginning and to put on a pre-auspices of the pope. scribed costume. Every letter was made words of like meaning. Comparison will separately and the slightest mistake would about the same age as the Vatican manu- reading. 2. The Sinaitic Manuscript. This is in nearly every case make clear the original cause the destruction of the whole copy. 3. Omissions. script. It contains all the New Testa5. The Masoretic Text. Sometimes the copyist ment manuscripts remained in their simple Barnabas and a part of The Old Testament complete, and also the epistle of in looking up would see the last word that Hermas, toconsonant form until about five hundred years after Christ, when learned Jews, gether with the greater part of the Septua called *Masoretes, introduced the vowels' gint. Prof. Tischendorf traveling under We have no Hebrew manuscripts except stopping at the monastery of St Catherine the patronage of the Czar of Russia, while copies of those that passed under their at Mount Sinai, in 1844, noticed some hands. The oldest now extant were made leaves of vellum' set aside for lighting a about a thousand years ago. fire. He detected at once their great an6. Cursive Manuscripts. Cursive handwriting, that is, the use of small letters tiquity and found upon examination that with only occasionally a capital, came These leaves he retained and soon after they contained a part of the Septuagint. gradually into use in the ninth century; published. The great manuscript of which Punctuation, accent and separation of words were introduced about the same professor in the same monastery in 1859. they formed a part was discovered by the time. Manuscripts written in capitals are At his request it was presented to his called uncials and those written in small patron, Alexander II, and is now in the 7. Chapters and Verses. The division imperial library at St. Petersberg. A fac of both the Old Testament and the New simile was published iu 1862. Testament into chapters was made by Cardinal Hugo Carensis, in 1250, for the sake of a concordance he was preparing The Old Testament was divided into verses by Rabbi Mordecai Nathan, in 1431. The verses in the New Testament were made by Robert Stephanus. a printer, in 1551, while riding on horseback from Lyons to Paris.

letters cursives,

[merged small][ocr errors]

4. Interpolations. Transcribers often wrote comments, pious ejaculations and liturgical formulas on the margin of the manuscript. These were sometimes inadvertently copied into the text by a subLord's prayer. Matt. vi: 13, is not found in sequent copyist. The doxology of the either of the great uncials. It is borrowed the temple, I Chron. xxix: 11, and probfrom Soloman's prayer at the dedication of ably crept into later mannscript in this way.


5. Attempted Corrections. transcribers attempted to correct the manuword or an obscure expression they would script they were copying. Meeting a rare conclude that some earlier copyist had made a mistake, and they would attempt to restore the original reading.

belongs to the first part of the fifth century.
3. The Alexandrian Manuscript. This
It is bound in four volumes the first three
containing the Septuagint and the fourth
the New Testament complete and the
epistle of Clement. It was presented to
Charles I in 1628 by Cyril Lucar, patri- cism is a great science.
6. Rules of Criticism. Textual criti-
The following
arch of Constantinople. Cyril brought are recognized as general rules, to each of
the manuscript from Alexandria when he which there are exceptions: (1) The older
was transferred from that *see to Constan- the manuscript the higher its authority.
tinople. Nothing is known of its previous (2) Of two forms the shorter is probably
history. It is now in the British Museum correct. (3) An unusual, obscure or un-
where it was placed at the formation of grammatical construction is more likely to

[blocks in formation]

2. The Church at Corinth. During his second missionary tour Paul spent eighteen months at Corinth working at his trade, and being rejected by the Jews preached Christ to the Gentiles.

3. The Epistle About four years later | the church was divided into factions, and some denied the apostolic authority of Paul. The sensualism of the city had crept into the church. This epistle was

written from Ephesus to correct these


3. The Vulgate. Greek was gradually dis placed in many provinces by Latin. Hence

Missing the Mark.

In olden times in England they

the need of a Latin version of the Bible.
The Vulgate is the name of the Latin
Bible. The "Old Latin" as it was called used to have a game of firing arrows
was made by unknown hands in North through a ring on the top of a pole.
Africa in the second century. It was re-
vised and carefully compared with the The man that failed to get all the
original H brew ant Greek by Jerome arrows through the ring was called
about 40) A D., at Bethlehem. Vulgate
means common.
Tue name denotes the a
Now I should like to
"authorized" version, that is, the one take up that illustration. Suppose
generally accepted. The Vulgate is of
great in erest because for many centuries our pole is up in the gallery and on
it was the only Bible in general use, be- the top of it the ring. I have ten
cause the Council of Trent (1546 A. D.) de-
is the basis of all translations made by the take up the first arrow and take aim.
clared it to be authoritative, and because it arrows and Mr. Sankey has ten.
Alas! I miss the mark. Therefore I
am a "sinner." "But," I say, "I
will do the best I can with the other

Church of Rome.




A single bitter word may disquiet nine, I have only missed with one." an entire family for a whole day. Like some men who try to keep all One surly glance casts a gloom over the commandments but one. I fire the household, while a smile, like a again and miss the mark a second gleam of sunshine, may light up the time. "Ah, but," I say, "I have got darkest and weariest hours. Like eight arrows," and away goes unexpected flowers that spring up another arrow-miss! I fire all the arrows and do not along our path, full of freshness, ten get one fragrance, and beauty, so the kind through the ring. Well, I was a 1. The Septuagint. Hebrew ceased to words, and gentle acts, and sweet "sinner" after the first miss and I be spoken the second century before dispositions make glad the home can only be a sinner after the tenth. Christ, and translations were necessary where Christ's peace and blessing Well, Mr. Sankey takes his ten ar

Fourth Lesson.



to the continued use of the Old Testa-
ment. The Septuagint was made in
Alexandria, Egypt, for the Jews who
spoke the Greek language. It was John Ruskin on Cross Bearing.
completed about 285 B. C. It takes its
name from seventy, the traditional number
of its translators. This version was held

in high esteem before the time of Christ. It drew the attention of the civilized world its wide circulation was the chief cause of the general expectation of the coming of

to the wonderful history of the Jews and

the Messiah. Of all translations this is

"Ha! "Don't boast,'

rows. He fires and gets his first arrow through. "Do you see that?" he says. "Well," I reply, "go on; "Taking up one's cross," means don't boast until you get them all simply that you are to go the road through." He takes the second arwhich you see to be the straight one, row and gets that through. carrying whatever you find is given do you see that?" to you to carry as well and stoutly I repeat, "until all ten are through;" most interesting to Christians (except their as you can, without making faces or if a man has not broken the law at own *vernacular), because it was the Bible calling people to come and look at all then he has got something to of Christ and His disciples and of the early Christians, and because many of the first you; above all you are neither to boast of! Away goes the third, and translations of the Old Testament made by load nor unload yourself, nor cut it goes through. Then another and 2. The Peshito. Although Greek was your cross to your own liking. Some another all right, and another until prevalent at the time of Christ among edu- people think it would be better for nine are through. "Now," he says, cated classes, the common people conthem to have it large, and many "one more and I am not a sinner." tinued to use their own tongue. Hence translations became necessary for the that they could carry it much faster He takes up the last arrow, and his spread of the gospel. The Peshito arose among the Syrian Christians. It was the if it were small, and even those who hand trembles a little; he just misses the first translation of the whole Bible and like it largest are usually very par the mark. And he is a “sinner" as was made soon after the death of the ticular about its being ornamental much as I am." My friend, have be given with certainty. It was in the and made of the best ebony. But you never missed the mark? Have dialect of Syria and Palestine, and was all that you have really to do is to you not come short? I should like called the Peshito (common), because it to see the man who never missed was the version generally accepted and in keep your back as straight as you the mark. He never lived. common use. This version is of great can and not think about what is interest because it is the dialect probably

Christians were from it.

apostles; but the translators' names cannot

spoken by Christ and His disciples, and be- upon it-above all, not to boast of
cause it was the first translation made

under Christian auspices and because the what is upon it. The real and es-
Old Testament portion came directly from sential meaning of "virtue" is in
the original Hebrew.
that straightness of back.


True merit is like a river-the

deeper it is the less noise it makes. -[D. M. Muloch.

Special Meetings and Religious Second St; Grace Stewart, 42 S.

[blocks in formation]

Three others have been received

for baptism and at least one candi-
date will be received by letter be-
fore the issue of this number.

Friday evening, Jan. 10th, at the Congregational church.

The meeting in each church will be conducted by the pastor of that church and will include a sermon or address by the pastor upon the sub

Mr. W. B. Elmer, Mrs. Irene ject suggested by the Evangelical Elmer and Miss Flora Elmer have Alliance or some equally fitting

Statement from the Treasurer.

The religious interest shown in the church throughout all the fall seemed to justify the holding of extra meetings, and accordingly with Monday, Dec. 9th, a nine days series of meetings was held by the pastor, aided by his brother, Rev. John C. been dismissed by letter to the theme. They Carman, pastor of the 1st church, church at East Saginaw. Zanesville, O. These meetings, held were faithful members. Mrs. E. R. in a quiet way, were largely attend- Chapin has been dismissed for the The fiscal year of the church closes ed and characterized by deep inter- purpose of uniting with the church April 1st. A portion of the insurest and the conversion of numbers at Durand, her new ance upon the building comes due of souls, the quickening of Christian member of the church could be more this last quarter. In November and hearts, and the awakening of inter- sadly missed. December quite a number of subest in many whom we hope to see scriptions were not fully paid. In Olney Memorial Day. soon making open confession of order, therefore, to close the year's Christ. Ten have already been re- Sunday, Dec. 8th, was observed as account without a deficiency there ceived for baptism, and it is expect- "Olney Day" with us, the preaching will be need of prompt payment of ed and confidently hoped that the and Sunday School services being every pledge, and probably a coninterest may continue throughout combined. Addresses by President siderable increase in the amounts the coming months. Angell and Prof. R. C. Davis were pledged.

home. No

On Sunday, Dec. 15, the pastor made in memory of Dr. Olney. preached at Zanesville in his broth- Both were admirable and have been THE REV. Henry Tablock has beer's church, in order that many who secured for permanent preservation gun his services as rector of the were unable to attend the week-day in printed form. About one hun- Protestant Episcopal church in Ann meetings might have the opportuni- dred dollars was contributed in ad- Arbor. He is a scholarly man who ty to hear his brother. Services dition to the church's previous sub- has until recently occupied promiwere held each evening and after- scriptions to the Olney Fund. The nent positions as a teacher. noon, Rev. J. C. Carman preaching name of Olney will henceforth have each evening and conducting a Bible vastly deeper meaning for those study service in the afternoon, thus present on that day or for readers allowing the pastor freedom for per- of these tributes who were not acsonal work amongst the inquiring

ones. The preacher's unusual gift quainted with him who bore the
of eloquent appeal, his familiarity name, as they realize how large a
with the beloved Bible, and his gift place he held in the history not only
of song, make him a strong evangel- of the Ann Arbor Baptist church
ist as well as a strong pastor. More and the Baptist work of Michigan,
and more of our pastors are coming

to seek the help of fellow-pastors of but in the educational policy of the
evangelistic gifts in special work, University and in the hearts of its
and God's blessing seems to accom- students.
pany the plan.

Our Church List,

THE week of prayer will be observed this year by evening union

Since the last report there have meetings held as follows: been the following additions.


Mable Midgley, 18 Traverse St; Stella Godkin, 60 Broadway; Rosa Campbell, N. Main St; Lena Baily, 38 Miller Ave; Fred Hanford, Saline Road; George W. Coats, 42 W. Huron St; Carrie Stewart, 42 S.

Monday evening, January 6th, at
the Presbyterian church.

Tuesday evening, Jan. 7th, at the
Baptist church.

Wednesday evening, Jan. 8, regu-
lar prayer meetings.

Thursday evening, Jan. 9th, at the
M. E. church.

Zion at Night.

Thou blessed mount so dark and still,
Though robed in night and hid from sight
Are laughing leaf and rill;

I love thee, I love thee.
With thought of thee is one the thought
Of lovliness and holiness.
The lessons Jesus taught;

I love thee, I love thee.
The glorious hight's ascending slope,
With temple crowned, is always found
A source of strength and hope;
I love thee, I love thee.
Beneath the nightly robes, entact,
Are thoughts that raise my heart to praise,
And move my hands to act.

I love thee, I love thee.

Four little names, one on each lid,
Carved out by a boyish hand;
And underneath there lieth hid
Histories of the happy band
Once playing here, and pausing oft
To hear the sweet refrain

That came and went on the roof aloft
In the falling summer rain.

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »