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It was Samuel Johnson who said, in the Rambler, "Where there is no hope there is no endeavor." He spoke, probably, from experience. His spirits had fallen below zero times enough to make him sure that energy froze readily at the temperature of hopelessness. Most men have verified his asssertion. Hope is the soul's most effective impulse; its best working force.
The poets have delighted to described Hope as a dainty maiden. As Collins saw her,
"Hope enchanted smiled And waved her golden hair." Milton described her as,
"White handed Hope,
A hovering angel girt with golden wings." In sober reality, Hope is a masculine virtue, strong of limb and some what stern of countenance. If Hope is to be likened to anything outside of man t is like nothing so much as an Alpine guide. His strong hands push men ip icy slopes; his patient plodding across snowy spaces both makes a oath and inspires one to pursue it. But, in fact, hope-forces are within, hot without. They rise in hearts that brood them, to uplift the souls that ive them birth. They are pulsations f the spirit, like the great breathings if the engine that holds a ship in the eeth of a storm and push her forward > conquer the opposing sea. If, on he authority of Scripture, Hope's ymbol is an anchor, it is not for the eason that hope holds men down to ne fixed place; but because hope, ke an anchor thrown out before and eyond, gives purchase for progress its own direction.
Hopelessness means drift and derioration. In "Paradise Lost" atan first exclaims, "Then farewell Tope" and immediately thereafter Evil be thou my good." The phipsophy of despair undermines the bundations on which alone the structre of righteousness can be built. essimism is the foe of progress, both the individual life and in the orld's wider concerns. The fruitful çes out of which have sprung the iftiest ideals and the most urgent rces of civilization have been the ges when the hearts of men beat gh and the faces of men were radit, as they faced the difficulties of eir time, determined to conquer. he world is indebted to the Puritans r an example of the hopeful temper. sur, stern, severe, we commonly conive them to have been. Superfilly it may be true; but spiritually ey were men of hope. John Milton
"Il Peneroso" he wrote "L'Allegro" that is conscious of its infallibility also. He has exactly reproduced knows no strictures; it is a law unto both the submissive and the aspiring itself. Its knowledge is administered attitude of the Puritan mind, in the on the principle of the proprietary sonnet written after his blindness: medicines, good for coughs, colds, fevers, inflammations, burns, bruises, scalds, scratches, and poisons. If men do not learn, it is not its fault; it is because they follow Webster, and recognize the legality of the Constitution.-Christian Union.
"I argue not
Against heaven's hand or will, nor bate
To hope, then, is a duty. To despair is a sin. When we can do nothing else we can hope. If we do his we shall soon be able to do more. "Hope thou in God" said the Psalmist, and in the next breath he was able to say with confidence "I shall yet praise Him." Such hopefulness was already praise. Despair dishonors God who never despairs. He is the God of hope. His children should be like their Father in this as in every respect.-Christian Inquirer.
The Army of Invincibles.
The poorest gifts, the smallest offerings, are acceptable, if they really are our best. A child offered a teacher a handful of weeds and grasses, wilted and soiledat that, and, said "Here is a bouquet for you." The refined teacher saw the love in the child's eye and accepted the gift with real gladness and gratitude. So it is that Christ accepts our homeliest, poorest gifts or services, if he sees love in our hearts.
The man who had such respect for There is a beautiful story of a poor his personality that he always re- Arab traveling in a desert, who came moved his hat when he referred to to a spring of pure water and filled himself, finds his followers, if never his leather bottle to carry to the his peers. There are people in this caliph. A long way he had to go beworld who have such a regard for fore he could present it to his sovtheir own opinions, their own conclus- ereign. The caliph received the gift ions, that to disagree with them is to with pleasure, and pouring some of give evidence of ignorance, or even the water into a cup drank it, thankidiocy. Usually such people do not ing the Arab and rewarding him. The put their criticisms into words; they courtiers around pressed forward, project them through manner. There eager to taste of the wonderful water, is never a question of their own men- but the caliph strangely forbade them tal infallibility. Was not the sublim- to touch a single drop. When the ity of belief in one's opinion reached poor Arab had departed with a joyful by a recent New York State legislator, heart the caliph told his courtiers who, when he was told that a certain why he had forbidden them to taste motion which he had made was un- the water. In the long journey it constitutional, replied, "Then the had become impure and distasteful Constitution is wrong and should be in the leather bottle. But it was an changed"? He has his peer. A mem- offering of love, and as such the ber of a Board of Education of one of caliph had received it with pleasure. our largest cities was present in one But he knew that if any other should of the reading-classes in a school un- taste it he would have shown his disder his care. He listened to the read- gust, and thus the poor man's heart ing for a time, and then questioned a would have been wounded. boy as to his pronunciation of the word "massacre." The teacher said at once that she was responsible for the pronunciation, and that her authority was Webster. The learned school official asked for a dictionary. He looked up the word, removed his glasses, and calmly remarked there was perhaps a tone of severity in his voice-"I shouldn't have supposed that Webster would make such a mistake." The reading lesson went on while the official sat in severe judg. ment on the pronunciation indorsed by Webster.
The infallibility of the Pope may
This beautifully illustrates the spirit with which Christ receives the gifts and services of those who love him. The gift may be worthless and the services may avail nothing, but for the love that prompts them he accepts them with real gladness and richly rewards them.-Selected.
Knute Nelson, the governor of Minnesota,is a native Norwegian but a thorough American in his ideas. He was a lad when he came to this country. His nativity gave him great strength among the Scandinavian population of Minnesota.
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The Value of Thought.
The editor of the American Cultiator sensibly says: "It is more than n open question whether the rush nd breathless greed of acquirement a modern life is altogether conducive wisdom; whether those who dwell little afar from the busy centers of f social activities, and have the adantage of perspective, do not gain
more actual value from the t is a question whether a day passed eginning with being present at a ublic reading at eleven; a ladies' unch at one; a half-dozen teas and eceptions or club meetings before inner; dining out or entertaining uests at home, and assisting in the vening at play or party, concert or ecture-it is a question whether such round as this, busy and brilliant as is is altogether conducive to the ruer growth of life, to the higher piritualization of thought.
"For it is thinking that is the real up 1 of life. No study, no reading, acro nversation, no hearing of lecture patinsic, no attendance on a drama, But, such use until the mind has asnot witd it and kindled its own fire brood te material. To cram in data, ive the valuable in itself, and make f the spi it, is as idle as to buy rich thare material for gowns and never ave it made up. Life is lived truly nly when it holds room for thought. little data to a great deal of thought ad reflection, is far more potent than he increase of material and the deease of reflection. Wisdom is the esult of thought processes, and it is isdom, not knowledge, that is of peranent value in shaping life."
The Miller's Plea,
When Frederick built his famous lace of Sans Souci, there happened be a mill which greatly hampered m in the execution of his plans, and asked the miller for how much he ould sell it. The miller replied that r a long series of years his family ad owned the mill, which had passed om father to son, and that he would ot sell it for any price. The king ed every solicitation, offered to ild him a mill in a better place, and y him besides any sum he might mand; but the obstinate miller still rsisted in his determination to prerve the inheritance of his ancestors. Irritated at last by his conduct, the ng sent for him, and said, in an gry tone: "Why do you refuse to il your mill, notwithstanding all the vantages I have offered you?" The miller repeated his reasons.
"Do you know," continued the king, "that I could take it without giving you a penny?"
"Yes," rejoined the miller, calmly; "if it were not for the chamber of justice at Berlin."
The king was so flattered by this answer, which showed that he was incapable of an act of injustice, that he dismissed the miller without further entreaty, and changed the plan of his garden.-Wide Awake.
One Object in Going to Church.
We go to church, then, first of all, because, so going, we leave outside its doors our cares and perplexities and burdens. There is something beautiful, if there is also something distasteful, in the Roman Catholic symbol of the holy water in the church porch; in that which it symbolizes, if not in the symbol itself; in the idea that we enter the church with a bath that takes away the grime and soot of the common toil; the idea that we enter with a new consecration and in a new spirit, and, leaving the world outside, into a new and divine fellowship. This was at the heart of the Puritan term "meeting-house," and of the Puritan custom of coming with a cordial greeting to one's friends and neighbors. Here in the meetinghouse we meet our fellow-men and fellow-women on a higher than the business or the social plane. Every man is at least two men, and most of us are half a dozen. We not merely wear different clothes and different faces, but we carry in ourselves different hear-experiences. The same man is a business man and a father; here his life is industry, there it is affection. In the church it is reverence and faith and hope and love. The same man is one man on the exchange and another man in the family or at the club. In business we meet for the interchange of our business thought; in society for the interchange of our social life; in our homes. for the interchange of our higher domestic affections; but in the meetinghouse we interchange our spiritual life, we know one another as all seeking for righteousness and goodness and truth and God. In the stress of business it seems to us as if everyone was selfish and grasping, and as if we must be selfish and grasping in selfdefense. But on Sunday morning the jangle of the factory bell is exchanged for the sweet chime of the church bells, and we come into church, and lo! the man we brushed against in the exchange, the man that we encountered in the competitions of trade,
is in the adjoining pew, joining in the same forms, singing the same hymns, uniting in the same prayer, turning a face heavenward toward the same God; and one says to himself, I am not alone; this man' that I thought cared for none of these things has the same spirit in him that I have, wrestles with the same temptations, looks towards the same God, really has at the heart of him the same divine purpose and ambition. Men who never go to church are natural pessimists; men who go to church, and breathe its atmosphere of reverence, of fellowship, of love, go out from church with a better thought of their fellowmen and a better expectation for themselves and for their fellow.-Lyman Abbott.
Of the 600 railroad companies in the United States, 350 of them forbid the employes to drink whisky or other intoxicants.
The Voice estimates the Prohibition party vote at 350,000, an increase of 100,000 over four years ago. Gains are reported in many states.
Is the South to lead the North in temperance reform? The New Orleans Picayune predicts that in five years, more than half thecounties of the South will have suppressed the liquor traffic.
The Kansas Prohibition amendment is in peril. The call for a constitutional convention to repeal the amendment was successful at the polls and a determined effort is being made to secure the repeal.
Hon. E. B. Fairchild, United States consul to France, has sent an American flag to Lady Henry Somerset in token of his admiration for her and her christian work. This flag is to be placed beside the Union Jack in the rooms of the World's W. C T. U., at 47 Victoria street, Westminster, London, S. W.
Intemperance in France. La Reforme Sociale testifies that in Marseilles since 1875 the consumption of spirituous drinks has increased from 400,000 to 1,320,000 gallons, for a population of 403,749. The number of places where liquor is sold has increased from 2,400 to 4,309 or one for each 93 of the population. An increase in the octroi tax was adopted in 1889, but instead of diminishing the consumption it only increased the revenue.
It will be seen from this that there, as in our American cities, increasing the taxes does not diminish consumption.
Talk of Temperance.
CHICAGO, June 5.-"They tell me that at the great Columbian Exposition there are gorgeous columns composed of whisky bottles and arches of triumph made with beer barrels. Why do they show the springtime without the autumn? Why not also show the Cook county jails, hospitals and asylums, where can be seen vice most hideous and suffering most terrible that have come from the use of liquor." Archbishop Ireland of St. Paul made this reference to the World's Fair at the opening of the World's Temperance Congress, and the three or four hundred people present in the Hall of Columbus at the Art Institute applauded heartily. The attendance was a deep disappointment to Perennial President Bonney and the general committee of the Congress, but the Archbishop passed it over with the consolatory remark: "It is true the thousands around us seem to look with little interest upon our deliberations, but we need not be cast down. We know in our hearts that we are doing right. We are seeking to benefit our fellow man in the most practical manner possible."
Ten o'clock was the hour set for the preliminary session of the congress, but it was nearly an hour later when the patriarchal beard of Mr. Bonney was seen advancing toward the platform at the head of a procession of more or less distinguished apostles of the temperance cause.
Accompanying the President of the Congress Auxiliary was His Grace of St. Paul, always welcome upon Chicago platforms. Behind them came Bishop Samuel Fallows and the Rev. Dr. Herrick Johnson of Chicago, the Rev. Dr. Theodore L. Cuyler of Brooklyn, the Rev. Dr. Albert G. Lawson of New Jersey, the Rev. Dr. A. J. Kynnett of Pennsylvania, W. H. Armstrong of Pennsylvania, W. H. Roberts of Massachusetts, A. M. Powell, J. N. Stearns, D. H. Mann, M. D., A, A. Robbins, and the Rev. C. H. Mead of New York, and ex-Governor D. H. Goodell of New Hampshire, together with the following foreign delegates, all Britisher sit will be noticed: The Rev. James Clark and Amos Scholfield of the United Kingdom Alliance, Great Britain, Robert Mackay of the Scottish Permissive Bill Association; Joseph Bentley of the National Coffee Tavern Association of Great Britain; W. G. Prince of the Edinburgh Band of Hope Union, and T. E. Hallsworth of the Lancaster and Cheshire Band of Hope Union.
Seated in the audience were Susan
B. Anthony, Mrs. Mary A. Livermore, guarded on the statute books an Mrs. T. B. Walker of Minneapolis, the liquor men, allied in serried Mrs. Anna Rice Powell, General Louis by their self-interests, are ab Wagner of Pennsylvania, C. A. Everett laugh those laws to scorn and t of New Brunswick, F. M. Bradly of to others: 'You keep the laws that Washington, B. F. Dennison of Penn- cern you. We are above law.' sylvania and others well known among not a shame that in this cou temperance workers. which professes the greatest li in the world, every candidate for lic office has to go and worship a shrine of vile whisky and wine? a shame and yet it is an indispu fact." Concluding, Archbishop land said he hoped great good w follow the congress in the dire of uniting the efforts of various or izations to reduce the extent of drink evil.
After an invocation by Bishop Fallows, President Bonney gave another exhibition of his versatility by an address in which he not only welcomed the Congress in the name of the auxiliary, but also traversed the whole field of temperance work. In periods that flowed on and on like the brook the poet sings of, he traced the history and described the aims of the temperance movement, and finally wound up by felicitating himself that all kinds of temperance folk were represented at the meeting, slim though it was. He announced that the societies participating in the Congress were National Temperance Society, the Independent Order of Good Templars, the Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the Non-Partisan Woman's Christian Temperance Union, the Royal Templars of Temperance, and the Catholic Temperance Societies.
Archbishop Ireland was then called upon for the address of the meeting and spoke for forty minutes in his usual happy vein, at times awakening the audience to something like enthusiasm. "You are engaged," he said, "in the noblest warfare possible in the service of humanity-a warfare of peace. You possess true moral heroism and are heroes. In the name of Christian charity, of religion and of humanity, I call upon you to continue your warfare."
Sketching the evils of intemperance, the Archbishop said: "We have seen even the cedars of Lebanon laid low in the valleys of sin and misery by accursed drink, and it is our duty to fight the great evil by our own personal example. Alas for the country, was for the society, in which each man says: 'I have only to care for myself.'
"Instead of fighting the common eneny I am afraid we have sometimes been fighting among ourselves," continued his Grace. "There is the enemy before us, menancing our homes, our families, or our religion. Go at the enemy! One man may use a Krupp gun and another a broomstick, but never mind, so long as each one does what he can against the common foe.
The Archbishop paid his respects to the liquor interests in strong terms. "It is a shame and disgrace," he said, "that laws are made and strictly
Wordsworth in His Own Hon
That Wordsworth entertaine
high idea of womanhood in the stract is undoubted, and is eviden true that he could ill support con most of his poetry, but it is equ diction or interference from the la of his own family, from whom, by way, he was likely to meet with little of either. He was lord p mount in his home-the central fig of a group of devoted and faith admirers, who could see no flaw anything he said or did. His si and sister-in-law resided constan with them, joining wife and daugi in one invariable chant of praise his great gifts and veneration for
Under such circumstances y
would wonder at the growing we is said to have beset in his latter d ness for universal approbation wh the grand old Lake poet?-Corn Magazine.
How Chinese Hatch Fish.
The Chinese have a method of hat ing the spawn of fish and thus tecting it from those accidents wh generally destroy a large portion o The fishermen collect with care fr the margin and surface of water those gelatinous masses which cont the spawn of fish, and after they ly found a sufficient quantity they with it the shell of a fresh hen's which they have previously empt stop up the hole and put it unde sitting fowl. At the expiration o certain number of days they br the shell in water warmed by the s The young fry are presently hatch and are kept in pure, fresh water they are large enough to be thro into the pond with the old fish. T sale of spawn for this purpose for an important branch of trade in Chi Gardener's Magazine.