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Christmas in Many Lands.

How Different Nations Observe the

Happy Time,


also the custom of singing Christ- Woden and Frica were worshiped, mas carols in Episcopal churches. but modified by Christianity till In the feudal times, when the old they are now emblematic of the charitable feelings of the day of Christmas customs and traditions! | baronial halls gloried in vast firegladness. What pleasant associations cluster places, the bringing in of the Yule In sunny Italy the most visible 'round the words! What memories log, an entire trunk of a tree which characteristic is the excessive love of bygone pleasures, mellowed by was burned whole, was a great and devotion for the Virgin, which time and delightful to look back event and attended by peculiar shows itself in many quaint ways. The whole scope of the teaching of upon in after years, they bring to ceremonies and great rejoicing the Catholic church tends to make the recollection! In every land Then feasting followed; the mighty the people realize the birth of Christ where the king of festivals is ob- wassail bowl was introduced, and as an actual yearly occurrence. served, the records of the past, the solid pleasures of the table fol- This has led to the manifestation of away back to the time when the lowed and were kept up with a zest the pifferari, the bagpipe players, mists of paganism first gave way to and ability to put away vast quanti-who are all from the mountains of Calabria. The pifferari divide the dawning light of Christianity, ties of provisions that would aston- themselves into three bands, which teem with Christmas myth and ish most of the present generation. march down the streets, stopping at legend. The central dish was the boar's every shrine and pouring out wild In some of these can be traced head, flanked by other spoils of the music characterized rather by loudthe remnants of pagan observance, chase. At the present day the ness than melody. This is one of the sights of Rome at Christmas which became blended with the crowning ideas of Christmas pleas- time. It is the mission of the piffcustoms of the Christian age at aures in England, as, indeed, every-erari to go through the city and time when paganism was succeeded where else throughout Christen- pray before all the shrines to the by the nebulous gloom that foretold dom, are still the grosser joys of Virgin to cheer her spirits while the dawn of the new dispensation, eating and drinking. The "roast undergoing the anguish of accouchand which, in some form or other, beef and plum pudding" of Old In Germany Christmas is observhave survived until the present day. England has a Yuletide smack about ed with peculiar heartiness. There The traditions and legends connect- it, and solid plenty is the character- Santa Claus has an abiding home, ed with Christmas have an interest istics of Christmas cheer at English and the Christmas tree, with its First comes the savory cheerful light, is found in every peculiarly their own, and it is worth tables. house where money can be raised to noting that the spirit of charity roast goose, which is the recognized procure it. Like the people of and good will, which is the leading Christmas dish among all classes, England, the Germans place eating characteristic of the happy time, peers and commoners alike, and and drinking among the foremost of pervades them all. Some of the then the plum pudding, which caus- pleasures at Chrismas tide. most interesting of these customs es young hearts to rejoice and bring we will endeavor to briefly describe. in a vista of future stomach-ache In England the custom of staying and physic to the small boys. up till midnight to hear the Christ- Throughout the land charity exmas "waits," is still observed, al- pands her wings, and in all the large though many good people if asked cities a general movement is heartthe question would find it difficult ily made to let the poor have at least to give a reason for doing so. The one good dinner. tradition that Christ was born at In America the custom of hangmidnight originated the custom. ing up the stocking is as heartily observed as ever, and little boys and In the Spanish-American cities of At one time bands of singers used girls in town and country for weeks Central America solemn observances to go about from house to house before Christmas speculate on what take place in the churches on Christsinging Christmas carols. These Santa Claus will bring them. The mas eve. Among the customs is were the "waits," and by degrees North German custom of the Christ- the exhibition of miniature figures the quaintly beautiful carols which mas tree has been largely revived of of wax illustrating the nativity, and has become a regular observance representation is called nacimiento, years, and in many households colored according to nature. This every year. Both the Christmas and every family of consequence tree and the Santa Claus custom are prepares one, which is set in the best the relics of the days when Thor, room.-The Center.

they sang degenerated into mere doggerel, and the custom for a time fell into disuse. Latterly, however, it has been revived somewhat, as


The Russian observances atChrist

mas are peculiar in one important respect. They lag behind the other Christian nations. Their Christmas eve falls on our 5th of January, as the Russians never surrendered the The Christmas Julian calendar.

festivities are marked with quaint games in which parts are assigned for youths and maidens, and a strict code of etiquette is observed through them all.

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The Old and New Year.


Low and solemn was his voice:

As the midnight hour drew nigh," Thou shalt know when the book the Old Year stood before me. of the universe is opened." Weary and wayworn he seemed, The midnight clock tolled, and I and in his hands was an hour glass, covered my face and mourned for whence the last sands were falling. his death, for he had once been my As I looked upon his wrinkled friend. I remembered with pain forehead memories both pleasant how often I had slighted his warnand mournful came over Iings, neglected the golden opportunities of growth he had given spoke earnestly to him: thou me, and cast away the precious Many blessings hast brought me, for which I gave thee hours he had been so generous thanks. New have they been with, and I buried my face and When I again lifted my every morning, and fresh every wept. evening. Thou hast indeed from head, lo! the New Year stood in my heart's garden uprooted some the place of the Old. hopes I planted there. With their Smiling, he greeted me with clustering buds they fell, and were good wishes and words of cheer. never quickened again." But I was afraid; for to me he was a stranger; and when I would have returned his welcome my lips trembled and were silent.

"Praise God for what I gave and what I took away," he said, "and lay up treasures in heaven, that thy heart may be there also. What thou callest blighted hopes are ofttimes changed into the fruits of righteousness."

Then he said: "Fear not. I come from the great source of all good, whence come all good gifts.


The Child and the Year.

Said the Child to the youthful Year: "What hast thou in store for me,

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giver of beautiful gifts, what cheer,
What joy dost thou bring with thee?”
"My seasons four shall bring
Their treasures, the winter's snows,

The autumn's store and the flowers of
And the summer's perfect rose.
"All these and more shall be thine,

Dear Child-but the last and best
Thyself must earn by a strife divine,
If thou wouldst be truly blest.
"Wouldst know this last, best gift?

"Tis a conscience clear and bright,
A peace of mind which the soul can lift
To an infinite delight.

"Truth, patience, courage and love
If thou unto me canst bring,
will set thee all earth's ills above,


O Child, and crown thee a king!"
-Celia Thaxter in St. Nicholas.

The diary of an old maid is the record of a Miss spent life.-New Orleans Picayune.


The great lawyer Pettigrew, of Trembling, I asked: "New South Carolina, one day entered the But I answered: "Thou hast Year, whither wilt thou lead me? court-room wearing a black coat also hidden from my sight the Art thou appointed to bring me and yellow nankeen trousers. loved and the loving. Clods are joy or sorrow, life or death?" judge, who was a stickler for etistrewn upon their faces; they reply Looking with glowing eyes into quette, sternly asked him whether to my call no more. To the homes the untrodden future, he replied: he did not know that the rules of they made fair they return not, "I know not. Neither doth the the court required its counselors to and the places that once knew angel nearest the throne know; only He who sitteth thereon. appear in "black coat and tronthem know them no more forever." Give me your hand and question Still he said: "Give praise to not. Enough for thee, that I ac- "Well, your honor," said PettiGod. Your lost are with Him. complish His will. I promise thee grew, innocently, "I submit that I They have preceded you. None nothing. Follow me and be con- am within the rule, for I have on a can drift beyond his love and care." tent. Take, with a prayer for wis-black coat and trousers." Then his voice grew faint, and he dom, this winged moment. The

next may not be mine to give, yet


"Black coat

"But they're not black trousers," murmured, “My mission unto man if we walk onward together, forget insisted the judge. is done. For me the stone is not that thou art a pilgrim for eter- and trousers means that both shall rolled away from the door of the nity. If I bring thee a cup of joy be black." sepulchre. I will enter in and be thankful, and be pitiful to those slumber with all the years of the past forever."

And he straightened himself out to die. As I knelt by his side I said, "Oh, dying year, dear, dying year, I see a scroll beneath thy

mantle. What witness shall it bear of me when Time for me is done?"

who mourn; and let all men be
unto thee as brethren. If the dregs
of bitterness cleave unto thy lips be
not too eager to receive relief, lest
thou betray the weakness of thy
faith. God's perfect discipline
giveth wisdom. Therefore count
those happy who endure.

Like wind flies Time 'tween birth and death;
Therefore, as long as thou hast breath
Of care for two days hold thou free
The day that was and is to be.

-Omar Khayyam.

"Then," said Pettigrew, "I call your honor's attention to the fact that the sheriff of this court is in contempt of its rules, for they require him to attend upon its sessions in a cocked hat and sword, and while his hat seems to be cocked, his sword certainly is not."

The judge did not pursue the argument further.

"The Church and the World." | "Your children mean no harm,

The church and the world walked far apart
On the changing shore of Time;
The world was singing a giddy song,
And the church a hymn sublime.
"Come, give me your hand," said the
merry world,

And walk with me this way;

But the good church hid her snowy hand,
And solemnly answered, "Nay,

I will not give you my hand at all,
And I will not walk with you;
Your way is the way of endless death,
And your words are all untrue."
"Nay, walk with me but a little space,"
Said the world, with a kindly air,
"The road I walk is a pleasant one,
And the sun shines always there;
Your path is a rough and thorny road
While mine is flowery and smooth;
Your lot is sad with reproach and toil,
But in circles of joy I move;
My path, you see, is a broad one,
And my gate is open wide;

There is room enough for you and for me
To travel side by side."

Half shyly the church approached the

And gave him her hand of snow,

And the old world grasped it and walked

Saying, in accents low,
"Your dress is too simple to suit my taste;
I have gold and pearls to wear,
Rich velvets and silks for your graceful

And diamonds to deck your hair."
The church looked down at her plain
white robes,

And then at the dazzling world,
And blushed as she saw his handsome lip
With a smile contemptuous curled.
"I will change my dress to a costlier one,"

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Merely indulging in innocent sports;
So she leaned on his proffered arm,
And smiled, and chatted, and gathered

As she walked along with the world,
While millions and millions of precious


To the horrible gulf were hurled.


Your preachers are all too old and plain," Said the gay world, with a sneer, "They frighten my children with dreadful tales

Which I do not like them to hear;
They talk of judgment, fire and pain,
And the horrors of endless night;
They talk of a place that should not be
Mentioned to ears polite.

I'll send you some of a better stamp,
Brilliant and gay and fast,

Who will show you how people may live as they list,

And go to heaven at last.

The Father is merciful, great and good, Loving and tender and kind;

Do you think he would take one child to heaven,

And leave the rest behind?

Go train your preachers up to the times;
Adopt the stylish way;

Entertainment is what they ask of you,
And nothing else will pay."

So she called for pleasing and gay divines,
Gifted and great and learned,

And the plain old men that preached the


Were out of the pulpit turned. Then Mammon came in, and supported the church,

Renting a prominent pew,

And preaching and singing and floral display

Proclaimed a period new.

And only the Master who knoweth all
Could tell the two apart.

Then the church sat down at her ease, and said,

"I am rich, and in goods increased; I have need of nothing, and naught to do But to laugh and dance and feast." And the sly world heard, and laughed in his sleeve,

And mockingly said aside,

The church has fallen - the beautiful church

And her shame is her boast and pride.
When her witnessing power, alas, was lost,
And the perilous time came in,

The time of the end so often foretold,
Of form and pleasure and sin,
Then the angel drew near the mercy seat,
And whispered in sighs ber name,
And the saints their anthems of rapture

And covered their heads with shame;
And a voice came down through the hush
of heaven,

From Him who sat on the throne,

"I know thy works, and what thou hast said,

And how thou hast not known
That thou art poor, and naked, and blind
With pride "-and ruin enthralled
The expectant bride of a heavenly groom,
Now the harlot of the world-
"Thou hast ceased to watch for that
blessed hope,

And has fallen from zeal and grace.
So now, alas, I must cast thee out,
And blot thy name from its place.


When any calamity has been suffered, the first thing to be remem

"You give too much to the poor," said bered is how much has been escaped.

the world,

more than you ought to do, Though the poor need shelter and food and clothes,

Said the church, with a smile of grace,
And her pure white garments drifted away."Far
And the world gave in their place
Beautiful satins and fashionable silks
And roses and gems and pearls,
And over her forehead her bright hair fell
Crimped in a thousand curls,
"Your house is too plain," said the proud

old world,

I'll build you one like mine,

Why need it trouble you?
And afar to the heathen in foreign lands
Your thoughts need never roam;
The Father of mercies will care for them,
Let charity begin at home.
Go take your money, and buy rich robes,

With kitchen for feasting, and parlor for And horses and carriages fine,

And furniture all so fine."

And pearls and jewels and dainty food. And the rarest and costliest wine;

So he built her a costly and beautiful My children they dote on all such things, home,

Splendid it was to behold;

Her sons and her daughters met frequently there,

Shining in purple and gold ;

And fair and festival frolics untold
Were held in the place of prayer;
And maidens bewitching as sirens of old,
With worldly graces rare,
Invented the very cunningest tricks,
Untrammeled by gospel or laws,

To beguile and amuse and win from the world

Some help for the righteous cause.
The angel of mercy flew over the church,
And whispered, "I know thy sin;"
And the church looked back with a sigh,
And longed to gather them in.

But some were off at the midnight ball,
And some were off at the play,

And some were drinking in gay saloons, As she quietly went her way.

Then the sly world gallantly said to her,

And if you their love would win,
You must do as they do, and walk in the

That they are walking in."
Then the church held tightly the strings

of her purse,

And gracefully lowered her head,
And simpered, "I have given too much


I'll do as you have said,"

If you live in the full sunshine of Christ, and have Him not merely playing upon the surface of your mind, but sunk deep down in it, transforming your whole being, then some men will, as they look at you, be filled with strange longings, and will say, "Come, let us walk in the light of the Lord.". Dr. A. Maclaren.

It is so easy to persuade ourselves that any selfish principle which we wish to believe is true; or that any depraved appetite or passion which

So the poor man turned from her door in we wish to indulge is right; while


And she heard not the orphan's cry,
And she drew her beautiful robes aside
As the widow went weeping by.
Her mission treasuries beggarly plead,
And Jesus' commands are in vain,
While half of the millions for whom he

Had never heard his name.

the things that are seen and temporal have such a controlling force upon the desires and affections, that almost before we are aware of it, we are listening attentively and obediently to the counsels and per

And they of the church and they of the suasions of deceit from within or

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Thomas A. Edison.


Many years ago in the little country town of Milan, Ohio, was born Thomas A. Edison, the man of whom America is now so proud.

His father was poor, as the parents of most famous men have been. His mother, who had been a teacher, did all she could to give her child a good education, for there were no schools near.

He worked hard and saved money one he made friends with a man to send to his mother. Whenever who had traveled all over the world, he had spare time he continued to and who told him earnestly that the study and experiment. He set up United States was the best place a paper called the Grand Trunk for any young man to rise to fame Herald, which was full of railroad and fortune, and begged him to news and made a great success. He stay in his own country. This Edipublished it in a baggage car, where son was wise enough to do. he made his experiments in chemistry also. One day a bottle of phosphorus upset, the car took fire, and the enraged conductor, after putting it out, thrashed the enter prising editor. Poor Edison, he had many discouragements, but he never said die!

Thomas must have been one of those bright boys who are a constant source of worry to their family, for he was always trying un- Nothing was too hard for him to heard-of and often dangerous ex- attempt. He wanted to learn telegperiments. While still in dresses, raphy, but he could not afford to he disappeared one day and was pay for the lessons. One day he found, after a long search, sitting saw a little girl playing on the track on a goose's nest trying to hatch at the Mt. Clemens station just as out the eggs! He had some food the train came rushing up. With close at hand, and was prepared to out a moment's thought of his own stay patiently for hours, and his danger, he sprang before the engine disappointment was great when his mother insisted upon his going

home to bed.

After having positions in many other cities he finally made his way to New York, but here he was without friends or money, and he tried in vain to find work. One day he was in the office of the Gold Reporting Telegraph Company when their instrument happened to be out of order, and no one, not even the inventor himself, could make it work.

Edison offered to mend it. They laughed at him, but let him try, arguing that it was useless at present, so he certainly could not hurt it. He succeeded, and they immediately offered him a good position.

He was then twenty-three, and from that time he has been uniformly successful, although he has never ceased to work as hard as if his fame and fortune depended upon each eral millions now, has factories all

new invention. He is worth sev

and seized the child just in time to save it. The little runaway's father was a telegraph operator, and in However, she was very indulgent, gratitude to Edison he offered to and let her wonderful son almost teach him the mysteries of tele- over America and Europe, and a turn the house upside down with graphing. With such a bright, beautiful home at Llewellyn Park, his experiments in chemistry and hard-working pupil it was an easy Orange, New Jersey. Here he has electricity. When not experiment- task, and at the end of five months ing, he would read such solid books Edison had a position. as "Gibbon's Decline and Fall of In the course of a few years he the Roman Empire," and "Hume's was getting along finely, but while History of England." He never experimenting one night in a tele

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graph office, he spilt a quantity of
suphuric acid which ran through
the floor and ruined the handsome
rooms beneath. His employer did
not thrash him as the conductor
had done, but he discharged him,
which was worse.

Edison began to make inventions
now, but they brought him no mon-
ey and little praise, and at last he
resolved in despair to go to South

a laboratory fitted up with all that any inventor's heart could wish, which cost one hundred and eighty thousand dollars.

He has been the inventor or perfector of the carbon telephone, the tasimeter, which measures the heat aerophone, by which the sound of even of the far-away stars: The the voice is magnified two hundred and fifty times; the electric pen for multiplying copies of letters and drawings; the automatic telegraph; the incandescent electric light.

His latest invention, the phonograph, he calls his baby. This he has almost brought to perfection, and there is one of these now on its way to America which contains speeches by Gladstone and Balfour, made to repeat in the very tones of and a song by Patti, which it can be those famous people, by a simple

He missed the ship which he in-
tended to take at New Orleans, and
while he was waiting for the next turn of the crank.

Our Church List. bership are accordingly urged to For the first time in the six provide themselves with the ordinmonths of the present pastorate ary envelopes in use, and to make death has come to our church membership. Mrs. Mary Johnson died at her home on North Fifth street,

their payments weekly, as far as pos-
siable. With the beginning of the
new church year next spring, it is

Church Covenant.

early on the morning of Thanks- expected that additional facilities of the Holy Ghost, we do now, in

will be provided for this plan of
giving, but it may begin now.
New comers and those tempor-

Having been led, as we believe, by the spirit of God to receive the Lord Jesus Christ as our Saviour, and on the profession of our faith, of the Father and of the Son and having been baptized in the name the presence of God, angels and giving day. Dec. 8, 1888, Mrs. A. D. Wright died at her home, joyfully enter into covenant with this assembly, most solemnly and No. 20 South Thayer street. Her arily in attendance upon onr death was sudden, but the summons services, as are many students, and We engage, therefore, by the aid one another, as one body in Christ. found her ready. all who are in the habit of contribut- of the Holy Spirt, to walk together Mrs. Delia Goodyear was receiv.ng to the church with some reg in Christian love, to strive for the ularity, are invited to inform the advancement of this church in ed by letter from the 12th Street chairman of the subscription com- knowledge, holiness and comfort, Church, Detroit, and Mr. Claramon mittee, Dr. Green, of the amount knowledge, holiness and comfort, Pray, from the Baptist Church of they expect to be able to contribute, ituality, to sustain its worship, to promote its prosperity and spir Brooklyn, Conn., during Novem- and to have a seat assigned to them, ordinances, discipline and doctrines, as all regular contributors have to contribute cheerfully and regu


Two candidates were received for baptism, but owing to illness in her family, Mrs. Arthur Sweet's bap tism was postponed. Miss Fanny Curtis was baptized Sunday evening, Nov. 25.

equal privilege in the assignment larly to the support of the ministry,
of our pews. This will have the the expenses of the church, the re-
of our pews.
two-fold effect of giving you more lief of the poor and the spread of
of the home feeling with us, and of the gospel through all nations.
enabling the church officers to reck-


more accurately the probable

income of the church.

Young People's Society.

(Topics for January and February, 1889. Sunday

Evenings at 6:30.)

Miss Grace Groves was dismissed by letter, Dec. 5, to the Memorial Baptist Church, Chicago, and Miss General Subject: "What is Franc Crosby, Dec. 12, to the Bap-promised to the Christian?" tist Church of Bacone, Indian Ter. Jan. 6-"Grace for living." By keeping the church list as Titus 2: 12; Luke 1: 74, 75; 2 published last month, and the file Cor. 12: 9. Leader, J. E. Talley. of subsequent members with the Jan. 13-"Grace for Service." record of additions, diminutions Titus 2: 11-14; Col. 1: 10-11; and changes, our membership will John 15: 16. Leader, C. E. Green. be able to keep themselves informed Jan. 20" Rest in labor." Jer. as to each other. Please notify the 6: 16; Matt. 11: 28, 30; Heb. pastor of any changes coming Leader, R. B. Armstrong. under your notice. 27-"Strength in weakIsa. 41: 10; 2 Cor. 12: 9, 10; Deut. 33: 2. Leader, A. H. Hopkins.

System in Giving.

Our trustees have decided to

14: 3.

Jan. ness."

Feb. 3-"Wisdom in ignorance."
Dan. 2; 20, 22; Prov. 2: 3-6;
Jas. 1: 5-7. Leader, T. C. Sever

Feb. 10-"Safety in peril." Ps.
2 Tim. 3: 10, 11. Leader, Ernest
91: 2-4; Ps. 91: 5-7; Isa., 43: 2;


urge upon all the membership the
weekly plan of giving for the sup-
port of the church. Hitherto the
subscriptions were payable less fre-
quently; but experience has proved
in a vast number of cases, and under
circumstances the most varied, that
Feb. 17-"Light in darkness."
the plan of weekly giving toward John 12: 46; John 8: 12; John
church expenses is by far the best 3:19; 2 Cor. 4: 4. Leader, M. S.
in its results. One can give a larger
Feb. 24-"Guidance in perplex-
aggregate amount in the course of ity." Ps. 25: 19; Isa. 58: 11;
the year and feel it less when it is giv- Luke 1:79; John 16:13. Leader,
en in weekly payments. Our mem- A. K. Dodsley.

We also engage to maintain family and secret devotion, to relig iously educate our children, to seek the salvation of our kindred and

acquaintances, to walk circumspectly in the world, to be just in our dealings, faithful in our engagements, and exemplary in our deportment, and avoid all tattling, back-biting and excessive anger, to abstain from the sale and use of intoxicating drinks as a beverage, and to be zealous to advance the kingdom of our Saviour.

We further engage to watch over one another in brotherly love; to remember each other in prayer; to aid each other in sickness and distress; to cultivate Christian sympathy in feeling and courtesy in speech; to be slow to take offense, but always ready for reconciliation and mindful of the rules of our Saviour to secure it without delay.

We moreover engage when we remove from this place we will, as other church, where we can carry soon as possible, unite with some out the spirit of this covenant and the principle's of God's word.

WE Commend our advertisers as honorable and fair. It is by their liberality that this publication is possible, and we ask our readers to help make every advertisement a good investment.

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