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AT MRS. E. A. HOYT'S NEW MILLINERY STORE, No. 3 Ann Street, north side of Court House, a complete

line of Fall Millinery and Hair Goods at Bottom Prices. All kinds of Hair Work done in the latest Fashions. Call and give her a trial order and be convinced that IT IS THE PLACE to get your MILLINERY and HAIR GOODS in the city. Remember the place, No. 7 Ann St., north of Court House. MRS. E. A. HOYT.


JAMES E HARKINS, Ann Arbor Savings Bank, D. F. SCHAIRER,

Hardware, Stoves. Tin and Sheet Iron Ware.

PUMPS AND FURNACES. Work of all kinds Promptly Attended to. ANN ARBOR, MICH.


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Painters' Supplies



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Steam, Hot Water, Ventilation, Plumbing

Water Supply, Drying, Drainage and

Sanitary Work.

Dealers in all kinds of Plumbers' and Steam Supplies. EBERBACH & SON'S


Flavoring Extracts a specialty


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Fresh and Salt Meats,

Sausages of all kinds,

Tallow, Lard, Ete. TELEPHONE 50.


Eisele's Marble and Granite Works. SEWING MACHINE Ann Arbor Steam Planing Mill.


And all kinds of Cemetery Work.
Estimates Cheerfully Furnished.

Shop Cor. of Detroit and Catherine Sts.



Stone Lime, Water Lime, Cement

Calcined Plaster, Plastering Hair, Brick, and all kinds of Wood and Coal. OFFICE, No. 36 EAST HURON ST.

College Laundry.


1 East Liberty Street.













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Livery, Hack and Baggage Line. FRESH AND SALT MEATS,


(In the rear of Edward Duffy's Grocery Store.) Orders for Trains, Parties, Weddings, Funerals, etc., Promptly Attended to. Telephone No. 108. ANN ARBOR, MICH. 24 E. Huron St., Ann Arbor, Mich. TRADE WITH








Of all kinds and Styles,

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Baby in Heaven.

Thou wilt never be tired, my darling;
The burdens we must bear-
Our weary hands can scarce uphold
The crosses we must wear-
Oft make us stoop anear the earth,
Until perforce we weep,
And pray our Father for the night

When He giveth His loved ones sleep."

But tender arms did bear thee up,

As ever thou hadst desired,

And the rest of Heaven is thine to day

Thou wilt never, never be tired.

Thou wilt never stray, my darling;
We stumble and ofttimes fall,

In the straight and narrow way that He
Hath pointed out to all.

And we wander for ease in the paths of sin,
And our feet grow tired and sore;
Ere we find again the road that leads
Straight up to our Father's door.

But ah! where the streets are paved with

No by-paths lead away

speak in a gentle tone of voice. battle of life she was not afraid for
Learn to say kind, pleasant things them. Trusting in God and in their
whenever opportunity offers. Study mother, they were not fighting sin-
the character of each, and sympa- gle-handed; they were sustained
thize with all in their troubles, by faith and love. The ties that
however small. Do not neglect bound mother and sons together
little things if they can effect the were kept tenderly alive by long
comfort of others in the smallest and frequent letters when distance
degree. Avoid moods and pets and separated them-letters in which
fits of sulkiness. Learn to deny the same confidential relations were
yourself, and perfect others. Be-kept up.

ware of meddlers and tale-bearers. To the mother how delightful
Never charge a bad motive if a were these intimate associations
good one is conceivable.
with her sons, and to the sons of
what inestimable value were they
as a safeguard from temptations of
all sorts. No friends or acquaint-

Filial Confidence.

A mother who was earnestly desirous of obtaining and retaining ances could they cherish that she, the confidence of her sons from too, could not accept. Thus they

From the jeweled walls and the pearly boyhood to manhood was accus- were lifted into a plane and held


Thou wilt never, never stray.

Thou wilt never grow old, my darling;
Of the fountain of youth we dream;

But while we are seeking our eyes are

By the graves that rise between;
And one by one the flowers fall

That gladden the path we tread,
Till only the withered boughs remain,
And leaves that are sear and dead.
The day is past, and there cometh on,
A night that is dark and cold:
But the cycles of Heaven will come and go,
And thou'lt never, never grow old.

Thou wilt never die, my darling;
Thou hadst not learned to fear
The dark, dark vale at the end of the day,
That waiteth us pilgrims here;
Thou knewest naught of the waters cold,
The dangers and dread alarms:
Thou didst not walk thro' the valley and


there above an infinite number of festering and petty seductions, and

tomed to use the following method:
After they had retired to rest for
the night she would go to their habituated to a moral atmosphere
several beds, and, lying down beside of purity and honesty with them-
one or other of them, talk over selves.
with them the happenings of the
day, and then say: "Now, you integrity sacred; observe good man-
make a little prayer, and then I
will." When this was done the
good-night kiss followed, and the
lads were left to slumber.

From infancy they had been in the habit of saying the morning and evening prayers at her knees, and as they grew older it was not difficult to continue, somewhat

He beareth them safe from the love of earth differently, the same practice, espec-
For "He taketh the lambs in his arms;"
ially with her sympathy, compan-
ionship and guidance.

To the love of their home on high; The love that is light and life for ayeThou never, never wilt die.

To Make a Happy Home.

All their little secrets in this


ners; endure trials patiently; be prompt in all things; make good acquaintances; shun the company of the idle; dare to do right, fear to do wrong; watch carefully over your temper; never be afraid of being laughed at; fight life's battle rather than principle.-The Central manfully, bravely; use your leisure moments for study; sacrifice money Presbyterian.

If you desire to know the charac

evening hour they were ready ter of an individual do not study it Learn to govern yourselves and to confide to her, sure of her readi- alone on dress occasions. Observe be gentle and patient. Guard your ness to enter into all their experi- the little details of home life. If tongues, especially in seasons of ill-ences, and to help them in the there is patience, consideration, inhealth, irritation and trouble, and solution of their difficulties; sure, dustry and cheerfulness there, you soften them by a sense of your own also, that the confidence so ingenu- have found a good specimen; one short-comings and errors. Remem-ously given would not be betrayed, ber that, valuable as is the gift of but locked in her heart alone. speech, silence is often more valu- She knew all their love affairs, Never retort a sharp or their friendships, their hopes, amangry word. It is the second word bitions and aspirations, and so when portrait taken is very correct. that makes a quarrel. Learn to they left her to go out into the Christian Herald.


that will not disappoint when special

service is asked, and the undertaking of responsibility is required. Humanity often poses for a picture in these unconscious ways, and the


various ways. Dr. Van Meter was Union as to the Missionary Society, a very peculiar man, who had never and many of its words touched with One hundred years ago the world had a superior and very few equals inimitable delicacy and skill the was rated at 731,000,000, of whom in working up enthusiasm, interest- sore questions and disturbed hearts 174,000,000 were Christians; now ing an audience, making a favor in that body, but it was none the the population has doubled and the able impression of the work he had less a powerful appeal for earnestChristians trebled. One hundred in hand. He was unfortunate in ness in every kind of aggressive years ago the church was asleep on his statements of financial condi- work. Long will it be ere the sermission work, and the governments tions. Many withheld from him mon is forgotten by those who and nations opposed missions; now, their confidence, and a very large were privileged to hear it. Mr. with little exception, all welcome number thoroughly believed in Garrett took for his text, "I will them. One hundred years ago him. It must be agreed on all build My Church, and the gates of English-speaking people had not hands that his statements were un- hell shall not prevail against it."

one mission society;
society; now they usually liable to be misunderstood
have 150 reported. One hundred if they were actually correct. Our
years ago educated men could not be estimate of him and his work un-
induced to become missionaries, the derwent various changes at different
work was too forbidding; now we times. The Christian Advocate
have 7,000 missionaries, nearly one- has had occasion to speak concern-
third of whom are women; also ing his enterprises, and now that he
35,000 native agents, 3,000 of whom is dead recognizes clearly his emi-
are ordained ministers. One hun- nent ability and industry, but can-
dred years ago there were not 300 not speak with equal confidence
Bible converts among the heathen; concerning his accuracy and pru-
now there are 3,000,000. One hun- dence. At no time, however, have
dred years ago it was thought vain we sat in judgment upon his mo-
to hope for conversion

from tives.

Mohammedanism; now, in many
The Rev. Charles Garrett, the
parts, as in Lahore, India, most of
famous total abstinence Wesleyan
the leading Christian pastors are
converted Mohammedans. Within minister, founder of Missions and
the past two years more than 2,000 the Baptist Missionary Union anni-
the past two years more than 2,000 ex-President, has been preaching at
young men have gone from the
United States and Canada, and are an editorial on his sermon worth
versary. The Christian World has
laboring with success.--The Chris-
tian at Work.

The Independent sets going once the value of Foreign Missions from more this important testimony to Mr. Darwin, who, Agnostic as he was, has stated this case fairly. "Mr. Darwin, the scientist, once made this answer to some critics of foreign missionaries: They forget,

or will not remember, that human

atrous priesthood; a system of sacrifice and the power of an idolprofligacy unparalleled in any other. part of the world; infanticide, a consequence of that system; bloody wars, where the conquerors spared neither women nor children-that all these things have been abolished, and licentiousness have been greatly and that dishonesty, intemperance, Christianity. In a voyager to forget reduced by the introduction of these things is a base ingratitude; In the afternoon there was another for should he chance to be at the The death of the Rev. Dr. Wil- equally crowded gathering to hear point of shipwreck on some unliam C. Van Meter, in the 68th the Rev. Charles Garrett's missiona- known coast, he will most devoutly year of his age, is announced at ry sermon. We do not exaggerate pray that the lesson of the missionRome, Italy, where he was engaged when we say that Mr. Garrett is one ary may have extended thus far."" in the work with which his name of the greatest living preachers. has been connected for a long time. Rarely have we seen an audience so If a man is under the control of Dr. Van Meter came into note first swayed and inspired as was this. principles whose moral truthfulness in connection with the work of the His sermon was full of pathos and and practical value he has proved in Howard Mission in New York, which rich humor, bristling with sharp his own personal experience, there was established about 40 years ago. flashes of delicate, gentle irony and is no occasion to fear that he will be He superintended it for 25 years. sparkling with gems of thought-moved from his foundation by every He then went to Italy and started often homely, but never vulgar; whirlwind of error. a mission school for children. Pre- truly evangelical, but in the broadvious to the entry of Victor Em- est sense catholic and pre-eminently manuel into Rome he was frequent- persuasive throughout. It was adly molested and interfered with in dressed quite as much to the Baptist talk.-Montesquieu.

Silence is one great art of conversation.--Hazlitt.

The less men think the more they


Temperance Reform Movement.


cating beverage has existed for not ceeding year (1826) began that more than half that period. active effort at temperance reform On the continent of Europe, in- which has produced such striking deed, wine and beer still continue effects in this country and has made the favorite intoxicants, except in its influence felt so far through Inebriety is a vice of civilization. the most northerly regions, though foreign lands. Only a few native instances of it spirituous liquors are now gaining We have here given in brief the are known among savage and bar- ground in Germany and France story of the growth of the habit of barous tribes. This, however, is with an alarming rapidity. Spirit- inebriety from a remote period until due to savage ignorance, not to drinking gained its first strong de- its culmination in the early years of aboriginal virtue, for the untutored velopment in the British Islands, the present century. The story of soul of uncivilized man has every- and intoxication reached its climax prohibitive efforts may be given where received the rum-bottle of in England in the early part of the with equal brevity. In the far past the whites as a gift from the gods, eigtheenth century. This was the many such efforts were made by and graduated into intoxication era of the "gin-drinking mania," rulers and priests, but of popular with an abnormal rapidity that has that frantic outbreak of intoxication measures of temperance reform we done much to clear the land for the which for a time threatened to have few instances. Several emprogress of civilization." sweep half of England into the perors of China made strenuous drunkard's grave, and was checked attempts to do away with drunkenonly by the adoption of stringent ness, one going so far as to order license regulations. that all vines should be uprooted in the kingdom, a radical measure which seems to have been effective. for a considerable period.

In India and Persia the priesthood made similar efforts, but apparently with no great effect until

In the annals of civilized man intoxication fills a prominent space. We are told of its existence in the very ancient records of China, Intoxication in America has had while the Vedas of India, the the same history of gradual develAvestas of Persia, and the Biblical opment. In the early days of the narrative yield evidence of its gen- colonies the religious fervor of eral existence at a very early date many of them, and the police reguin the era of civilization. As soon, lations of others, strongly opposed indeed, as it was found that fruit- intemperance, and throughout the the rise of the Buddhistic sect of juices would ferment and yield a seventeenth century sobriety was India, in whose declaration of prinliquid capable of producing intoxi- the general rule. During the eigh- ciples was a vigorous total-abstincation, the long revel of mankind teenth century appetite gradually ence plank. The later extension began, and it has been continued to broke down the wholesome regula- of Buddhism throughout eastern the present time with a steadily in- tions of the early colonists, and the and northern Asia proved very `efcreasing vehemence. dominion of the bottle grew apace, fective as a temperance reform We may trace through the ages aided greatly by the wars of that movement in that ancient land, and the gradual development of in- century. New England, the home placed a barrier against the growth ebriety. Beginning with the pure of Puritanism, became the centre of the drinking habit which yet fermented juice of the grape, in- of the importation and manufacture retains much strength. A work of toxicants of greater potency in time of rum, and distributed this death- similar efficacy was performed by came into use, the fiery "rice dealing beverage far and wide Mohammed when he prohibited wine" of India and China, the throughout the world, as if to nega- wine drinking in the Koran. In drugged wines of Palestine, Greece tive the wholesome effects of its most of the remainder of Asia and and Rome—until effects emulating older example. in a considerable part of Africa those of distilled spirits were pro- Within the first quarter of the Mohammedanism now prevails, and duced. Yet the drunkenness of nineteenth century the drinking wherever it is the ruling faith inthe ancient world was due to fer- habit grew in a frightful ratio, and temperance has never become prevmented liquors only. It is not by the year 1825 the United States alent. known when the art of distillation as a nation of drunkards had reached Nowhere else have such effective was first discovered, but it has a climax equivalent to that attained efforts to repress intoxication been been practiced in Europe for some by England a century before, but made, though spasmodic prohibitive six centuries only, and the general never surpassed, if equaled, else- measures were adopted from time use of ardent spirits as an intoxi- where in the world. In the suc- to time in the regions of Greece

and Rome and in Middle-Age Eu- who have themselves been drunk- Sunday schools, active efforts at rope. For ancient total abstinence ards, and whose influence on their legal prohibition and various simisocieties we must seek the land of fellow-inebriates is of necessity a lar measures, the total of which have the Hebrews, where several such hundred fold greater than would be had a vigorous influence upon the societies arose from time to time, that of any authoritative mandate general temperance sentiment of comprising the Nazarites and the from the powers that be. the land. Rechabites of the older era, and We do not propose to review the What has been the effect of this the Essenes and the Therapeute of history of the American temper- temperance reform crusade on pubthe time of Christ. Of the temper- ance movement. It is probably lic opinion and on the drinking ance sentiment of the Hebrew very well known to most of our habits of the community? That is priesthood the Bible contains many readers, and it is our purpose sim- what we have next to consider,striking evidences. ply to point out its results, to con- to present a general contrast of the Coming down now to modern trast the condition of the United status of liquor drinking in the times, we find that the repressive States in this respect in 1825 with United states in 1825 with that of movement is active only in those that now existing. The difference 1888. lands in which distilled spirits are is far more striking than is gener- There are two reasons why we the favorite intoxicants. It has ally supposed, and the gain for tem- take the year 1825 as a starting gained no foothold in the wine and perance much greater than would point of comparison. It was the beer-drinking countries. In Swe- be imagined from the amount of year immediately preceding the era den, where ardent spirits had pro- inebriety which still exists. of active temperance propagandism; duced a frightful state of inebriety, It was in 1826 that the temper- and it represents the climax of inprohibitive laws were passed on two ance reform movement in this toxication in America. Statistics different occasions during the eigh- country first actively began, in the show that in 1790 the annual conteenth century. They remained in organization and labors of the Am- sumption of spirituous liquors in force, however, for a few years erican Temperance Society. Soci- this country was two and one-half only, and effective for much less eties had been formed previously, gallons per capita of the populatime. During the present century and a strong temperance sentiment tion. This was a greater consumpmore efficient prohibitive measures existed among the clergy, but the tion than had previously prevailed, have been adopted in Sweden, local first effective work was done by the but it was destined to be soon far option repression exists in many society above named, whose efforts outdone. By 1810 the number of districts, and the spirit of temper- were of such remarkable efficacy distilleries had increased from two ance reform there is far in advance that by 1835 there were more than thousand five hundred to more than of its condition in any other region eight thousand societies in the fourteen thousand, and the conof continental Europe. country, and hundreds of thousands sumption of spirits was four and With this preliminary glance at of drinkers had signed the pledge. one-half gallons per capita. In the the general history of intemperance The people of America seem sud- succeeding years intemperance adwe proceed to the consideration of denly to have become convicted of vanced at a frightful rate, and it is the temperance reform movement sin and in haste to repent. In 1840 computed that in 1823 seven and in America, a movement which has began the ardent labors of the one-half gallons of this fiery beverage were consumed for every man, produced extraordinary effects and Washingtonians, a band of reformed woman and child in the country. is rapidly inoculating all foreign drinkers, whose lectures had an ex- It is doubtful if this was ever surcivilized lands with its fervor. It traordinary influence upon the in- passed, even in the days of the ginis essentially different in character ebriate community. Since then the drinking mania of England. from any preceding measures of temperance work has been manitemperance reform, and in this lie fold, and consists in the developits strength and promise for the ment of the various orders of temfuture. It is, in fact, distinctively perance, the work of reform clubs, a movement of the people,-not of of the Catholic Total Abstinence rulers, legislators or the priesthood, Union and the Woman's Christian as in the past. It comes not from Temperance Union, the establishThe future destiny of the child above, but from below, and among ment of homes and reformatories, is always the work of the mother.its most active advocates are those temperance teaching in public and -Napoleon.

(To be continued in our next.)

A good face is the best letter of recommendation. Queen Eliza


There is not so much danger in a known foe as in a suspected friend.


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