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A Scotch Seaman on Mission.

pire." When once it is understood
that Protestant missions in Turkey
are not necessarily hostile to the

Missionary Notes.

The Dutch Government has ap

existing government, we apprehend pealed to the missionary societies

A seaman, on returning home to Scotland, after a cruise in the Pa- that there will be less opposition to cific, was asked, "Do you think their spread.

of the Netherlands to send out more missionaries to Dutch India. Bishop Crowther says that the

the missionaries have done any Mission Schools in Madagascar. so-called self-supporting Mohamgood in the South Sea Islands?"

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Some of these



medan missionaries in Africa are

simply selling fetiches, the lowest forms and objects of polytheistic

The first Malagasy who ever learned the alphabet died January,

1883, at the age of seventy-two.

He had lived to see 50,000 of his countrymen taught to read, and


Vast as is the work of Scripture

distribution, it is yet true that while the issues of all the Bible societies amount to only four and a half millions a year, the increase of the world's population is estimated

at twelve millions.

"I will tell you a fact which The chronicle of the London speaks for itself," said the sailor. Missionary Society has an interestthe elementary idolatry. on Last year I was wrecked on one ing article of those islands, where I knew that schools as organized and carried on eight years before a ship was by the agents of that society in wrecked and the crew murdered; Madagascar. The growth of these and you may judge how I felt at schools has been extraordinary. the prospect before me-if not Twenty-five years ago they numdashed to pieces on the rocks, to bered seven, with 365 scholars; in survive for only a more cruel death. 1886 they numbered 1,005, with over 70,000 profess their faith in When day broke we saw a number 102,747 scholars. of canoes pulling for our ship, and schools, however, are under the we were prepared for the worst. care of the Friends' Foreign MisThink of our joy and wonder when sion, which co-operates heartily we saw the natives in English dress, with the London Society. and heard some of them talk in several provinces are divided into the English language. On that districts, and each district has a very island, the next Sunday, we meeting-house, used both as Pundit Raghunath Rao, the heard the Gospel preached. I do church and school house. Most Dewan of Indore, has put forth a not know what you think of mis- of them are built of adobe, with catechism of the Aryan-Vedic resions, but I know what I do." thatched roof, and are very plain ligion, which has attracted great buildings, with mud floors. The attention. It proves to have been school outfit consists of a few lesson taken word for word from the As an offset to the frequently sheets and text books for the tea- Westminster Shorter Catechism, occurring differences between our cher's use. The pupils, however, leaving out the references to Jesus missionaries in Syria and the Mo- provide themselves with a primmer, Christ! This is certainly the most hammedan authorities, it is pleas- a copy of the New Testament, the remarkable plagiarism of modern ant to read of the favor found by native Christian paper, a catachism, times. the Presbyterian college at Beirut. grammar and geography. There A large number of sheiks and other are six standards according to COMPULSORY EDUCATION LAW.officials attended the recent com- which these schools are regularly Pennsylvania, to secure some inmencement, and expressed them-examined by their superintendents. struction for its children, has, selves as highly pleased with the The teachers are supported in part since 1849, forbidden any children exercises, and especially with the by the natives. The object of these from 13 to 16 years of age to be petition in one of the prayers, schools is to teach the children to employed in or about any factories, to the effect that the twelve gradu- read the Bible, and in this they unless such children shall have atates then going out might be faith- succeed, and so these schools be- tended school at least three conful subjects of the Sultan. Equally come the chief auxiliary to the secutive months within the year of noteworthy is the fact that in the direct preaching of the Gospel. such employment; penalty for ownfirst six months of 1888, 15,000 The coming generation of the ers of factories and employers of copies of the annual report were Madagasy will have as a foundation children violating this provision, as issued, bearing the stamp, "By not only an ability to read the well as parents consenting to such permission of the Board of Public Scriptures, but also a fair know- violation, $50 for every offense.--Instruction of the Ottoman Em- ledge of Gospel truth. Selected.



Temperance Reform Movement.



(Continued from December.)

would creak frightfully without stage in which moral delinquency them. Many deacons, indeed, made in its more respectable forms will the manufacture and sale of whisky be equally repulsive. a principal item of their business. Moderate drinking is still very Similar indulgence in intoxicants common among persons of high was common among the clergy. A social standing, but the moderate. Such a condition of affairs could pastoral ordination, according to the drinkers of to-day are the lineal not have existed had it not been testimony of the Rev. Lyman descendants of the immoderate strongly sustained by public opin- Beecher and others, was often little drinkers of the past, while their In fact, in 1825, few voices short of a debauch, and though former analogues are represented were raised against the drinking open drunkenness was not common by our advocates of total abstihabit, and intemperance occupied a with the clergy, it was by no means nence. So much, at least, the temposition of the highest respectabil- unknown. Only the most radical perance movement has done : it has ity in the land. Distilled spirits and energetic reformers ventured replaced drunkenness by moderate were classed among the "good to preach against the prevalent drinking. And in wide ranks of creatures of God," and looked upon custom. society even this degree of indul gence is severely disapproved, while If we now consider the drinking drunkenness is hidden from the public eye as sednously as a robber might hide a stolen treasure. The force of public opinion, in

as necessary to the health, happiness and endurance of the com

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munity, while few, from the clergy habits of society at large, and the downwards, objected to the free existing state of public opinion imbibing of whisky, or looked upon upon this subject, as marked an such indulgence as a vice or a weak-improvement will be manifest. It fact, has become a powerful agent ness. Many, indeed, deprecated may be said that in all but the low-in mitigating the drinking habits drunkenness, but it was widely est grades of society drunkenness of society, and we owe to this, more viewed as an excusable fault, the has ceased to be respectable. This largely than to anything else, the misfortune of having too weak a remark may seem to some of no marked difference between the sohead, and the drunkard did not lose special importance, yet in reality it cial customs of 1825 and 1888. caste in society from this cause is full of significance. Public This, however, is saying nothing in alone. Only when intemperance opinion is a strong lever, and to the derogation of the special efforts at brought in its train some of its at- average man and woman nothing is temperance reform in the intermetendant evils-immorality, crime, of more consequence than the main- diate period, since principally to profanity, loss of self-respect, etc.- tenance of a position in society. them is due the public opinion was there a decline of the drunkard Yet few things would now lower a which is now so effective in restrainin social position; but intoxication ing men from intemperance. alone, free from these consequences, was winked and laughed at, rather than abhorred.

person in the social scale more suddenly and decidedly than indulgence This influence bears more strongly in open drunkenness, and this vice, upon women than upon men, and where it exists, takes diligent care among the women of American This sentiment was a direct re- to hide itself from public view. birth drunkenness has almost ceased sultant of the habits of society. There is yet a degree of indulgence to exist, and the habit of drinking Where every one drank, no one for some of the gilded crimes; has in great measure vanished. could be contemned for drinking. there is growing to be no indul- The women of America have adLet us glance at the situation. The gence for the beastliness of intoxi- vanced further than the men in church, the censor of morals, set an cation. The one lowers a man mor- this respect. They are restrained example of indulgence which the ally, the other degrades him physi- to a greater degree by a sense of world was not slow to imitate. cally; and at present, with society the moral obliquity of intemperDrinking was common not only in general, physical repulsion weighs ance, and their social and moral inwith the members of the church, more heavily than moral abhor- fluence is one of the strongest forces but with its highest officials. The rence. We have reached that stage in the temperance propagandism of deacon and his wife felt that their of social development in which we the present day. daily eleven and four o'clock drams shrink with pain and disgust from Among the members of the labwere necessities of existence, lubri- physical deterioration; we are but oring classes of American birth the cants to the wheels of life, which slowly approaching that higher improvement is little less marked.

The women of these classes are as realized. So far as regards drinking, increased enormously. In 1840 the earnest in their sobriety as those of indeed, many of the industries of people of the United States drank higher social rank; and American the country require sobriety in their but 1.36 gallons of beer per capita. mechanics are, as a rule, as ashamed employes. This is particularly the In 1886 they drank 11.18 gallons, to be seen in the streets drunk as case with the railroad service, in or nearly nine times as much. This are their so-called social superiors. which intemperance is so dangerous is still but one-third the rate of It is as important to the most of a fault that many companies will consumption in England; yet the them as to any members of the not employ a man who tastes liq- rapid increase is not a satisfactory community to retain their standard uor. And the great workingmen's element of the problem, particuof respectability and the respect of union of America, the Knights of larly in view or the fact that the their associates. Labor, has spoken in decided accents drinking area has been much reThat drunkenness is, therefore, a in favor of temperance, its leading duced by the enactment of prohibifar less frequent spectacle in our spirit, General Master Workman tive laws in several States and streets, and a much less prevalent Powderly, being a total abstainer of many counties, so that it argues a vice, than of old, scarcely need be the most radical stamp. considerably greater per capita consaid. And of what is still visible much the greater part is the drunkenness of foreigners. It is due to the activity of immigration, and to the fact that the lower classes of the new Europe are much below those of here in America in self-respect, and have Europe.

It would appear, then, from the sumption in the localities in which above considerations that the habit the saloon is still freely open. This of inebriety in the United States increase in the quantity of malt now finds its chief strength among liquors imbibed is undoubtedly due citizens who are flocking to the rapid argumentation of our such vast droves from population by persons of German It is in this class of our birth.

grown up under the influence of a population that intemperance pre- Much certainly remains to be very different public opinion in sents its most obnoxious features done by the advocates of temperregard to inebriety. and the liquor interest finds its ance reform ere they can succeed Intemperance has by no means chief strength. But for this fact in overcoming the vice of intemceased to exist among Americans. of incessant immigration the tem- perance in America. If we could There is far too much of it at the perance cause would be far more have a law to prohibit the imporpresent day. But it is driven to advanced than we find it in the tation of foreign drunkards, like hide its head, to lurk in secret places, United States of to-day; and the that which applies to foreign pauto cringe in shame from the eyes fact that the liquor sellers of pers, the problem would be greatly of that searching public opinion our country are in great part men simplified. But as matters now which has become a power of such of foreign birth forms another stand, the temperance cause must mighty mould. The open, flaunt- strong evidence of the sentiment extend its proselyting labors to the ing drunkenness which we now per- with which Americans in general class in Europe from which our ceive is in great part that of per- regard this business. They look population is annually recruited, sons of foreign birth or of recent upon it as disreputable, and leave it ere it can hope to have full success foreign descent, and is largely a with its gains to those who are be- upon American soil. The reform resultant of the sharp class-demarca-low their level of moral elevation movement, to be successful, must tion of European countries, and the and self-respect. become universal. consequent lack of any high The fact above cited, that our standard of respectability in the drinking population is largely of laboring-classes. In America the foreign birth, has brought about mechanic is not prevented by his pro- certain striking changes in the charfession from mingling on terms of acter of the intoxicating beverages equality with the capitalist, and not used. The consumption of disonly feels himself the equal of the tilled spirits has declined, till it is latter, but endeavors to dress as well, now but one and a quarter gallons to live as well, and to behave as annually per capita of population, well. With the first two of these or but one-sixth its rate in 1825. efforts his limited means must inter- The consumption of wine has varied fere. The last is often more than but slightly; but that of beer has

We have said nothing in regard to the present active prohibition movement. It was no part of our purpose to discuss liquor legislation. from this, the cause of temperance But it seems evident that, apart reform has made remarkable progress in America, while the existing moral suasion and educative methods can scarcely fail to yield equally good results in the future, even if all prohibitive and restrictive methods prove ineffective.



Educate the Girls.

Pronunciation Test.

higher education; that a college
course would render them unfit for
An Indian,attracted by the aroma
becoming good wives and mothers of the coffee and the broth, arising

A WOMAN'S ADVICE PARTICU LARLY and practical housekeepers, but from the bivouac moving down the



The time is now at hand when



such croakers, I am happy to say, path, met a bombastic bravo who seem to be in the minority. Every was troubled with bronchitis. The girl needs just as good an education Indian being in dishabille, was as she can secure, provided she is treated with disdain by the blackmany farmers' sons and daughters, possessed of that most excellent guard, who called him a dog, and now in their teens, will be trying thing, good common sense, for bade him, with much vehemence to decide whether to endeavor to there are "educated fools" among and contumely, to leave his domain, attend some high school or college. women as well as among men. or he would demonstrate by his For many, the decision they would After it has been decided that it carbine the use of a coffin and prefer to make is hedged about is essential to go to some city cemetery. The Indian calmly surwith many difficulties, chief of school, then the next question is: veying the dimensions of his Eurowhich is the lack of necessary What kind of a school shall I funds; and this of course is a very attend?" For those whose means and robust, and having all the compean opponent, and being sagacious serious difficulty. But first let us will allow, and who are not fitting bativeness of a combatant, shot this consider the question of whether for teaching, some good church ruffian in the abdomen with an the time has arrived in your educa- college presents an inviting claim. tion when it is absolutely needful Our State University is free as far A young patriot with a black that should attend any other as the price of tuition is concerned, mustache,coming from the museum, than your own district school. but when the price of board and laughingly said, bravo! you should Have you learned all that can be books and clothing is reckoned, be nationally rewarded by receivtaught you by the teachers em- then $200 each school year is none ing the right of franchise, for I ployed in those schools? You too much. For those who intend witnessed the altercation, and the must remember that all does not to follow teaching as a profession, evidence is irrefragable and indisdepend on the teacher. A pupil I think the normal schools are to be putable that you have removed a who is willing to learn and who is preferred. nauseous reptile. I now make this determined to secure a good educaBut whatever the school, every inquiry, will not the matrons in tion no matter what hardships or girl who can, should have an educa- this county, and the patrons of our selfdenials she may be called to tion, for every branch mastered, schools, inaugurate some system endure, will succeed in almost any every good book read, every in- that will give an impetus to the inschool. Judging from experience structive discourse listened to, adds teresting study of our language? and observation, I claim that the just that much to the higher enjoy- If half the leisure moments were pupil who earnestly tries will ment of life. "The more one thus spent in lieu of reading some advance more rapidly, and likewise learns the more they find there is despicable romance, we should be be more thorough, whose child- to learn," is an old truism, and wiser than we are. hood's days were passed in the when the school room is left behind country school and not in the city forever, we should consider our school. For in the city school it education but fairly begun, and all is seldom a pupil may advance any through life we will find there is faster than the whole class, while plenty to learn if we wish. Those who are interested in some of ten persons are sure to make in the country school a bright, especial branch of study-geology, will surprise you. earnest pupil is advanced just as natural philosophy, astronomy or Character in a preacher is the rapidly as his case will warrant. any of the sciences-find their enBut when the pupil has advanced joyment of nature much greater than before they became thus interas far as the country teacher can ested, and they find there is always take her it is to the girls we are more and more to learn. writing now-then it is advisable "Whoso loveth instruction, to go elsewhere to study. Many loveth knowledge." claim that girls have no need of a



After reading the above, compare your pronunciation carefully with your dictionary. The large number of mistakes that nine out

very force in the bow that launches the arrow. It is the latent heart behind the words that gives them direction and the projectile force.Dr. Z. M. Humphrey.

The gold no thief can steal is what we give to God and the poor.


Her Name.

I'm losted! Could you find me please?"
Poor little frightened baby!
The wind has tossed her golden fleece,
The stone has scratched her dimpled knees,
I stopped and lifted her with ease,

fall of stocks may be to his elders, than that in which the lad flies to
and his spirit recoils with the same his mother the instant he is inside
injured sense from the imputation the door with the story of his day's
that his affairs are "nonsense," as if doings, knowing that the minutest
he were a man.
detail will interest her, and that he
is sure of her sympathy and her
counsel in it all.

Visitors in a certain family were much interested to see a boy of nine come in one day and after a shy salutation, pull his mother's sleeve. It was in the country, and Yes, but your last?" she shook her head; the boy was in charge of a flock of

And softly whispered, "Maybe."
"Tell me your name, my little maid.
I can't find you without it."
"My name is Shiny-eyes," she said;

Up to my house 'ey never said
A single fing about it."

But, dear," I said, "what is your name ?"
Why, didn't you hear me tell you?
Dust Shiny eyes." A bright thought came.
Yes, when you're good; but when they


You, little one-it's just the same

When mamma has to scold you?" "My mamma never scolds," she moans. A little blush ensuing, "'Cept when I've been frowing stones, And then she says" (the culprit owns), "'Mehetable Sapphira Jones,

What has you been doing?""

-Anna F. Burnham.


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“From Taking Boys Seriously," twelve chicks.


Mother," said a boy of ten, coming in one day in great excitement, "we've got a raft down on the river! Edgar and I've fixed it np lovely, an'

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hasn't lost a chick. There were
Aunt Mary says it
is the best luck could be, and she
thinks it's because I've tended to

her so."

"I don't doubt it," said his mother kindly. "I knew you would get reward for being so faithful to your good hen."

"My son," said a mother of a boy of thirteen who had just told her freely the story of a really disgraceful act of his, "I'm so glad you came right to me with this."

"Why, mother," said the boy with honest pathos, "I never thought of not telling you. I should die if I couldn't tell you everything. It makes me feel a great deal better. And you can tell me just what I ought to do.”

The best of us make mistakes, and what wonder is it that our boys, with their high spirits and their ignorance of the world, blunder and get into scrapes pretty often? But it is a cause of rejoicing if either father or mother can get hold on a young heart which leads it to them to open its worst recesses to their loving eyes.

"I wish I could mind God as my little dog does me," said a little boy, looking thoughtfully on his shaggy friend; "he always looks so "I will surely come out by-and-pleased to mind, and I don't."who knew that the river was shallow by," she said, as he whispered to The Home Maker. and felt no further interest in his her.


Mercy, child," cried his mother,

work there," don't bother me now.

He rushed away, and she pro

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Pupil-" Sideways or top?" Teacher" What do you mean?" Pupil "Why, half from the top of 8 is 0 and half sideways is 3.


I'm cutting out a sleeve, and I ceeded, half apologetically: "I Teacher-"Tommy, what is half can't hear your nonsense. Go don't know but I make too much of of eight?" my children's employments, but I away!" This was the mother's habitual have a theory that if I dignify them way of taking her boys' communi- as if they were of importance and cations. She had two, and she worth my serious attention it makes meant to do right by them, but be- the boys more manly in their work. fore they were twelve years old I take my sewing out nearly every they had learned that there was no day and sit a while beside the henplace at home for the outpouring of house which Phil is making. I try their hearts, and they naturally to teach them, that as Mrs. Brownsought sympathy elsewhere. The ing says, it is better to pursue a heart of a boy, if it be of the right frivolous art by serious means than stuff, is always full and running a divine art frivolously though I He needs a confidant. His don't intimate to them, of course, "rafts" and "magic tables" are as that I regard their work as frivomighty to him as the settling of lous."


Two little Boston urchins were gazing with undisquised admiration at the floral display made in the window of a Tremont street establishment the other day, and one remarked to the other: "Bill, what'd yer do if yer had all that shop full of flowers?" "Do? I'd just roll nyself up in 'em and go to sleep forever!" rhapsodized the poetic

the new minister, or the rise and Surely there is no happier home youngster.

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