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Dr. Gladstone has made elaborate A few months ago the Secretary investigations in the schools of of the Navy sent a communication England and other countries to as- to the chiefs of the various bureaus certain the time devoted to teach- having supervision of the work of ing spelling. He finds that 720 constructing and arming the new hours at least are lost to each cruisers, asking when the vessels scholar, that an Italian child of 9 would be fully prepared for sea years will read and spell as correctly duty. The replies have all been satisfactory, the only delay being in as English children at 13, though the case of the Chicago, which will the Italian began his lessons two not be fully provided with her years later. It is about the same guns and ammunition by the time with the Germans and Swedes. fixed by the Ordnance Department, This extra time is given to civics Jan. 1. In consequence of this delay, the Chicago will not be fully and useful sciences. The illiteracy equipped for active service for sevof English speaking nations is eral weeks. All her guns are in startling. There were 5,638,144 readiness, with the exception of persons of 10 years and over who one eight-inch rifled cannon, which

reported themselves illiterate at our census of 1870, 6,239,958 at the

census of 1880. The nearly illiterate are probably as many more.

is now being tested at the Annapolis
proving ground.

Chinese Endurance.

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Teacher (rhetoric class): "Miss Purplebloom, you may express the thought, Necessity is the mother Miss Purplebloom: "Invention is of invention,' in different words." the daughter of necessity."-Life.

A SCHOOL-TEACHER spent a long time in making one of his boys understand a very simple matter, and then, to relieve his mind, he said: "If it wasn't for me, you would be the biggest dunce in

Though a Chinaman is said to England is worse off than we are. have no nerves he has muscle But the other Protestant countries enough to do some astonishing of Europe have almost none. One feats of continuous horseback rid- town." of the causes of this excessive illit-ing. Four thousand five hundred ETHEL had given her dolly's arm eracy among English speaking peo- miles must be covered to go from ples is the badness of English spel- 'Pekin to Shassa. A special Gov-a great gash with her brother's penling. The reform of spelling is a ernment messenger will complete knife, and the sawdust came forth patriotic and philanthropic reform. this journey in thirty-six days-an in great quantities. "Oh, mamma," -[Prof. F. A. March, in the De-is restricted to a prescribed diet, dolly's been and cut herself, and -[Prof. F. A. March, in the De-average of 125 miles per day. He cried the little one, in distress, "my four hours sleep per diem, mounts she's got wooden blood !"

cember Forum.


-The first cotton ever raised in
New Jersey is now on exhibition on
the farm of William Baker, in
Lower Alloway Creek Township,
Cumberland County. The seed
was sent to him by his son John,
who owns
near Lake


new horse every few miles,

Failures Last Year.

Toasting the doctors: At the late

changes his clothes once a week, FIRST Chicago Anarchist: "You and, excepting to do so, never hear dot? More inquisitions. More takes his yellow mail bag off his tyrannies. Ve must revolt." Secback. ond Anarchist: "Vot happen now?" "You hear aboud dose Waifs' Mission cruelties ?" “Nein.” The total number of mercantile "Id's awful. Last veek dose Charles, Calcasieu County, La. Mr. failures in 1888 was 10,587, as beeples caught 500 newspoys und Baker was urged to try the experi- against 9,740 in 1887, 10,568 in vashed 'em -Omaha World. ment of planting cotton-seed in 1886, 11,116 in 1885, 11,620 in Jersey soil, and has been more suc- 1884, 10,299 in 1883, 7,635 in ful than he anticipated. He gave 1882, and 5,929 in 1881. The annual meeting of the Indiana State the seed little or no attention, al- general liabilities of the failures for Medical Society, a telegram was relowing them to grow up at random. 1888 amounted to $120,242,402, ceived from Bill Nye, as follows: The cotton bolls were smaller than against $130,605,000 for 1887. Sorry I cannot be there. May those grown in the South, but the The actual assets of those failures quality was good. He will make for 1888 were $61,999,911, while you and associates continue to take another experiment and give some for 1887 they were $64,651,000. life easily, as heretofore.-Bill Nye. attention to the seed and cane with Of the eight years 1884 shows the This was received with great a view of testing the practicability greatest general liabilities, $248,- applause, which commenced as a of raising cotton on New Jersey 740,000, and 1881 the least, $76,- murmer and increased to a roar, as soil.-Trenton Exchange. the joke gradually percolated.




they would kill him, but he would not; consequently the color left his The City Sermon. cheeks, and the lustre his eyes; his Well, wife; town sermons, seems to me, skin began to turn sallow, and still Are like the ridin' plow; They're easy, purty kind o' things,

But don't go deep somehow.
They take ye over lots o' grounds,
An' science styles is such,
Both in the sermon and the plow,
That one don't feel it much.

To day our preacher skimmed along,
An' 'peared to do a heap,
A cuttin', kivrin' of the weeds
He oughter ploughed in deep;
An' when he halted at the end,
An' got his team ungeared,
The devil laffed to see the tares
A growin', I'm afeered.

This scientific plowin', now,

An' science preachin', too,
Both run too shaller for the work
The p'int has got to do,
You've got to let the traces out,
An' change the clevis pin,
Then h'ist the handles, hold 'em tight,
An' let the p'int go in.

and mother's hearts."

True Courtesy.

One-Cent Postage.

The Postmaster-General makes it clear that the time will soon arrive when we can have one-cent he would persist in smoking. Two postage, if it is not already here. weeks ago he died. He first sent Two recommendations have been for his doctor, and asked him to try made on this subject. One is the to help him. The physician told suggestion of the Third Assistant him that he could not, as his blood Postmaster-General, that not only and whole system were poisoned. should letter-postage be reduced to His death has broken his father's one cent, but that the weight limit should be raised to two ounces. The argument is that the average weight of letters would not be much True courtesy is "the beauty of increased, and the uniformity of the heart." How well it is that no rate with other classes of matter one class has a monopoly in this would be a popular convenience. kind of beauty; that while favor- The other is that one-cent postage able circumstances undoubtedly do could be partially introduced by render good manners more common applying it first to free delivery among persons moving in higher cities, where the Government makes rather than in lower spheres, there a large profit on its mail business. A correspondent of the Plain-should be no positive hindrance to We doubt if public sentiment is field (N. J.) Evening News, writing the poorest classes having good quite ready to approve either sugof the cigarette peril to the young, manners. gestion. Another increase in the says: "I know many young men One day, in hastily turning the weight limit of letters is not of who, a few years ago, had cheeks as corner of a crooked street in the pressing importance, and can wait red as roses, whose lips looked as city of London, a young lady ran until letter-postage has been rethough they would burst with with great force against a ragged lit-duced, just as we waited until the warm, rich blood, and whose eyes tle begger boy, and almost knocked weight had been reduced from three shone like diamonds; but now the him down. Stopping as soon as cents to two before making it law lustre is gone from their eyes, which she could, she turned round and that one stamp might carry an are sunken in their heads, and they said, very kindly, to the boy, "I ounce, instead of half an ounce as look pale and listless. There doesn't beg your pardon, my little fellow; before. We do not believe the appear to be any elasticity in their I am very sorry that I ran against step, as formerly, and even their you." breath is offensive-all brought about by smoking cigarettes."

-Omaha World.

The Cigarette Peril,

people would be satisfied with the concession of one-cent postage only in the free delivery cities. When they have it at all, they will want to see it universal. A difference in rates between the city in which the letter was mailed and the rest of the country is productive of trouble. A uniform rate is more convenient, and when letter-postage is only one cent everywhere, there will be no room for satire because it costs as much to send a letter around the corner as to California. The RepubIlican National Convention in Chiand no doubt we may look to the cago declared for one-cent postage, Fifty-first Congress for it.-Tri

The poor boy, astonished, looked at her in surprise, and then taking The writer adds: "I had a nephew off about three-quarters of a cap, he who was as straight and erect as an made a low bow, and said, while a arrow, as splendid a specimen of a pleasant smile spread itself all over man as one would see in a month's his face, "You can hev my pardtravel. He had large, beautiful ing, miss, and welcome; and the black eyes, and cheeks like roses, next time you run agin me you and was a first-class singer. He sang may knock me clean down, and I with Campanini, Amy Gordon, won't say a word." Emma Thurston, and Clara Louisa After the lady had passed on he Kellogg, last year, and made $3,000 turned to his companion and said, clear of all expenses. This year he "I say, Jim, it's the first time was to have had $6,000. The doc ever had anybody ask my parding, tor told him one year ago that he and it's kind o' took me off my must stop smoking cigarettes or feet."-Day of Days.


Points and Barbs.

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"Finish It."

When Samuel F. B. Morse, afterward famous as the inventor of the electric telegraph, was a young painter studying in London, he made a drawing from a small cast of the Farnese Hercules, intending to offer it to Benjamin West as an example of his work.

"There was no harpoon in it,' was the criticism made by a sailor on a sermon to which he had been listening. The preacher had said nothing to transfix his hearers with a sense of their guilt. He had moralized, but not penetrated beneath the surface. The sermon had no point to it. Teachers make a great mistake when they use no harpoon in their teaching. Peter, spent a fortnight upon the drawat Pentecost, pierced the ing, and thought he had made it perfect. sciences of his hearers again and again. They were "pricked in their hearts" before he attempted to administer to them any consolation. In many classes there are no


conversions because their teachers never even attempt to use the harpoon.

Being very anxious for the fav orable opinion of the master, he

When Mr. West saw the drawing he examined it critically, commend ed it in this and that particular, then handed it back, saying: "Very well, sir, very well; go on and fin

ish it."

"But it is finished," said the young artist.

"O, no!" said Mr. West; "look here, and here, and here," and he put his finger upon various unfinished places.

one, that makes a thorough draughtsman. Finish one picture, sir, and you are a painter."

It was a good lesson. One principal part of a teacher's business is to keep his pupil from being too easily satisfied.-Exchange.


To read the daily papers one would almost think that virtue had nearly departed from the earth. But if the good side of human beings were as fully written up as the bad side, if all the righteous deeds done, the kind acts performed, the just transactions that take place, had as large a showing as do their opposites, we should see, perhaps, that the "salt of the earth" are more numerous than the children of the evil one.

"I lost my hand-bag on the street a day or two ago," said a lady this morning," with my portemonnaie and a number of other valuables in it. Yesterday I received a note telling me where I could find it-my name was on the inside of Mr. Morse saw the defects, now it and I went this morning to that they were pointed out to him, claim it. A lad found it and took and devoted another week to rem- it to his mother. She is janitress edying them. Then he carried of some building and works hard the drawing again to the master. for a living. I rewarded her for Mr. West was evidently much her kindness, and have taken the pleased, and lavished praises upon boy's name and address. When he the work; but at the end he handed is through with his attendance at it back, and said, as before: "Very school I will try and get him a well, indeed, sir; go on, and finish good position. He is an honest boy." it."

"Is it not finished?" asked Mr. Morse, by this time all but discouraged.

"Not yet; you have not marked that muscle, nor the articulations of the finger-joints."

Besides the main point, which should be pressed home with all the power the teacher possesses, there should be many minor points which should find lodgment in the minds and hearts of the scholars. Each lesson, while prominently presenting some one great truth, inculcates many other truths also. The aim of the teacher should be to make every truth stick that he presses upon the attention of his class. It will not do so unless it Her listener rejoined: "I dropped my portemonnaie, which is nearly has point. It will not have point new, and handsome, a few days ago, unless he works over it a good deal as I left the elevated road at one of in his study, with the inquiry in the stations. It had some bills in his mind, How can I put this so as it, various memoranda very valuable to make it penetrate and stay? He The student once more took the to me, and some small change. On cannot afford to leave its shaping drawing home, and spent several discovering my loss, I went at once to the inspiration of the moment. days in retouching it. He would to the train dispatcher at the end One who faithfully works over have it done this time. of the road, described the portewhat he is to teach with this ques- But the critic was not yet satis-monnaie and its contents, and had tion in mind will succeed finally in fied. The work was good, "very the satisfaction of having it returnmaking each lesson bristle with good, indeed; remarkably clever;" points, so that it will have as many but it needed to be "finished." holding-places as a burr. Throw a "I cannot finish it," said Mr. burr and some of its many small Morse, in despair. spines will take hold; and any "Well," answered Mr. West, "I slight attempt to remove it will have tried you long enough. You only cause some more of its spikes have learned more by this drawing to penetrate and give it a firmer than you would have accomplished grip. That is what is needed-in double the time by a dozen halfmore burr-y lessons. Pilgrim finished drawings. It is not numerTeacher. ous drawings, but the character of

ed intact to me. I left half the value of the bills for the conductor who had picked it up, and my thanks for his kindness in leaving it where I could find it."

The delight of both these women in finding an honest man and an honest boy in this great city was evidently as genuine as was afforded them by the restoration of the lost articles.

Our Service of Song.

It is pleasing to note the interest

The Church List.

The following corrections will taken in the musical part of our serve to bring the list published in service. The quartet who regularly

Jenkins has returned to Ann Arbor; sie E. Midgley, 18 Traver st.; Alice K. Larned, 85 Hill st.; JesMyrtle Moore, St. Louis, Mo.; Orserve at the morning service-Mr. November up to date. All of the ville Sage and wife, High st.; W. Skinner, Mr. Colgrove, Mrs. Prof. diminutions and additions, as well E. Tichenor, 9 E. University ave.; Beman and Miss Cramer-are doing as any changes of address or name Mrs. N. J. Wheeler, High st. excellent work, and the large chorus since the publication of the entire of some thirty voices greatly aids list in November, are intended to in the evening service of song. Mr. Colgrove gives unstintedly of his be given: time and effort to the musical interDiminutions-T. N. and Mrs. ests of the church. The assistance M. J. Beamish, letters to Jackson, of Prof. Skinner, who has recently Mich.; A. W. Britten, letter to Pella, come to Ann Arbor, has been valu- Ia. ; Miss Franc Crosby, letter to Baable. His solos have been especi-cone, I. T.; Grace Groves, letter to ally effective, and have been help- Memorial Church, Chicago; Mrs. Mary Johnson, died Nov. 29, 1888; There is a slight tendency on the Mrs. Miranda Tompkins, died Dec. part of the congregation to abstain 26, 1888; Mrs. A. D. Wright, died over Protestantism in this country, from the singing of the hymns for Dec. 8, 1888; A. J. Salyer, name and gave instances of Catholics the sake of listening to the choir. included by mistake; Mrs. Char- who, in open defiance of the comThis, of course, is to be deprecated. lotte J. Burleson has become Mrs. mands of the priest, were sending Abundant opportunity for listening Willis; Mrs. Nellie Davis resides their children to the public schools, to our choir is given in the render in Canada, not on Washtenaw ave. and in other ways were asserting ing of the anthems and in occasional Additions-R. M. Barnes, by

ful to those who listened.

Our Woman's Mission Circle. At the Home Mission meeting in January-topic, "Romanism" the article on its rise and growth called forth a lively discussion. Good Sister E., with her cheerful way of always looking on the bright side, could not believe that Romanism would or could ever triumph

view of the subject with a strong array of facts, showing that Christian people have need to "watch and fight and pray" in face of the insidious arts of Romanism, whose emissaries are ever sleepless and vigilant.

hymns which may be new to the letter, 31 E. Liberty st.; Mrs. their right to independent thought congregation; but it is desirable Eunice Carson, by experience, 32 and action. This, she thought, that there should be the fullest pos- Geddes ave.; Fanny Curtis, by showed a weakening of the power sible participation in the hymns by baptism, 59 Washtenaw ave.; Sid- of Romanism, and she felt confithe congregation. Have you a ney Derby, by baptism, 39 Hill st.; dent that the religion of Christ copy of the Baptist Hymnal? If Wm. Grennan, by baptism, 13 Pon- must prevail. not, please secure one as soon as tiac; Wm. Goodyear, by baptism, But Mrs. S., who had for her possible at Andrews & Co.'s book- 23 E. Catharine; Mrs. Delia Good- topic the recuperative measures of store. Then be sure to have it year, by letter, 23 E. Catharine; Romanism, met this optimisti always at the church with you: Mrs. Emma Hobson, by baptism, sing heartily yourself, and have 16 N. First st.; Arthur McNeil, your neighbor in the pew sing also. by baptism, 10 Monroe st.; Mrs. It will add greatly to your enjoy- Helen M. Newbury, by letter, 56 ment of the service, and will make S. University ave.; Mr. Claramon the service better for all. Pray, by letter, 96 Broadway; Wm. Walden, by letter, 18 Geddes ave. The following also have been reEvery member of our congrega-ceived for baptism, and are await tion is desired to have a Bible and ing the ordinance: Chas. Heywood, to participate in the responsive read- 88 Hill st.; Mrs. Arthur Sweet, 8 ing of Scripture. Bring your own Felch st. Bible, for you will be more profited by its use than by the use of any other. You may thus be able to follow also in your own Bible the Scripture lesson read by the pastor, and the text and context of the

Responsive Scripture Service.


The Cantata.

Our chorus has been drilling for some time, upon the well known cantata of Queen Esther, which is to be presented in the near future. It will doubtless be a highly enjoyable affair.

The regular time of meeting was changed from the second to the first Friday of each month.

The Second Baptist Church, The following have been granted Our colored brethren have made letters to our church, but have not yet had opportunity to present a respectable beginning of a buildthem: H. J. Bachman, northeasting fund for their new church, of corner 5th and Huron sts.; Crom- which the lot and foundation are well Fuller, 49 E. Ann st.; O. L. already secured and paid for by the Miller, 30 S. Ingalls st. self-denying laborers of this faithful little band. It is hoped that our church may be able to assist them materially in their worthy project.

Further minor corrections in the
list are as follows: Hannah Ander
son, 96 Broadway; Leroy Brown,
M. D., St. Paul, Minn.; Mrs. Sarah
W. Brown, Rahway, N. J.; Geo.
Carson, 32 Geddes ave.; P. Wirt
Doty, Hudson, Wis.; Mrs. Susan
A. Goble, 59 E. North; Mrs. Sarah

THE grandest triumph of faith is to trust an allwise and loving God in the darkest hours.


No. 7 Ann Street, north side of Court House, a complete

AT MRS. E. A. HOYT'S NEW MILLINERY STORE, Nne of Fall Millinery and Hair Goods at Bottom Prices.

All kinds of Hair Work done in the latest Fashions. Call and give her a trial order and be convinced that IT IS THE PLACE to get your MILLINERY and HAIR GOODS in the city. Remember the place, No. 7 Ann St., north of Court House. MRS. E. A. HOYT.

JAMES E. HARKINS, Ann Arbor Savings Bank,


Hardware, Stoves, Tin and Sheet Iron Ware.

PUMPS AND FURNACES. Work of all kinds Promptly Attended to. 28 EAST HURON ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.


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Painters' Supplies


Eisele's Marble and Granite Works.

And all kinds of Cemetery Work.
Estimates Cheerfully Furnished.

Shop Cor. of Detroit and Catherine Sts.



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Steam, Hot Water, Ventilation, Plumbing

Water Supply, Drying, Drainage and

Sanitary Work.

Dealers in all kinds of Plumbers' and Steam Supplies.


Flavoring Extracts a specialty


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Stone Lime, Water Lime, Cement JAMES R. BACH,

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Manufacturers and Dealers in Lumber, Sash,
Doors, Blinds, Door and Window Frames, Casings,
Base, Band, Crown, Circular and Irregular Mould-
ings, Stair Rail Brackets, and all kinds of Finish
for Joiners. Bracket, Scroll and Fancy Sawing.
Cor. of North and Fifth Sts., Ann Arbor.



Human Hair Goods.






Cheapest Place in the City.


LEWIS, the PHOTOGRAPHER, can now be found at 72 South Main
Street. Cabinet Photos only $3.00 per Doz.

Call and Examine Work.

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