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November 26th, 1879, in her sixty-sixth year, from a sudden and severe inflammation of the lungs, and her remains were taken according to her own desire to repose in her mother's grave in Alderley Churchyard.

F. S. A.

Reviews and Notices.

No Clergyman's Library ought to be without Dr. Littledale's Plain Reasons for not joining the Church of Rome, which have been recently published by the S. P. C. K. Happily he may not have any of his people who are subject to this temptation, but it will increase his confidence very much to be assured by one who has gone over the whole ground afresh, that even on those points in which the Church of England may have seemed most weak, her position is much better than that of Rome. We have seen for some time past that the evidence in favour of England has been assuming year by year a more conclusive form, as Ecclesiastical history was being better understood, but hitherto no such exhaustive treatment of the subject has been within reach. Now certainly no one, whose eyes are open, ought to be misled in the direction of Rome ; and as a matter of fact the only Converts which Rome now makes in this country, are persons of the upper class who from a mere love of independence have systematically rejected the spiritual claims of the Church to which they have nominally belonged, and who then at length, when by private study or controversy their understandings are convinced that the Church is a Divine Institution, sooner than acknowledge their error in the place where they have made boast of their unbelief, prefer as less humiliating to their pride, to accept spiritual authority in connection with a Communion which is not mixed up with the daily affairs of life. They are jealous of the Parish Priest whom they have been in the habit of thwarting at Vestries and other local organizations, whereas an emissary from the Brompton Oratory or from some distant Convent is a much more abstract personage, and to him they can submit without any curtailment of local greatness. To all such, submission to Rome is a just Nemesis on their professed Erastianism ; and it is no slight testimony to the progress made by Church principles that thoughtful persons can scarcely remain in the Anglican Communion without realizing the just claims of her historical position as the Church of this land. Refusing to acknowledge this they become either Romanists or Plymouth Brothers. We should much like to see a special appeal made to them; we believe that it would save many from committing the sin of schism. The time ought soon to come when the current will set in the opposite direction, and the English Church will welcome back many of her erring children.

A Volume of Sermons (Parochial and Occasional) by the late Professor Mozley has appeared (Rivingtons.) As Pulpit Discourses they would scarcely

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be acceptable to an average congregation ; but for devotional reading they will be found most valuable. No writer since Bishop Butler has possessed such a thorough knowledge of man's moral nature as Dr. Mozley, while his power of description is unsurpassed.

We welcome with great satisfaction The Book of Private Prayer put out in a tentative form by a Committee of Convocation. Doubtless it is capable of improvement, and presently we shall offer a few suggestions which occur to us on a first glance; but upon the whole the little book bears a Catholic savour and will be found a material help to devotion. The Prayers are formed on David's model of “Seven times a day will I praise Thee," and are distributed as follows :-1. The Night Watches. 2. The First Hour (the Resurrection.) 3. The Third Hour (the Gift of the Holy Ghost.) 4. The Sixth Hour (“The Glory of GOD”—but why this Title ?) 5. The Ninth Hour (the Crucifixion.) 6. Eventide (the Incarnation.) 7. The Lying down to Rest. Nothing we think could be better than this division, and the Compilers have been careful to bring out of their treasures things new and old. In the Prayers for the Days of the Week we are surprised to find that except on Sunday no attempt is made to commemorate the events connected with them either in the Old or New Testament. In the Form for Confession we miss the phrase so significant in the Daily Office of the Prayer Book, “ Restore Thou them that are penitent.” The Collection of " Additional Prayers” is very scanty. On the other hand there is a good Scheme for Family Prayer. The book is published by Whitaker-from whom also we have two other useful Manuals from the experienced hand of Canon Ridley-viz. (1) “The Path of Duty," and (2) “On Praying.” Both are characterized by that simplicity and straight-forwardness which have made Mr. Ridley so great a favourite in the cottages of the poor.

Under the title of Sunday Snowdrops, (Masters) Mr. Walter L. Bicknell gives us a small Volume of “ Lay Sermons more especially for the use of young Boys.” In compositions of this kind greater freedom will of course be looked for than in Sermons preached in Church, and many a Parish Priest will be glad to take hints from them. Anecdotes of course are employed liberally and are chosen rather promiscuously, as e.g. from Charles Kingsley, “that noblest of Saints ;” and (what seems to us going rather too far) from one of Dickens' characters. Anecdotes ought really to be confined to the sayings and doings of real persons. But we earnestly recommend the book.

Messrs. W. and A. K. Johnston, (Edinburgh and London,) have brought out a series of Illustrations of Bible Manners and Customs, drawn as well as published by themselves, which are well worthy of being brought before the notice of our readers. The designs and colouring are bold and effective, of a size to look well at a distance when suspended on the walls of schoolrooms or mission chapels, and they can be had either on large sheets, price two shillings, or with rollers and varnished, for four shillings. The specimens that have been sent to us consist of, I. “Drawing water from the well.” II.“ Gathering the vintage.” III. “ Camels, the ship of the desert.” IV.“ Hauling the fish.” V. “The Scapegoat ;" and VI. “Threshing and treading out the corn.” Of these the first and sixth are perhaps the most striking, and the picture of the scapegoat is full of meaning and pathos ; but on the whole the representations of animals are, perhaps, less successful than the figures, although correct throughout.

The Child's Own Creed (S. B. Beal and Co., London) is a poetical paraphrase of the Belief, by W. Chatterton Dix, intended no doubt to impress the spirit of the truths contained therein on the minds of children. It is well adapted for this purpose and with the exception of an occasional weak line, such as the “Bride adorned with grace unpriced” and “Sin's forgiveness I believe,” the author's aim has been very satisfactorily attained.

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Correspondence. [The Editor is not responsible for the opinions of the Correspondents.)

To the Editor of the Churchman's Companion.
Answers.

the practice, the names of Bishop Heber

and John Wesley." THE STATE OF THE DEPARTED.

2. On the other side he considers that SIR,-The condition of the Departed

according to the Vincentian Canon the has been the subject of several recent

practice of Invocating Saints Departed letters in your Correspondence. May I

cannot be maintained; and he ends with be allowed then to refer any who may

an earnest appeal to those who feel be anxious to gain clear views upon it themselves drawn towards it by any to a new work by a writer wholly un

real devotional spirit to make a sacrifice known to myself, but who appears well

of it, “for the common good of the qualified to speak. The writer is the

Church.” The whole book is written Rev. H. M. Luckock, D.D., Canon of

in an excellent spirit and deserves careEly, and the book is called “After

ful study.-Yours, &c. S. T. M. Death.” It is published by Rivingtons.

P.S. The“Hierurgia Anglicana” conIn the first part Dr. Luckock treats

tains as many as fifteen Epitaphs of the “ of the good offices of the living in re

seventeenth century (including that of ference to the faithful Departed,” and

Bp. Cosin) with the Prayer for Mercy the conclusion to which he comes is

appended. this, “that the practice of praying for

Queries. the faithful dead was universally adopted in primitive times and that though for

CHURCHMAN'S COMPANION” AND wise reasons it was allowed to drop almost entirely out of our public wor

WORK GENERALLY. ship, yet such a state of things cannot SIR,-Will you kindly allow me to ask possibly be regarded as permanent.” if any of your readers happen to have Privately he considers with all our ablest

1 Dr. Luckock does not seem to be Divines, that it may be freely used

acquainted with the passage quoted by and it may surprise some of your readers, one of your Correspondents from Bishop to find among those who have advocated Vowler Short's History of the Church.

THE

16 MISCELLANEOUS HELP FOR CHURCH

odd numbers of the Churchman's Com- -material could be supplied to good panion, viz., January, 1864, July, 1868 ? workers from time to time. 6. Utilising I also require nine numbers of 1866, feathers, for how to do so, apply (enhaving January, February, March; and closing four penny stamps) to Miss Haireleven numbers of 1865, having only land, Hartlebury Rectory, KidderminNovember; or I shall be most happy to ster. give any of the above numbers to other Why do I ask you to turn out your persons if required for the purpose I hoards, to think, to give time and talents, have in hand, i.e., to supply books of if you have not much gold? Because good Church tone to Lending Libraries hundreds of letters reach me from the abroad ; also to soldiers' Reading Rooms dioceses of BOMBAY, NEWFOUNDLAND, at home and abroad. I shall be glad, Nassau, and elsewhere, pleading for too, to furnish addresses of Missionaries help, telling me of numbers of little and others, to whom the receipt of the children unbaptized because it is not Churchman's Companion regularly by possible to baptize them and leave them post would be a great boon, it is most without Christian care, and there is not highly valued by the few already so fa- money to send forth labourers; because voured as to receive this Magazine. there are sick and sorrowing, whom "lit

Will any one kindly undertake to for- tle things," so called, could materiward their copy when read to a student ally assist ; because there are scores of at S. Augustine's College, Canterbury ? churches without altar frontlets, altar The friend who (much to his pleasure linen, of any kind; because missionaries and edification, as well as that of his fel- abroad and workers at home are fainting low-students both at Warminster and under their task, and the work they S. Augustine’s College,) has hitherto would try to do; because of all these supplied a number each month, not being things, and many more, impossible to able to do so any longer, I shall be glad compress in a letter, I ask you, Christian to receive odd numbers of any Magazine men, and Christian women, to do what and lists of books of every description. you can, whether it be little or much, It is not at all understood how grateful and to begin now, even by the lesser young missionaries are when provided ways suggested above to help Church with reading matter for the voyage, and work generally. how useful such uninteresting books as Will any one, not having determined dictionaries, grammars, and torn "story" on any special object to devote Lenten books are, otherwise they would not be offerings, send them to me to procure allowed to lie about in heaps in odd cor- church plate for “settlements” where ners as at present.

there is none Altar frontals? or tracts There are so many ways such as the and books for our soldiers abroad? who above, to help Foreign Missions, that it plead that Church people will send them is impossible to particularise. Trade cir- some. Dissenters are not slow to scatter culars, especially regarding weaving, publications denouncing Ritual, Confesand carpentering, will be most welcome sion, and the power of other Sacraments, if sent to the Rev. C. S. Rivington, this is notably the case in India. Shall Panch-Honds Mission House, Poona, we let 1880 go by making no difference Bombay, he has recently asked me for to the amount of TRUTH circulated some; while another priest in India asks abroad? It would be interesting to note for designs of Christian gravestones, iron how many really sound papers would be rails, &c., will any one kindly forward distributed during the year if each me drawings ! May I suggest two more reader of this paper undertook to forways to help? a. By undertaking wood ward but one of the penny, or even one carving, drawing designs, (men should of the halfpenny publications, e.g., the apply for this work,) making altar-linen Gospeller, Church papers, or to send

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1s. 6d., or less, to be expended in like manner. The Bahama clergy and others, constantly assure me how valuable all Church papers, books, and tracts are. Who will help to send out more? where to ?

I shall be glad to give addresses in any diocese where one or more tracts will be most welcome.-Yours, &c., A. C. MACLACHLAN, 2, Great Stanhope Street, Bath.

P.S. Father Dulley has just written from Bombay, asking me to send out if possible one of the Church Magazines, tracts, or something," to the soldiers recently admitted into holy Church.

CHURCH FOLK LORE,

SIR, -May I ask you in the interests of archæology to make public the enclosed circular ?

You will at once perceive that the general usefulness of our work will depend upon the variety of localities whence we can obtain information.—Yours, &c., J. E. VAUX.

Church Folk Lore. In many places, but chiefly in remote villages, there are found usages connected with the Church and its services differing from those ordinarily accepted as customary, and there are many more within the knowledge of people still living. Each taken separately may seem trifling, and even absurd, but we believe, that by collecting and comparing the surviving traditionary customs of different places, matter of much historical interest may be gathered, just as has been already done in the case of popular tales. There is no doubt that many still existing customs are of great antiquity, some probably older than Christianity itself. Others again, are relics of the Ecclesiastical struggles of the 17th century.

They are, however, now being swept away by the natural tendency of increased intercommunication to produce uniformity of practice, or mixed up with revivals which will soon make it impossible to distinguish the old from the new. If, therefore, the history latent in such

traditions is to be made available, it must be done at once.

We thought the work worth undertaking, and have already got together a quantity of material, which, when sifted and arranged, will, we are convinced, prove of wide interest. But as we wish to make our collection as complete as possible, we ask the Clergy and all others who may know of the existence of outof-the-way usages, whether connected directly or indirectly with the ordinary or occasional Services of the Church, either as regards Clergy or people, or with its fabric, arrangement, or furniture, to be so good as to send us authenticated accounts of them. And we further ask that they will not refrain from sending, because they know that like usages exist in other places; for we need scarcely point out the value of a comparative view of the traditions surviving in different parts of the country.

Although we have spoken only of Churches, we believe that among the older congregations of Dissenters there are some traditions of the kind we want, and we shall be thankful for any descriptions of them also.

Communications may be addressed to either of us as under, and they shall be properly acknowledged when used. Rev. J. EDWARD Vaux, M.A., Cron

dall, near Farnham, Surrey. J.T. MICKLETHWAITE, F.S.A., 6, De

lahay Street, Great George Street, Westminster, S.W.

THE ALL SAINTS, BOMBAY, MISSION

ASSOCIATION. SIR,—I venture to ask you to make known through your widely circulated Magazine, the existence of the All Saints, Bombay, Mission Association, which was started in June, 1879. The object of this Mission is to help the All Saints' Sisters who have lately gone out to Bombay, and who are working in the native cottage hospital and schools, &c. It is thought there are many who feel the call to help in mission work, and who as yet have not found any syste

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