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Abd-el-Kader, his defence of the Chris-

tians in Damascus, iv 65.
Aberdeen, Earl of, colonial secretary in
Peel's ministry, i 130; foreign secre-
tary, i 318; forms a coalition ministry,
ii 316; disinclined for war,


24; resigns
office, iii 147; his death, iv 42.
Abyssinia, condition of, iv 244; cruel
conduct of King Theodore, iv 245; an
expedition sent out under General Sir
Robert Napier, iv 246; capture of
Magdala and death of Theodore, iv
247: Mr. Disraeli on the expedition,

iv 257

iv 247

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Achilli, Dr., converted Catholic lec-

turer, iii 8; great libel case, iji 8.
Adams, Mr., discovers the planet Nep-

tune, ii 176.
Adelaide, Dowager Queen, death of, ii

Adelaide, Queen of William IV., popu.

lar prejudice against, i 58.
Administrative reform, organization of
association to obtain, iii 16r; discussion
in the House of Lords on, üi 161; pub-
lic demand for, üi 179.
Adullamites, the, iv 216.
Adulteration of food and drink, revela.

tions made by the Lancet, iii 229.
Afghan war of 1840-42, ii Dost Mo-
hammed gives himself up to the Bri-
tish, ii 8; Sir Robert Sale starts from
Cabul for Jellalabad, ii 8; treachery of
Akbar Khan, ii 8; terrible retreat of
the British, ii 8; attempted advance of
Colonel Wild's force, i 10; General
Pollock advances to relieve the garri.
sons in Afghanistan, ji 10; forces the
Khyber Pass, ii 11; General Sale re-
lieved at Jellalabad, ii 11; gallant de-
fence of General Sale's force, ii 11;
General Pollock captures the Khoord-
Cabul Pass, and defeats Akbar Khan,
i 11; enters Cabul, ii 12; the gates of
Somnauth carried away, ii 12; causes
of the Afghan outbreak, ii 12; end of

Albert, Charles, King of Piedmont, takes Albert Nyanza, discovery of, iv 20.
the lead in insurrectionary movements Albums, period of, i 188.
in Italy, ii 152; looked on with sus- Aldershott, camp at, iii 132,
picion by Mazzini and his coadjutors, | Alexandra, Princess, betrothed to Prince
ii 152; defeated at Novara, üi 152; abdi- of Wales, iv 144; her enthusiastic re-
cates in favour of his son, Victor Em- ception in London, iv 144; her mar-
manuel, ii 153.

riage, iv 145.
Albert, Prince, visit to England, i 292; | Alfred, Prince, begins his nautical ca-
Baron Stockmar's opinion of him, i reer, iii 324; his visit to Cape of Good
294 ; his education and accomplish. Hope, iv


is elected to the throne of
ments, i 295; is informed of King Leo- Greece, iv 145; attempt to assassinate,
pold's desire for his marriage with
Queen Victoria, i 296; makes a tour in Alien Act, amendment of, ii 2.
Italy accompanied by Stockmar, i 296; Allied fleets sent to the Dardanelles, iii
disparaging rumours as to his princi- 25.
ples, i 300; his proposed annuity re- Alma, battle of, iii 95; news received in
duced by the vote of the house, i 301; England, iii 104.
the question of precedence, i 302; re- Althorp, Lord, chancellor of the ex-
ceives in 1857 the title of Prince Con- chcquer, i 69; character of, i 80; his
sort, i 302 ; his enthusiastic reception usefulness in passing first reform bill,
of landing in England, i 303; his mar- i 81; resigns office, i 124; again chan-
riage, i 304; appointed regent in the cellor of the exchequer, i 126; succeeds
event of the queen's death, i 304; his


to the title of Earl Spencer, i 126.
manners and study of politics, i 304; Amazon steamship, burning of, ii 276.
dissatisfaction at his presence at the Amusements for the people, iži 217;
debate on Peel's free-trade budget, ii degrading and refined amusements,
100; his industry, ii 137; success of the iv 7, 8.
Great Exhibition of 1851 due to him, Anatomy Act of 1832 passed, i 176.
ii 231 ; popular misunderstandings of Anderson, John, extradition case be-
him, ii 232; his influence on university tween the United States and British
education, ii 2333 views on the situation

ii 12; war of 1878, iv 319;
Gen. Sir Fred. Roberts' victory, iv 320.
Africa, exploration in, iv 20, 198.
Agricultural distress, Mr. Cobden
for inquiry into, ii 75; Mr. Miles' mo-
tion concerning, ii 76; Mr. Disraeli's
speech on, ü 76; Sir Robert Peel's
reply, ii 77; failure of the crops in
1845, ii 85: Harriet Martineau on the
failure of the potato crop, ii 86.
Agricultural improvements, iii 2; iv 2.
Agricultural labourer, condition of the,
iv 310; strikes among, iv 311; Mr.
Arch's agitation, iv 311; end of the
struggle, iv 312.
Alabama privateer, built in England,
iv 135; her depredations, iv 136; de-
stroyed by the Kearsarge, iv 136; set-
tlement of claim for damages, iv 288.

governments, iv 106.
before the Crimean war, iii 27: his Annuities and Assurances, Mr. Glad.
alleged share in the resignation of Lord stone's scheme for, iv 172.
Palmerston, iii 45; his character vindi- Anti-Corn-law agitation, i 278; great
cated and political status asserted, iii meetings at Manchester, i 278; the
49: visit to the French emperor, iii 97: meetings prohibited and dispersed, i
his opinion of Napoleon III., ii 98; his 279.
letters to the queen and the emperor, Anti-Corn-law Association, the Man-
iii 99; speech on the need for confidence chester, i 275; organize lectures through
in government, iii 178; his interest in

the country, i 277: meetings disturbed
the improvement of the condition of the by Chartists, i 277
people, iii 216; efforts to establish mo- Anti-Corn-law Conference, i 278.
del dwellings, iii 217; speech at edu- Anti-Corn-law League, origin of, i 275;
cational conference at Willis' Rooms, erects a pavilion at Manchester, ïi 24;
iii 218; he draws up code for the organi- great banquet and working-men's din-
zation of volunteers, iii 325; president ner, ii 24, 25; petitions and distribu-
of the British Association for the Pro- tion of tracts, ii 25; opposed by the
motion of Science, iii 325: his great Chartists, ii 25: work done by the ladies'
industry, iv 44; letter on the train- committee, ii 27; great bazaar to raise
ing of boys for the royal navy, iv 46: ds, ii 27; opening of the Free-trade
narrow escape from a carriage accident, Hall, ii 28; is charged with responsi-
iv 47; the twenty-first anniversary of bility for the murder of Sir Robert
his marriage, iv 49: poor state of his Peel's secretary, ii 38; repudiation of
health, iv 51 ; his visit to Sandhurst the charge at a meeting in Manchester,
and to the Prince of Wales at Cam- i 41; London becomes its headquarters,
bridge, iv 51; his amendments on the i 42; Kohl's account of the League
despatch concerning the Trent dispute, and its mode of operations, ii 42; atti-
iv 52; his illness becomes serious, iv 52; tude of many tenant-farmers and land-
last moments and death, iv 53; grief owners, ii 49: work of the League in
of the nation, iv 53; Mr. Gladstone's agricultural districts, ii 49; mcerings in
tribute to his memory, iv 53: passage

Covent Garden Theatre, ii 51; Drury
from Dean Milman's sermon, iv 55;

Lane Theatre refused, üi 55; important
funeral of the prince, iv 56.

accessions to its ranks, ii 55, 56; the
Albert Memorial, inauguration of the, Times on the League, ii 55; its revision

of the electoral register, ii 57; Mr.


iv 200.

iv 42.

i 275.


Cobden's advice to the people, ii 57; Ballot, advocated by George Grote, i 107: war, iii 73; speech in the House of
statistics of the League's growth, ii 83; discussions on, iv 307; bill passed, iv Commons, ili 79; he refuses to contri-
great bazaar in Covent Garden Thea. 308.

bute to the Patriotic Fund, iii 118; his
tre, ii 83; seeks to provide voting qua. Baly, Dr., killed in a railway accident, opposition to the French alliance, ili
lifications, ii 83, 84; great meeting at

118; speech on the popularity of the
Manchester during the Irish famine, Bandiera, story of the brothers, i 336. war, iii 119; letter to his constituents,
ii 90; successful appeal for funds, ii 91; Bank Act, amendment of, ii 61.

iii 120; loses his seat, iii 120, 204; fare.
its influence in the country, ii 95:

Bank Charter Act, suspension of, in well address to his late constituents,
dreaded by the Duke of Wellington, 1857, iii 221.


his appeal to the government
ii 95; dissolution of the League, ii 115; Barry, Sir Charles, death of, iv 4. on behalf of peace, iii 154; his outlines
handsome presents to its chief sup- Baths and washhouses, movement for of a reform bill, ili 289; opposes Dis-
porters, ii 115; its revival, ii 297, 303. erecting public, ii 178.

raeli's reform bill, iii 290; is elected
Analytic Sanitary Commission of the Beales, Mr. Edmond, iv 223; his efforts member for Birmingham, iii zgo; his
Lancet, superintended by Dr. A. H. for the Reform League, iv 223: his address at Glasgow on parliamentary
Hassall, üi 229.

share in the Hydepark Riots, iv 224; reform, iii 296; speech on the in-
Anglo-French alliance, letters of Napo- at great trades' demonstration, iv 239. come tax, succession duties, and the
leon and Prince Albert, iii 275.

Belgium formed into a kingdom under relations between France and England,
Arch, Mr. Joseph, iv 31.

Leopold, i gr.

iii 317; his scheme for reforming taxa-
Arctic exploration, ii 203.

Bentham, Jeremy, his influence on poli- tion, iii 330; speeches on church-rates,
Argyll, Duke of, lord privy seal in the tical progress, i 52.

iv 15; on the right of the House of
Aberdeen ministry, ii 317, and in Pal- Bentinck, Lord George, his career, i Lords to interfere with taxation bills,
merston's ministry, iii 151; his early 332; Mr. Disraeli on, i 333; leader of iv 28; on the prosperity and institutions
career, iii 304; his writings and wide the Protectionists, ii 99: Mr. Disraeli's of the United States, iv 103; president
social influence, iii 304; his marriage, biography of, ii 99: his mode of im- of the Board of Trade, iv 269; chan-
iii 304; character of, iv 212; secretary

proving the condition of Ireland, ii cellor of the duchy of Lancaster, iv 289.
for India, iv 270.

119; his death, ii 205.

Britannia Tubular Bridge, completion
Arkwright, Richard, his spinning frame, Berlin, congress at, iv 318.

of, ii 175.
Bessemer, Henry, iv 19, 20.

British Association for the Advance.
Arms, improvement in, iii 326.
Bethell, Mr. See Westbury.

ment of Science, meeting in Man-
Armstrong, Sir William, invention of Betting-offices, evils of, üi 6.

chester, i 277.
improved gun, iii 326.

Bishoprics abolished in 1833, i 110. Brooke, Sir James, Rajah of Sarawak,
Arnaud, Marshal St., in the Crimea, Blessington, Lady, iii 4.


290; his career in Borneo, ii 157; his
iii 92; is attacked by cholera, iii 94. Bilbury Reservoir, near Huddersfield, proceedings discussed in parliament,
Arnold, Dr., his influence on public bursting of, ii 288; iv 184.

ii 158; returus to England and is well
school life, ii 175.

Birkbeck, Dr., establishes mechanics' received, ii 159; appointed governor of
Arrow, case of the lorcha, iii 198.
institutes, i 50.

Labuan but removed, ii 159: Mr. Glad-
Ashantee, war in, iv 304.
Birkenhead troopship, wreck of the, ii

stone on his proceedings, ii 159.
Ashley, Lord. See Shaftesbury.


Brougham, Lord, opposes Wellington
Attwood, Mr., motion in House of Bismarck, Prince, his view of govern- administration, i 32; elected member
Commons to consider the Five Points


his conduct in the Austro- for Yorkshire, i 60; his great industry
of the Charter, i 261.
Prussian war, iv

and fame, i 61; disliked as a coadjutor,

Auchtcrarder case, the, ii 166.

ment, iv


Blomfield, Bishop, sketch of, i 47. i 62; amiable in private life, i 62; his
Auckland, Lord, Governor-general of Black Friday, iv 235; panic in London, personal appearance and vanity, i 63;
India, appoints General Pollock to the
iv 236.

his reckless use of personalities, i 63;
command of an Afghan expedition, ii 9. Blum, Robert, leader in Hungarian not a great lawyer, i 64; extent of his
Australia, first settlement in, ii 192;

insurrection, seized and shot, ii 155.

knowledge and literary powers, i 65;
ceases to receive convicts from Britain, Board of Health, appointment of, ii 181.

appointed lord-chancellor, i 60: per-
ii 194; Australian Colonies Government Board of Trade returns of imports and sonal quarrel between him and Earl of
Bill introduced and passed, ii 197; Mr. exports of food, iv 1, 2.

Durham, i 125; his criticism on the
proposes an ecclesiastical Bomba, nickname of Ferdinand, King

weakness of the cabinet in the Com-
constitution for the Australian colonies, of Naples, iv 66.

mons, i 127; is disliked by the king, i
ii 197; discovery of gold in, ü 201; Booth, John Wilkes, assassinates Pre- 127; he advocates repeal of stamp-duty
statistics of, ii 202; exploration in, iv

sident Lincoln, iv 143; is shot, iv 143. on newspapers, i 189; his antagonism
Bowring, Sir John, early history and

to Lord Melbourne, i 220; is reconciled
Australia, South, misgovernment of, ii character, üi 199; appointed consul at

with Lord Lyndhurst, i 221; he pro-
190; representative government granted Canton and governor of Hong Kong, poses in the Lords the abolition of the
to, ii 190.

li 200; his action in the Arrow affair, corn duties, ïi 33; his claims on the
Austria, insurrection in, ii 155; war with

gratitude of the nation, ii 46; opposes
Prussia, iv 236.
Bowyer, Sir George, attacks the gov-

Lord Lyndhurst's married women bill,
Austria and Italy. See Italy.
ernment for their policy towards Italy,

üi 12; applies for letters of naturaliza-
Ayrton, Mr., on her Majesty, iv 239; is
iv 86, 87.

tion in France, intending to offer him-
rebuked by Mr. Bright, iv 239.
Bradfield Reservoir, bursting of, iv 185.

self as candidate for presidentship, iii
Aytoun, Mr., his motion on the May-
Bread riots, iii 211.

13; Lord Brougham in 1859, iii 304;
nooth Grant and the Regium Donum,
Brett, murder of Sergeant, iv 253; exe-

his address to working men at Shef-
iv 266.
cution of the murderers, iv 255.

field in 1865, iv 241; death of, iv 198.
Aytoun, Professor, death of, iv. 198; Bribery Bill passed, iv 267.

Brown, John, his efforts on behalf of the
his works and literary position, iv 198. Bright, John, his birth and early train-

slave, iv 92; is tried and sentenced to
ing, ii 31; meets with Richard Cobden, death, iv 95; letter from prison to a
elected member for Durham, ii

Quaker lady, iv 98; his execution, iv 99.

31; his first interview with Mr. Cobden, Brown, Sir George, at the battle of the
ii 51; Mr. Cobden induces him to join

Alma, iii 96.
Baker, Sir Samuel, explorations in the corn-law agitation, ii 51; his posi- Browning, Mrs., poem on tyranny in
Africa, iv 20.
tion in regard to the Crimean war, iii

Naples, Hungary, and Italy, ü 139.
Balaklava, occupied by the allies, üi 61; his unpopularity during the war,

Bruce, Frederick, sent to Pekin to
97; attacked by the Russians, iii 107 i 68; speech in Edinburgh against

ratify the treaty of Tien-tsin, iv 59.


uli 200.

i 175.

i 20; his

iii 276.

ji 149.

iv 20.

iv 153



Bruce, Henry A., home secretary, iv 270. Campbell, Thomas, death of, i 286. Sahib's treachery and cruelty, iii 252;
Brunel, Mr., makes the Thames Tunnel, Canada, revolt in, i 221; causes of dis- General Havelock captures, iii 256.

content, i 222; the cause of the colon-

Cecil, Lord Robert, iv 169; his charge
Brussels, insurrection in 1830, i 91.

ists advocated by Mr. Hume, i 224; against Mr. Lowe, iv 170.
Buckland, Dean, outcry against, ii 176. bill introduced to suspend the constitu- Cemeteries, outside of cities, ii 18.
Budget: of 1840, i 306; of 1841, i 308; of tion of Lower Canada, opposed by Mr. Chalmers, Dr., ii 165; Sara Coleridge's
1842, i 330; ii 19, 34; of 1844, ii 60, 62; Roebuck, i 224; appointment of the criticism on his manner, ii 166.
of 1845, ü 69; of 1846, ii 96; of 1852, Earl of Durham as governor-general, Chamber's Edinburgh Journal begun,
Mr. Disraeli's, ji 310; Mr. Gladstone's i 225; complaints of his policy, i 227; 1832, i 112.
first, ü 329; of 1854, iii 52, 57; supple- he resigns, i 227; bill granting indem. Chartism, Carlyle on, i 251, 262; the Six

mentary budget, iii 59; of Sir George nities to people whose property had Points, i 258; meetings at Birmingham,
Cornewall Lewis, iii 163, 164, 219; of been injured during insurrection, ii 195; Manchester, and London, i 258; im-
Mr. Disraeli in 1858, iii 289; of Mr.

discussed in the British parliament, prisonment of Henry Vincent, i 260;
Gladstone in 1859, iii 316; of 1860, ii 196; Fenian raid on, iv 251.

the National Petition, i 261; Mr. Att-
iii 337; of 1861, iv 31; of 1862, iv 119; Canning, George, his early life and poli- wood's motion, i 261; apprehension of
of 1863, iv 146; of 1864, iv 171; of 1865, tical views, i 7; his oratory,

the secretaries of the National Conven-
iv 173; of 1866, iv 212; of 1869, iv 273; administration, i 27; death, i 29. tion, i 261; meeting and riots in Bir-
of 1871, iv 287.

Canning, Lord, succeeds Lord Dal- mingham, i 261; sentences on the pris-
Bull Run, battle of, iv 115.

housie as Governor-general of India, oners, i 262; arrest of Feargus O'Con-
Buller, Charles, îi 206.

iii 245; outcry against his policy, iii nor, i 262; arrest and transportation of
Bulwer, Sir E. Lytton, on newspaper 271; his proclamation regarding the Frost, Williams, and Jones, i 263; end
stamp-duty, i 189; his speech on reform landowners of Oudh, iii 272; success of of Chartism, i 263; Disraeli's descrip-
bill of 1866, iv 216.

his policy, iii 273; appointed first Vice- tion of some Chartist doings, i 265;
Bunsen, Chevalier, death of, iv 38. roy in India, iii 275; his death, üi Chartists try to stir up the people,
Burdett, Sir Francis, fined and impri- 273.

i 280; Harriet Martineau on, i 280;
soned, i 2; deserts the Liberals, i 97. Canrobert, General, commander of the causes alarm in London, ii 148; the
Burke, Colonel, Irish-American agita- French troops in the Crimea, iii 104 ; second National Petition, ii 148; at-
tor, iv 252.

the queen's description of him, ii 104; tempt to put down public meetings,
Burking, i 176.

resigns his command, iii 135, 164. ii 148; meeting on Kennington Com-
Burmah, war with, iii 197; annexation Canton captured by the allied forces, mon, ii 149: Earl Russell's account of
of Pegu, iii 197.

the proceedings, ii 149; its after effects,
Burnes, Sir Alexander, murdered in Cape of Good Hope, opposition to the
Cabul, ii 8.
landing of convicts, ii 195.

Chatham, Earl of, advocates parliamen-
Burton, Captain, explorations in Africa, Capital punishment, efforts to abolish, tary reform, i ..

ii 17; statistics of, ii 17; commission on, Cheap trains for the working-classes,
Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, advocates iv 168 ; public executions abolished,
the abolition of slavery, i 22, 146.

Childers, Mr., first lord of the admir-
Byron, Lord, intimacy with Lady Caro- | Carbonari, ii


alty, iv 270.
line Lamb, i 316.

Cardigan, Earl of, his share in the blun- China, opening up of, i 290; first war
der at Balaklava, iii 109; his quarrel- with, i 290; capture of Nankin and
some disposition, iii 109.

Hong-Kong, i 290; large war indem-

Cardwell, Mr., president of the Board nity, i 290 ; second war with, iii 196;

of Trade, či 317; Indian secretary, iii seizure of the crew of the lorcha Arrow
Cabinets: Canning's, i 27; three cab- 151; he resigns, iii 154; secretary for by the Chinese and demand for their
inets in seven months, i 30: Welling- war, iv 270; his army reforms, iv 286. restoration, iii 198; Mr. Parkes applies
ton's, i 30; Grey's, i 69, 90; Melbourne's, Caricatures of B, i 97.

to Sir John Bowring, iïi 199; the men
i 98, 126, 145, 158, 233; Peel's, i 130, Carlisle, Lord, his early career, i

334; sent back, but apology refused by
158, 231, 318; ii 91; Russell's, ii 116; Lord-lieutenant of Ireland, ii 151. Governor Yeh, iii 200; bombardment
iv 182; Derby's, ii 296; iii 287; iv 222; Carlyle, Thomas, on the abolition of of Canton, iii 201; Lord Lyndhurst's
Aberdeen's, ii 316; Palmerston's, iii 150, slavery, i 154; on Chartism, i 251, 262; speech in the House of Lords, iii 201;
292; Disraeli's, iv 235, 292; Gladstone's, on emigration, 254; on the Poor-law Mr. Cobden's pamphlet, iii 201; he

Association, ii 288; his History of the condemns the government action, iii
Cairns, Sir Hugh, supports Disraeli's French Revolution, ii 163.

202; defeat of the government, ii 202;
reform bill of 1859, iii 291: is solicitor- Caroline, Queen, trial of, i 6; her death Disraeli and Gladstone on the govern-
general in the Conservative adminis- and funeral, i 39.

ment's policy, iii 203; Canton taken,
tration, iii 303; his rapid promotion, Castlereagh, Lord, suicide of, i 19; his iii 276; capture and death of Commis-
iii 303; Bulwer's description of him,
kindness of manner, i 133.

sioner Yeh, iii 277 ; Mr. Frederick
Cathcart, Sir George, killed at Inker- Bruce sent to Pekin to ratify treaty of
Cambridge, Duke of, at battle of the man, iii 112; letter from the queen to Tien-tsin, iv 59; the Taku forts de-
Alma, iii 96.
his widow, iii u2.

fended, iv 60; Admiral Hope attempts
Campbell, Sir Colin, birth and educa- Catholic Association, the, i 25.

to storm them, iv 61; Baron Gros and
tion, iii 305; enters the army, iii 305 ; Catholic Emancipation, i 19; refusal of Lord Elgin sent out with a sufficient
services in the Peninsula, in America, Canning to oppose,


bill brought force, iv 61; taking of the Taku forts
Demerara, China, in India under Lord in by Peel and passed, i 33; it fails to and march towards Pekin, iv 6r; cruel
Gough, in the Scinde campaign with restore order, i 36.

treatment of the allied commissioners
Sir Charles Napier, and in the Crimea, Cavignari, murder of Sir Louis, iv 319. by the Chinese, iv 61; release of the
iii 305; at the battle of the Alma, iii Cavour, Count, his early career, iii 133: prisoners and surrender of Pekin, iv 62;
96; appointed commander-in-chief of induces Sardinia to join France and indignation of the troops, iv 62; de-
the forces in India, iii 255; relieves England, iii 134; his policy during struction of the Summer Palace, iv 62;
Lucknow and removes the non-com- Garibaldi's movements, iv 7r; difficul- conclusion of the convention, iv 63.
batants in safety, iii 258; announces ties from Garibaldi's successes, iv 75; Chisholm, Mrs., her efforts on behalf of
the close of the rebellion, iii 268; is his circular to the courts of Europe, emigrants, ii

made Lord Clyde, iii 268.

iv 77: his death, iv 42, 83.

Chloroform, opposition to the use of,
Campbell, Lord, his early career and Cawnpore, mutiny at, iii 251; its defence
literary work, iii 304.

by Sir Hugh Wheeler, iïi 252; Nana Cholera in 1831, i 109; in 1849, ii 178.


iv 169.

iv 269, 323.

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ü 177

iv 205.

iii 297 ;


Christian, Duke of Glucksburg, becomes the prevention of war, iii 66; criticism iv 133; capital of the various branches
King of Denmark, iv 146.

on the mode of conducting the war, iv 133 ; progress temporarily checked
Christian Socialism, ii 50.

iii 67; his unpopularity during the war, by American civil war, iv 134.
Chupatties in the Indian mutiny, iii 247. iïi 68; addresses his constituents on the Copley, John Singleton. See Lond-
Church of England Mr. Gladstone's ac- war, iii 141; loses his seat, iii 204; on hurst.
count of revival in, i 45; influence of the evil effects of war, iii 210; is offered Copyright, international, between Bri-
Wordsworth and Coleridge on, i 48; the post of president of the Board of tain and France, ili 1.
position of the, iv 200; Mr. Disraeli's Trade by Lord Palmerston, iii 292, Corn-law rhymes, i 23.
speech on, iv 200 ; evangelical move. 293 ; is elected for Rochdale, iii 293; Corn-laws, agitation against, i 23, 273:
ment in, iv 202; secessions to Church his account of the interviews with min- growing demand for their repeal, ii 19;
of Rome, iv 203; Dr. Colenso's book, isters, il 293, 294; his refusal of office, Sir Robert Peel's sliding-scale, ii 19;
iv 204; action on Essays and Reviews, iii



present at Lady Palmerston's opposition to it, ii 2r; large majority
reception, iii 295; his efforts to bring


government, ii 23: amendment by
Church of Ireland, the bill of 1833, i 122; about a commercial treaty with France, Mr. Villiers for the total abolition of
Mr. Ward's motion in 1834, i 123; the

his interview with Napoleon the duty, ii 23; great banquet of Anti-
king receives a deputation on, i 130; concerning the treaty, iii 319; impres- Corn-law League, ii. 24; dinner by
statistics of, i 137; debates on the Irish sions of the emperor, iii 320; M. Rou- working-men, ii 25; increase of associa-
Tithe Bill, i 135; defeat of the ministry, her's plan of a commercial treaty,

tions for the repeal of the, ii 25; op-
i 144; the bill abandoned by the Mel- iii 320; interviews with Count Walewski position of Chartists, ii 25; conference
bourne ministry, i 146; Mr. Dillwyn's and the emperor, iii 320; his letter to of ministers of religion, ii 26; exertions
motion on the, iv 174; Mr. Gladstone's Mr. Bright, iii 321; his opinion of Prince of the ladies' committee, ii 27; opening
views, iv 175; conversion of tithe into Napoleon, iii 322; on the degrading

of the Free - trade Hall, ii 28; Mr.
rent charge, iv 259; early attempts at effects of war, iv 7; his health gives Bright advocates the abolition of the
disestablishment, iv 260; Mr. Glad- way, iv 179; refuses lucrative office, duty, ii 31; Mr. Duncombe's motion
stone's resolutions introduced, iv 263; iv 179; his death, iv 180; Mr. Bright's to reassemble parliament to consider
majority against the government, iv remarks on, iv 180.

the, ii 37; passionate discussion on, ii
265; bill for disestablishment and disen- Cochrane, Lord. See Dundonald. 37; reduction of duty on Canadian grain,
dowment introduced, iv 270; debate on, Cockburn, Lord, his early career, ii


ii 53; motions by Lord John Russell
iv 272; opposition to the bill, iv 274; speech on the Don Pacifico business, regarding, ii 84; increasing demand for
its reception in the Lords, iv


ii 219; personal appearance and quali- repeal on account of the famine in Ire-
comes law, iv 275; work of the com- fications, i 220;


attorney-general, land, ii 87; Sir Robert Peel's convic-
missioners, iv 275; a new constitution

ii 317.

tion, ii 88; differences in the cabinet,
drawn up, iv 276.

Coffee-houses, establishment of cheap, ii 88; Lord John Russell's conviction,
Church of Scotland, application for aid ii 18.

ii 89; majority of the cabinet against
to extend, i 213; opposition to, i 213, Colenso, Dr., consecrated Bishop of abolition, ii go; Duke of Wellington

Natal, iii 44; his book, iv 204; his supports Peel, ii 90; startling announce-
Church extension in London, iv 200. action for recovery of salary, iv 205. ment by the Times, ii go; resignation
Church-rates, unsuccessful attempt to Coleridge, S. T., his influence, i 186;

and return to office of Sir Robert Peel,
abolish, i 180; Sir John Trelawney's a great talker, i 186.

ü g1; renewed effort of the League,
bill for the abolition of, iv 13; agitation Colonies, misgovernment of, ii 190; ap-

ii gr; Peel's proposals to reduce the
concerning, iv 13; Mr. Disraeli on,
peals for representative government, ii

duties, ü 96; discussion of, ü 97; the
iv 13; Mr. Hubbard's bill, iv 13; Bishop 192; motion for a royal commission to


ii 106.
of Exeter's conciliatory proposal, iv 13; inquire into the administration of the Corrupt practices at elections, bill to
Sir John Trelawney's bill again brought colonial possessions, ii 196; schemes of

prevent, i 28.
in, iv 14; thrown out on second read-
emigration to, ii 198.

Cotton, prices of, during the civil war,
ing, iv 16; introduced a third time, Combe, Dr. Andrew, ii 176.

iv 126; efforts to promote its growth in
but thrown out, iv 16; compulsory Combe, George, discussion about his British colonies, iv 129; Mr. Gladstone
church-rates abolished, iv 295.

writings, ii 176; his reply to Baron on the cotton famine, iv 148.
Clarendon, Lord, foreign secretary, iv Stockmar's letter, ii 176; on the dim- County Franchise Bill of 1864 thrown
inution of aristocratic feeling, ii 177.

out, iv 174.
Clerkenwell Prison, outrage on, iv 255. Commercial depression in 1836–7, i 276: Couper, Sir George, death of, iv 42.
Cobbett, William, outlines of his career, commercial crisis in 1847, ii 176; com- Courtenay. See Thom.
i 99; lectures on political subjects, mercial failures in 1866, iv 235. Courvoisier, François, trial of, for mur-
i 101; is prosecuted for seditious writ- Commercial morality, lack of, iv 190.

der, and defence by Mr. Phillips, i 306.
ing, i 102; a contemporary description Concerts, popular, iv. 8.

Covent Garden Theatre, burnt, iv 8;
of his appearance and manner of speak. Congregational Union of England and M. Jullien's concerts at, iv 8.
ing, i 102; is returned for Oldham, Wales founded, i 110.

Cowley, Lord, ambassador at Paris,
i 103; his want of success in parliament, Conservative government, the first, i
i 103; his death, i 103; character of,

Crabbe, George, i 186.
Conservative party, increase in, after Cranborne, Lord, becomes Indian
Cobden, Richard, enters parliament, the reform bill was passed, i 200. secretary, iv 222; Mr. Disraeli on, iv
i 313; his connections with trade, and Conspiracy to Murder Bill, introduced 264.
early writings, ii 23; begins to advocate by Lord Palmerston, iïi 284; debate on, Cranworth, Lord, lord-chancellor in the
repeal of the corn-law, ii 24; devotes iii 285; defeat of the government, iii

Aberdeen and Palmerston ministries,
himself entirely to this work, ii 25; is 287.

i 316, iü 151.
elected for Stockport, ii 32; addresses Contagious Diseases (Animals) Act, pas- Cremorne Gardens, iv 7.
the House of Commons on the bread- sing of, iv 2.

Crime, statistics of, iv 326.
tax, ii
32, 33; quarrel between him and Coomassie entered, iv 306.

Crimean war, events which led to, u 14:
Peel, ii 39; his influence with foreign Cooper, Thomas, writes The Purgatory attitude of the czar, üi 14; Lord Aber-
audiences, ii 51; he moves for an in- of Suicides, i 282.

deen's disinclination for war, ili 20; al-
quiry into the effect of legislative pro- Co-operative societies, started, 150; liance between England and France,
tection, ii 75; his position with regard successfully conducted in Rochdale, iii 20; letter from Napoleon to the
to the Crimean war, iii 61; his home at iv 130, 131; objects of the Rochdale czar, iii 21; foundation of the Russian
Dunford, iii 63; his outline of a people's society, iv 131, 132; its rapid success, demands, iii 22; the Russian army takes
anti-war budget, iii 65; his efforts for iv 132; employment of surplus capital, possession of Moldavia and Wallachia,


ji 287.

i 104.

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