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meddled with quarrels not its own, and turned them into conflicts that have stayed the onward march of mankind; it has more than once been duped by foreign statecraft and fooled by its own rulers, who threw high stakes for place and pride. British temper has occasionally appeared to be overbearing, or British policy has had a temporary look of truckling. But with all these faults Britain has stood forth in the main as the upholder of truth and justice, as the vindicator of freedom and the claims of human progress. The voice of the nation has many a time risen clear and strong above mere par cries, above the murmurs of those who thought either to lead or to drive, but found the halter shaken loose in their grasp, the goad piercing their own hands. Oftener still there has arisen some great leader like him whose name stands as part of the title of this book--a man clear in purpose, resolute, and strong; with his face set towards one goal, his life earnestly devoted to promoting, with unflagging zeal, the moral and political improvement of the country, the advancement of free institutions, and the progress of a higher education.

history of the country in the future. The young especially, who are presently to be the men and women to whom the position of England is to be intrusted, will have to stand in the world's great highway either as partisans or as patriots, and on their action the future progress of the nation will depend. They may by trying to face both ways persuade themselves that they are politicians. They may stand and block the road against their fellows, and profess that they are thereby acting for the security of the whole people. They may try to turn back the advancing army and for a moment make confusion in the ranks; they may be urged onward in breathless haste by pretentious, loudmouthed demagogues, and, missing the road, find themselves obliged to seek a way of escape from the mires of self-seeking, of unbelief and of false doctrine; or they may, with an eye that is single and full of light, pursue the course of peace, justice, and truth, and of that righteousness which exalteth a nation. The time is not far distant when a vaster multitude of men, if not every man and woman, will have a voice in the government of the country; but that time should not-let us trust that it may not-arrive till there is good reason to hope that no voice shall ring out with a treacherous or an uncertain cry.

One more word. Every reader of these pages, old or middle-aged or young, is in one way or other helping to make or to mar the


iv 257

iv 247

Abd-el-Kader, his defence of the Chris- | Albert, Charles, King of Piedmont, takes Albert Nyanza, discovery of, iv 20.
tians in Damascus, iv 65.

the lead in insurrectionary movements Albums, period of, i 188.
Aberdeen, Earl of, colonial secretary in in Italy, ii 152; looked on with sus- Aldershott, camp at, iii 132.
Peel's ministry, i 130: foreign secre- picion by Mazzini and his coadjutors, Alexandra, Princess, betrothed to Prince
tary, i 318; forms a coalition ministry, ü 152; defeated at Novara, ii 152; abdi- of Wales, iv 144; her enthusiastic re-
ii 316; disinclined for war,

24; resigns

cates in favour of his son, Victor Em- ception in London, iv 144; her mar-
office, iii 147; his death, iv 42.
manuel, ii 153

riage, iv 145.
Abyssinia, condition of, iv 244; cruel | Albert, Prince, visit to England, i 292; Alfred, Prince, begins his nautical ca-
conduct of King Theodore, iv 245; an Baron Stockmar's opinion of him, i reer, iii 324; his visit to Cape of Good
expedition sent out under General Sir 294; his education and accomplish- Hope, iv 43; is elected to the throne of
Robert Napier, iv 246; capture of ments, i 295; is informed of King Leo- Greece, iv 145: attempt to assassinate,
Magdala and death of Theodore, iv pold's desire for his marriage with
247; Mr. Disraeli on the expedition, Queen Victoria, i 296; makes a tour in Alien Act, amendment of, ii 2.

Italy accompanied by Stockmar, i 296; Allied fleets sent to the Dardanelles, iii
Achilli, Dr., converted Catholic lec- disparaging rumours as to his princi- 25.

turer, iii 8; great libel case, ii 8. ples, i 300; his proposed annaity re- Alma, battle of, iii 95; news received in
Adams, Mr., discovers the planet Nep- duced by the vote of the house, i 301; England, iri 104.
tune, ii 176.

the question of precedence, i 302; re- Althorp, Lord, chancellor of the ex-
Adelaide, Dowager Queen, death of, ii ceives in 1857 the title of Prince Con- chequer, i 69; character of, i 80; his

sort, i 302 ; his enthusiastic reception usefulness in passing first reform bill,
Adelaide, Queen of William IV., popu- 011 landing in England, i 303; his mar- i 81; resigns office, i 124; again chan-
lar prejudice against, i 58.

riage, i 304; appointed regent in the cellor of the exchequer, i 126; succeeds
Administrative reform, organization of event of the queen's death, i 304; his to the title of Earl Spencer, i 126.
association to obtain, iii 161; discussion manners and study of politics, i 304; Amazon steamship, burning of, ii 276.
in the House of Lords on, iii 161; pub- dissatisfaction at his presence at the Amusements for the people, iii 217;
lic demand for, iii 179.

debate on Peel's free-trade budget, ii degrading and refined amusements,
Adullamites, the, iv 216.

100; his industry, ii 137; success of the iv 7, 8.
Adulteration of food and drink, revela- Great Exhibition of 1851 due to him, Anatomy Act of 1832 passed, i 176.

tions made by the Lancet, iii 229. ii 231 : popular misunderstandings of Anderson, John, extradition case be-
Afghan war of 1840-42, üi 7; Dost Mo- him, ii 232; his influence on university tween the United States and British
hammed gives himself up to the Bri- education, ii 233; views on the situation

governments, iv 106.
tish, ii 8; Sir Robert Sale starts from before the Crimean war, üïi 27: his Annuities and Assurances, Mr. Glad-
Cahul for Jellalabad, ii 8; treachery of alleged share in the resignation of Lord stone's scheme for, iv 172.
Akbar Khan, ii 8; terrible retreat of Palmerston, iii 45; his character vindi- Anti-Corn-law agitation, i 278; great
the British, ii 8; attempted advance of cated and political status asserted, iii meetings at Manchester, i 278; the
Colonel Wild's force, ii 10; General 49: visit to the French


meetings prohibited and dispersed, i
Pollock advances to relieve the garri- his opinion of Napoleon III., iii 98; his

sons in Afghanistan, ïi 10; forces the letters to the queen and the emperor, Anti-Corn-law Association, the Man-
Khyber Pass, ii 11; General Sale re- ii 99; speech on the need for confidence chester, i 275; organize lectures through
lieved at Jellalabad, ii nr; gallant de- in government, iii 178; his interest in

the country, i 277: meetings disturbed
fence of General Sale's force, ii 11; the improvement of the condition of the by Chartists, i 277.
General Pollock captures the Khoord- people, iii 216; efforts to establish mo- Anti-Corn-law Conference, i 278.
Cabul Pass, and defeats Akbar Khan, del dwellings, iii 217; speech at edu- Anti-Corn-law League, origin of, i 275;
ï u; enters Cabul, ii 12; the gates of cational conference at Willis' Rooms, erects a pavilion at Manchester, üi 24;
Somnauth carried away, ii 12; causes iii 218; he draws up code for the organi- great banquet and working-men's din-
of the Afghan outbreak, ii 12; end of zation of volunteers, iii 325; president ner, ii 24, 25; petitions and distribu-

ii 12; war of 1878, iv 319; of the British Association for the Pro- tion of tracts, ii 25; opposed by the
Gen. Sir Fred. Roberts' victory, iv 320.

motion of Science, iii 325: his great Chartists, ii 25: work done by the ladies'
Africa, exploration in, iv 20, 198. industry, iv letter on the train- committee, ii 27; great bazaar to raise
Agricultural distress, Mr. Cobden moves ing of boys for the royal navy, iv 46; funds, ii 27; opening of the Free-trade
for inquiry into, ii 75; Mr. Miles' mo- narrow escape from a carriage accident, Hall, ii 28; is charged with responsi-
tion concerning, ii 76; Mr. Disraeli's iv 47: the twenty-first anniversary of bility for the murder of Sir Robert
speech on, ii 76; Sir Robert Peel's his marriage, iv 49; poor state of his Peel's secretary, ii 38; repudiation of
reply, ii 77; failure of the crops in health, iv 51; his visit to Sandhurst the charge at a meeting in Manchester,
1845, ii 85: Harriet Martineau on the and to the Prince of Wales at Cam- ii 41; London becomes its headquarters,
failure of the potato crop, ii 86.

bridge, iv 51; his amendments on the ii 42; Kohl's account of the League
Agricultural improvements, iii 2; iv 2. despatch concerning the Trent dispute, and its mode of operations, ii 42; atti-
Agricultural labourer, condition of the, iv 52; his illness becomes serions, iv 52; tude of many tenant-farmers and land-
iv 310; strikes among, iv 311; Mr. last moments and death, iv 53: grief owners, ii 49: work of the League in
Arch's agitation, iv 311; end of the of the nation, iv 53; Mr. Gladstone's agricultural districts, ii 49; meenings in
struggle, iv 312.

tribute to his memory, iv 53; passage Covent Garden Theatre, ii 51; Drury
Alabama privateer, built in England, from Dean Milman's sermon, iv 55;

Lane Theatre refused, ü 55: important
iv 135; her depredations, iv 136; de- funeral of the prince, iv 56.

accessions to its ranks, ji 55, 56; the
stroyed by the K’earsarge, iv 136; set- Albert Memorial, inauguration of the, Times on the League, ii 55; its revision
tlement of claim sor damages, iv 288.

of the electoral register, ü 57; Mr.

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44 :

iv 200.

iv 42.

i 275.


Cobden's advice to the people, ii 57; Ballot, advocated by George Grote, i 107: war, iii 73; speech in the House of
statistics of the League's growth, ii 83; discussions on, iv 307; bill passed, iv Commons, ili 79; he refuses to contri-
great bazaar in Covent Garden Thea. 308.

bute to the Patriotic Fund, iii 118; his
tre, ii 83; seeks to provide voting qua. Baly, Dr., killed in a railway accident, opposition to the French alliance, ili
lifications, ii 83, 84; great meeting at

118; speech on the popularity of the
Manchester during the Irish famine, Bandiera, story of the brothers, i 336. war, iii 119; letter to his constituents,
ii 90; successful appeal for funds, ii 91; Bank Act, amendment of, ii 61.

iii 120; loses his seat, iii 120, 204; fare.
its influence in the country, ii 95:

Bank Charter Act, suspension of, in well address to his late constituents,
dreaded by the Duke of Wellington, 1857, iii 221.


his appeal to the government
ii 95; dissolution of the League, ii 115; Barry, Sir Charles, death of, iv 4. on behalf of peace, iii 154; his outlines
handsome presents to its chief sup- Baths and washhouses, movement for of a reform bill, ili 289; opposes Dis-
porters, ii 115; its revival, ii 297, 303. erecting public, ii 178.

raeli's reform bill, iii 290; is elected
Analytic Sanitary Commission of the Beales, Mr. Edmond, iv 223; his efforts member for Birmingham, iii zgo; his
Lancet, superintended by Dr. A. H. for the Reform League, iv 223: his address at Glasgow on parliamentary
Hassall, üi 229.

share in the Hydepark Riots, iv 224; reform, iii 296; speech on the in-
Anglo-French alliance, letters of Napo- at great trades' demonstration, iv 239. come tax, succession duties, and the
leon and Prince Albert, iii 275.

Belgium formed into a kingdom under relations between France and England,
Arch, Mr. Joseph, iv 31.

Leopold, i gr.

iii 317; his scheme for reforming taxa-
Arctic exploration, ii 203.

Bentham, Jeremy, his influence on poli- tion, iii 330; speeches on church-rates,
Argyll, Duke of, lord privy seal in the tical progress, i 52.

iv 15; on the right of the House of
Aberdeen ministry, ii 317, and in Pal- Bentinck, Lord George, his career, i Lords to interfere with taxation bills,
merston's ministry, iii 151; his early 332; Mr. Disraeli on, i 333; leader of iv 28; on the prosperity and institutions
career, iii 304; his writings and wide the Protectionists, ii 99: Mr. Disraeli's of the United States, iv 103; president
social influence, iii 304; his marriage, biography of, ii 99: his mode of im- of the Board of Trade, iv 269; chan-
iii 304; character of, iv 212; secretary

proving the condition of Ireland, ii cellor of the duchy of Lancaster, iv 289.
for India, iv 270.

119; his death, ii 205.

Britannia Tubular Bridge, completion
Arkwright, Richard, his spinning frame, Berlin, congress at, iv 318.

of, ii 175.
Bessemer, Henry, iv 19, 20.

British Association for the Advance.
Arms, improvement in, iii 326.
Bethell, Mr. See Westbury.

ment of Science, meeting in Man-
Armstrong, Sir William, invention of Betting-offices, evils of, üi 6.

chester, i 277.
improved gun, iii 326.

Bishoprics abolished in 1833, i 110. Brooke, Sir James, Rajah of Sarawak,
Arnaud, Marshal St., in the Crimea, Blessington, Lady, iii 4.


290; his career in Borneo, ii 157; his
iii 92; is attacked by cholera, iii 94. Bilbury Reservoir, near Huddersfield, proceedings discussed in parliament,
Arnold, Dr., his influence on public bursting of, ii 288; iv 184.

ii 158; returus to England and is well
school life, ii 175.

Birkbeck, Dr., establishes mechanics' received, ii 159; appointed governor of
Arrow, case of the lorcha, iii 198.
institutes, i 50.

Labuan but removed, ii 159: Mr. Glad-
Ashantee, war in, iv 304.
Birkenhead troopship, wreck of the, ii

stone on his proceedings, ii 159.
Ashley, Lord. See Shaftesbury.


Brougham, Lord, opposes Wellington
Attwood, Mr., motion in House of Bismarck, Prince, his view of govern- administration, i 32; elected member
Commons to consider the Five Points


his conduct in the Austro- for Yorkshire, i 60; his great industry
of the Charter, i 261.
Prussian war, iv

and fame, i 61; disliked as a coadjutor,

Auchtcrarder case, the, ii 166.

ment, iv


Blomfield, Bishop, sketch of, i 47. i 62; amiable in private life, i 62; his
Auckland, Lord, Governor-general of Black Friday, iv 235; panic in London, personal appearance and vanity, i 63;
India, appoints General Pollock to the
iv 236.

his reckless use of personalities, i 63;
command of an Afghan expedition, ii 9. Blum, Robert, leader in Hungarian not a great lawyer, i 64; extent of his
Australia, first settlement in, ii 192;

insurrection, seized and shot, ii 155.

knowledge and literary powers, i 65;
ceases to receive convicts from Britain, Board of Health, appointment of, ii 181.

appointed lord-chancellor, i 60: per-
ii 194; Australian Colonies Government Board of Trade returns of imports and sonal quarrel between him and Earl of
Bill introduced and passed, ii 197; Mr. exports of food, iv 1, 2.

Durham, i 125; his criticism on the
proposes an ecclesiastical Bomba, nickname of Ferdinand, King

weakness of the cabinet in the Com-
constitution for the Australian colonies, of Naples, iv 66.

mons, i 127; is disliked by the king, i
ii 197; discovery of gold in, ü 201; Booth, John Wilkes, assassinates Pre- 127; he advocates repeal of stamp-duty
statistics of, ii 202; exploration in, iv

sident Lincoln, iv 143; is shot, iv 143. on newspapers, i 189; his antagonism
Bowring, Sir John, early history and

to Lord Melbourne, i 220; is reconciled
Australia, South, misgovernment of, ii character, üi 199; appointed consul at

with Lord Lyndhurst, i 221; he pro-
190; representative government granted Canton and governor of Hong Kong, poses in the Lords the abolition of the
to, ii 190.

li 200; his action in the Arrow affair, corn duties, ïi 33; his claims on the
Austria, insurrection in, ii 155; war with

gratitude of the nation, ii 46; opposes
Prussia, iv 236.
Bowyer, Sir George, attacks the gov-

Lord Lyndhurst's married women bill,
Austria and Italy. See Italy.
ernment for their policy towards Italy,

üi 12; applies for letters of naturaliza-
Ayrton, Mr., on her Majesty, iv 239; is
iv 86, 87.

tion in France, intending to offer him-
rebuked by Mr. Bright, iv 239.
Bradfield Reservoir, bursting of, iv 185.

self as candidate for presidentship, iii
Aytoun, Mr., his motion on the May-
Bread riots, iii 211.

13; Lord Brougham in 1859, iii 304;
nooth Grant and the Regium Donum,
Brett, murder of Sergeant, iv 253; exe-

his address to working men at Shef-
iv 266.
cution of the murderers, iv 255.

field in 1865, iv 241; death of, iv 198.
Aytoun, Professor, death of, iv. 198; Bribery Bill passed, iv 267.

Brown, John, his efforts on behalf of the
his works and literary position, iv 198. Bright, John, his birth and early train-

slave, iv 92; is tried and sentenced to
ing, ii 31; meets with Richard Cobden, death, iv 95; letter from prison to a
elected member for Durham, ii

Quaker lady, iv 98; his execution, iv 99.

31; his first interview with Mr. Cobden, Brown, Sir George, at the battle of the
ii 51; Mr. Cobden induces him to join

Alma, iii 96.
Baker, Sir Samuel, explorations in the corn-law agitation, ii 51; his posi- Browning, Mrs., poem on tyranny in
Africa, iv 20.
tion in regard to the Crimean war, iii

Naples, Hungary, and Italy, ü 139.
Balaklava, occupied by the allies, üi 61; his unpopularity during the war,

Bruce, Frederick, sent to Pekin to
97; attacked by the Russians, iii 107 i 68; speech in Edinburgh against

ratify the treaty of Tien-tsin, iv 59.


uli 200.

ii 175.

jii 276.

iv 20.

iv 153.



Bruce, Henry A., home secretary, iv 270. Campbell, Thomas, death of, i 286. Sahib's treachery and cruelty, iii 252;
Brunel, Mr., makes the Thames Tunnel, Canada, revolt in, i 221; causes of dis- General Havelock captures, iii 256.

content, i 222; the cause of the colon- Cecil, Lord Robert, iv 169; his charge
Brussels, insurrection in 1830, i 91. ists advocated by Mr. Hume, i 224; against Mr. Lowe, iv 170.
Buckland, Dean, outcry against, ii 176. bill introduced to suspend the constitu- Cemeteries, outside of cities, ji 18.
Budget: of 1840, i 306; of 1841, i 308; of tion of Lower Canada, opposed by Mr. Chalmers, Dr., ii 165; Sara Coleridge's
1842, i 330; ii 19, 34; of 1844, üi 60, 62; Roebuck, i 224; appointment of the criticism on his manner, ii 166.
of 1845, ii 69; of 1846, ii 96; of 1852,

Earl of Durham as governor-general, Chamber's Edinburgh Journal begun,
Mr. Disraeli's, ii 310; Mr. Gladstone's i 225; complaints of his policy, i 227; 1832, i 112.
first, ii 329; of 1854, iii 52, 57; supple- he resigns, i 227; bill granting indem- Chartism, Carlyle on, i 251, 262; the Six
mentary budget, iii 59; of Sir George nities to people whose property had Points, i 258; meetings at Birmingham,
Cornewall Lewis, iii 163, 164, 219; of been injured during insurrection, ii 195; Manchester, and London, i 258; in-
Mr. Disraeli in 1858, iii 289; of Mr.

discussed in the British parliament, prisonment of Henry Vincent, i 260;
Gladstone in 1859, isi 316; of 1860, ii 196; Fenian raid on, iv 251.

the National Petition, i 261; Mr. Att-
iii 331; of 1861, iv 31; of 1862, iv 119; Canning, George, his early life and poli- wood's motion, i 261; apprehension of
of 1863, iv 146; of 1864, iv 171; of 1865, tical views, i 7; his oratory, i 20;


the secretaries of the National Conven-
iv 173; of 1866, iv 212; of 1869, iv 273; administration, i 27; death, i 29. tion, i 261; meeting and riots in Bir-
of 1871, iv 287.

Canning, Lord, succeeds Lord Dal. mingham, i 261; sentences on the pris-
Bull Run, battle of, iv 115.

housie as Governor-general of India, oners, i 262; arrest of Feargus O'Con-
Buller, Charles, ii 206.

iii 245; outcry against his policy, iii nor, i 262; arrest and transportation of
Butwer, Sir E. Lytton, on newspaper 271; his proclamation regarding the Frost, Williams, and Jones, i 263; end
stamp-duty, i 189; his speech on reform landowners of Oudh, iii 272; success of of Chartism, i 263: Disraeli's descrip-
bill of 1866, iv 216.

his policy, iii 273; appointed first Vice- tion of some Chartist doings, i 265;
Bunsen, Chevalier, death of, iv 38. roy in India, iii 275; his death, iii Chartists try to stir up the people,
Burdett, Sir Francis, fined and impri- 273

i 280; Harriet Martineau on, i 280;
soned, i 2; deserts the Liberals, i 97. Canrobert, General, commander of the causes alarm in London, ii 148; the
Burke, Colonel, Irish-American agita- French troops in the Crimea, iii 104; second National Petition, ii 148; at-


the queen's description of him, iii 104; tempt to put down public meetings,
Burking, i 176.

resigns his command, iii 135, 164. ii 148; meeting on Kennington Com-
Burmah, war with, iii 197; annexation Canton captured by the allied forces, mon, ii 149; Earl Russell's account of
of Pegu, iii 197.

the proceedings, ii 149; its after effects,
Burnes, Sir Alexander, murdered in Cape of Good Hope, opposition to the i ii 149.
Cabul, îi 8.
landing of convicts, ii 195.

Chatham, Earl of, advocates parliamen-
Burton, Captain, explorations in Africa, Capital punishment, efforts to abolish, tary reform, i 1.

ii 17; statistics of, ii 17; commission on, Cheap trains for the working-classes,
Buxton, Sir Thomas Fowell, advocates iv 168; public executions abolished,
the abolition of slavery, i 22, 146.

Childers, Mr., first lord of the admir-
Byron, Lord, intimacy with Lady Caro- Carbonari, ii 145.

alty, iv 270.
line Lamb, i 316.

Cardigan, Earl of, his share in the blun- | China, opening up of, i 290; first war
der at Balaklava, iii 109; his quarrel- with, i 290; capture of Nankin and
some disposition, iii 109.

Hong-Kong, i 290; large war indem-

Cardwell, Mr., president of the Board nity, i 290 ; second war with, iii 196;

of Trade, ii 317; Indian secretary, iii seizure of the crew of the lorcha Arrow
Cabinets: Canning's, i 27; three cab- 151; he resigns, iii 154; secretary for by the Chinese and demand for their
inets in seven months, i 30; Welling- war, iv 270; his army reforms, iv 286. restoration, iii 198; Mr. Parkes applies
ton's, i 30; Grey's, i 69,90; Melbourne's, Caricatures of B, i 97.

to Sir John Bowring, iii 199; the men
i 98, 126, 145, 158, 233; Peel's, i 130, Carlisle, Lord, his early career, i 334; sent back, but apology refused by
158, 231, 318 ; ii gr; Russell's, ii 116; Lord-lieutenant of Ireland, iii 151. Governor Veh, iii 200; bombardment
iv 182; Derby's, ii 296; iii 287; iv 222; Carlyle, Thomas, on the abolition of of Canton, iïi 201; Lord Lyndhurst's
Aberdeen's, ii 316: Palmerston's, iii 150, slavery, i 154; on Chartism, i 251, 262; speech in the House of Lords, iii 201;
292; Disraeli's, iv 235, 292; Gladstone's, on emigration, 254; on the Poor-law Mr. Cobden's pamphlet, iii 201; he
iv 269, 323

Association, ii 288; his History of the condemns the government action, iii
Cairns, Sir Hugh, supports Disraeli's French Revolution, ii 163.

202; defeat of the government, iii 202;
reform bill of 1859, iii 291: is solicitor- Caroline, Queen, trial of, i 6; her death Disraeli and Gladstone on the govern-
general in the Conservative adminis- and funeral, i 39.

ment's policy, iii 203; Canton taken,
tration, iii 303 ; his rapid promotion, Castlereagh, Lord, suicide of, i

iii 276; capture and death of Commis-
iii 303; Bulwer's description of him, kindness of manner,


sioner Yeh, iii 277; Mr. Frederick
Cathcart, Sir George, killed at Inker Bruce sent to Pekin to ratify treaty of
Cambridge, Duke of, at battle of the man, iii 112; letter from the queen to Tien-tsin, iv 59; the Taku forts de-
Alma, iii 96.

widow, iii 112.

fended, iv 60; Admiral Hope attempts
Campbell, Sir Colin, birth and educa- Catholic Association, the, i 25.

to storm them, iv 61; Baron Gros and
tion, iii 305; enters the army, iii 305; Catholic Emancipation, i 19; refusal of Lord Elgin sent out with a sufficient
services in the Peninsula, in America, Canning to oppose,

bill brought

force, iv 61; taking of the Taku forts
Demerara, China, in India under Lord in by Peel and passed, i 33; it fails to and march towards Pekin, iv 61; cruel
Gough, in the Scinde campaign with restore order, i 36.

treatment of the allied commissioners
Sir Charles Napier, and in the Crimea, Cavignari, murder of Sir Louis, iv 319. by the Chinese, iv 61; release of the
iii 305; at the battle of the Alma, iji Cavour, Count, his early career, iii 133: prisoners and surrender of Pekin, iv 62;
96; appointed commander-in-chief of induces Sardinia to join France and indignation of the troops, iv 62; de-
the forces in India, ii 255; relieves England, jii 134; his policy during struction of the Summer Palace, iv 62;
Lucknow and removes the non-com- Garibaldi's movements, iv 71; difficul- conclusion of the convention, iv 63.
batants in safety, ii 258; announces

ties from Garibaldi's successes, iv 75; Chisholm, Mrs., her efforts on behalf of
the close of the rebellion, iii 268 ; is his circular to the courts of Europe, emigrants, ii 199.
made Lord Clyde, iïi 268.
iv 77; his death, iv 42, 83.

Chloroform, opp sition to the use of,
Campbell, Lord, his early career and Cawnpore, mutiny at, iii 251; its defence
literary work, iii 304.

by Sir Hugh Wheeler, iïi 252; Nana Cholera in 1831, i 109; in 1849, ii 178.


iv 169.

19; his

iii 303.

ji 177.

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