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meddled with quarrels not its own, and turned them into conflicts that have stayed the onward march of mankind; it has more than once been duped by foreign statecraft and fooled by its own rulers, who threw high stakes for place and pride. British temper has occasionally appeared to be overbearing, or British policy has had a temporary look of truckling. But with all these faults Britain has stood forth in the main as the upholder of truth and justice, as the vindicator of freedom and the claims of human progress. The voice of the nation has many a time risen clear and strong above mere par cries, above the murmurs of those who thought either to lead or to drive, but found the halter shaken loose in their grasp, the goad piercing their own hands. Oftener still there has arisen some great leader like him whose name stands as part of the title of this book--a man clear in purpose, resolute, and strong; with his face set towards one goal, his life earnestly devoted to promoting, with unflagging zeal, the moral and political improvement of the country, the advancement of free institutions, and the progress of a higher education.
history of the country in the future. The young especially, who are presently to be the men and women to whom the position of England is to be intrusted, will have to stand in the world's great highway either as partisans or as patriots, and on their action the future progress of the nation will depend. They may by trying to face both ways persuade themselves that they are politicians. They may stand and block the road against their fellows, and profess that they are thereby acting for the security of the whole people. They may try to turn back the advancing army and for a moment make confusion in the ranks; they may be urged onward in breathless haste by pretentious, loudmouthed demagogues, and, missing the road, find themselves obliged to seek a way of escape from the mires of self-seeking, of unbelief and of false doctrine; or they may, with an eye that is single and full of light, pursue the course of peace, justice, and truth, and of that righteousness which exalteth a nation. The time is not far distant when a vaster multitude of men, if not every man and woman, will have a voice in the government of the country; but that time should not-let us trust that it may not-arrive till there is good reason to hope that no voice shall ring out with a treacherous or an uncertain cry.
One more word. Every reader of these pages, old or middle-aged or young, is in one way or other helping to make or to mar the
Abd-el-Kader, his defence of the Chris- | Albert, Charles, King of Piedmont, takes Albert Nyanza, discovery of, iv 20.
the lead in insurrectionary movements Albums, period of, i 188.
cates in favour of his son, Victor Em- ception in London, iv 144; her mar-
riage, iv 145.
Italy accompanied by Stockmar, i 296; Allied fleets sent to the Dardanelles, iii
turer, iii 8; great libel case, ii 8. ples, i 300; his proposed annaity re- Alma, battle of, iii 95; news received in
the question of precedence, i 302; re- Althorp, Lord, chancellor of the ex-
sort, i 302 ; his enthusiastic reception usefulness in passing first reform bill,
riage, i 304; appointed regent in the cellor of the exchequer, i 126; succeeds
debate on Peel's free-trade budget, ii degrading and refined amusements,
100; his industry, ii 137; success of the iv 7, 8.
tions made by the Lancet, iii 229. ii 231 : popular misunderstandings of Anderson, John, extradition case be-
governments, iv 106.
meetings prohibited and dispersed, i
the country, i 277: meetings disturbed
ii 12; war of 1878, iv 319; of the British Association for the Pro- tion of tracts, ii 25; opposed by the
motion of Science, iii 325: his great Chartists, ii 25: work done by the ladies'
bridge, iv 51; his amendments on the ii 42; Kohl's account of the League
tribute to his memory, iv 53; passage Covent Garden Theatre, ii 51; Drury
Lane Theatre refused, ü 55: important
accessions to its ranks, ji 55, 56; the
of the electoral register, ü 57; Mr.
bute to the Patriotic Fund, iii 118; his
118; speech on the popularity of the
iii 120; loses his seat, iii 120, 204; fare.
Bank Charter Act, suspension of, in well address to his late constituents,
his appeal to the government
raeli's reform bill, iii 290; is elected
share in the Hydepark Riots, iv 224; reform, iii 296; speech on the in-
Belgium formed into a kingdom under relations between France and England,
Leopold, i gr.
iii 317; his scheme for reforming taxa-
Bentham, Jeremy, his influence on poli- tion, iii 330; speeches on church-rates,
iv 15; on the right of the House of
proving the condition of Ireland, ii cellor of the duchy of Lancaster, iv 289.
119; his death, ii 205.
Britannia Tubular Bridge, completion
of, ii 175.
British Association for the Advance.
ment of Science, meeting in Man-
chester, i 277.
Bishoprics abolished in 1833, i 110. Brooke, Sir James, Rajah of Sarawak,
290; his career in Borneo, ii 157; his
ii 158; returus to England and is well
Birkbeck, Dr., establishes mechanics' received, ii 159; appointed governor of
Labuan but removed, ii 159: Mr. Glad-
stone on his proceedings, ii 159.
Brougham, Lord, opposes Wellington
his conduct in the Austro- for Yorkshire, i 60; his great industry
and fame, i 61; disliked as a coadjutor,
Blomfield, Bishop, sketch of, i 47. i 62; amiable in private life, i 62; his
his reckless use of personalities, i 63;
insurrection, seized and shot, ii 155.
knowledge and literary powers, i 65;
appointed lord-chancellor, i 60: per-
Durham, i 125; his criticism on the
weakness of the cabinet in the Com-
mons, i 127; is disliked by the king, i
sident Lincoln, iv 143; is shot, iv 143. on newspapers, i 189; his antagonism
to Lord Melbourne, i 220; is reconciled
with Lord Lyndhurst, i 221; he pro-
li 200; his action in the Arrow affair, corn duties, ïi 33; his claims on the
gratitude of the nation, ii 46; opposes
Lord Lyndhurst's married women bill,
üi 12; applies for letters of naturaliza-
tion in France, intending to offer him-
self as candidate for presidentship, iii
13; Lord Brougham in 1859, iii 304;
his address to working men at Shef-
field in 1865, iv 241; death of, iv 198.
Brown, John, his efforts on behalf of the
slave, iv 92; is tried and sentenced to
Quaker lady, iv 98; his execution, iv 99.
31; his first interview with Mr. Cobden, Brown, Sir George, at the battle of the
Alma, iii 96.
Naples, Hungary, and Italy, ü 139.
Bruce, Frederick, sent to Pekin to
ratify the treaty of Tien-tsin, iv 59.
content, i 222; the cause of the colon- Cecil, Lord Robert, iv 169; his charge
Earl of Durham as governor-general, Chamber's Edinburgh Journal begun,
discussed in the British parliament, prisonment of Henry Vincent, i 260;
the National Petition, i 261; Mr. Att-
the secretaries of the National Conven-
Canning, Lord, succeeds Lord Dal. mingham, i 261; sentences on the pris-
housie as Governor-general of India, oners, i 262; arrest of Feargus O'Con-
iii 245; outcry against his policy, iii nor, i 262; arrest and transportation of
his policy, iii 273; appointed first Vice- tion of some Chartist doings, i 265;
i 280; Harriet Martineau on, i 280;
the queen's description of him, iii 104; tempt to put down public meetings,
resigns his command, iii 135, 164. ii 148; meeting on Kennington Com-
the proceedings, ii 149; its after effects,
Chatham, Earl of, advocates parliamen-
ii 17; statistics of, ii 17; commission on, Cheap trains for the working-classes,
Childers, Mr., first lord of the admir-
alty, iv 270.
Cardigan, Earl of, his share in the blun- | China, opening up of, i 290; first war
Hong-Kong, i 290; large war indem-
Cardwell, Mr., president of the Board nity, i 290 ; second war with, iii 196;
of Trade, ii 317; Indian secretary, iii seizure of the crew of the lorcha Arrow
to Sir John Bowring, iii 199; the men
Association, ii 288; his History of the condemns the government action, iii
202; defeat of the government, iii 202;
ment's policy, iii 203; Canton taken,
iii 276; capture and death of Commis-
sioner Yeh, iii 277; Mr. Frederick
widow, iii 112.
fended, iv 60; Admiral Hope attempts
to storm them, iv 61; Baron Gros and
force, iv 61; taking of the Taku forts
treatment of the allied commissioners
ties from Garibaldi's successes, iv 75; Chisholm, Mrs., her efforts on behalf of
Chloroform, opp sition to the use of,
by Sir Hugh Wheeler, iïi 252; Nana Cholera in 1831, i 109; in 1849, ii 178.