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iv 205.

iii 297 ;


Christian, Duke of Glucksburg, becomes the prevention of war, iii 66; criticism iv 133; capital of the various branches
King of Denmark, iv 146.

on the mode of conducting the war, iv 133 ; progress temporarily checked
Christian Socialism, ii 50.

iii 67; his unpopularity during the war, by American civil war, iv 134.
Chupatties in the Indian mutiny, iii 247. iïi 68; addresses his constituents on the Copley, John Singleton. See Lond-
Church of England Mr. Gladstone's ac- war, iii 141; loses his seat, iii 204; on hurst.
count of revival in, i 45; influence of the evil effects of war, iii 210; is offered Copyright, international, between Bri-
Wordsworth and Coleridge on, i 48; the post of president of the Board of tain and France, ili 1.
position of the, iv 200; Mr. Disraeli's Trade by Lord Palmerston, iii 292, Corn-law rhymes, i 23.
speech on, iv 200 ; evangelical move. 293 ; is elected for Rochdale, iii 293; Corn-laws, agitation against, i 23, 273:
ment in, iv 202; secessions to Church his account of the interviews with min- growing demand for their repeal, ii 19;
of Rome, iv 203; Dr. Colenso's book, isters, il 293, 294; his refusal of office, Sir Robert Peel's sliding-scale, ii 19;
iv 204; action on Essays and Reviews, iii



present at Lady Palmerston's opposition to it, ii 2r; large majority
reception, iii 295; his efforts to bring


government, ii 23: amendment by
Church of Ireland, the bill of 1833, i 122; about a commercial treaty with France, Mr. Villiers for the total abolition of
Mr. Ward's motion in 1834, i 123; the

his interview with Napoleon the duty, ii 23; great banquet of Anti-
king receives a deputation on, i 130; concerning the treaty, iii 319; impres- Corn-law League, ii. 24; dinner by
statistics of, i 137; debates on the Irish sions of the emperor, iii 320; M. Rou- working-men, ii 25; increase of associa-
Tithe Bill, i 135; defeat of the ministry, her's plan of a commercial treaty,

tions for the repeal of the, ii 25; op-
i 144; the bill abandoned by the Mel- iii 320; interviews with Count Walewski position of Chartists, ii 25; conference
bourne ministry, i 146; Mr. Dillwyn's and the emperor, iii 320; his letter to of ministers of religion, ii 26; exertions
motion on the, iv 174; Mr. Gladstone's Mr. Bright, iii 321; his opinion of Prince of the ladies' committee, ii 27; opening
views, iv 175; conversion of tithe into Napoleon, iii 322; on the degrading

of the Free - trade Hall, ii 28; Mr.
rent charge, iv 259; early attempts at effects of war, iv 7; his health gives Bright advocates the abolition of the
disestablishment, iv 260; Mr. Glad- way, iv 179; refuses lucrative office, duty, ii 31; Mr. Duncombe's motion
stone's resolutions introduced, iv 263; iv 179; his death, iv 180; Mr. Bright's to reassemble parliament to consider
majority against the government, iv remarks on, iv 180.

the, ii 37; passionate discussion on, ii
265; bill for disestablishment and disen- Cochrane, Lord. See Dundonald. 37; reduction of duty on Canadian grain,
dowment introduced, iv 270; debate on, Cockburn, Lord, his early career, ii


ii 53; motions by Lord John Russell
iv 272; opposition to the bill, iv 274; speech on the Don Pacifico business, regarding, ii 84; increasing demand for
its reception in the Lords, iv


ii 219; personal appearance and quali- repeal on account of the famine in Ire-
comes law, iv 275; work of the com- fications, i 220;


attorney-general, land, ii 87; Sir Robert Peel's convic-
missioners, iv 275; a new constitution

ii 317.

tion, ii 88; differences in the cabinet,
drawn up, iv 276.

Coffee-houses, establishment of cheap, ii 88; Lord John Russell's conviction,
Church of Scotland, application for aid ii 18.

ii 89; majority of the cabinet against
to extend, i 213; opposition to, i 213, Colenso, Dr., consecrated Bishop of abolition, ii go; Duke of Wellington

Natal, iii 44; his book, iv 204; his supports Peel, ii 90; startling announce-
Church extension in London, iv 200. action for recovery of salary, iv 205. ment by the Times, ii go; resignation
Church-rates, unsuccessful attempt to Coleridge, S. T., his influence, i 186;

and return to office of Sir Robert Peel,
abolish, i 180; Sir John Trelawney's a great talker, i 186.

ü g1; renewed effort of the League,
bill for the abolition of, iv 13; agitation Colonies, misgovernment of, ii 190; ap-

ii gr; Peel's proposals to reduce the
concerning, iv 13; Mr. Disraeli on,
peals for representative government, ii

duties, ü 96; discussion of, ü 97; the
iv 13; Mr. Hubbard's bill, iv 13; Bishop 192; motion for a royal commission to


ii 106.
of Exeter's conciliatory proposal, iv 13; inquire into the administration of the Corrupt practices at elections, bill to
Sir John Trelawney's bill again brought colonial possessions, ii 196; schemes of

prevent, i 28.
in, iv 14; thrown out on second read-
emigration to, ii 198.

Cotton, prices of, during the civil war,
ing, iv 16; introduced a third time, Combe, Dr. Andrew, ii 176.

iv 126; efforts to promote its growth in
but thrown out, iv 16; compulsory Combe, George, discussion about his British colonies, iv 129; Mr. Gladstone
church-rates abolished, iv 295.

writings, ii 176; his reply to Baron on the cotton famine, iv 148.
Clarendon, Lord, foreign secretary, iv Stockmar's letter, ii 176; on the dim- County Franchise Bill of 1864 thrown
inution of aristocratic feeling, ii 177.

out, iv 174.
Clerkenwell Prison, outrage on, iv 255. Commercial depression in 1836–7, i 276: Couper, Sir George, death of, iv 42.
Cobbett, William, outlines of his career, commercial crisis in 1847, ii 176; com- Courtenay. See Thom.
i 99; lectures on political subjects, mercial failures in 1866, iv 235. Courvoisier, François, trial of, for mur-
i 101; is prosecuted for seditious writ- Commercial morality, lack of, iv 190.

der, and defence by Mr. Phillips, i 306.
ing, i 102; a contemporary description Concerts, popular, iv. 8.

Covent Garden Theatre, burnt, iv 8;
of his appearance and manner of speak. Congregational Union of England and M. Jullien's concerts at, iv 8.
ing, i 102; is returned for Oldham, Wales founded, i 110.

Cowley, Lord, ambassador at Paris,
i 103; his want of success in parliament, Conservative government, the first, i
i 103; his death, i 103; character of,

Crabbe, George, i 186.
Conservative party, increase in, after Cranborne, Lord, becomes Indian
Cobden, Richard, enters parliament, the reform bill was passed, i 200. secretary, iv 222; Mr. Disraeli on, iv
i 313; his connections with trade, and Conspiracy to Murder Bill, introduced 264.
early writings, ii 23; begins to advocate by Lord Palmerston, iïi 284; debate on, Cranworth, Lord, lord-chancellor in the
repeal of the corn-law, ii 24; devotes iii 285; defeat of the government, iii

Aberdeen and Palmerston ministries,
himself entirely to this work, ii 25; is 287.

i 316, iü 151.
elected for Stockport, ii 32; addresses Contagious Diseases (Animals) Act, pas- Cremorne Gardens, iv 7.
the House of Commons on the bread- sing of, iv 2.

Crime, statistics of, iv 326.
tax, ii
32, 33; quarrel between him and Coomassie entered, iv 306.

Crimean war, events which led to, u 14:
Peel, ii 39; his influence with foreign Cooper, Thomas, writes The Purgatory attitude of the czar, üi 14; Lord Aber-
audiences, ii 51; he moves for an in- of Suicides, i 282.

deen's disinclination for war, ili 20; al-
quiry into the effect of legislative pro- Co-operative societies, started, 150; liance between England and France,
tection, ii 75; his position with regard successfully conducted in Rochdale, iii 20; letter from Napoleon to the
to the Crimean war, iii 61; his home at iv 130, 131; objects of the Rochdale czar, iii 21; foundation of the Russian
Dunford, iii 63; his outline of a people's society, iv 131, 132; its rapid success, demands, iii 22; the Russian army takes
anti-war budget, iii 65; his efforts for iv 132; employment of surplus capital, possession of Moldavia and Wallachia,


ji 287.

i 104.

troops, iii

ili 194-

iji 23; the Vienna note, iii 23; excite.
ment in Turkey, in 24: Lord Palmer-
ston eager for decisive measures, iii 24;
the French and British fleets sent to
the Dardanelles, iii 25; Turkey de-
clares war, iii 27; Prince Albert and
Lord Palmerston on the situation, iii
27, 28; Lord Aberdeen's views, iii 30;
Nicholas declares war against Turkey,
üi 31; he writes to the queen, ili 31;
the queen's reply, iii 32; commence-
ment of hostilities, iii 32; the Turkish
fleet destroyed at Sinope, iii 33; the
allied fleets ordered to the Black Sea,
ni 33; attitude of Prussia and Austria,
ji 34; manifesto by the Emperor of
Russia, iii 34; the war feeling in Eng-
land, iii 35; the ultimatum of England
to Russia, iii 36; description of the
Crimea, iii 37 : the poetic English
party, iii 38; popular outcry for war,
ui 38; the camp at Chobham Common,
iii 39; naval review at Spithead, iii 39;
departure of troops, iii 40; arrival of
the allied armies in Turkey, iii 40; Co-
operation of the French and English,
üi 41; Mr. Gladstone's budget of 1854,
ili 52; King of Prussia's letters to the
queen, iii 53; the queen's reply, iii 54;
the czar's insincerity, isi 56; the budget,
in 357; a supplementary budget, iii 59;
attitude of Gladstone, Cobden, and
Bright, iii 60, 61; Mr. Gladstone on
British interests and the war, iii 68;
departure of the Baltic fleet, iii 70, 77;
instructions of Sir James Graham, ii 77;
correspondence between him and Sir
Charles Napier, iii 78; results achieved
in the Baltic, iii 79; another Baltic
fleet despatched under Admiral Dun-
das, iii 79; speech by Mr. Bright, iii 79;
Mr. Gladstone writing in 1878 on the
subject, iii 87; a day of prayer and
supplication appointed, iii 88; siege of
Silistria, iii 89, 90; Palmerston's plans
for the campaign, üi 89: conduct of
Austria, iii 89; speech by Lord Lynd.
hurst, iii 391; plan for the attack of
Sebastopol, iii 92; want of information
about the Russian preparations, iii 93,
96; Mr. Kinglake and the Times on
the need for attacking Sebastopol, iii 93;
ravages of cholera in the allied armies,
iii 93; Varna on fire, iii 94; the armies
embark for the Crimea, iii 94; Eupa-
toria surrendered, iii 95; battle of the
Alma, iii 95; march to Balaklava, iii 97;
desire of Napoleon to go to the Crimea,
i 99; Sardinia joins the allies, iii 100;
General Canrobert commands the
French troops, iii 104; strength of
Sebastopol, iii 105; attack by the Rus-
sians on the allies at Balaklava, iii 107;
the charge of the Light Brigade, iii 108;
another attack on Balaklava, iii 110;
battle of Inkerman, iii 111; insufficency
of the commissariat arrangements and
sufferings of the men, destruc-
tion of supplies by a storm, iii 116;
blundering of the transport service,
iii 117: the Times' subscription list for
the relief of the sick and wounded,
ii 118; the Patriotic Fund, iii 118;
refusal of the peace party to contribute
to this fund, iii 118; Miss Florence



Nightingale and a staff of nurses ar- pol, iii 186; cost of the war, iii 187;
rive, ji 122; cholera in the camp, negotiations for peace, iii 189; confer.
iii 123; picture of the scene between ence in Paris, iii 190; peace agreed
the harbour and the English position, upon, iii 190; the Crimea evacuated by
iii 123; courage and patience of the the allies, iii 192; description of Se-

124; Lord Panmure's in- bastopol, iii 192; a day of thanksgiv-
structions to Lord Raglan, ili 125; an ing, iii 193; naval review at Spithead,
army of reserve formed at Malta, iii 193; rejoicings in London, iii 193;
ili 126; a railway made from Balaklava Mr. Gladstone on the terms of

to the trenches, iii 127; nationalities
represented in the Crimea, iii 127:

Crimes of violence, increase of, iïi 232;
completion of telegraphic communica- introduction of the garotte, iii 233 ;
tion between London and the seat of William Palmer the poisoner, iii 234.
war, iii 128; condition of the army at Criminal Code, amelioration of, i 177;
Balaklava, iii 128; dearness of pro- counsel allowed to prisoners in criminal
visions, iii 129; improvement in the cases, i 268 ; restriction of capital
camp, iii 129; M. Soyer organizes the punishment, i 268; transportation con-
culinary service, iïi 130; description of demned and abolished, i 271, ili

the positions, iii 131; recruiting at home the ticket-of-leave system, üi 238; crucl-
and abroad, iii 132; Sardinia enters the ties in prisons, iii 239; increased care-
alliance against Russia, iii 134; landing

fulness in criminal trials, iv 5.
of the Sardinian army in the Crimea, Croker, John Wilson, i 41.
ili 135; death of Lord Raglan, iïi 136; | Crystal Palace, ii 231; previous exhibi-
General Simpson takes the command, tions, ii 231; its success due to Prince
iii 1 36;treaty between England, France, Albert, ii 231; first proposal of, meets
and Austria concluded, iii 138; the four with great opposition, ii 234; Sir Joseph
points of agreement as the basis of Paxton's design adopted, ii 237: poem
peace with Russia, iii 138; debate in by Thackeray on, ii 238; site fixed on,
parliament on the conduct of the war, ii 239; preparations for carrying out the
iii 139; the Foreign Enlistment Bill, plans, ii 240; the opening ceremony,
iii 140; Mr. Roebuck moves for a com- ii 241; the queen's account of the day's
mittee of inquiry, iii 141, 143; Lord proceedings, ii 245; statistics of, and
John Russell resigns office, ili 141; Mr. distribution of prizes, ii 248; difficulty
Roebuck's motion carried, iii 147; the as to disposal of the building, iii 2;
government resign, iii 147; Lord Pal- removed and re-erected at Sydenham,
merston announces the arrangements ii 250; use of the surplus money, ili 3.
for prosecuting the war, iii 152; Mr. Custody of Infants Bill, i 273.
Layard attacks the new government,
iii 153; Mr. Roebuck presses for a
committee of inquiry, iii 153; repulse

of the Russians at Eupatoria, iii 155:
death of the Czar Nicholas, iii 155: Daguerre's improvement of photo-
return home of the wounded, iii 158; graphy, i 271.
failure of negotiations for peace, iii 158; Dalhousie, Lord, governor-general of
proceedings of the commission of in- India, iii 243; abolishes suttee, ii 243;
quiry, iii 159; a day of fasting ap- prohibits Thuggism, iii 243.
pointed, iii 159;

distribution of war Damascus, massacre of Christians in,
medals, iii 164; the losses of the Rus-
sians, iii 164; destruction of stores at

Dano-German war. See Denmark.
Kertch, iii 165; capture of the Sapone Darwin, Charles, his theory of the ori-
or White redoubts, the Mamelon, and gin of species, iv 24; sketch of his life,
the Quarries, iii 166: repulse of the


25: his Descent of Man, iv 26.
French at the Malakhoff, iii 167: re- Davis, Jefferson, president of the Con-
pulse of the English at the Redan, federate States, iv 89: his early career,
ii 167; death of Lord Raglan, iii 167; iv 100; imprisoned at the close of the
is succeeded by General Simpson,


iv 64.


iii 168; discussions in parliament on the Deak, Francis, Hungarian statesman,
peace negotiations, iii 168; Mr. Lowe's
amendment, iü 16g; speeches by Glad- Delhi, mutiny and massacre at, iïi 248;
stone, Bright, Cobden, Sir J. Graham, the natives obtain possession of the
Lord John Russell, iii 169; Prince city, iii 249; siege and capture of,
Albert on the situation, iii 174; Mr.

ii 260; shooting of the king's sons,
Gladstone's account in 1877 of the iii 263; the king taken to Rangoon,
political situation in 1855, iii 175; speech ili 268.
by Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, iii 176; Denman, Lord, i 102.
the last of the Vienna conferences, Denmark and the duchies of Schleswig
iii 177; report of the committee of in- and Holstein, iv 146, 160; arrogance
quiry, iii 177; danger of the publica- of Prussia, iv 161; accession of Chris-
tion of army movements by the press, tian IX., iv 161; his dispute with Hol-
ui 179; renewed debates on the peace stein, iv 161; German troops enter the
negotiations, iii 179; bombardment of duchy, iv 162; remonstrance of Eng.
Sveaborg, iii 184; repulse of a Russian land, iv 163; Schleswig occupied by a
attack at the Tchernaya, iii 184; taking German army, iv 163; the powers re-
of the Malakhoff, iii 185; repulse at the fuse material assistance to Denmark,
Redan, iii 186; evacuation of Sebasto- iv 163; the duchies ceded to Prussia

ji 155.

ili 115;

iv 296.

i 321.

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and Austria, iv 164: the government his speech before the Oxford Diocesan | Ecclesiastical commission appointed, i
attacked on the Dano-German ques- Society, iv 200; against reform bill of

134; attempt to reform abuses, i 180
tion, iv 165; Mr. Disraeli's speech and 1866, iv 219; is chancellor of the ex. Ecclesiastical Titles Bill, iv 286.
Mr. Gladstone's reply, iv 165; Mr. chequer, iv 222; introduces a reform Ecclesiastico-political controversies, i
Bernal Osborne's sallies, iv 166; Lord bill, iv 226; succeeds Lord Derby as 165; the Disruption, ü 165; movement
Palmerston's defence, iv 166; his letter prime minister, iv 235; his administra. to separate church and state, ii 168;
to King Leopold, iv 167; English sym- tion of 1868, iv 262; attack on Lord the High Church party gains ground,
pathy for Denmark, iv 167.

Cranborne, iv 264; his ininistry re- i 168; Mr. Disraeli on the state of the
Denominational schools, support of, sign, iv 269; character of, iv 314; his Church, ii 168; opposition of Dissenters

elevation to the peerage, iv

314; attends

to national education, ii 169; Dr.
Derby, Lord, forms a ministry, ü 296: Berlin congress, iv 318; his illness and Hampden's case, ii 169: Rev. Cor.
his statement in the House of Lords, death, i 320; iv 324; sketch of his career, nelius Gorham's case, ü 170.
ii 304; speech by Sir James Graham on

Education, Rowland Hill's system of,
the protection policy of the govern- | Disraeli, Isaac, his writings, i 29. i 238; speech by Prince Albert at edu-
ment, ii 304; determination to force Disruption, the, of 1843, ii 165; financial cational conference, iii 218; increase of
the government to declare its policy, efforts of the Free Church, ü 168. secular, iii 23r; statistics of, iv 327.
i 307; again prime minister in 1858, Dissenters' Burial Bill, iv 171.

Education of neglected children, move-
iii 287; resigns, iii 292; again forms a Dissenters' Chapel Bill, i 283; Gladstone ment for, iii 214; Mr. Gladstone on,
ministry, iv 222; his reform bill in the on, i 283; Macaulay on, i 284.
House of Lords, iv 233; his retirement Distress in the country, i 331; in 1861, Education, National, grant voted in
and death, iv 235.

iv 123; in London in 1866–67, iv 240. 1833, i 267: extension of, and constitu-
Derby, Lord, resigns office in Lord Divorce Court Bill, iii 206; opposed by tion of committee of council on, i 267;
Beaconsfield's ministry, iv 318.
Mr. Gladstone, üi 206.

speech of Mr. Shiel on, i 267; proposed
Dickens, Charles, influence of the Pick- Dorchester labourers, transportation of scheme of, i 331; alarm of Dissenters
wick Papers, i 188; his obituary notice the, i 162; they are pardoned, i 163. at, i 331; withdrawal of the bill, i 332;
of Thackeray, iv 196.

D'Orsay, Count, his



agitation for, in 1852, ii 275; Lord John
Discontent in the country, i 6, 70, 161. Drainage of London, scheme for, iv


Russell's opinion of, i 275; grants for,
Diseased meat in London market, dis- Drinking fountains, erection of, iv iv 169; Mr. Lowe and the Revised
posal of, iii 230.

Drummond, Edward, Sir Robert Peel's Code, iv 169.
Disestablishment of the church, first secretary, assassinated, ii 38.

Eglinton Tournament, i 264.

public meeting, i 111; Earl Grey on, Druses, their cruelties to the Maronites, i Egypt, war in, iv 322.
iu; Mr. Gladstone's views on, iv 296. iv 63; their character and origin, iv 63. Eldon, Lord, i 242.
Disraeli, Benjamin: education and early See Syria

Elections, family influence in, i 219.
career, i 2

29; on Toryism versus Con- Dufferin, Lord, his account of the scene Electric Telegraph, its origin, i 241;
servatism, i 130; on the results of the after the massacre at Damascus, iv 65; increase of communication, iv 199: pur.
queen's accession, i 250; on the Con- chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster, chased by government, iv 267.
servative cause, i 251; formation of the

Elementary Education Act, iv 280.
Young England party, i 263; his change Duncombe, Thomas, his political prin. Elgin, Lord, sent to China as British
of sides, i 264; he describes some Char- ciples and moral character, i 248; pro- representative, iii 205, 275: sent to
tist doings, i 265; graphic scene in a poses to extend the franchise, i 260; China to secure the ratification of the
tommy-shop, ii 15; becomes spokesman on opening of private letters by the

treaty of Tien-tsin, iv 61; orders the
of the Protectionists, ii 63; his eulogy government, i 335.


destruction of the Summer Palace, iv
of Peel and virulent attack of Lord Dundas, Admiral, sent with a feet to 62.
Palmerston, ii 63; study in Coningsby the Baltic, iii 79.

Ellenborough, Lord, president of Board
of Lord John Russell, ii 64; abuse of Dundonald, Earl, i 96; fined and im- of Control, i 318; succeeds Lord Auck-
statesmen, ii 65; slighted by Sir Robert prisoned, i 96; his services abroad, i 97; land as Governor-general of India, ii
Peel, ii 65; his views at various stages is restored to all his honours, i 97. 9; orders the gates of Somnauth to be
of his political career, ii 65; description Dunlop, John, a Temperance pioneer,

carried away,


12: his opposition to
of a statesman's position, ii 66; his

Lord Canning's policy in India, iü 372.
personal antipathy to Sir Robert Peel, | Dunne, Colonel, assists Garibaldi in Elliott, Ebenezer, the Corn-law Rhymer,
ii 68, 73; speech on the Maynooth Col- Naples, iv 74.

i 23.
lege Bill, ii 81; speech on the Corn | Durham, Earl of, his early career, i 225; Elphinstone, Major-general, commander
Bill, ü 103 ; his account of a scene in his quarrel with Lord Brougham, i 125: in Afghanistan, ii 8.
the house, ii 109; his estimate of Sir looked to as leader by advanced re- Emigration, advocated by Carlyle, i
Robert Peel, ii 110; his burlesque of formers, i 219; sent to Canada as gov- 254; schemes of, ii 198; statistics of, i
Leigh Hunt's imprisonment, ii 162; on ernor-general, i 225; opposition to his 200; iv 328.
the state of the church, ii 168; on the illegal actions, i 227; he resigns and Employment of women and children, iv
navigation laws, ii 187 ; proposes to retires into private life, i 228; his death, 282; evils of the gang system in agri-
modify the poor-laws, ii 188; on the i 228; John Stuart Mill's defence of his cultural districts, iv 282.
power of the crown, ii 285; is chancel- policy, i 229.

Encumbered Estates Act, passing of, i
lor of the exchequer, ii 296; his address Dwellings for the poorer classes, iv 199.

to the Buckinghamshire electors, ii 302;

Endowed Schools Act Amendment Bill,
his budget of 1852, and its opposition,

opposed by Messrs. Gladstone and
ii 312; his reply, ii 313; speech by Mr.


Forster, iv 303.
Gladstone, ii 315; defeat of the govern-

Engineering works, progress of, iv 197.
ment, ii 316; is accused of plagiarism, | East India Company, origin and growth Ernest, Prince, of Hohenlohe Langen-
ii 323; criticises the government con- of, i 286; its trading privileges taken burg, death of, iv 42.
duct of the Crimean war, iii 139, 146 ; away,

i 288.

Essays and Reviews, iv 205: their
his denunciation of Lord John Russell, Eastern question, dispute about the writers, iv 206; actions against Dr.
iii 181; again chancellor of the ex- holy places, ii 334; Russia's designs Williams and Mr. Wilson, iv 206, 207;
chequer, iii 287; he introduces a reform against Turkey, i 335; opposition to the Essays condemned in Convocation,
bill, iii 289; on the income-tax and re- Russia, ii 335; alliance between Bri- iv 207; Lord Westbury's speech on
duction of armaments, iii 317; on the tain and France and declaration of Convocation, iv 207.
abolition of church-rates, iv 13, 16; his war, ii 336; is again brought up, iv Eton, school life in Gladstone's days, i
speech against budget of 1862, iv 122; 314.

11; celebrated men educated at, i 13:

iv 270.

iv 149.



153; his

ii 157


iv 19

iv 285.



periodicals written and published at, 4; removal of the body of Napoleon | Garibaldi, Giuseppe, declares

from St. Helena, ii 4; attempt of Louis against Austria, ii 152; fights his way
Eupatoria captured, iii 95:
the Russians Napoleon to cause a revolt, ii 5: dis- to Rome, či


repulsed at, iii 155.

satisfaction of the people with the


heroic defence of Rome, ii 153; escapes
Evans, Sir De Lacy, at battle of the ernment,


5; agrees to the policy of with the remnant of his army, ii 154;
Alma, iii 95.

the western powers on the Turkish retires to Caprera, iv 67; goes to
Exchange, burning of Royal, i 246. question, ii 6; growing discontent in, America, iv 67; makes and sells can-
Executions, public, abolished, iv 10g. ii 135; reform banquets, ii 136; insur- dles in New York, ii 154; iv 67; master
Exeter, Bishop of, conciliatory proposal rection in Paris, ii 137; flight of the of trading vessels, iv 67; presentation of
on church-rates, iv 13.

king, ii 137; provisional government a sword at Newcastle, iv 67; his per-
Exhibition of 1851, ii 231. See Crystal formed, ii 138; escape of Louis Napo- sonal appearance in 1849, iv 68; takes

leon from Ham, ii 138; republic set up, part in the Franco-Italian war, iy 69;
Exhibition of 1862, iv 123; opposition ii 225; distress among the working- his preparations for the liberation of
to, iv 124; superior to that of 1851, iv classes, ii 225; government undertakes Sicily, iv 69; captures Palermo, iv 70;
124; opening ceremony,

statis- to provide for them, ii 225;

the republic Cavour's plans, iv 71; the position of
tics of, iv 125; account of the building proclaimed, ii 225; disaffection in the France and England, iv 71; statecraft
and its contents, iv 125.

country, ii 226; emancipation of slaves of the Sardinian government, iv 72;
Exiles in England, amusing account of, in the colonies, ii 227; failure of attempt the pope excommunicates the invaders

at insurrection, ii 227; the elections and usurpers, iv 72; appeal of the King
Expenditure, national, increase of, ii and formation of a government, ii 228; of Naples, iv 73; Garibaldi's proclama.
35: Sir Robert Peel on, ii 35.

another unsuccessful attempt at insur- tion declaring his intention to free the
Exploration, activity in, iv 20.

rection, ii 228; Louis Napoleon Bona- Neapolitan states, iv 73; crosses to the
Eyre, Governor. See Jamaica. parte elected a representative, ii 228; mainland, iv 74; rapid successes of his

repeated insurrections, ii 229; forma- army, iv 75; his entry into Naples,
tion of a constitution, ii 230:

election iv 75; necessity of keeping Garibaldi

of Louis Napoleon as president, ii 230; out of Rome, iv 76; Cavour's plan,

the coup d'état, ii 251 (see Napoleon, iv 76; the Sardinian army conquers the
Factory Act, extension of the, iv 153 Louis); proclamation of the empire, ii Papal territory, iv 78; meeting of Vic-
Factory system, Wordsworth on the 326; Cobden's efforts to bring about a tor Emmanuel and Garibaldi, iv 97;
evils of the, i 266; Hutton's experience commercial treaty with, iii 319; hostil- Victor Emmanuel chosen king of the
of, i 266; attempts at legislation by tho ity of Germany to, iii 323; M. Ollivier's Two Sicilies, iv 80; Garibaldi resigns
elder Sir Robert Peel, &c., i 266. speech on national disarmament, iv the dictatorship and retires to Caprera,
Failures, commercial, in 1857, iii 220. 164; war with Prussia, iv 285.

iv 80; his disinterestedness, iv 81; is
Faraday, Professor, lectures at the Franchise, county and borough, iv 309. elected to the Italian parliament, iv 83;
Royal Institution, iv on spiritualism, Franco-Austrian war. See Italy.

retires, iv 83; raises a force for the cap-
Franco-German war,

ture of Rome, iv 83; he is opposed at
Female suffrage, increasing attention Franklin, Sir John, starts on his Arctic Aspromonte, iv 84; is wounded and
given to, ii 28; Mr. Disraeli's descrip- expedition, ü 203; search for, üi 5; ex- imprisoned for a short time, iv 84; re-
tion of a discussion on, ii 29.

pedition of Captain M'Clintock in moved to Caprera, iv 84; his enthusi-
Fenian organization, iv 250. See Ire- search of, iv 20.

astic reception in London, iv 85; re-

Frauds and robberies, increase of, iii turns to Caprera, iv 85; takes up arms
Ferdinand, King of Naples, tyranny of, 232; Sir John Dean Paul, Strahan, and against Austria in 1866, iv 85; is
iv 66.

Bates, iii 232; John Sadlier, M.P., iii wounded and returns to Caprera, iv 85;
Ferrand, Mr. Busfield, charges against 232; failure of the Royal British Bank, another attempt to take Rome, iv 86.
free-trade advocates, ii 33.
iii 233; Redpath, iii 236.

Garotte, public indignation against,
Fiji Islands, cession of, iv 292.

Frederick VII. of Denmark, his death, iii 233; infliction of flogging as a punish-
Financial reform, increased attention



given to, iii 330; cost of collecting the Free Church of Scotland, ii 167.

General election of 1865, results of, iv
revenue, iii 330; Mr. Bright's scheme Free-trade, progress towards, i 22; agi- 178; general election of 1868, iv 267;
for, iii 330.

tation for repeal of the corn-laws, i Mr. Gladstone defeated, iv 267; changes
Finlay, Mr., claim against the Greek 275; meeting in Manchester in favour in the new House of Commons, iv 269;
government, ii 212.
of, ii 41.

strength of Liberal and Conservative
Fire at Tooley Street, London, iv 187. Free-trade Hall, Manchester, opening parties, iv 269; elections of 1880, iv 323.
Flogging in the army, motions to abo- of, üi 28.

George III., death of, i 6.
lish, ii 17; cruelties of, ii 174; amelior- Friends, Society of, deputation to the George IV., death of, i 38.
ation of, ii 175.

iii 62.

Germany, hostile feeling towards France,
Foreign affairs: the Spanish legion and Frogmore, death of the Duchess of Kent
Don Carlos, i 190; the German Zollver- at, iv 49; Prince Albert buried at, iv | Gibson, Milner, advocates the remission
ein, i 190; revolution in Belgium, i 190; 56.

of the taxes on knowledge, ii 203; loses
insurrection in Poland, i 191; riots in
Frome- Bennett case, iii 13.

his seat, iii 204.
France, i 191; attempt to suppress poli- Frost, John, the Chartist, i 263. Gladstone, John, his political opinions
tical societies in France, i 193.

and character, i 8; early history of the
Foreign Enlistment Bill, iii 140; causes

family, i 8.
ill feeling in America, iii 193.


iv 146.

iii 323.

Gladstone, William Ewart, his early
Forster, Mr. Wm. E., his early career,

school life, i 10; enters Eton School,in;
Game-laws, attempt to mitigate, i 28: contributes to the Eton Miscellany,
Fox, William Johnson, advocates the injury inflicted by, ii 58; Mr. Bright Eton Magasine, i 15; at Oxford Uni-
abolition of the corn-laws, ii 52.

obtains a committee of inquiry into, versity, i 41; enters parliament as mem-
France, riots in, i 191; attempt to sup-

ii 59; suicide of Lord Stradbroke's ber for Newark, i 114; his remarks on
press political societies in, i 193: gamekeepers, ii 59; statistics of con- slavery, i 116; is commissioner of the
Fieschi's attempt to assassinate the victions for breaches of the game-laws, treasury, i 130; under-secretary to the
king, i 194; its relations with Turkey

colonies, i 140; opposes motion for re-
and Egypt, ii 2; Thiers' ministry, ii 3: Gang system, evils of the, iv 282.

form of the Irish Church, i 140; opposes
quarrel with England on the Turkish Gardiner, Allan, missionary, his suffer- proposed inquiry into bribery and cor-
question, ü 3; successes in Algeria, ii ings in Patagonia, ü 299.

ruption at Liverpool, i 141; opposes

iv 211.

ii 59

ji 329


Universities Admission Bill, i 141 ; his financial statement of 1863, iv 146; i 138; is home-secretary, i 318 : public
Lord Macaulay's opinion of him, i 141; proposed club-tax and tax on charities feeling against him for opening letters
his speech on the Irish Church, i 141; negatived, iv 146; his speech on en- in the post-office, i 336; his speech on
speech on abolition of slavery, i 150; dowed institutions, iv 146; details of Lord Derby's protection policy, i 304;
is charged with inconsistency, i 201; the budget, iv 147; the income-tax, is first lord of the admiralty, ü 316;
his work on The State in its Relations iv 148; our trade with France, iv 148, his instructions to Sir Charles Napier,
with the Church, i 203; criticisms of

172; he supports the Dissenters' Burial ili 77; quarrel between, iii 78; first lord
Macaulay and the Quarterly Review, Bill, iv 171; his budget of 1864, iv 171; of the admiralty under Palmerston,
i 203; his correspondence with Macau- his scheme for government life annui- jii 151; resigns, iii 154, 155.
lay, i 204; his change of opinion on the ties and assurance, iv 127; his budget Grant, Sir Hope, commands the forces
subject, i 206; his speech on the Dis. of 1865, iv 173; speech on reform, iv 174; in China, iv 61.
senters' Chapel Bill, i 283; appointed his views on the Irish Church, iv 175; Grant, General, captures Vicksburg,
vice-president of the Board of Trade loses his seat for Oxford University, iv 142; appointed to command the
and Master of the Mint, i 318; his re- iv 176; his speech at Manchester, iv 177; forces, iv 142; takes Richmond, iv
putation at this time, i 318; speech on is returned for South Lancashire, iv 178; 142.
the opium war, i 320; his marriage, i 320; becomes leader of the House of Com- Granville, Lord, made foreign minister,
he supports Sir Robert Peel's proposed mons, iv 182; his speeches at Glasgow ii 274 ; lord-president of the council,
sliding-scale, ii 22; withdraws from and Edinburgh in 1865, iv 182; his 1 316; ii 157; secretary for the colonies,
Peel's government on account of pro- views on English Evangelicalism, iv

posal to increase the Maynooth grant, iv 202; his budget of 1866, iv 212; its Great Eastern steamship, iii 327 : its
ii 47; his early opinions on free-trade, proposals regarding the national debt, usefulness in laying telegraph cables,
ii 53; proposes to abolish restrictions

iv 213; his speeches on the reform bill
on the importation of machinery, ii 53; of 1866, iv 214, 217, 219; his resignation Great Exhibition. See Crystal Palace.
his part in obtaining improvements in of office, iv 222; his opposition to Mr. Greece, quarrel with Britain on the Don
railway system, ü 54; on the sugar Disraeli's reform bill, iv 229, on the

Pacifico and other claims, ii 212;
duties, ii 72 ; supports the Maynooth Fenian outrages, iv 258; his view of the seizure of war-vessels and blockade of
College Bill, ii 81; becomes colonial Irish problem, iv 259; his resolutions for the Greek coast, ii 213; settlement of
secretary, ii 94; on the conduct of Sir disestablishment of the Irish Church, dispute, ü 214; election of Prince Al-
James Brooke in the East, ii 159: iv 263 ; is defeated in Lancashire, but fred as king, iv 145; the honour de-
on abolition of the navigation laws, returned for Greenwich, iv 267 ; forms clined, iv 145; Prince William of Den-
ii 187, 188; proposes an ecclesiastical a ministry, iv 269; its members, iv 270; mark elected, iy 145.
constitution for the Australian colonies, introduces his bill for disestablishing Greville, clerk of the council, his de-
ii 197 ; speech on the Don Pacifico the Irish Church, iv 270; its provisions, scription of the first privy-council of
affair, ii 217; on the death of Sir Robert iv 270; it passes second reading, iv 273, Queen Victoria, i 209; describes her
Peel, ii 223; his charges against the and becomes law, 275: introduces and appearance and manner, i 212.
administration of justice in Naples, carries Irish Land Bill, iv 276; intro-Grey, Earl (second), forms a ministry,
ii 259; replies to his charges, ii 271; duces education bill for Ireland, iv 289; i 69; Reform Bill introduced, i 72; is
is chancellor of the exchequer, ii 316; his government defeated, iv 289; he respected by the nation, i 8o; his min-
his first budget, ii 329; his budget of resigns, but compelled to remain in istry resign but recalled, i 88; on
1854, iii 52; supplementary budget, office, iv 289; he resigns in 1874, iv 290; church establishments, i 112; split in
üi 59; his attitude with regard to Rus. his letter to Lord Granville, iv. 290;

his cabinet and resignation of ministry,
sia and Turkey in 1854 and 1877, introduces bill for abolition of com- i 124; declines to form a ministry,
iii 60; on the origin and reasons of the pulsory church-rates, iv 295; his views
Crimean war, iii 68; writing in 1878 on on disestablishment of the Church, iv Grey, Earl (third, colonial secretary in
the Crimean war, ii 87; speech on the 296, 300; on Ritualism, iv 298; on the Russell's ministry, i 116.
conduct of the Crimean war, iii 145; Abolition of Patronage and Public Wor- Grey, Earl de, Lord - lieutenant of Ire-
chancellor of the exchequer, iii 151 ; ship Regulation bills, iv 300; his pam- land, i 318.
resigns, iii 154, 155; on the breaking phlet on the Vatican Decrees, iv 303; Grey, Sir George, home secretary in
up of political parties, iii 167; advocates his public life, iv 304; his pamphlet on Russell and Palmerston ministries, ü
negotiations for peace, iii 169, 183; on Turkish affairs, iv 316; the Midlothian

116; iii 151.
the terms of peace with Russia, iii 194; Campaign, iv 323; is again prime minis- Grey, Sir George, Governor of New
on the quarrel with the United States ter, iv 323; his measures for Ireland, Zealand, ii 14; his difficulties in deal-
concerning foreign enlistment, iii 195; and action against Home Rule obstruc- ing with the natives, ii 14; puts the
on the education of neglected children,
tion, iv 325.

affairs of South Australia and New
isi 215; his visit to Corfu, iii 289; chan- Glenelg, Lord, colonial secretary, i 228; Zealand in order, ii 190.
cellor of the exchequer, iii 292; Home- retires from office, i 229.

Gros, Baron, French envoy to China,
ric studies, iii 298; address as chancel. | Godwin, William, political economist,

iv 61.
lor of the University of Edinburgh,

Grote, George, enters Parliament in
iii 298; visit to the Ionian Islands, Godwin, Major-general, commander in 1832, i 107.
ili 299; gratuitous services as commis- the Burmese war,


Guano, first importation of, ii 175.
sioner extraordinary at Corfu, iii 306; Gold, discovery of, in Victoria, ii 201; Guizot, M., his resignation, ü 2; re-
his position in the Palmerston ministry, in California, ii 201.

called to power, ii 6; policy and popu-
iii 306; his budget of 1859, iii 316; he Goodman's confession, i 101.

larity, ii 6; anecdote of, ii 132 ; his
introduces budget of 1860, iii 331; on Görgei, Arthur, dictator of Hungary, character, ii 132; intrigues about the
the French commercial treaty, ili

Spanish marriages, ii 134.
abolition of excise duty on paper, iii 335;

Gorham, Rev. Cornelius, ii 170.
iv 26; the impressed stamp on news- Gorilla, discovery of the, iv 24.
papers abolished, iii 335; on the func- Goschen, Mr., his early career, iv 211.

tions of laymen in the church, iv 12; Gough, Lord, conquers the Punjaub,
opposes abolition of church-rates, iv 14;

Habeas Corpus Act suspended, iv 251.
on interference by the House of Lords Goulbourn, Mr., chancellor of the ex- Hall, Sir Benjamin, his political prin-
with taxation, iv 29; his budget of 1861, chequer, i 318; ü 60.

ciples, ü 280; first commissioner of
iv 31; his budget of 1862, iv 119; speech raham, Sir James,

ourne's Woods and Forests, iii 151.
by Mr. Disraeli against the budget, ministry, i 127; declines to join Peel's, Hallam, a great talker, i 186; his death,
iv 122; Mr. Gladstone's reply, iv 122; 131; speech on the Irish Church,

i 145.

i 51.

ii 156.

jii 244.

iv 38.

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