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den Insurrection," ii 181; deplorable the Austrians at Palestro, üi 314; defeat iii 221; appointed professor of history,
condition of the people in 1848, ü 184; of the Austrians at Magenta, ii 314;

Prince Albert on, üi 184; visit of the Emperor of France and King of Sar- Knowledge, repeal of taxes on, ii 296.
queen to, ii 185; Mr. Sharman Craw- dinia enter Milan, iii 315; retreat of Koh-i-noor diamond sent to England,
ford moves for leave to bring in a land the Austrians, iii 315; battle of Sol-
bill, ii 290; political condition of, iv 247; ferino, iii 315; meeting of the emperors Kossuth, Louis, ii 142; learns the
seditious proceedings of professional at Villafranca, iii 315: treaty signed, English language, ii 142; becomes pro-
agitators, iv 248; Fenian threats against ii 316; dissatisfaction of Sardinia and visional governor of Hungary, ii 156;
England, iv 248; proceedings of Irish resignation of Cavour, iii 322 ; com- resigns the dictatorship and flees to
Americans, iv 248; views of British plaints of Sardinia against the conduct Turkey, ii 156; reaches England, ii 157;
statesmen on, iv 249; the Fenian or- of Austria, iv 66; tyrannous govern-

his American tour, ii 275.
ganization, iv 250; Stephens and Ma- ment in Naples, iv 66; Garibaldi's con-
honey, iv 250; suspension of Habeas quest of Sicily and Naples (see Gari.
Corpus Act, iv 251; Fenian raid on baldi), iv 69: Victor Emmanuel oc-

Canada, iv 251; Irish-American attempt cupies the Papal territory, iv 78; chosen
on Ireland, iv 251; capture of Colonel king of the Two Sicilies, iv 80; Lord | Lady Hewley's Charity, i 282.
Burke and others, iv 252 ; attack on John Russell's despatch on the action | Lady novelists, üi 301.
prison van at Manchester and murder of the Sardinian government, iv 81; | Lamoricière, General, commander of
of Sergeant Brett, iv 253; execution of Ratazzi succeeds Cavour as minister, Papal troops, iv 67.
Allen, Larkin, and O'Brien, iv 255; iv 83; tries to repeat Cavour's policy, Lancashire, distress in, iv 125; pro-
outrage on Clerkenwell Prison, iv 255: iv 83; Garibaldi raises a force for an visions for relief, iv 126; Mr. Cobden
execution of Barrett, iv 256; outrages attack on Rome, iv 83; he is opposed on the amount of distress, iv 126; poor-
in Ireland, iv 257; great procession in by government troops at Aspromonte, law relief, iv 127: aid from America,
memory of the Manchester murderers, iv 84; seat of government removed to iv 127; Mrs. Gladstone's efforts, iv 199;
iv 257; the land question, iv 260; the Florence, iv 85; Venetia joined to Italy, improvement of health and decrease of
Ulster “Custom,"iv 261; Mr. Maguire's iv 85; another unsuccessful attack on mortality in distressed districts, iv 129;
proposed inquiry into condition of Ire- Rome, iv 86; discussion in the House of occupation provided, iv 129.
land, iv 262; Mr. Gladstone introduces Commons on the government policy, | Lansdowne, Lord, in cabinet without
the Irish Land Bill, iv 276; its provi- iv 86.

office, ü 317.
sions, iv 277; it becomes law, iv 279; a

Lawrence, Sir Henry, stationed in the
national education bill introduced, iv

Punjaub, iii 247; his death, iii 251.
289: continued outrages in, iv 324;

Lawrence, Sir John, stationed in the
Mr. Gladstone's later measures, iv 325.

Punjaub, iii 247; his able administra-
Irish Brigade raised, iv 76, 86; Mr. Pope Jamaica, proposal to suspend the con- tion and tact, üi 269; rewards for his
Hennessey conspicuous in its forma- stitution of, i 158; serious riots in, services, iii 270.
tion, iv 86.

iv 190; condition of the negro in, iv 191; | Lawson, Sir Wilfrid, president of the
Irving, Edward, i 110.

George Wm. Gordon and Paul Bogle, United Kingdom Alliance, iv 151.
Isabella, Queen of Spain, ii 290.

iv 191; course pursued by Governor Layard, Austin Henry, his career,
Italy, fate of Ruffini, ii r; sympathy Eyre, iv 192: execution of Gordon, iii 139; his excavations near Nineveh,
with Mazzini, ii 1; condition in 1848, iv 193 ; severities practised on the in- ii 175; attacks the government on the
ii 151; spread of secret societies, ii 152; surgents,

193; public sympathy felt

Crimean war,

139; attacks Palmer-
insurrectionary movements, ii 152 ; for Gordon, iv 194; Carlyle defends ston's government, iii 153.
Charles Albert takes the lead, ii 152; Eyre, iv 194; he is suspended, and a Laymen in the church, Gladstone on
Garibaldi declares war against Austria, commission of inquiry appointed, iv 195; functions of, iv 12.
ii 152; enters Rome and a republic pro- the prosecution against him fails, iv | Leech, John, death of, iv 197
claimed, ii 152; Victor Emmanuel suc- 195.

Lehzen, Louise, governess to Princess
ceeds his father, ii 153; the French, Japan, opening up of trade with, iv 20. Victoria, i 215.
Austrian, and Neapolitan armies ad- Jerrold, Douglas, death of, iv 38. Leicester the Glass-blower, iv 239.
vance upon Rome, ii 153; gallant de- Jews, admission of, to House of Com- Leopold, chosen King of Belgium, i 91;
fence of Garibaldi, ü 153; end of the mons, iv 36.

guardian and adviser of Princess Vic-
Roman Republic, ii 154; Austrian rule Jingoes, origin of the name, iv 317. toria, i 217; promotes her marriage
unendurable, iii 306; policy of Cavour Jones, Ernest, ü 145.

with Prince Albert, i 292.
and of Mazzini, iii 307: Mazzini and Jones, William, conceals himself in Leopold, illness of Prince, iv 292.
Garibaldi, iii 307: the Emperor of the Buckingham Palace, i 315.

Letheby, Dr., his sanitary inquiries,
French contemplates hostilities with Jowett, Professor, iv 202, 204; opposi- iii 226; remedies suggested, iii 228.
Austria, iii 308; Victor Emmanuel's tion to, iv 206.

Lewis, Sir G. C., chancellor of the ex-
declaration, iii 308; feeling in England, Judicature Bill passed, iv 289.

chequer, iii 155; his antecedents, iii 163;
iii 308; the emperor's letter to the

his budget, iii 163, 164.

309; unpopularity of the war

Liberia, establishment of colony of, iv
in France,
ni 310; Prince Albert on the


emperor's position, iii 310; negotiations

Lincoln, Abraham, elected President of
with Lord Cowley, iii 310; the queen
Kaffirs, war with, ii 275, 309.

the United States, iv 101; character
on Napoleon's position, iii 311; M. Kars, defence of, iii 187.

and career, iv 1or ; personal appear.
Thiers' opinion, iii 311; proposal for the Kenealy, Dr., is returned for Stoke-

ance, iv 102; his reply to an address
disarmament of the great powers, iii
upon-Trent, iv 294.

from Manchester, iv 126; assassination
311; Austria preparing for war,


Kent, Duchess of, income granted to,
memorandum of the Sardinian govern- i 220; illness of, iv 49; the queen’s de Lind, Jenny, her extraordinary success,
ment, iii 312; Austria demands the dis- scription of her last hours, iv 49; her

ii 208.
armament of Sardinia, iii 313; Victor death, iv


Liquor traffic, bill for regulation of, iv
Emmanuel's proclamation to his troops, Kent, Duke of, i 182.

iii 313; the Austrian army ordered to Kimberley, Lord, lord privy-seal, iv 270. Livingstone, David, early life and educa-
enter Sardinia, iii 313; the emperor Kingsley, Charles, efforts to improve tion, iv 20; joins the London Mission-
takes command of the French army, the condition of the labouring classes, Society and is sent to South
iii 313; positions of the armies, iii 313: ü

150; his opposition to the Manchester Africa, iv 21; his marriage, iv 2r; his
battle of Montebello, iii 313; defeat of school, ü 306; his Christian socialism, great journey to Lake Ngami, iv za ;

of, iv 143.



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receives the gold medal of the Royal jïi 302; anecdote of, by Mr. Ballantine, labours on behalf of total abstinence,
Geographical Society, iv 22 ; Sir Ro- fï 302; interested in criminal investiga- i 256; iv 149; anecdotes of, i 256.
derick Murchison on his discoveries, tions, isi 302; Lord Rector of Glasgow Maurice, Rev. Frederic Denison, on
iv 22; recommends the growth of cotton University, iii 303.

the Manchester school, ii 306; dis-
in Africa, iv 22; explorations on the

missed for teaching certain views on
Zambesi, iv 22; leaves England for his

the subject of eternal punishment,
last journey,

honours given to

iii 43; appointed professor of moral
him, iv 23.

philosophy, iv 202.
Local Government Acts, iv 286.

Macaulay, Thomas Babington, enters Maynooth College Bill, introduced by
Loch Katrine water supply for Glasgow, parliament, i 104; his high place as Sir Robert Peel, ii 78; speech by Mac-
inauguration of, iv 5.

a speaker, i 104 ; advocates reform, aulay on, ii 79; supported by Gladstone
Londonderry, Marquis of, his claim for i 105; a great talker, i 186; war secre- and opposed by Disraeli, ii 81; passing
place, i 133

tary, i 289; opposes Peel's sliding- of, ii 82.
London University, receives power to scale, ii 23; his description of a stormy Maynooth Grant, Mr. Aytoun's motion
grant degrees, i 135.

scene in the House of Commons, ü

40; on, iv 266; compensation for with-
Lords, House of, rejection of bill for re- on the sugar duties, ii 72; on the May-

drawal of, iv 271.
peal of the paper-duty, iv 28; report of nooth College Bill, ii 79; loses his seat Mayo, assassination of Lord, iv

committee of Commons on precedents for Edinburgh, ii 80; paymaster of the Mazzini, Joseph, the father of Italian
for such a course, iv 28 ; Mr. Bright furces, ii 116; publication of his His- freedom, ii 143; his early life, ii 143;
dissents from report, iv 28; Mr. Glad- tory of England, ii 163; is again re- personal appearance, ii 144 ; joins the
stone's opinion, iv 29; resolutions car- turned for Edinburgh, ili 10; speech Carbonari, ii 145: joins the insurrection
ried in the Commons, iv 29.

on the Militia Bill, iii 11; his death, in Italy, ii 152; chosen president of the
Lorne, Marquis of, marriage with Prin- iv 39; his position as an author and republic in Rome, i 152; his reception
cess Louise, in

politician, iv 39; MR Gladstone's re- in England, i 336; general sympathy
Louis Philippe, King of France, i 90;
view of, iv 39.

with, ii r; Carlyle's praise of, ü r; his
attempt on his life, ii 6; news reaches M'Clintock, Captain, his expedition in account of an hour of suffering, ii 1.
the House of Commons of his flight the Fox, iv 20.

Meagher of the Sword, iii 7.
and abdication, ii 133 ; intrigues con- Mackenzie, Bishop, in Africa, iv 22. Mechi, Mr., experiments in agriculture,
cerning the Spanish marriage, ii 133. Mackintosh, Sir James, his efforts to
Lowe, Mr., his amendment urging pro- ameliorate the criminal code, i 17.

Medical science, advances in, ii 178.
secution of the war, iii 169, 176, 178; Macnaghten, Sir William, murdered in Meerut, beginning of mutiny at, iii 248.
supports the bill for limited liability in Cabul, ii 8.

Mehemet Ali, viceroy of Egypt, i 291;
joint-stock companies, iii 303; his early Magazines, beginning of popular, i 112.

British government decline to assist
career, iii 303; advances in political Magenta, battle of, iii 314.

him, i 292; his revolt against Turkey,
offices, iii 304; his character as an Mahoney, Fenian head-centre, iv 251.

ii 2; is opposed by England and sup-
educationist, iv 169; is charged with Mail-coaches, i 236.

ported by France, ü 3; refuses the terms
mutilating school inspectors' reports, Malmesbury, Lord, foreign secretary of the western powers, ii 5; at last signs
iv 170; he resigns office, iv 170; his in Lord Derby's ministries, ii 296;

a convention, ii 6.
speeches on reform bill of 1866, iv 215,

Melbourne, Lord, characteristics of,
218; his attack on Mr. Disraeli, iv Malt duty, motion to repeal, in 1835,

i 99; Sydney Smith's opinion of, i 99:
234; chancellor of the exchequer, iv

becomes prime minister, i 126; anec-
270; his budget of 1869, iv 273; his Malthus on population, i 52.

dotes of, i 127; his ministry dismissed,
budget of 1871, iv 287: proposed tax on Manchester, rapid growth of, i 275: i 128, but recalled, 145; resigns, but
lucifer matches, iv 287.

turn-out of mill-workers, i 278; meet- shortly after forms another ministry,
Lucknow, outbreak at, and vigorous ings prohibited and dispersed, i 279; i 158; weakness of ministry, i 212; ad-
measures taken by Sir Henry Law. meeting of trades delegates and resolu- viser of the young queen, i 214; refuses
rence, iii 250; entry of General Have-

tions adopted, including the People's the Garter, i 215: supposed undue in-
lock into, ii 258.
Charter, i 280; employers resolve to fluence of, over the queen, i 215; inac-

Lyndhurst, Lord, his ancestors, i 113; keep the mills closed, i 280.

tivity of his ministry, i 305; Conserva-
began his parliamentary career as a Manchester school of politics, rise of, tive attacks on, i 305; defeat of, and
Radical, i 113 ; lord chancellor in
ii 139; opponents of the, ii 139, 305.

dissolution of parliament, i 311; Earl
various ministries, i 98, 113, 129, 318; Manin, Daniel, revolutionist at Venice, Russell on the situation, i 311; vote of
a law reformer, i 113; attorney-general, ii


want of confidence in the ministry car-
1113; friendship between him and Can-

Manners, Lord John, commissioner of ried, i 313; they resign, i 314; carica-
ning, i 113; his generosity and good- Woods and Forests, ii 296.

ture of, i 315; his character and domes-
humour, i 114; his bills to amend the law Manning. Henry Edward, birth and tic life, i 315; strange conduct of his
concerning parliamentary oaths, and to education, iv 17: joins the Roman Ca- wife, i 316; solitude and neglect of his
better the position of married women, tholic Church, iv 18; made a cardinal, later life, i 317; his account of a states-
iii 12; his speech on the unfaithfulness
iv 18.

man's position, ii 44: his reception of
of Russia, iii gr; advocates additions Manteuffel, Prussian minister, iji 34. a deputation of radical working-men,
to the national defences, iii 305.
Maronites. See Druses.

ii 45; his death, ii 44.
Lytton, Sir E. Bulwer, speech on the Marriage laws, unsatisfactory nature of Metropolitan Underground Railway,
conduct of the Crimean war, iii 144; the old, i 179; interpretation of them
motion to censure the government, by Sir Matthew Hale, i 178; attempts Mexico, Juarez president of the repub-
iii 181; supports Disraeli's reform bill
to amend, i 178, 179; a reform accom- lic, iv 155; disorder in the country,

of 1859, iii 291; Disraeli's description
plished, i 179.

155; action of Britain, France, and
of his oration, iii 291; secretary for the Married women, laws relating to, i 273; Spain, iv 155; the United States refuse
colonies, iii 299; his success as a poli-

to join the convention, iv 155; a Euro.
tician and defects as a speaker, iii 300; Martaban, capture of, iii 197.

pean expedition sent out, iv 155; pro-
his political creed and industry as a Martineau, Harriet, her influence in clamation by the allied powers, iv 156;
writer, iii 300; created a baronet, iii 301; Liberal politics, i 81; declines a pen- Mexican opposition to General Al-
his personal peculiarities, iii 301 ; his sion, i 81; on the Chartists, i 280; on monte, iv 156 ; Napoleon III.'s views
romantic novels and dramas, isi 301 ;
the potato disease, ii 86.

with regard to the Archduke Maxi-
his political progress and literary suc- Martini-Henry rifle, invention of, iii 326. milian, iv 156; M. Billault's statement
cess, iii 302; his unhappy marriage, Mathew, Father, his early career, i 255: in the Corps Législatif, iv 156; confer.

ji 287.

i 133.

iv 3, 199.

iii 12.

iv 159.

iv 19.

iv 213.


ence between the Mexican and allied | Murchison, Sir Roderick, on Living- at Windsor, iii 101; letter to the queen
commissioners, iv 156: withdrawal of stone's explorations, iv 22.

acknowledging the kindness of the re-
the English and Spanish governments, Music-halls, increase of, iv 7.

ception, iii 102; the queen's return visit
iv 157 i proclamation of the French

to Paris, iii 103; his difficult position,
commissioners and defeat of the French

iii 277; attempt on his life by Pianori,
troops, iv 157; General Forey sent out


iii 277: his schemes regarding the
with reinforcements, iv 157; Puebla

Principalities and Austria, iii 278; his
surrendered and the French enter the Nana Sahib, the chief of Bithoor, iii visit to the qucen at Osborne, ili 279:
capital, iv 157; General Forey's pro- 252; asked to aid in the defence of attempt on his life by Felice Orsini, in
clamation, iv 157; the crown accepted Cawnpore, iii 252; his treachery, iii 280; indignation in France against
by Maximilian, iv 158; opposition to i 253.

England, iii 281; despatch of Count
his reign, iv 158; he is captured and Napier, Sir Charles, bombards St. Jean Walewski concerning, iii 28r; ill feeling
executed, with his generals Miramon d'Acre, ii 7; admiral of the Baltic fleet, of the French towards England, iii 282;
and Mejia, iv 158; Juarez again presi- iii 70, 77; quarrel with Sir James the matter amicably settled, iä 288;
dent, iv 159; fate of the ex-empress, Graham, iii 78; refuses the Grand policy of, iv 159: his proposal for a
Cross of the Bath, iii 79; what he congress of nations, iv

159: its

Miall, Edward, his views on oaths, iii 7; ,
achieved in the Baltic, iii 79.

tion by the powers,


is defeated, but afterwards elected for Napier, Sir Charles James, conquers Napoleon, Prince, his marriage, iii 312;
Bradford, iv 268.
Scinde, ii 13.

Cobden's opinion of, iii 322.
Militia Bill, introduced by Lord John Napier, General Sir Robert, leads the Napoleonic prestige, the, ii 273.
Russell, ii 291; opposed by Hume and Abyssinian expedition, iv. 247. Nasmyth, inventor of steam-hammer,
Cobden, ii 292: speech by Lord Pal- Napiers, the family of, ii 12.
merston, ii 293; defeat of government, Naples, Mr. Gladstone's strong charges National Complete Suffrage Union
ii 296; bill of 1852, iii 9; speech by against the government of, ü 259; hor- formed, i 281.
Macaulay, iii 11.

rible condition of the prisons, ii 261; National Convention formed, i 281;
Mill, James, a philosophic Radical, i 53; examples of tyranny, ii 262; case of enormous petition to the House of
his influence with the East India Com- Baron Carlo Poerio, üi 262; treatment Commons, i 281; motion by Mr. Dun-
pany, i 286.

of the prisoners, ii 265; Poerio's charac- combe that the petitioners be heard at
Mill, John Stuart, his influence on In- ter, ii 266; political catechism taught the bar, i 281; rejected by house, i
dian affairs, i 286; is rejected by West- in the schools, ii 266; extracts from the 282.
minster electors, iv 268 ; his political constitution, ii 268; comparison with National Debt, reduction of interest on,
views, iv 268.

Charles I. of England and Ernest of ji 60; Mr. Gladstone's proposals on,
Milner-Gibson, Thomas, advocates free Hanover, ii 269; the subject before the
trade in food, ii 24; gains a seat for House of Commons, ii 270; Lord Pal- National Education, need of, iv 279; the
Manchester, ïi 26; opposes the sugar merston sends copies of Mr. Glad- Elementary Education Act introduced,
duties, ü 71; is defeated at Ashton- stone's pamphlet to all the courts of iv 280; establishment of school-boards,
under-Lyne, iv 268.
Europe, ii 270; replies to Mr. Glad-

iv 284; the compulsory and conscience
Mines, act regulating the working of stone's pamphlet, ii 27r; Lord Palmer- clauses, iv 284; statistics of progress,
women and children in, i 331.
ston's treatment of them, ii 271.

iv 284: objections to the Code, iv 285;
Mirror, first of the cheap magazines, Napoleon, removal of his body from Mr. Gladstone's education bill for Ire-
i 112.
St. Helena, či 4.

land, iv 289.
Mitchel, John, ii 145; his return from Napoleon, Louis, early career of, i 196; Navigation laws, instituted, ii 186; suc-
transportation, iv


is twice elected attempts a rising at Strasburg, i 197; cessive modifications of, ii 186; passing
for Tipperary, iv 293; his death, iv 294. retires to London, i 198; his literary of bill to abolish, ii 187.
Model Lodging-houses, iii 217.

efforts, ii 4; prepares for an expedition, Neild, Mr., leaves his fortune to the
Moldavia. See Principalities.
ü 4: lands at Boulogne, üi 5; unsuc- queen,


Molesworth, Sir William, enters parlia- cessful attempt at revolt, ii 5; his im- Neill, General, death of, iii 258; Lord
ment of 1832, i 107; opposition to, i 108; prisonment, ii s; escapes from Ham, Canning's description of, iii 270.
first commissioner of public works, ii ii 138; settles in England, ii 138; Newcastle, Duke of, his early history,
317; colonial secretary, iii 181.

elected a representative to the Na- i 334; secretary for the colonies, ii 317;
Moltke, General von, iv 237.

tional Assembly, ii 228; elected presi- defends himself from charges of indo-
Montebello, battle of, iii 313.

dent, ii 230: the coup d'état, ii 251; lence and indifference in the conduct
Moore, Thomas, death of, ü 301.

Kinglake's and Victor Hugo's sum- of the war, iii 147.
More, Hannah, influence of her writ- mary of him, ii 251; a communication Newman, Dr. J. H., his account of rise
ings, i 184; advocates the better educa- addressed to the National Assembly, /* of Tractarian movement, i no; trial
tion of women, i 184.


accomplices in the seizure of for libelling Achilli, iii 8.
Moxon, Mr., the publisher, trial of, i 285. power,


selection of ministers and Newspapers, abolition of stamp-duty,
Müller, Franz, the railway murderer, army officers, ii 253; arrangements to iii 231; starting of the penny news-
iv 188; his apprehension and execution, print the proclamations, ii 253; Granier



iv 189; need of communication in rail- de Cassagnac's account of the arrests, New Zealand, discovery of, ii 13: for-
way-carriages, iv 190.

ii 253; arrest and imprisonment of the mally annexed to England, i 13; diff-
Municipal Corporations, inquiry into deputies, ii 255; promotion and sup- culties with the natives, ii
working of, i 165; growth and corrup- pression of insurrection, ii 255; great George Grey's Polynesian Mythology,
tions of, i 165; report of commissioners, loss of life, ii 256; proclamations to the ii 14; plan adopted for its colonization,
i 166; bill introduced by Lord John country and the army, ii 256; vote for ii 190; incompetent governors,


Russell to amend, i 167; supported by the extension of his term and his power, affairs put on a better footing by Gov.
Sir Robert Peel, i 168; passes House of ii 257; distrust of him in this country, ernor Grey, ü 191.
Commons but opposed in Lords, i 171; ii 274; his progress through France as Nicholas, Emperor of Russia, visit to
after compromises between the houses president, 324; speech at Bordeaux, this country in 1844, ii 130; iii 14; per-
the bill finally passed, i 174; feeling in ii 325; his reception in Paris, ii 326; is sonal appearance and manner, ü 130;
the country on the disagreement be- proclaimed emperor, ii 327; speech to attempts to get England to agree to
tween Lords and Commons, i 175;

the senate and legislative body, ii 327; his plans concerning Turkey, iii 14:
satisfactory result of the act, i 176; his marriage, iii 20; addresses a letter his fondness for dramatic performances
London exempt from the reform, i to Emperor Nicholas, iii 21; desires to and familiarity with actors, iii 16; love

go to the Crimea, iii 99; visits the queen of display, iii 16; industry in govern.
under buildings, iii 44; his resignation, Mr. Lowe's opposition to the bill, iv
Orange conspiracy to prevent the acces- iii

252; his

14; Sir




ing, ij 17; estimate of his character, ii | Owen, Robert, his social experiments, King Leopold on the Dano-German
17; anecdote related by Dr. Mandt, iii i 25; presented to the queen, i 250. war, iv 167; his personal habits, iv 167:
18: domestic affection, iii 19; reply to
Oxford School, the, iv 203.

his failing health and death, iv 181;
the Emperor of France's letter, iii 22; Oxford Union Society, Mr. Gladstone's anecdote of, iv 181.
effect of the news of the battle of the connection with, i 44.

Pandies, origin of name,


Alma on, iii 103: his death, iii 155. Oxford University, tendency of, towards Panmure, Lord, war secretary,


Nightingale, Florence, her birth and high Toryism, i 43.

his antecedents and personal appear-
education, ii 121; her work in the Oxford University Commission, report ance,


Crimea, iii 122; testimonial fund sub- of, iii 12.

Paper-duty, reduction of, i 189; agita-
scribed for, iii 122.

tion for the repeal of, iv 26; the bill
Nile, discoveries of Captains Speke and

passes the Commons, but is thrown
Grant, and of Mr. Baker, iv 198; death


out by the Lords, iv 27; conflict be-
of Captain Speke, iv 199.

tween the houses, iv 28; appointment
Nitro-glycerine, explosion of, at New Pacifico, Don, ii 212.

of a select committee to inquire into
castle, iv 256.

Pakington, Sir John, colonial secretary, precedents, iv 28; its report, iv 28; re-
Norbury, Lord, assassination of, i 306. ü 296; troubles about the transporta- solutions passed in Commons concern-
Northcote, Sir Stafford, opposes the tion of criminals, ii 308 ; first lord of ing, iv 29; a proposition for remission
budget of 1861, iv 119; private secre- the admiralty, iri 287.

of duty passed, iv
tary to Mr. Gladstone, iv 119, 123: Palestro, battle of, iii 314.

Papineau, Louis Joseph, i 223.

expectations of his success, iv 123; his Palmer, William, case of, iii 234. Parliament houses burned, i 159.
ancestry and career, iv 123.

Palmerston, Viscount, his early career, Parliament, opening of session 1830, i
North-west passage made by Captain i 189; is war secretary and foreign 65; dissolution of, in 1834, i 130; the
Maclure, iv 20.

secretary, i 31, 69, 189; ii 116; his suc. new parliament of 1835 with a Liberal
Noningham, riot at, i 85.

cess in the foreign office, i 190; advo. majority, i 132; the opposition choose
cates free-trade in corn, ii 23; the Don the speaker, i 132; preparations for the

Pacifico business, ii 138 ; his character elections to the queen's first, i 218;

and policy, ü 208; demands satisfac- small Liberal majority returned, i 220;

tion from Greece of the Don Pacifico opened by the queen, i 220; dissolution
Oath in courts of justice, iii 1.

and other claims, ii 213; settlement of of, in 1841, i 311; election in 1841, large
O'Connell, Daniel, supports the Catho- claims, ii 214; complaints of his action Conservative majority, i 313; meeting

lic Association, i 26; his mode of ap- in the matter, ü 214 ; brilliant speech of, i 329; opened by the queen, i 330;
pealing to a jury, i 26; his declaration by Palmerston in defence, ii 215; opening of, in 1852, ii 277;

of loyalty to the crown, i 31; is elected speeches of Gladstone, Cockburn, and on the kitchen arrangements, ii 277;
and re-elected member for Clare, i 36;

i Sir Robert Peel, ii 217; majority for meeting of, in December, 1854, iii 138;
speech on Irish disturbances, i 120; his government, ii 221; he approves of the the government attacked for its con-
violent language on Earl Grey, i 124; coup d'état, ii 258; remonstrances of duct of the war, iïi 139; Lord John
described by Haydon the painter, i the



government, ji 258; his Russell replies, iż 140; dissolved in
135; the repeal year,


great removal from the foreign office, ii 258; 1859, iii 291; Liberal majority in the
influence, ii 123; government interferes his conduct in regard to Mr. Glad- new parliament, iii 291; session of 1866
and prohibits a meeting, ii 125; the stone's pamphlet on the Neapolitan opened by the queen, iv 209.

meeting prevented by O'Connell's ad- government, ii 270; the subject of his General Election.
vice, ii 125; his influence at an end, ii dismissal before the house, ii 28r; Lord Parliamentary Oaths, bill introduced
126; is prosecuted and found guilty, ii John Russell's explanation, ii 281; Lord by Lord Lyndhurst, iii 12.
126; acquitted on appeal, ii 127: his Palmerston's explanation, ii 284; Mr. Parliamentary Reform, early attempts
last speech in parliament, ü 128; his Roebuck on, i 285; speech by Mr. at, i 1; effect of French Revolution on,
death and funeral, ii 129.

Disraeli on, ii 285; Palmerston's deal- i 2; proposed march of Manchester
O'Connor, Feargus, arrested, i 262; leader ings with Sir Benjamin Hall, ii 286; workmen to petition for, i 2; organizing
in the National Convention, i 281; char- his horror of cruelty, ü 287; his later societies to promote, i 3; efforts of
acter of, ii 145; shows symptoms of in- account of the reason of his dismissal, Lord John Russell, i 17, 70; of Mar-
sanity, ii 278; winding up of his land ii 287; is home secretary under Lord quis of Blandford and Lord Althorp, i
scheme, ii 278; scene in the House of Aberdeen, ii 317; eager to take decisive 38; of Lord Brougham, i 66; Earl Grey's
Commons, ii 279; committed to prison measures with Russia, iii 24; his views ministry successful, i 90; county fran-
for assault, üi 289; confined in a lunatic on the situation, iii 28; his success as


chise bill lost, iv 173; Mr. Gladstone
asylum, ii 279.
home secretary, iii 42 ; his view on a on,

iv 174 ; referred to in royal speech
Omar Pacha, iii 21.

national fast for the cholera epidemic, of 1866, iv 210; a bill introduced, iv 210,
Open-air meetings, attempt to suppress,


42, and on burying dead bodies 213; Mr. Gladstone's speech, iv 214;
i 335.

45; it is withdrawn, iri 49; his speech 215; speeches by Mr. Bright and Sir
sion of the Princess Victoria to the at a banquet to Sir Charles Napier, üi E. Bulwer Lytton, iv 216; demonstra-
throne, i 183.

70; attacked by Mr. Bright, iii 72; his tions throughout the country, iv 217;
Orangeism, attempt to assassinate the reply, iii 72; forms a ministry, iii 150; speech of Mr. Gladstone at Liverpool,
queen attributed to, i 306.

precarious position of the ministry, iii iv 217; Mr. Bright's letter, iv 217; Mr.
Orator Hunt, a Radical reformer, i 3; 182; his government attacked and de- Lowe's speech against the bill, iv 218;
imprisonment of, i 5.

feated, iii 202; appeal to the country, Mr. Gladstone's reply, iv 219; narrow
Organization among the masses, growth iii 204; return of a large majority for majority for government, iv 221; bill
of the tendency to, ii 30.
government, iii 205; introduces a Con-

for redistribution of seats, iv 221; de-
Orsini, Felice, iii 280.

spiracy to Murder Bill, iii 284; opposi- feat and resignation of the ministry, iv
Osborne, Bernal, his sallies of wit, iv 166; tion to the bill, iii 285, and defeat of 222; angry demonstrations over the
his attack on Mr. Disraeli, iv 232. the government, iii 287; resignation, country, iv

223; bill of 1867 introduced
Osborne House, ii 93.

iii 287; again prime minister, iii 292; by Mr. Disraeli, iv 226; its provisions,
Oudh, annexation of, iii 244.

he offers the presidentship of the Board iv 228; opposition of the Liberal party
Outram, Sir James, iii 257.

of Trade to Mr. Cobden, iii 292, 293; to the bill, iv 229; Mr. Hodgkinson's
Overend, Gurney, & Co., failure of, on the national defences, iii 306; sup- proposal, iv 231; redistribution of seats,

port given to his ministry by the Con- iv 231; Bernal Osborne, Lowe, and
Owen, Pr sessor, on the gorilla, iv 24. servative party, iv 29; his letter to Lord Cranborne on Mr. Disraeli and

iii 6.

iv 235.

IV 300.

ii 99.

ii 13.


iv 313


the bill, iv 232 ; the bill in the House | Peel, Sir William, death of, iii 270 ; progress, i 335; of literature and art,
of Lords, iv 233: Lord John Russell's Lord Canning's opinion of, iii 270.
view of the position, iv 233; the bill Pegu, annexation of, iii 197.

Property qualification, abolition of, iv
finally passed, iv 234.

Pelissier, General,commands the French 37.
Passports, abolition of, iv 200.

army in the Crimea, ili 135; his ante- Prosperity of the country, ü 60; before
Patagonian missionaries, story of, ii cedents, iü 136, 164-

the Crimcan war, iii r; improvement

Penny Magazine begun, 1832, i 112. in the condition of the working-classes,
Patronage (Scotland) Bill introduced, Periodical Literature, increase of, i 187. ii 2; signs of, in 1860, iv 1.
300; Mr. Gladstone's objections to it, 'Persia, war with, iii 197; suicide of Protectionists, form an opposition to
Major-general Stalker and Commo-

Peel's government, ii 63; their dismay
Paul (Sir John Dean), Strahan, and dore Ethersey, iii 205.

at Sir Robert Peel's free-trade budget,
Bates, trial of, for fraudulent appro- Peterloo Massacre, the, i 5.

ii 98; led by Lord George Bentinck,
priation of trust money, iii 232. Philosophical Radicalism, i 107, 311;
Paxton, Sir Joseph, ii 234; his design

Prussia, death of King of, iv 41; war
for the Crystal Palace, ü 234; it is Phoenix Park assassinations, iv 326. with Austria, iv 236; acquires pre-
adopted, ii 237.

Photography, introduction of, i 271. dominance in Germany, iv 238; war
Peabody, George, his generous gift, iv | Pillory abolished, the, i 97.

with France, iv 285.
127 ; letter from the queen, iv 128; his , Pitt, William, opposes parliamentary Public Schools, commission of inquiry
additional gifts, iv 128; his death, iv i reform, i i.

on, iv 169.
128; object to which his gifts were Plimsoll, Mr., his efforts on behalf of Public Worship Regulation Bill passed,
applied, iv 128.

seamen, iv 312; scene in the house, iv iv 301; its small efects, iv 302.
Peard, Colonel, Garibaldi's English- 313; a government measure introduced, Punch, beginning of, ii 15; influence of
man, iv 74.

Hood's " Song of the Shirt," ü 15.
Peel, Sir Robert, his early career, i 18; Poet-laureate, appointment of, ii 206. Punjaub annexed to British India, iii
is home secretary, i 30; character of, Poland, insurrection in, i 92; Russian 244.
i 68; opposes the disfranchisement of

tyranny in, iv 153; debate on, in House Pusey, Dr., joins Tractarian movement,
close boroughs, i 78; is chancellor of of Commons, iv 154; conduct of Prus- iur; his opposition to Professor Jow.
exchequer, i 98; issues Tamworth

sia, iv 154: great meeting at the Guild- ett, iv 206.
Manifesto, i 130; his ministry defeated, hall, iv 154; insurrection in, headed by Puseyism, i 284.
i 133; the Duke of Wellington on his Langiewicz, iv 154; remonstrances of
truthfulness, i 136; his speech on Irish England, France, and Austria, iv 154:
Church, i 143; he resigns office, i 145; Gortschakoff's reply, iv 155; attitude

Conservative banquet to, i 200; his of Austria, iv 155.
speech on accession of Queen Victoria, Police force, organization of, i 53. Quakers, advocate freedom for the
i 211; his election address for the Political parties, change in views of, i

negro, i 148.
queen's first parliament, i 218; his 198, 252; ii 64.
policy of opposition to government, i Political Register, Cobbett's, i 100.
231; forms a ministry, i 231; requires | Polytechnic in London, iv 9.

the dismissal of some of the ladies of Poor-law, the new, i 160; evils of the
the royal household, i 232; opposes the old system, i 160, 164; passing of the Radnor, Lord, friend of Cobbett, i 102;
reduction of sugar duties, i 309; his bill, i 161, 163: hardships under the recommends Cobbett to the electors,
speech on the corn-laws, i 310;

new, i 162, 163; decrease of

a vote against the ministry, i


under, i 163; proposal by Mr. Disraeli Ragged School movement, iï 212.
speech on want of confidence vote, i to modify, ii 188; supported by Glad- Raglan, Lord, master-general of the
313; his proposals for modifying the stone and opposed by Peel, ii 189; ordnance, ii 320; at the battle of the
tax on grain, ii 19; his remarks on high working of the poor-law, iv 241.

Alma, iii 95; death of, iii 136, 167.
duties being unproductive, ii 35; on Poor-law Association, Carlyle on, ii 288. Railway accidents, iv 187; on the
the income-tax, ii 36; murder of his Pope Pius IX., Mr. Gladstone on, ii Shrewsbury and Chester line in 1865,
secretary, ii 38; angry encounter be-

147; began his career as a reformer, ii iv 187; at Abergele in 1868, iv 188;
tween him and Cobden, ü 39; on free- 147; is driven from Rome, ii 147, 152. Col. Rich's report, iv 188.
trade, ii 52; his opposition to his govern- Population, statistics of, iv 331.

Railway companies, embarrassments
ment, ii 63; the personal attacks of Mr. Postal system, great need for a cheap,

of, iv 238.
Disraeli on,
74; declines the Garter

i 234; Charles Knight's description of Railways, development of, i 233, 272 ;
offered by the queen,

92; resigns,

the old, i 235; Mr. Palmer's improve- beginning of excursion trains, i 272;
but again assumes office, ii 93, 94; ments, i 236; Rowland Hill advocates the mania of 1845-50, ü 179; dispute
announces his change of views on a penny postage, i 239: proposal for an concerning the broad and

the corn-laws, ii 95; his budget, ii inquiry into the plan opposed by gov. gauges, i 181; great increase of, in
96; arguments against protection and ernment, i 240; the plan adopted, i the years preceding the Crimean war,
defence against the charge of incon- 240; its enormous development, i 241. iii 1; increase of railways and public
sistency, ii 97; is enthusiastically | Post-office, diminution of revenue from, works, iv 3; statistics of railways, iv
praised by Mr. Bright, ii 102; he


after the introduction of penny postage, 331,
poses to challenge Mr. Disraeli, ii 106; ü 36; complaints concerning opening | Rangoon, taking of, iii 197.
his defeat on the Irish protection of of letters in the, ii 73.

i 103.

Ratazzi succeeds Cavour as minister,
life and property bill, 108; announces Potato crop, failure of, ii 85.

iv 83; attempts to repeat Cavour's
his intention to resign, ii 108; Disraeli's Power-loom, inventor of the, i 275. policy, iv 83, 86.
estimate of, ii 109; anecdotes of, ii 113; Press prosecutions for political offences, Rebeccaites, the, ii 121; joined by the
acts of patronage by, ü 114; his last

Chartists, ü 122; grievances removed,
speech in the house, ii 138; his last Prince Imperial, death of the, iv 321.
words on public business, ii 221;

is Princess Royal, betrothal of, iii 278; Recreation for the people, iü 217.
thrown from his horse, ii 221; his death, dowry and pension of, ii 278; her Redistribution of seats, bills for, iv 221,
i 222; mourning for him over the
marriage, ili 280.

229, 231.


his funeral, ü 224; | Principalities, disposal of the, iii 194. Redpath frauds, the, iii 236.
Thomas Carlyle on, ü 224.

Prize-fight between Tom Sayers and Reform, agitation for parliamentary,
Peel, Sir Robert, made a lord of the Heenan, iv 5.

îi 302; iii 289: Mr. Bright's outlines of
admiralty, iii 155.

Progress, meaning of, i 334; railway a bill, iü 289; Mr. Disracli introduces

i 40.

ii 122.

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