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Queen's popularity-Re-establishment of the protestant religion-A parliament-Peace with FranceDisgust between the Queen and Mary queen of Scots-Affairs of Scotland-Reformation in Scotland-Civil wars in Scotland-Interposal of the Queen in the affairs of Scotland-Settlement of Scotland-French affairs-Arrival of Mary in Scotland-Bigotry of the Scotch reformers-Wise government of Elizabeth.




N a nation so divided as the English, it could CHAP scarcely be expected that the death of one sovereign, and the accession of another, who was generally believed to have embraced opposite principles to those which prevailed, could be the object of universal satisfaction: Yet so much were men displeased VOL. V.





CHAP. with the present conduct of affairs, and such appreXXXVIII. hensions were entertained of futurity, that the peo1558. ple, overlooking their theological disputes, expressed a general and unfeigned joy that the sceptre had passed into the hand of Elizabeth. That princess had discovered great prudence in her conduct during the reign of her sister; and as men were sensible of the imminent danger to which she was every moment exposed, compassion towards her situation, and concern for her safety, had rendered her, to an uncommon degree, the favourite of the nation. A parliament had been assembled a few days before Mary's death; and when Heathe, archbishop of York, then chancellor, notified to them that event, scarcely an interval of regret appeared; and the two houses immediately resounded with the joyful acclamations of "God save queen Elizabeth; Long and happily 66 may she reign!" The people, less actuated by faction, and less influenced by private views, expressed a joy still more general and hearty on her proclamation; and the auspicious commencement of this reign prognosticated that felicity and glory which, during its whole course, so uniformly attended it."

ELIZABETH was at Hatfield when she heard of her sister's death; and, after a few days, she went thence to London through crowds of people, who strove with each other in giving her the strongest testimony of their affection. On her entrance into the Tower, she could not forbear reflecting on the great difference between her present fortune, and that which a few years before had attended her, when she was conducted to that place as a prisoner, and lay there exposed to all the bigotted malignity of her enemies. She fell on her knees, and expressed her thanks to Heaven for the deliverance which the Almighty had granted her from her bloody persecutors; a deliverance, she said, no less miraculous

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