Изображения страниц

power. The drain upon Napoleon's resources. As a result the French are driven from Spain and Portugal.

II. Revival of Austria.

The national revolt in the Tyrol. Andreas Hofer. He stimulates Austria to renewed efforts. Call of the Archduke Charles to the German people.

The campaign of 1809. Its analogies with that of 1805. Essential differences in its conduct and results. Defeat of Austria at Wagram. Treaty of Vienna. Idea of substituting a FrancoAustrian for a Franco-Russian alliance. Napoleon marries Marie-Louise.

Alienation of Russia.



Napoleon's downfall is contained in his policy, not in the decline of his military genius-e. 9., in his Continental System and its results, viz.: The Peninsular War, and the war with Russia.

Breach between Napoleon and Russia.

Causes: (a) The Continental System and its pressure upon Russia.

Aggressions on Russia's dynastic interests consequent on

the Continental System. (6) Napoleon and Poland. National aspirations of Poland. Napoleon their natural

protector. His obligations to Russia. Hesitation and

perplexity of Napoleon in face of the Polish question. (c) The Austro-French alliance.

Napoleon's marriage. Preparations for the Russian campaign. Nature of the enterprise. Napoleon ignorant of Russian national feeling. [Russia almost equally ignorant of her own strength.)

Napoleon marshals his subject kingdoms for an attack on Russia. Half-hearted and unwilling support. Position of

. Prussia.

Reorganization of Prussia since 1806 by Stein. Growth of national feeling in Prussia. Prussian patriotism stimulated by Prussia's degradation. Prussia an unwilling accomplice in the Russian campaign.

The Austrian contingent.

Napoleon's difficulties in transport and supply. Hesitation and perplexity exhibited by Napoleon at various stages of the enterprise. The march on Moscow.

The march from Moscow. Ruin of the Grand Army.

The campaign of 1813. Napoleon's early successes. Inefficient support rendered by his Marshals. Prussia joins the coalition. Hesitation of Austria. Armistice and negotiations. Austria joins the coalition.

Napoleon retreats on Leipsic. The "battle of the nations." He retreats on to the French frontier.

Campaign of 1814. March of the allies on Paris, and abdication of Napoleon.

NotE.-The last lecture of the course will consist either of a general view of the circumstances of Napoleon's return and of his overthrow in the Waterloo campaign or of a special study of the campaign itself.

Syllabus of both lectures is appended, but of these only one will be given.



The Congress of Vienna.

European settlement after Napoleon's fall. Treaty of Paris settles the position of France. The Bourbon monarchy sends Talleyrand as representative of France to Vienna. France reduced to the frontier of 1790. England gains Mauritius, Malta, and the Cape.

The Vienna negotiations. Difficulties in reconstruction. “The Congress dances, but advances not.” Jealousies between the

" Powers. Views of Russia and Prussia. Opposition of England, France, and Austria. War imminent.

Napoleon escapes from Elba.

France under Louis XVIII. “The Bourbons have learned nothing, and have forgotten nothing." Apathy of the French people-enthusiasm of the army for Napoleon. He advances

unopposed, and enters Paris. Reinstated as Emperor, March, 1815. Napoleon's manifesto declaring the advantages of peace, and

, his determination “to exhibit no other strife but that of the felicity of nations."

His activity in reorganising the army. War inevitable. The forces actually in the field against him. Hesitation as to his best policy. The alternative of offensive or defensive warfare. Napoleon determines to act on the offensive, and orders his army to concentrate at Charleroi to act against Wellington and

Blucher in Belgium. Rapidity and effectiveness of the French
The Armies in the field :

1. The French army. Its quality and strength.
2. Blucher's Prussian army.

3. Wellington's Anglo-Dutch army. Napoleon's manifesto to his troops. The advance on June 15, 2.30 A.M. Unreadiness of the allies to oppose him. The French cross the river and take position at Fleurus and before Quatre Bras.

Brief account of the chief movements in the campaign.

« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »