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SEPTEMBER,]

"Hasty marriage seldom proveth well."

cover of the night, to Whiteladies, in the vicinity of Boscobel House, 1651.

713 Sunday after Trinity.

SUN RISES AND SETS.

SHAKESPEARE.

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When the year commenced with March September was the seventh month, but now the name is inapplicable, as S. 6 43 well as those of Oct., Nov., and Dec. Charles II. flies from Worcester, under

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Battle of Poitiers, 1356. The standard R. 5 43
of France overthrown, many of her
mobility slain, her king taken prisoner. S. 6 1

15 Sunday after Trinity.-R. 5 46
St. Matthew.
Virgil died, B.C. 19, and was buried

near Naples, where a tomb is still
shown as his. The monarch of the
Latin poets was of large stature, of
a dark complexion, like Dante, and
singular for temperance and modesty.
Alexander and his Empress are crowned
with great pomp at Moscow, 1801.:
16 Sunday after Trinity.

29 M St. Michael.
Day.
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[1873.

Royal Residences.

PALACE OF THE ESCURIAL,
MADRID.

THIS magnificent palace of the sovereigns of Spain, the eighth wonder of the world, considered by the Spaniards stands twenty-five miles north

west of Madrid. It was commenced in 1563 by Philip II., and completed in 1586, at a

cost of 6,000,000 ducats. It is built in the form of a gridiron, in honour of St. Lawrence, on whose day, 10th August, 1557, the Spaniards (assisted by the English) defeated the French at St. Quentin. According to Francisco de los Santos, the total length of all its rooms and apartments is above 120 English miles. Alvarez de Colmenar asserts that there are 14,000 doors and 11,000 windows. The 11,000 windows are in compliment to the Cologne Virgins. There are some good statues, busts, and other art-treasures in the Escurial. Some of the most valuable, however, were carried off by the French, when in possession of the building, their spoils including the finest productions of Rubens, Titian, Spagbuilding is now a mere shadow noletto, Raffaelle, &c. The of the past, and will disappoint many whose expectations have been too highly raised. The surrounding country is covered with rocks and badly sheltered from the winds. A town has been built near the Escurial, but it has never flourished, and has only about 1,300 inhabitants. Philip II, died in the palace in 1598, after having lived there fourteen years, half king, half monk, and boasting that from the foot of a mountain he governed the world, old and new, with two inches of paper. He loved the place because it was a creation of his own, and one congenial to his sombre temperament.

GARDENING FOR THE MONTH.

Sow a few small salads for late crops; lettuce and spinach, if not done last month, for spring crops. Plant endive and lettuce. If broccoli be too strong or tall to withstand the winter, lift them and lay them nearly up to the neck in the earth. Lift onions, and lay them out on a dry border or gravel walk. Lift potatoes and store them. Finish the summer pruning and training of fruit trees. Gather and store carefully the

autumnal sorts of apples and pears. Plant strawberries for a main crop. Sow in the beginning of this month all half-hardy annuals, if not done last month; also the different species of primula; and the seeds of all such plants as, if sown in spring, seldom come up the same season, but if sown in September and October, vegetate readily the suc ceeding spring. Continue the propagation of herbaceous plants. Plant evergreens.

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FRIENDSHIP, LOVE,

MUCH beautiful, and excellent, and fair
Was seen beneath the sun; but nought was seen
More beautiful, or excellent, or fair,
Than face of faithful friend, fairest when seen
In darkest day; and many sounds were sweet,
Most ravishing, and pleasant to the ear;
But sweeter none than voice of faithful friend:
Sweet always, sweetest heard in loudest storm.
Pollok.

FRIENDSHIP is the only thing in the world concerning the usefulness of which all mankind are agreed.-Cicero.

FALSE friendship, like the ivy, decays and ruins the walls it embraces; but true friendship gives new life and animation to the object it supports.

LOVE seizes on us suddenly, without giving warning, and our disposition or our weakness favours the surprise; one look, one glance from the fair fixes and determines us. Friendship, on the contrary, is a long time in forming; it is of slow growth, through many trials and months of familiarity. How much wit, good nature, indulgences, how many good offices and civilities, are required among friends to accomplish, in some years, what a lovely face or a fine hand does in a minute.-Bruyere.

AND MARRIAGE.

WHEN once through matrimony's turnpike, the weather becomes wintry, and some husbands are seized with a cold aguish fit, to which the faculty give the name of indifference. There is another distemper very mortal to the honeymoon, 'tis what the ladies sometimes are seized with, and the college of physicians call it sullenness. This distemper generally arises from some illconditioned speech, with which the lady has been breakfast table, her cheek resting upon the palm hurt; who then leans on her elbow upon the of her hand, her eyes fixed earnestly upon the fire, her feet beating tattoo time; the husband in the meanwhile biting his lips, pulling down his ruffles, stamping about the room, and looking at his lady like a wild bear. At last he abruptly madam?" The lady mildly replies, "Nothing." demands of her, "What's the matter with "What is it you do mean, madam?""" Nothing." "What would you make me, madam?" "Nothing." "What is it I have done to you, madam?" O-h-nothing." And this quarrel arose as observed she believed the tea was made with they sat at breakfast. The lady very innocently Thames water. The husband, in mere contrafilled out of the New River.-G. A. Steevens. diction, insisted upon it that the tea-kettle was

you,

MORE powerful than a thousand is the counsel

A FRIEND is rare to be found that continueth of the heart.-Welsh Proverb. faithful in all his friend's distresses.

WHO present or absent thinks and says the same of his friend is more than honest-he is a hero.

LOVE that has nothing but beauty to keep it in good health, is short lived, and apt to have ague fits.-Erasmus.

"I'm half in love," he who, with smiles, hath said,, In love will never be :

"I'm not in love," who sighs and shakes his head, In love too sure is he. Landor.

A MAN cannot possess anything that is better than a good woman, nor anything that is worse than a bad one.-Simonides.

OCTOBER,]

THE MOON'S CHANGES.

Wisdom goes not always by years.

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Bloody Mary crowned, 1553.
Liddel Castle, in Cumberland, is taken
by King David, after a siege of six
days; he beheads the governor,plun- R. 6 5
ders the Abbey of Lanercrost, and
marches on to Durham, 1346.

517 Sunday after Trinity.

M Henry VII. landed at Calais, 1492. He sat down before Boulogne on the 16th, 7 Tu and concluded treaties of peace and confederacy on the 3rd of November. 8 WA terrible fire breaks out at Chicago,

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1871, ending in the destruction of a R. 6 15
great part of the city, and the loss of
a large number of lives. Subscrip- S. 5 16
tions are raised in all parts of the
world for the relief of the sufferers. R. 6 19

18 Sunday after Trinity.
Napoleon lands at St. Helena, 1815.
The Battle of Hastings, 1066. In this
conflict, fought between Harold II.
of England, and William, Duke of
Normandy, the former lost both his
life and his kingdom. He was in-
terred at Waltham Abbey, Essex.
St. Luke.

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[1873.

Eton College Chapel.

ET

TON COLLEGE CHAPEL is a stately and beautiful edifice, and of considerable antiquity. The building of it commenced on the 3rd of July, considerable repairs, under the 1441. In 1700 it underwent superintendence of the great architect, Sir Christopher Wren. It is to be regretted R. 6 9 11 40 that during the course of the alterations many of the ancient gravestones were disturbed, and the characteristic mural monuments were concealed, particularly about the chancel, by the new wainscoting and altar. Among the distinguished persons whose ashes are contained in this chapel, are, Rd. Lord Grey, of Wilton, Henchman to King Henry VIII.; John Longland, Bishop of Lincoln, who had acquired the favour of that monarch by his defence of the divorce from Queen Catherine; Sir Henry Savile; Sir Henry Wotton, an eminent ambassador, statesIman, and scholar, as well as provost of Eton College in the reign of James I.; and Francis Rowse, a distinguished writer among the Puritans, and one of the Lords of Cromwell's in the year 1658. Upper House, who died provost To these may be added the Earl of Waldegrave, who was drowned during the period of his education in this college, in 1783. In the adjoining cemetery belonging to the chapel is the tomb of the excellent, learned, evermemorable John Hale. But quite independent of its association with these well-known names, there is much that is interesting connected with this old ecclesiastical structure, which had we space might be gone into. The whole length of the chapel, including the

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The destruction of Lima, in Peru, by an
earthquake, 1687. It was at Lima
that Pizarro was assassinated, 1541. R. 6 36

2620 Sunday after Trinity. 27 M

Captain Cook born, 1728.

28 Tu St. Simon and St. Jude.
29 W Sir Walter Raleigh beheaded, 1618.
He felt the edge of the axe, and
30 Th
said, smiling, to the sheriff, "This is a S. 4 35
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sharp medicine, but it is a physician R. 6 54

that will cure all diseases.'

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ante-chapel, is 175 feet. This 7 44 seems to have been a diminu

GARDENING FOR THE MONTH.

Sow small salads and radishes in the first week; mazagan beans and early frame peas in the last week. If the winter prove mild they will be somewhat earlier than those sown next month or in January. Plant cabbages in beds or close rows till wanted in spring. Store potatoes, beet, carrots, parsnips, &c., by the end of the month. This is the best season for transplanting fruit

tion of the original design, which proposed 207 feet.

trees. Store and lay up very carefully during the month all sorts of apples and pears, the longest keeping sorts not before the end of the month, if the weather be mild. A part of them may be placed in a close cellar. Plant the greater part of the common border bulbs about the end of the month, with a few anemones for early flowering. Put in cuttings of all sorts of evergreens.

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[1873.

The Assassination of Marshal Prim.

AFTER the election of Duke d'Aosta, second son of the King of Italy, to the throne of Spain, in November, 1870, things went on quietly for a short time in that country, and Marshal Prim, who was at the head of the Cabinet, occupied himself with preparations for the reception of the new sovereign. But an unexpected tragedy closed the year. On the evening of Wednesday, the 28th of December, as Prim was proceeding from the Ministry of War to the Cortes, shots were fired at

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The extraordinary comet of 1680 is first observed all over Britain.

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The average temperature in Britain for the middle of December is about 39°. Luther notes in his "Table Talk," that R. 8 he invited the singers and musicians s. 3 50 to supper, 1538. "I always loved

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his carriage in the Calle de Alcala. He and his adjutant The were both wounded. assassins made their escape. Prim's wounds, which were in the arm, did not at first excite any serious alarm, but, after the amputation of a finger, in

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music; whoso has skill in this art is R. 8 of a good sort, fit for anything."

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flammation set in, and he expired on the night of the He retained his conhis friends adieu with great sciousness to the last, bidding composure, and expressing much anxiety for the safety of the new king, whose arrival at Madrid was expected only a day or two after.

The Cortes, when it met on Saturday, the 31st, passed a 240 vote declaring that Prim had 3 36 deserved well of his country, and resolved that his name 4 29 should be inscribed in the hall of the Cortes, and his 5 19 family placed under the pro6 7 tection of the nation. At the same time a vote of absolute confidence in the Government was passed. No traces were found of the plot which had such direful 8 34 effects.

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On the same day that Prim 927 died Amadeo I. landed at 10 24 Cartagena.

GARDENING FOR THE MONTH.

Sow a few peas and beans as in November. Very few operations can be carried on this month, with the exception of trenching and digging in dry weather, operations which should by all means be attended to. The ground should be thoroughly well turned up for exposure to the frost and snow. Plant all sorts of fruit trees in mild weather. Mulch over the roots of tender trees,

such as apricot and peach, as they are often so far affected by frost as to be barren in the coming year. Proceed with pruning and nailing walltrees, whenever an opportunity occurs. Examine the fruit in the store-room every week, and remove all that is found to be in a state of decay. As to the flower-garden, the directions for last month will be found equally applicable to this.

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