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London-where are they? Gone where there is no distinction—consigned to the common earth. Another generation succeeded them; which, just as busy and as bustling as that which fell before it, has sunk down into the same nothingness. Another and yet another billow has rolled on, each emulating its predecessor in height; towering for its moment, and curling its foaming honors to the clouds; then roaring, breaking, and perishing on the same shore. WILLIAM WIRT.
XLVII.-THE QUAKER MARTYRS.
GILES COREY, a Quaker accused of witchcraft, sentenced, with his wife, to be crushed to death by means of heavy weights; RICHARD GARDNER, a sea-captain; Jailer; Sheriff.
Scene-Salem Jail, 1692.
Corey. Now I have done with earth and all its cares;
And my immortal soul to Him who made it.
Enter the Jailer, followed by Richard Gardner.
Jailer. Here's a seafaring man, one Richard Gardner,
Corey. I'm glad to see you, ay, right glad to see you.
You are the first, ay, and the only one,
I thank you. There is something in your presence,
Perhaps it is the bearing of a man
Familiar with all the dangers of the deep,
Familiar with the cries of drowning men,
With fire, and wreck, and foundering ships at sea!
Gardner. Ah, I have never known a wreck like yours! Would I could save you!
Do not speak of that.
It is too late. I am resolved to die.
Gardner. Why would you die who have so much to live for? — Your daughters, and
You cannot say the word.
My daughters have gone from me. They are married;
Confess and live.
Corey. That's what they said who came here yesterday To lay a heavy weight upon my conscience,
By telling me that I was driven forth
As an unworthy member of the church.
'Tis but to drown,
And have the weight of all the seas upon you.
Gardner. Say something; say enough to fend off death
Till this tornado of fanaticism
Blows itself out. Let me come in between you
And your severer self, with my plain sense;
If I deny, I am condemned already
In courts where ghosts appear as witnesses,
Which is not life, but only death in life.
I will not bear false witness against any,
Not even against myself, whom I count least.
Gardner (aside). Ah, what a noble character is this!
I feel the pressure of the heavy weight
That will crush out my life within this hour;
But if a word could save me, and that word
Were not the truth; nay, if it did but swerve
A hair's breadth from the truth, I would not say it!
Gardner (aside). How mean I seem beside a man like this!
Sheriff (without). Giles Corey! Come! The hour has struck!
Here is my body; ye may torture it,
But the immortal soul ye cannot crush!
H. W. LONGFELLOW.
XLVIII.-LEARNING BY HEART.
ILL he has fairly tried it, I suspect a reader does not know how much he would gain from committing to memory passages of real excellence; precisely because he does not know how much he overlooks in merely reading. Learn one true poem by heart, and see if you do not find it so. Beauty after beauty will reveal itself, in chosen phrase, or happy music, or noble suggestion otherwise undreamed of. It is like looking at one of Nature's wonders through a microscope.
2. Again, how much in such a poem that you really did feel admirable and lovely on a first reading, passes away, if you do not give it a further and much better reading!— passes away utterly, like a sweet sound, or an image on the lake, which the first breath of wind dispels. If you could only fix that image, as the photographers do theirs, so beautifully, so perfectly! And you can do so! Learn it by heart, and it is yours forever!
3. Poems and noble extracts, whether of verse or prose, once so reduced into possession and rendered truly our
own, may be to us a daily pleasure;-better far than a whole library unused. They may come to us in our dull moments, to refresh us as with spring flowers; in our selfish musings, to win us by pure delight from the tyranny of foolish castle-building, self-congratulations, and mean anxieties. They may be with us in the workshop, in the crowded streets, by the fireside; sometimes, perhaps, on pleasant hill-sides, or by sounding shores ;-noble friends and companions-our own! never intrusive, ever at hand, coming at our call!
4. Shakspeare, Milton, Wordsworth, Tennyson, - the words of such men do not stale upon us, they do not grow old or cold. Further, though you are young now. some day you will be old. Some day you may reach that time when a man lives in greater part for memory and by memory. I can imagine a chance renewal, chance visitation of the words long remembered, long garnered in the heart, and I think I see a gleam of rare joy in the eyes of the old man.
5. For those, in particular, whose leisure time is short, and precious as scant rations to beleaguered men, I believe there could not be a better expenditure of time than deliberately giving an occasional hour-it requires no more -to committing to memory chosen passages from great authors. If the mind were thus daily nourished with a few choice words of the best English poets and writers; if the habit of learning by heart were to become so general, that, as a matter of course, any person presuming to be educated amongst us might be expected to be equipped with a few good pieces,-I believe it would lead, far more than the mere sound of it suggests, to the diffusion of the best kind of literature, and the right appreciation of it, and men would not long rest satisfied with having a few stock pieces.
6. The only objection I can conceive to what I have been saying is, that it may be said that a relish for higher literature belongs only to the few; that it is the result of cultiva
tion; and that there is no use in trying to create what must be in general only a fictitious interest. But I do not admit that literature, even the higher literature, must belong to the few. Poetry is, in the main, essentially catholic--addressed to all men; and though some poetry requires particular knowledge and superior culture, much, and that the noblest, needs only natural feeling and the light of common. experience. Such poetry, taken in moderation, followed with genuine good-will, shared in common, will be intelligible and delightful to most men who will take the trouble to be students at all, and ever more and more so.
7. Perhaps, also, there may be a fragment of truth in what Charles Lamb has said, that any spouting "withers and blows upon a fine passage;" that there is no enjoying it after it has been "pawed about by declamatory boys and men." But surely there is a reasonable habit of recitation as well as an unreasonable one; there is no need of declamatory pawing. To abandon all recitation, is to give up a custom which has given delight and instruction to all the races of articulately-speaking men. If our faces are set against vain display, and set towards rational enjoyment of one another, each freely giving his best, and freely receiving what his neighbor offers, we need not fear that our social evenings will be marred by an occasional recitation, or that the fine passages will wither. And, moreover, it is not for reciting's sake that I chiefly recommend this most. faithful form of reading-learning by heart.
8. I come back, therefore, to this, that learning by heart is a good thing, and is neglected amongst us. Why is it neglected? Partly because of our indolence, but partly, I take it, because we do not sufficiently consider that it is a good thing, and needs to be taken in hand. We need to be reminded of it: I here remind you. Like a town-crier, ringing my bell, I would say to you, "O-yes, o-yes! Lost, stolen, or strayed, a good ancient practice-the good ancient practice of learning by heart. Every finder should be handsomely rewarded.”