Sexual Exploitation and Abuse in UN Peacekeeping: An Analysis of Risk and Prevention Factors
Lexington Books, ٣١/١٢/٢٠١٤ - 214 من الصفحات
While serving in United Nations peacekeeping missions, some peacekeepers sexually exploit and abuse the local population, a fact which erupted into a scandal published by many media outlets in 2005 and 2006. This book analyzes factors which may increase the risk of such behavior as well as measures the UN has taken which may have decreased the number of incidents. Using a mixed methods design, the book argues that previous analyses have been largely undertheorized—with the exception of gender theories—and turns to criminology to look at the phenomenon of so-called “Sexual Exploitation and Abuse” (SEA) in a new light. The three risk factors found to increase the likelihood of SEAs are an environment of sexual violence in the mission’s host country, the presence of internally displaced persons close to the mission, and a lack of supervised or regulated contact with the local population. In turn, the presence of an office whose purpose is to collect reports and investigate allegations, training on preventing SEAs for the incoming peacekeepers, and campaigns to empower the local population on these issues all seem to reduce the risk of sexual exploitation and abuse occurring. By using a statistical analysis followed by case studies of the UN peacekeeping missions in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Liberia, and the Golan Heights, the author demonstrates the importance these factors have in the peacekeepers’ behavior on the mission, providing a solid basis upon which future policy recommendations can be made.
ما يقوله الناس - كتابة مراجعة
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2 UN Peacekeeping Missions
3 Issues Surrounding Sexual Exploitation and Abuse
4 Theorizing Crime and Misconduct in an Internationalized Setting
5 Choice of Methods
6 The Big Picture
2008 UN Secretary-General African Union-United Nations behavior causal mechanism certainty of punishment committed by peacekeepers Conduct and Discipline Congo contribute correlated Côte d’Ivoire criminal decrease in SEAs Democratic Republic exploitation and abuse gender advisors girls high number host country hypothesis increase Internal Oversight Services internally displaced persons investigation labeling theory lack level of sexual Liberia look measures military Mission in Liberia MONUC MONUC/MONUSCO Nations Hybrid Operation number of crimes number of IDPs number of SEA Office of Internal OIOS Operation in Côte Operation in Darfur organizational peace peacekeeping missions perpetrators personnel population problem progress report prostitution PSEA rape Reddick and Hughes refugee risk factors Save the Children SEA allegations Secretary-General 2008 sexual crimes sexual exploitation sexual violence soldiers subculture tary-General Timor-Leste tion troops UNDOF Union-United Nations Hybrid United Nations Integrated United Nations Mission United Nations Operation United Nations Organization UNMIL UNSG variable victims vulnerable women