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A WEEKLY

ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE

VOLUME VII.

NOVEMBER 1872 to APRIL 1873

"To the solid ground

O Nature trusts the mind that builds for aye."-WORDSWORTH

London and New York:

MACMILLAN AND CO.

1873

LONDON

R. CLAY, SONS, AND TAYLOR, PRINTERS

BREAD STREET HILL

Abbott (Prof. C. C., M.D.), Origin of American Indians, 203;
Feeding Habits of the Belted Kingfisher, 362
Aberdeen University, 54; Election of Lord Rector, 35, 54, 111,
131, 250

Abiogenesis (See Beginnings of Life, Bastian, H. C., Huizinga,
Prof. D.)

Academical Study, Organisation of, 72
Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, 484
Acquired Habits in Plants, 445

Action at a Distance (Prof. Clerk-Maxwell, F.R.S.), 323, 341
Adams (Prof. W. G., F.R.S.), Physics for Medical Students,
27; Diathermanous" or "Transfervent?" 341
Adaptation to External Conditions; Frogs and Salamanders,

401

Aeronautics in America, 413

African Exploring Expeditions, 35, 36, 70, 79, 169, 189, 251,
270, 289, 351, 391

Agassiz (Prof.), The Hassler Expedition, 111, 230; Sub-marine
Photography, 210; Survival of the Fittest, 404; Penikese
Island and 50,000 dollars given to him by Mr. J. Anderson,
445, 471, 477

“Air and Water, Hygiene of," by W. Proctor, M.D., F.C.S.,
318

66

INDEX

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Aloes, American, 335

Altum (Dr. Bernard), "Forest Zoology," 141
Amber Works in Western Yunan, 317

America: Aeronautics, in, 413; Penikese Island given to Prof.
Agassiz, 445, 471, 477; Prof. Tyndall's Lectures, 34, 54, 150,
190, 224, 249, 268, 370, 445, 490; Science and the Press, 445
(See Alleghany, Boston, California, Manitoba, New York,
Philadelphia)

American Museum of Natural History, 332

American Scientific Intelligence, 56

American Signal Service, 484

American Survey and Geological Survey, 370, 371

American Indians, their Origin, 203

Anderson (J., M.D.), "Expedition to Western Yunan," 317
Anderson (John), his gift of Penikese Island and 50,000 dollars
to Prof. Agassiz, 445, 471, 477

Anderson (J. F.), November Meteors at Pau, 123
Animals Instinct, Inherited Instinct, and Perception in, 281,
303, 322, 340, 360, 361, 371, 377, 409, 417, 424, 437, 443,
444, 463, 483

Ansted (Prof.), Accident to, 452
Anthropological Institute, 39, 75, 135, 175, 208, 213, 249, 255,

267, 295, 310, 373, 395, 415, 455

Antinomies of Kant, 262, 282

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Belfast Naturalists' Field Club, 35

Belgian Academy, 369

Belgian Contributions to Astronomy, 23

Belgium, Magnetic Survey of, 295

Belgium, Report on Botanical Science, 320, 334; Science in,
114, 168, 210

Bentham (Geo., F.R.S.), Our National Herbarium, 26; Carex
and Uncinia, 372

Bennett (A. W., F. L.S.), Pollen-eating Insects, 202; External
Perception in Animals, 322, 361

Berlin University, 89; Professorship of Photography, 88; African
Expedition, 151; New Physiological Laboratories, 405;
Transit of Venus, 451

Berne, Scientific Society, 235

Bessemer (Mr.), his Saloon Steamer for the Channel Passage, Capron (J. Rand), Spectra of Aurora and Zodiacal Light, 182,

201

41

Biblical Archæology, Society of, 87

Biela's Comet, 163

"Bird Life," by Dr. Brehm, translated by Labouchere and
Jesse, 121

Birds: Yarrell's "British Birds," by Newton, 461

“Birds (British), Handbook of," by J. E. Hartwig, F.L.S.,

101

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Borneo, Cave-deposits, 461

Boston (U.S.), Academy of Arts and Sciences, 214; the Great
Fire, 215, 230

"Botanists' Pocket Book," by W. R. Hayward, 360
Botany: Notes in Lisbon, 229; Professorship at Caracas Uni-
versity, Botanic Garden, Liége, 351; "The Useful Plants of
India," by Col. H. Drury, 340; Dr. H. Airy on Leaf-
Arrangement, 341, 403, 442; Edinburgh Botanical Society,
Fertilisation of Grasses, 391; Botany in Belgium, 334
Bowring (Sir John), Obituary Notice of, 70
Braun (Dr. A.), Darwinism, 5

Breslau, Silesian Society for National Culture, 137, 158, 162
Brett (John, F.R.A.S.), Italian Report on the Eclipse of 1870,
308

Brewer (W. H.), Sense of Smell in Animals, 360, 410; Mau.
pertuis on Natural Selection, 402

Bright Lines in the Solar Spectrum, Prof. C. A. Young on, 17
Brighton Aquarium, 169, 209, 231, 362, 451

Brighton, Geology of, 395

Bristol, Meteors at, 85, 322

Bristow (H. W., F.R.S.), “Table of British Strata," 452
British Association; Arrangements for 1873, 88

British Museum, Herbarium, 5, 26, 45, 103; Memorial to Mr.

Gladstone, 212; his Reply, 243; Prof. Dyer on, 243
Broca (Paul), Troglodytes of the Vézère, 305, 326, 366, 426
Brockbank (W., F.G.S.), Glacial Action in the Furness Dis-
trict, 374

Brodie (Sir B. C., Bart., F.R.S.), Scientific Research and Uni-
versity Endowments, 97

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Cacciatore (Prof. Cav. G.), Report on the Eclipse of 1870, 308
California: Aquarium at San Francisco, 151; Academy of Sci-
ences, 256, 476, 490; Agassiz Institute, 189
Cambridge, Science at, 14, 53, 88, 110, 169, 189, 190, 209,
249, 250, 251, 268, 289, 311, 331, 349, 369, 391, 411, 432,
451, 470; Cambridge Scholarships and Examinations in
Science, 229; Philosophical Society, 20, 75, 155, 374, 474
Cambridge (U.S.), Museum of Comparative Zoology, 471
"Canada, Post-pliocene Geology of," by J. W. Dawson, LL.D.,

240

Carruthers (Wm., F.R.S.), Our National Herbarium, 26, 103
Cassiterides, Origin of the Name, 68, 104

Catlin (George), Obituary Notice of, 222

Cats: Sense of Smell, 303, 322; Perception, 360; Inherited
Instinct, 371; Sociability, 425; Polydactylous, from Cook-
ham-Dean, 323; White Toms, 464

Cave-deposits of Borneo, 461

Cayley (Prof.), Presentation Portrait of, 349
Celtic Society, 75

Ceylon, Science in, 42; Pigeon Express, 351; Land Planarians,
353

Challenger, H.M. Ship: Accounts of Voyage, 109, 117, 131,
231, 430, 471; her Scientific Orders, 191, 252; Report by
Prof. W. Thomson, F.R.S., 385

Charing Cross Hospital, 15, 54, 123, 168
Charterhouse Science-Classes, 425

Chemical Society, 39, 75, 134, 175, 231, 235, 295, 335, 373,
415, 454, 494

"Chemical Technology, Handbook of," by R. Wagner, Ph.D., 4
'Chemistry, Inorganic," by Geo. Wilson, M.D., 441

'Chemistry, Manual of," by Fownes, revised by H. Watts,
F.R.S., 179

"Chemistry, Organic," by W. G. Valentin, F.C.S, 160
"Chemistry, the Birth of," by G. F. Rodwell, F.C.S., 36, 90,
104, 206, 285, 393, 492

Chester, Society of Natural Science, 55; Science at, 432
China, Science in, 35

Chisholm (H. W.), International Metric Commission, 197,
327

Chromosphere, (New Method of viewing the), 313
Circular Spraybows, 46

Civil Engineers, Institution of, 16. 210, 255, 455, 474
Clarke (Hyde), The Phoenician Vademecum, 462; Earthquake
Waves, 463

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Clarke (Prof. F. L.), the Hawaiian Volcano, Mauna Loa, 124
"Clematis as a Garden Flower," by T. Moore, F.L.S., and
G. Jackman, F. R.H.S., 102
Clerk-Maxwell (Prof. J.), Action at a Distance, 323, 341;
Electricity and Magnetism," 478

Clifford (Prof. W. K.), Kant's Antinomies, 262, 282, 302
Clifton College, 54, 151

Climate of Alabama, 231

Clouds; "Forms of Water," by Prof. J. Tyndall, F.R.S., 400
Coal Rise in Price of, 267; in Bagdad, 332; in Central Asia,

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349; in Peru, 311; in Western Yunan, 317; Prizes for
Economy in its Use, 150, 451

Coal Question, Sir W. Armstrong, C.B., on the, 270, 291
"Coal-fields of Great Britain," by E. Hull, M.A., F.R.S., 319
Coal-fields, Scottish, 14; of Victoria, 200
Coffin (Prof.), Obituary Notice of, 350

Cohn (Prof. Ferdinand), Lecture on the Progress of Natural
Science, 137, 158, 162; "Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen,'
300

Cole (H., C. B.), his intended Resignation, 230

College of Surgeons, 14, 289, 310; Hunterian Lectures, 289,
310, 330, 348, 364, 388, 408, 428

Colloids, Diosmotic properties of, 152

Collyer (R. H., M.D.), “Exalted States of the Nervous Sys-
tem," 360

Colorado River, 290

Coloured Stars about Kappa Crucis, 130

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Cometary Star-Shower, 77

Comets, their Tails, 105; and Meteors, Connection between, 468
Contagious Diseases, 283

Cook (Captain), his South Polar Explorations, 22, 139
Cooke (E. W., R. A.), “Grotesque Animals," 280

Cope (Prof. E. D.), Wyandotte Cave and its Fauna, II; Pro-
boscidians of Wyoming, 471

"Corals and Coral Islands," by Jas. D. Dana, LL.D., 119, 423
Cornu (M.), Growth and Migrations of Helminths, 265; Geo-
detic Operations iu Algeria, 450

Cornwall, Sepulchral Monuments of," by W. C. Borlase, B.A.,
337, 378

Corona Line, Prof. C. A. Young on the, 28
Cotopaxi, Ascent of the Great Volcano, 449
Cowell (Sir J.), Fire-ball near Slough, 146
Cox (E. W., Serjeant-at-Law), Animal Instincts, 424
Crabs, Perception in, 424

66

Cromlechs (See Sepulchral Monuments)
Crookes (Wm., F.R.S.), Wagner's "Chemical Technology," 4
Cryptogams, Fossil, 267

Crystal Palace: Aquarium, 15; School of Art, Science, and
Literature, 35

Curry (John), November Meteors at Rookhope, 85
Curved Space, 282

Cycles, Meteorological, 161, 262 (See Meteorology)
Cyclone, Madras, May 2, 1871, 356
Cyclopædias, Misleading, 68, 162

Dana (Jas. D., LL.D.), "Corals and Coral Islands," 119, 423
Danks's Rotating Furnace, 272

Darwin (Chas., F.R.S.), Origin of Certain Instincts, 417; Per-
ception in Animals, 360; Inherited Instinct, 281; Philosophy
of Language, Prof. Max Muller on, 145
Darwinism: Expression, 362, 351, 433; German Works on,
5; A Fact for Mr. Darwin, 462 (See Evolution Theory,
Survival of the Fittest, Instinct)

Davies (Wm.), Murchison Medal awarded to, 355
Davy, his Work at the Royal Institution, 265

Dawkins (W. B., F.R.S.), Settle Cave Exploration, 374
Dawson (J. W., LL.D.), Post-pliocene Geology of Canada,

240

Day Aurora, 29

De Candolle (Alphonse), Natural Selection, 277
Deep Sea Dredging on board the Challenger, 430
Deep Sea Soundings near the Equator, 404

Deep Springs, 177, 283

De La Rue (Dr. Warren, F.R.S.), donation to Laboratories of
Royal Institution, 451

Deluge, Assyrian Record of the, 55; Mr. Gladstone's Speech,

87

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Dogs, Inherited Instinct and External Perception in, 281, 322,

340, 361, 377, 384, 409, 410, 411, 424
Dolmen (See Sepulchral Monuments)

Drach (S. M.), Eleven-year Rainfall Period, 161

Draper (H. W.), Effect of Light on Selenium, 340

Draper (J. W.), Deep-sea Soundings near the Equator, 404
Drury (Col. H.), "The Useful Plants of India," 340
Dublin: Pathological Society, 133; Royal College of Science,
370; Botanic Garden, 370; Royal College of Surgeons, III;
Royal Dublin Society, 332; Royal Geographical Society,
454; Royal Geological Society, 456; Royal Irish Academy,
375, 412, 431, 456, 494; Trinity College, 88, 331; Trinity
College Observatory, 431; University, 54, 171; Zoological
Society, 456

Dufour (Louis), Diffusion of Gases, 9
Duncan (Prof., F.R.S.), Insect Metamorphosis (Br. A.), 30, 50;
Dana on Corals, 119, 423

Dunker (Dr. W.) and Dr. K. A. Zittel, "Palæontographica," 45
Dutch Society of Sciences, 464

Dyer (Prof. W. T. Thistleton), the National Herbaria, 243

Earth, Movement of its Surface, 221

66

Earth, The," and "The Ocean," by Elisée Reclus, 421 €
Earthquakes near Derby, 68; Vancouver's Island, Bogota,
Sinde, Samos, 268; Pembrokeshire, 283; Lahore, Scinde,
289; Constantinople, 290; India, Central America, Guaya-
quil, Samos, 311; Samos, Smyrna, 332; Vienna, 336;
Turkey, Tyre, Jerusalem, 351; Asia Minor, Mitylene, Central
America, India, 392; Samos, Asia Minor, Rhodes, 432
Earthquake Waves, 385, 463

Earthworms, 210

Earwaker (J. P.), Meteor at Northwich, 322

Echinoderms, Publications on, 350; found by the Challenger, 387
Eclipse of 1870, Italian Report on, 308
Eclipse Expedition of 1871, J. N. Lockyer, F.R.S., on, 57, 92
Eclipses, Early, 47

Edinburgh: Geological Society, 132; Museum of Science, 55;
Royal Botanic Society, 61, 78, 151, 214, 391, 490; Royal
Observatory, 451; Royal Physical Society, Naturalist's Field
Club, 154; Royal Society, III; Scottish Meteorological
Society, 375; University, 54, 164, 183, 431; Female Educa.
tion, 71
Education
Education)
Egyptian Weight found in the Great Pyramid, 146
"Egypt, Birds of," by G. E. Shelley, F.G.S., F.L.S., 178

International College at Zurich, 89 (See Female

Electric Conductivity: Effect of Light on Selenium, 303, 340,
361

Electricity and Earthquakes, 162

"Electricity and Magnetism," by J. Clerk-Maxwell, M.A., 478
Electrostatics and Magnetism, Papers by Sir W. Thomson
D.C.L., 218

Elephanta, Caves of, 72

Elephas Americanus in Canada, 47

Empedocles, Anticipation of Natural Selection, 402
Endowments and Bequests in England and America, 97, 477
Engineering : Class at the Crystal Palace, 35 ; College in Japan,
430

Entomological Society, 39, 75, 154, 195, 295, 315, 373, 415
Ericsson (Capt. J.), Diathermancy of Flame, 149; Radiant Heat,
273

Ethnology: "Zeitschrift für Ethnologie,”, 473
Ernst (Dr. A.), November Meteors, 443
Evaporation and Rainfall, 118

Everett (J. D.), Dr. Cohn's Lecture on the Progress of Science,
162; Atmospheric Refraction, 163

Everett (A.), Cave-deposits of Borneo, 461
Evolution Theory in Germany, 352, 433
Exeter College, 169

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491

Fisher (Rev. O.), Perception in the Lower Animals, '410
Fisheries of Michigan, 351

Flax, Prehistoric Culture of, 453
Flame, Diathermacy of, 28, 46, 149, 201
Flight of Projectiles, 341, 362, 404

Flint Implements, 306, 328, 367, 373
Flora of the Quantocks, 48
Florence, Observatory at, 15

Flower (Prof.), his Hunterian Lectures, 289, 310, 330, 348, 364,
388, 408, 428

Forbes (David, F. R.S.), Palmieri's "Vesuvius," 259, 382
Forestry in its Economical Bearings, 118

"Forest Zoology," by Dr. Bernard Altum, 141

Fossil Man of Mentone, 10, 71, 443; Whales of Antwerp, 94;
Cryptogams, 267, 403; Birds from Kansas, 310; Cephalo-
pods, 94, 350

Foster (M., F.R.S.), “Functions of Muscle and Nerve,” 440
Fowls, Perception in, 444

Fownes's "Manual of Chemistry," by H. Watts, F.R.S., 179
Fox (Howard), Will-o-the-Wisps, 222

France: Bureau des Longitudes, 269; Institution for the Ex-
perimental Sciences, 485 (See Paris)

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