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A WEEKLY

ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE

VOLUME VII.

NOVEMBER 1872 to APRIL 1873

" To the solid ground

( Nature trusts the mind that builds for aye."-WORDSWORTH

A A
London and New York :

MACMILLAN AND CO.

1873

LONDON

R. CLAY, SONS, AND TAYLOR, PRINTERS

BREAD STREET HILL

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Abbott (Prof. C. C., M.D.), Origin of American Indians, 203; Ashestos, Manufacture and Application of, 210
Feeding Habits of the Belted Kingfisher, 362

Ashmolean Society, 370
Aberdeen University, 54 ; Election of Lord Rector, 35, 54, III, Assyria, Daily Telegraph Exploration, 151, 210
131, 250

Assyrian Record of the Deluge, 55, 87
Abiogenesis (See Beginnings of Life, Bastian, H. C., Huizinga, Astronomical Expedition, American, 107
Prof. D.)

Astronomy, Belgian Contributions to, 23
Academical Study, Organisation of, 72

Atlantic Telegraph, Free Transmission of Astronomical Obser.
Acclimatisation Society of Victoria, 484

vations, 250
Acquired Habits in Plants, 445

Atmosphere, its Blue Colour, 132
Action at a Distance (Prof. Clerk-Maxwell, F.R.S.), 323, 341 Atmospheric Electricity, 9
Adams (Prof. W. G., F.R.S.), Physics for Medical Students, Atmospheric Haze, 291
27 ; " Diathermanous Transfervent?” 341

Atmospheric Refraction, 163
Adaptation to External Conditions ; Frogs and Salamanders, Atropia and Physostigma, 69
401

Attwood (F. L.), Physics for Medical Students, 7
Aeronautics in America, 413

Aurora by Daylight, 29
African Exploring Expeditions, 35, 36, 70, 79, 169, 189, 251, Aurora, Spectrum of, 182, 201, 242, 463 ; Polarisation of, 201
270, 289, 351, 391

Auroral Display at Carlisle, 481
Agassiz (Prof.), The Hassler Expedition, 111, 230 ; Sub-marine Auroral Phenomena, Trebizond, 181
Photography, 210; Survival of the Fittest, 404 ; Penikese | Australia, the Rising of, 129
Island and 50,000 dollars given to him by Mr. J. Anderson, Australia, Science in, 452
445, 471, 477

Australia and Tasmania, Geological Map, 249
"Air and Water, Hygiene of,” by W. Proctor, M.D., F.C.S., “ Australian Mechanic and Journal of Science," 274

318
Air-Battery, Dr. J. H. Gladstone, F.R.S., 472

Babbage (the late Chas., F.R.S.), Sale of his Mathematical
Airy (Hubert, M.D.), Leaf Arrangement, 341, 403, 442

Collections, 34; his “ Tables” and Library, 171
Aitken (John), Glacier Motion, 287

Babinet (M.), Obituary Notice of, 53
Alabama, Climate of, 231

Backhouse (T. W.), Day Aurora, 29; The Zodiacal Light, 341 ;
Algæ, M. de Brebisson's Collections, 332

Spectrum of Aurora, 463
Algeria, Geodetic Operations in, 450

Bacteria (See Bastian, H. Č., M.D., Beginnings of Life)
Alleghany Observatory, 251

Bagehot (Walter), “ Physics and Politics,” 277
Aloes, American, 335

Baillon (H.), “Natural History of Plants,” 320
Altum (Dr. Bernard), “ Forest Zoology," 141

Baird (Wm. M.), Obituary notice of, 89
Amber Works in Western Yunan, 317

Baker (Sir S. and Lady), Reported Murder of, 489
America : Aeronautics, in, 413; Penikese Island given to Prof. Baranetzky (J.), Diosmotic Properties of Colloids, 152

Agassiz, 445, 471, 477 ; Prof. Tyndall's Lectures, 34, 54, 150, Barbados, Rainfall at, 124, 161
190, 224, 249, 268, 370, 445, 490 ; Science and the Press, 445 Barber (Samuel), November Meteors at Liverpool, 123
(Sce Alleghany, Boston, California, Manitoba, New York, Barrett (W. F., F.C.S.), Prof. Tyndall's Researches on Radiant
Philadelphia)

Heat, 66
American Museum of Natural History, 332

Barrington (R. M.), Phosphorescence in Wood, 464
American Scientific Intelligence, 56

Barrows, in Cornwall, 378 ; near Beverley, 452
American Signal Service, 484

Bartlett (A. D.), Silver Medal to him on the rearing of the Hip-
American Survey and Geological Survey, 370, 371

popotamus, 150
American Indians, their Origin, 203

Bastian (H. C., M.D., F.R.S.), his Experiments, 123, 180,
Anderson (J., M.D.), “Expedition to Western Yunan,” 317 242, 261, 302, 321, 380, 413, 434 ; “Note on the Origin of
Anderson (John), his gist of Penikese Island and 50,000 dollars Bacteria” (Roy. Soc.), 275
to Prof. Agassiz, 445, 471, 477

Bath Natural History Society, 151
Anderson (J. F.), November Meteors at Pau, 123

Baumhauer (E. H. von), Dutch Society of Sciences, 464
Animals : Instinct, Inherited Instinct, and Perception in, 281, Beale (Prof. L. S., F.R.S.), Physics for Medical Students, 7

303, 322, 340, 360, 361, 371, 377, 409, 417, 424, 437, 443, Bees, Perception in, 410; Inherited Instinct, 417
444, 463, 483

Beet-Sugar, 375
Ansted (Prof.), Accident to, 452

Beginnings of Life,” Dr. H. C. Bastian, F.R.S., on, 26;
Anthropological Institute, 39, 75, 135, 175, 208, 213, 249, 255,

Discussion on, 104, 123, 180, 242, 380, 413, 434
267, 295, 310, 373, 395, 415, 455

Belsast Naturalists' Field Club, 35
Antinomies of Kant, 262, 282

Belgian Academy, 369
Ants, Nature and Habits of, 10

Belgian Contributions to Astronomy, 23
Ants, Perception in, 443

Belgium, Magnetic Survey of, 295
" Ants, Harvesting,” by J. T. Moggridge, F.L.S., 337, 453 Belgium, Report on Botanical Science, 320, 334 ; Science in,
Aquaria : Brighton, 169, 209, 231, 362, 451 ; Crystal Palace 114, 168, 210
15; San Francisco, 151

Bentham (Geo., F.R.S.), Our National Herbarium, 26 ; Carex
Aquatic Articulata, 469

and Uncinia, 372
Arachnida, Hints on collecting, 163 (See Trap-door Spiders) Bennett (A. W., F.L.S.), Pollen-eating Insects, 202 ; External
Arctic Exploration, 7, 53. 117, 157, 170, 188, 208, 231, 249, Perception in Animals, 322, 361
270, 311, 395, 413, 432, 452

Berlin University, 89; Professorship of Photography, 88; African
Aristotle, Anticipation of Natural Selection, 402

Expedition, 151; New Physiological Laboratories, 405;
Armstrong (Sir W., C.B.), The Coal Question, 270, 291

Transit of Venus, 451
Articulata, Aquatic, 469

Berne, Scientific Society, 235

201

IOI

308

Bessemer (Mr.), his Saloon Steamer for the Channel Passage, Capron (J. Rand), Spectra of Aurora and Zodiacal Light, 182,

41
Biblical Archæology, Society of, 87

Carruthers (Wm., F.R.S.), Our National Herbarium, 26, 103
Biela's Comet, 163

Cassiterides, Origin of the Name, 68, 104
"Bird Life," by Dr. Brehm, translated by Labouchere and Catlin (George), Obituary Notice of, 222
Jesse, 121

Cats: Sense of Smell, 303, 322 ; Perception, 360 ; Inherited
Birds : Yarrell's “ British Birds,” by Newton, 461

Instinct, 371 ; Sociability, 425; Polydactylous, from Cook-
“ Birds (British), Handbook of," by J. E. Hartwig, F.L.S., ham-Dean, 323; White Toms, 464

Cave deposits of Borneo, 461
Birds, Instinct of_Tumbler Pigeons, 387, 417; Ceylon Pigeon Cayley (Prof.), Presentation Portrait of, 349
Express, 351 ; Destruction of Rare, 464

Celtic Society, 75
Birds, Fossil, in Kansas, 310

Ceylon, Science in, 42 ; Pigeon Express, 351; Land Planarians,
“Birds of Egypt, Handbook to the," 178

353
Birmingham and Midland Institute, 53

Challenger, H.M. Ship: Accounts of Voyage, 109, 117, 131,
Birmingham School Natural History Society, 269

231, 430, 471; her Scientific Orders, 191, 252 ; Report by
Black (W. J.), Gauges for Ocean Rainfall, 202

Prof. W. Thomson, F.R.S., 385
Blake (Prof. Jas.), Supposed new Marine Animal, 67

Charing Cross Hospi.al, 15, 54, 123, 168
Blind Fish of the Wyandotte Cave, 12

Charterhouse Science-Classes, 425
Blue Colour of Sky and Water, 132

Chemical Society, 39, 75, 134, 175, 231, 235, 295, 335, 373,
Bolton Literary and Scientific Society, 15

415, 454, 494
Bombay, Grant Medical College, 269

'Chemical Technology, Handbook of,” by R. Wagner, Ph.D., 4
Bordeaux, Science at, 190 ; Scientific Association, 70

“Chemistry, Inorganic,” by Geo. Wilson, M.D., 441
Borlase (W. C., B.A.), “Sepulchral Monuments of Cornwall,” “Chemistry, Manual of,” by Fownes, revised by H. Watts,
337, 378

F.R.S., 179
Borneo, Cave-deposits, 461

“ Chemistry, Organic,” by W. G. Valentin, F.C.S, 160
Boston (U.S.), Academy of Arts and Sciences, 214 ; the Great “ Chemistry, the Birth of,” by G. F. Rodwell, F.C.S., 36, 90,
Fire, 215, 230

104, 206, 285, 393, 492
“ Botanists' Pocket Book," by W. R, Hayward, 360

Chester, Society of Natural Science, 55 ; Science at, 432
Botany : Notes in Lisbon, 229; Professorship at Caracas Uni. China, Science in, 35

versity, Botanic Garden, Liége, 351 ; “ The Useful Plants of Chisholm (H. W.), International Metric Commission, 197,
India,” by Col. H. Drury, 340 ; Dr. H. Airy on Leaf. 327
Arrangement, 341, 403, 442 ; Edinburgh Botanical Society, Chromusphere, (New Method of viewing the), 313

Fertilisation of Grasses, 391 ; Botany in Belgium, 334 Circular Spraybows, 46
Bowring (Sir John), Obituary Notice of, 70

Civil Engineers, Institution of, 16, 210, 255, 455, 474
Braun (Dr. A.), Darwinism, 5

Clarke (Hyde), The Phænician Vademecum, 462; Earthquake
Breslau, Silesian Society for National Culture, 137, 158, 162 Waves, 463
Brett (John, F.R.A.S.), Italian Report on the Eclipse of 1870, Clarke (Prof. F. L.), the Hawaiian Volcano, Mauna Loa, 124

“Clematis as a Garden Flower," by T. Moore, F.L.S., and
Brewer (W. H.), Sense of Smell in Animals, 360, 410 ; Mau. G. Jackman, F.R.H.S., 102
pertuis on Natural Selection, 402

Clerk-Maxwell (Prof. J.), Action at a Distance, 323, 341;
Bright Lines in the Solar Spectrum, Prof. C. A. Young on, 17 “ Electricity and Magnetism,” 478
Brighton Aquarium, 169, 209, 231, 362, 451

Clifford (Prof. W. K.), Kant's Antinomies, 262, 282, 302
Brighton, Geology of, 395

Clifton College, 54, 151
Bristol, Meteors at, 85, 322

Climate of Alabama, 231
Bristow (H. W., F.R.S.), “ Table of British Strata," 452 Clouds ; “Forms of Water," by Prof. J. Tyndall, F.R.S., 400
British Association ; Arrangements for 1873, 88

Coal : Rise in Price of, 267; in Bagdad, 332 ; in Central Asia,
British Museum, Herbarium, 5, 26, 45, 103 ; Memorial to Mr. 349 ; in Peru, 311; in Western Yunan, 317; Prizes for
Gladstone, 212 ; his Reply, 243 ; Prof. Dyer on, 243

Economy in its Use, 150, 451
Broca (Paul), Troglodytes of the Vézère, 305, 326, 366, 426 Coal Question, Sir W. Armstrong, C.B., on the, 270, 291
Brockbank (W., F.G.S.), Glacial Action in the Furness Dis. Coal fields of Great Britain,” by E. Hull, M.A., F.R.S., 319
trict, 374

Coal-fields, Scottish, 14 ; of Victoria, 200
Brodie (Sir B. C., Bart., F.R.S.), Scientific Research and Uni- Coffin (Prof.), Obituary Notice of, 350
versity Endowments, 97

Cohn (Prof. Ferdinand), Lecture on the Progress of Natural
Brough (the late J. C.), Subscription for his Family, 35, 470 Science, 137, 158, 162; “Beitrage zur Biologie der Pflanzen,
Brown Institution, 369

300
Brunton (T. L., M. D.), “ Physiological Chemistry,” 441 Cole (H., C.B.), his intended Resignation, 230
Buchan (Alex., M.A.), Rainfall and Temperature of North College of Surgeons, 14, 289, 310; Hunterian Lectures, 289,
Western Europe, 245

310, 330, 348, 364, 388, 408, 428
Buckland (A. W.), Perception in Fowls, 444

Colloids, Diosmotic properties of, 152
Buckton (G. B., F.R.S.), Reason or Instinct ? 47

Collyer (R. H., M.D.), “Exalted States of the Nervous Sys-
Buenos Ayres, Burmeister's Annals of the Public Museum, 240 tem,” 360
Burder (Dr. G. F.), Rainbows on Blue Sky, 68 ; Twinkling of Colorado River, 290
the Stars, 222,' 262

Coloured Stars about Kappa Crucis, 130
Burmeister (G., M.D.), “Annales del Museo Publico de Buenos Cometary Star-Shower, 77
Ayres,” 240

Comets, their Tails, 105; and Meteors, Connection between, 468
Burwash (N.), Elephas Americanus in Canada, 47

Contagious Diseases, 283
Butterflies, Perception in, 444

Cook (Captain), his South Polar Explorations, 22, 139
Buttertlies of North America, 412

Cooke (E. W., R. A.), “Grotesque Animals," 280
Butterfly-hunting at l'anama, 311

Cope (Prof. E. D.), Wyandotte Cave and its Fauna, 11; Pro.

boscidians of Wyoming, 471
Cacciatore (Prof. Cav. G.), Report on the Eclipse of 1870, 308 “Corals and Coral Islands,” by Jas. D. Dana, LL.D., 119, 423
California : Aquarium at San Francisco, 151; Academy of Sci- Cornu (M.), Growth and Migrations of Helminths, 265; Geo-
ences, 256, 476, 490 ; Agassiz Institute, 189

detic Operations iu Algeria, 450
Cambridge, Science at, 14, 53, 88, 110, 169, 189, 190, 209, “Cornwall, Sepulchral Monuments of,” by W. C. Borlase, B.A,
249, 250, 251, 268, 289, 311, 331, 349, 369, 391, 411, 432,

337, 378
451, 470; Cambridge Scholarships and Examinations in Corona Line, Prof. C. A. Young on the, 28

Science, 229; Philosophical Society, 20, 75, 155, 374, 474 Cotopaxi, Ascent of the Great Volcano, 449
Cambridge (U.S.), Museum of Comparative Zoology, 471 Cowell (Sir J.), Fire-ball near Slough, 146
"Canada, Post-pliocene Geology of," by J. W. Dawson, LL.D., Cox (E. w., Serjeant-at-Law), Aniinal Instincts, 424
240

Crabs, Perception in, 424

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Cromlechs (See Sepulchral Monuments)

Earthworms, 210
Crookes (Wm., F.R.S.), Wagner's “Chemical Technology," 4 Earwaker (J. P.), Meteor at Northwich, 322
Cryptogans, Fossil, 267

Echinoderms, Publications on, 350 ; found by the Challenger, 387
Crystal Palace : Aquarium, 15; School of Art, Science, and Eclipse of 1870, Italian Report on, 308
Literature, 35

Eclipse Expedition of 1871, J. N. Lockyer, F.R.S., on, 57, 92
Curry (John), November Meteors at Rookhope, 85

Eclipses, Early, 47
Curved Space, 282

Edinburgh : Geological Society, 132 ; Museum of Science, 55 ;
Cycles, Meteorological, 161, 262 (See Meteorology)

Royal Botanic Society, 61, 78, 151, 214, 391, 490; Royal
Cyclone, Madras, May 2, 1871, 356

Observatory, 451; Royal Physical Society, Naturalist's Field
Cyclopædias, Misleading, 68, 162

Club, 154 ; Royal Society, in; Scottish Meteorological
Society, 375 ; University, 54, 164, 183, 431 ; Female Educa.

tion, 71
Dana (Jas. D., LL.D.), “Corals and Coral Islands," 119, 423
Danks's Rotating Furnace, 272

Education : International College at Zurich, 89 (See Female

Education)
Darwin (Chas., F.R.S.), Origin of Certain Instincts, 417; Per.

ception in Animals, 360 ; Inherited Instinct, 281; Philosophy Egypt, Birds of,” by G. E. Shelley, F.G.S., F.L.S., 178
of Language, Prof. Max Muller on, 145

Egyptian Weight found in the Great Pyramid, 146
Darwinism : Expression, 362, 351, 433; German Works on,

Electric Conductivity : Effect of Light on Selenium, 303, 340,

361
5; A Fact for Mr. Darwin, 462 (See Evolution Theory,
Survival of the Fittest, Instinct)

Electricity and Earthquakes, 162
Davies (Wm.), Murchison Medal awarded to, 355

Electricity and Magnetism,” by J. Clerk-Maxwell, M.A., 478
Davy, his work at the Royal Institution, 265

Electrostatics and Magnetism, Papers by Sir W. Thomson
Dawkins (W. B., F.R.S.), Settle Cave Exploration, 374

D.C.L., 218
Dawson (J. W., LL.D.), Post-pliocene Geology of Canada,

Elephanta, Caves of, 72

Elephas Americanus in Canada, 47
240
Day Aurora, 29

Empedocles, Anticipation of Natural Selection, 402
De Candolle (Alphonse), Natural Selection, 277

Endowments and Bequests in England and America, 97, 477
Deep Sea Dredging on board the Challenger, 430

Engineering : Class at the Crystal Palace, 35 ; College in Japan,
Deep Sea Soundings near the Equator, 404

430
Deep Springs, 177, 283

Entomological Society, 39, 75, 154, 195, 295, 315, 373, 415
De La Rue (Dr. Warren, F.R.S.), donation to Laboratories of

Ericsson (Capt. J.), Diathermancy of Flame, 149 ; Radiant Heat,
Royal Institution, 451

273

Ernst (Dr. A.), November Meteors, 443.
Deluge, Assyrian Record of the, 55; Mr. Gladstone's Speech,
87

Ethnology: “Zeitschrift fiir Ethnologie,” 473
De Morgan (A.), “ A Budget of Paradoxes,” 239

Evaporation and Rainfall, 118
Denning (W. F., F.R.A.S.), November Meteors, 185 ; Meteor at

Everett (J. D.), Dr. Cohn's Lecture on the Progress of Science,
Bristol, 322 ; Meteorological Notes, 471; April Meteors, 482

162 ; Atmospheric Refraction, 163
Denton (J. Bailey), Deep Springs, 177, 283

Everett (A.), Cave.deposits of Borneo, 461
Denza (Father), November Meteors in Piedmont, 122

Evolution Theory in Germany, 352, 433
De Saussure (M.), Eruption of Vesuvius in 1872, 1, 3

Exeter College, 169
Diamonds, Combustion of, 456
Diathermacy of Flame, 28, 46, 149, 201

Faraday, his work at the Royal Institution, 265; his Electrical

Researches, 341
“ Diathermacy,” or “Diathermancy?”. 242
“ Diathermanous,” or “Transfervent?” 341

Faroe Islands, Zoology, 105; Rainfall and Temperature, 245
Diffusion of Gases, 9

Fawcett (Thos.), November Meteors in Cumberland, 86

Faye's Comet, 291
Dinoceras mirabilis, Prof. O.C. Marsh on, 366; and its Allies,

Fayrer (J., M.D.), “The Thanatophidia of India," 140
481
Dinocerata, Prof. O. C. Marsh on, 491

Female Education : Gröningen, 15; Edinburgh University, 71;
Diosmotic Properties of Colloids, 152

National Union, 89, 411 ; Cambridge, Paris, 11; Prize

Essay of Netherlands Association, 132 ; Glasgow University,
Dipterocarpeæ, Geographical Distribution of, 162
Dogs, Inherited Instinct and External Perception in, 281, 322,

133 ; Edinburgh Field Club, 154; Edinburgh Royal Infirmary,
340, 361, 377, 384, 409, 410, 411, 424

170; America, 452

Fermentation and Putrefaction, 61, 78
Dolmen (See Sepulchral Monuments)

Figuier (M.) and the Origin of American Indians, 203
Drach (S. M.), Eleven-year Rainfall Period, 161

Fiords and Glacial Action, 323
Draper (H. W.), Effect of Light on Selenium, 340

Fire-ball near Slough, 146
Draper (J. W.), Deep-sea Soundings near the Equator, 404
Drury (Col. H.), “ The Useful Plants of India,” 340

Fish : Phosphorescence in, 47, 221 ; Lampris guttatis (Faroe
Dublin : : Pathological Society, 133; Royal College of Science,

Islands), 106; Classification of, 372; Propagation in America,

491
370 ; Botanic Garden, 370; Royal College of Surgeons, III;
Royal Dublin Society, 332; Royal Geographical Society,

Fisher (Rev. O.), Perception in the Lower Animals, '410

Fisheries of Michigan, 351
454 ; Royal Geological Society, 456 ; Royal Irish Academy,
375; 412, 431, 456, 494 ; Trinity College, 88, 331 ; Trinity Flame, Diathermacy of, 28, 46, 149, 201
College 'Observatory, 431 ; University, 54, 171; Zoological Flight of Projectiles, 341, 362, 404
Society, 456

Flint Implements, 306, 328, 367, 373
Dufour (Louis), Diffusion of Gases, 9
Duncan (Prof., F.R.S.), Insect Metamorphosis (Br. A.), 30, 50; Florence, Observatory at, 15

Florafof the Quantocks, 48
Dana on Corals, 119, 423
Dunker (Dr. W.) and Dr. K. A. Zittel, “ Palæontographica,” 45

Flower (Prof.), his Hunterian Lectures, 289, 310, 330, 348, 364,

388, 408, 428
Dutch Society of Sciences, 464

Forbes (David, F.R.S.), Palmieri's “Vesuvius," 259, 382
Dyer (Prof. W. T. Thistleton), the National Herbaria, 243

Forestry in its Economical Bearings, 118

“Forest Zoology,” by Dr. Bernard Altum, 141
Earth, Movement of its Surface, 221

Fossil Man of Mentone, 10, 71, 443; Whales of Antwerp, 94 ;
Earth, The,” and “The Ocean," by Elisée Reclus, 4213

Cryptogams, 267, 403 ; Birds from Kansas, 310; Cephalo.
Earthquakes : near Derby, 68; Vancouver's Island, Bogota, pods, 94, 350
Sinde, Samos, 268 ; Pembrokeshire, 283 ; Lahore, Scinde,

Foster (M., F.R.S.), “Functions of Muscle and Nerve,” 440
289 ; Constantinople, 290 ; India, Central America, Guaya- Fowls, Perception in, 444
quil, Samos, 30 ; Samos, Smyrna, 332 ; Vienna, 336; Fownes's “Manual of Chemistry,” by H. Watts, F.R.S., 179
Turkey, Tyre, Jerusalem, 351; Asia Minor, Mitylene, Central

Fox (Howard), Will-o-the-Wisps, 222
America, India, 392 ; Samos, Asia Minor, Rhodes, 432 France : Bureau des Longitudes, 269; Institution for the Ex-
Earthquake Waves, 385, 463

perimental Sciences, 485 (See Paris)

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