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from any considerable elevation, yet there is little danger of falling. In some places, indeed where tne stones are decayed, caution may be required, aud an Arab guide is always necessary to avoid u totul interruption : but, upon the whole, the means of ascent are such tuat almost every one may accomplish it. Our progress win impeded by ottier cans: We carried with us a few instruments, such as our boat-compass, a ther.cometer, a telescope, &c.; these could not be trusted in the hands of the Arabs, and th were liable to be broken every instant. At length we reached the topmost ter, to ihe great delight and satisfaction of all the party. Here we found a platform
ty-two feet aquare, consisting of nine large stones, each of wbich inigiit weigh about a tou, it though they are much inferior in s ze to some of the stones used in the coustraction of this pyratuid. Travellers of all ages and of various nations huve here inscribed their wames. Some are written in Greek, many in French, a few in Arubic, one or two in Euglish. and others ir Latin. We were as ciesirous as our predecessors to leave a me norial of our arrival ; it seemed to be a tribute of thankfulness due for th: sccess of our undertaking; and presently every one of our party wus sewn busied in adding the inscription of his name.
Upon this area, wh.ch looks like a point when seen from Cairo or from the Nile, it is extraordinary that none of those numerous hermits fixed their abode who retired to the tops of columus and to almost inaccessible solitudes npon the pinnacles of the highest rocks. It off.rs a imuch more convinient aud s curi retreat that was 8 lected by an ascetic who pitched his residence upon the architrave of a temple in the vicinity of Athens. The heat, according 10 Fabreukeit's thermometer at the time of our coming. did not exceed 84 degrees; and the same temperature continued during the time we remained, a stroug wind blowing from the north-west. The view from this eminence amply fulfilled our expctitions; nor do the accounts which have beeu given of it, as it appars at this seaso 1 of the year, exaggerate ihe novelty and grandeur of the sight. All the region towards Cairo and the Delta resembled a ses covered with im nerable i-lunds. Forests of palm-trees were seen standaag in the water, the inundatiou spreading over the land where they stood, so as to give them an appearance of growing in the flood. To the north, as far as the eye could reach, nothiug couid be discernet but a watery surface thus diversified by plantations and by villages. To the south we saw the Pyramids of Saccára; and upon the east of these, sinuller monuments of the same kind nearer to the Nile. An appearaucé of ruins might indeed b: traced the whole way from the Pyram ds of Djiza to those of Sacára, as if they had once been connected, so as to constitute one vast cemetery. Beyoud the Pyramids of Saccára we could parceive the diriant mountains of the Said; and upon an eminence near the Libyan side of the Nile appeared a monastery of considerable siz). Towards the west and south-West, the eye ranged over the gr-at Libyan Desert, extending to the utmost verge of the horizon, without a single object to interrupt the dreary horror of the landscape, except dark floating spots caused by the siadows of passing clouds upon the sand.
Cpon the south-east side is the gigantic statue of she Sphinx, the most colorsal piece of sculpture which remains of all the works executed by the ancients. The French bave uncovered all the pelestal of this statue, and all the combint or leonine parts of the figure; these were before entirely concealed by savd. Instead, however, of answering the expectatious raised concerning the work upon which it was snipposed to rest, the pedestal proves to be a wretched substructure of brick-work and sinall pieces of stone put together, like th: most insignificant piece of modern masonry, and wholly ont of character both with respect to the prodigious labour bestowed upon the statue itself, and the gigantic appearance of the surrounding objects: Beyoud the Sphinx we distinctly discerned, amidst the sandy waste, the remains addi restiges of a inagnificent building, perhaps the Serapeum.
Imin diately beneath our view, upou the easteru and western side, we saw so many tombs that we were unable to count them, some icing half-buried in the sand, others rising considerably above it. All these are of an oblong form, with sides -loping like the roofs of Europeau houses. A plan of their situation and appearance is given in Pocock's • Travels.' The second pyramid, standing to the south-west, has the reinsins of a covering near its vertex, as of a plaiting of stone which had once invested all its four sides. Some persons, dcceived by the external hue of this covering, have believed it to be of marble; but its white appearance is owing to a partiai decomp affecting the surface o Not a single fragment of marble can be found anywhere near this pyramid. It is surrounded by a paved court, lasing wails on the outside, and places as for doors or portals in the walls; also an advanced work or portico. A thin pyramid, of much smaller dimensions than the second, appears beyond the Sphinx to the south-West; and there are three others, one of which is nearly buried in the sand, between the large pyramid and this statue to the south-east.
CLASSICAL TRAVELLERS-FORSYTII, EUSTACE, ETC. The classic:countries of Greece and Italy have been described by various traveliers-scholars, poets, pamters, architecis, and antiqualies. The celebrated · Travels of Anacharsis,' by Barthelemy, were published in 1788, and shortly afterwards translated into English. This excellent work-of whicli the hero is as interesting as any character in romance-excited a general enthusiasın with respect to the memorable soil and history of Greece. Dr. Clarke's Travels further stimulated inquiry; and Byron's · Childe Harold' drew attention to the natural beauty and magniticence of Grecian scenery and ancient art. MR. John Cam HobuoCEE, afterwards LORD BROUGHTON (1786 -1869,) the fellow-traveller of Lord Byron, published an account of his Journey through Albania.' Late in liíe (in 1859), Lord Broughton published two volumes entitled “Italy: Remarks made in Several Visits from the year 1816 to 1851.' Dr. HOLLAND, 1815, gave to the world his interesting · Travels in the Ionian Isles, Albania, Thessaly, and Macedonia.' A voluminous and able work, in two quarto vo lumes, was published in 1819, by MR. EDWARD DODWELL, entitled 'A Classical and Topographical Tour through Greece.' Sir WilLIAM GELL, in 1823, gave an account of a 'Journey to the Morea.' An artist, Mr. H. W. WILLIAMS, also published · Travels in Greece and Italy,' enriched with valuable remarks on the ancient works of art.
Lord Byron also extended his kindling power and energy to Italy; but previous to this time a master-hand had described its ruins and antiquities. A valuable work, which has now become a standard authority, was in 1812 published under the modest title of 'Remarks on Antiquities, Arts, and Letters, during an Excursion in Italy in the years 1802 and 1803,' by Joseph FORSYTH, Esq. Mr. Forsyth (1763– 1915) was a native of Elgin, in the county of Moray, and conducted a classical seminary at Newington-Butts, near London, for many
On his return from a lour in Italy, he was arrested at Turin in 1803, in consequence of Napoleon's harsh and unjust order to de. tain all British subjects travelling in his dominions. After several years of detention, he prepared the notes he had made in Italy, and published them in England, as a means of enlisting the sympathies of Napoleon and the leading members of the National Institute in his bebalf. This last etsort for freedom failed, and the author always regretted that he had made it. Mr. Forsyth was at length released on the downfall of Napoleon in 1814. The remarks thus hastily prepared for a special purpose, could hardly have been
mproved expended into regular dissertations and essays. They aic vigorous and acute, evincing keen observation and original
thinking, as well as the perfect knowledge of the scholar and the
The Italian Vintage.
Many a canzonet
the other, with consecrated ground in its bosom-inbabited by a beadsman; visited by every caste; for moralists, antiquaries, painters, architects, devotees, all meet here to meditate, to examine, to draiv, to measure, and to pray. * Tu contemplating antiquities,' says Livy, the mind itself becomes antique.' It contracts froin such objects a venerable rust, which I prefer to the polish and the point of those wits who have lately profaned this august ruin with ridicule.
In the year following the publication of Forsyth's original and valuable work, appeared • A Classical Tour in Italy,' in two large volumes, by Joux CHETWODE EUSTACE, an English Catholic priest, who had travelled in Italy in the capacity of intor. Though pleas. antly written, Eustace's work is one of no great authority or research. John ('am Hobhouse (Lord Broughton) characterises Eustace as 'one of the most inaccurate and unsatisfactory writers that have in our times attained a temporary reputation.' Mr. Eustace died at Naples in 1815. “Letters from the North of Italy,' addressed to Mr. Hallam the historian, by W. STEWART Rose, Esq., in two volumes, 1819, are partly descriptive and partly critical; and though somewhat affected in style, form an amusing miscellany. · A Tour through the Southern Provinces of the Kingdom of Naples,' by the Hon. R. KEPPEL CRAVEN (1821), is more of an itinerary than a work of reflection, but is plainly and pleasingly written, “The Diary of an Invalid,' by, HENRY MATTHEWS (1820), and · Rome in the Nineteenth Century (1820), by Miss WALDie are both interesting works: the first is lively and picturesque in style, and was well received by the public. In 1821 LADY MORGAN published a work entitled “Italy,' containing pictures of Italian society and manners, drawn with more vivacity and point than delicacy, but characterized by Lord Byron as very faithful. 'Observations on Italy,' by VR. Joun BELL (1825), and a
Description of the Antiquities of Rome,' by Dr. BURTON (1828), are works of accuracy and research. • Illustrations of the Passes of the Alps,' by W. BROCKEDON (1828-9), unite the effects of the artist's pencil with the information of the observant topographer. MR. BECKFORD, author of the romance of Vathek,' had in early life written a work called • Italy, with Sketches of Spain and Portugal.' After remaining unpublished for more than forty years, two volumes of these graphic and picturesque delineations were given to the world in 1835. Every season adds to the number of works on Italy and other parts of the continent. Funeral Ceremony at Rome. -- From Matthers' Diary of an Incalid.'
One day, on my way home. I met a funeral ceremony. A crucifix hung with black, followed by a train of priests. with lighted tapers in their hands. headed the procession. Then came a troop of figures dressed in whitrobes, with their faces cover d with masks of the same materials. The hier followed, on which lav the corpse of a young woman, arrayed in all the ornaments of dress with her face exposed, where the bloon of life yet lingira The members of different fraterniting followed the bier, dr ssed in the robes of their orders, and all masked. They caried lighted tapers in their hands, and chanted out praver in a sort of mumbling recitina tive.
I followed the train to the church, for' I had donbts whether the beautiful figure I had seen on the bier was not a figure of wx; but I was soon convinced it was indeed the corpse of a fellow-creature, cut off in the pride and bloom of
youthful maiden beanty. Such is the Italian mode of conducting the last scene of the ragi-comedy of life. As soon as a person dics, the relations leave the house, and fly to bury themselves and their griets in some other retirement. The care of the funeral devolveg upon one of the fraternities who are associated for this purpose in every pari.li. These are dressed in a sort of domino and hood, which, baviug holes for the eyes, answers the purpose of a mask, and completely conceals the face. The funeral of the very poorest is ihus C,nducted with quite as much ceremony as need be. This is perhaps a better system than our own, where the relatives are exhibited as a spectacle to impertinent curlosity, whilst irom feelings of duty ihey follow to the grave the remaius of those they loved Bot ours is surely an unphilosophical view of the subject. It looks as if we Were materialists, and considered the cold clod as the sole remains of the object of our affection. The lialiaus reason better, and perhaps feel as much as ourselves, when they regard the body, deprived of the soul that awmated, and the mind that informed it, as to more a part of the departed spirit than the clothes which it has also left behind. The u timate dieposal at the body is perhaps conducted here with too much of that spirit which would disregard all claims that this mortal coil' can have to our attentiou. As soon as the funeral-service is concluded, the corpse is stripped and consigued to those who bave the care of the iuterment. There are large vaults underneath the churches for the recepnon of the dead. Those wbo can afford it are put into a wooden shell before they are casi uto oue of these Golgothus; but the groat mass are to-sed in without a rag to cover them. When one of these Caverns is full, it is bricked up; and atter fifty years it is opened again, and the bones are removed to ot er places prepared for their reception So much for the last scene of the drama of life. Witi rspect to the tirst act, vur couduct of it is certainly more natural. Here they swatbe and swaddle their children till the poor urcums look like Egyptian mummies. To this frighttul custom ove may attribute the want of strength aud symmetry of the well, which is sufficiently remarkablu.
Statue of the Medicean Venus at 7orence. *— From Marttheros · Diary.'
The statue that enchants the world -the unimita'ed. the inimitable Venns. is generally disappointed after great exp'ctations have been raised; but in this instance I was derighted at first sight, and each succeeding visit has charmed me more. It is indeed a wonderful work iu conception and execution-hut I doubt whether Venus be not a misnomer. Who can recognise in this divine statue any traits of the Queen of Love and Pleasure? It seems rather intended as a personification of all that is elegant gracefnl, and beautiful; uot only abstracted from ail human infirmie ties, hnt elevated above all human feelings and affections; for though the forin is female. the beauty is like the beanty of angels, who are of po sex. I was at first rminded of Milton's Eve; but in Eve, even in her days of innocence, there was some tincture of humanity, of which there is none in the Venus; in whose eye there is no heaven, and in whose gesture there is no love. A Morning in Venice.-From Brokford > • Italy, with Sketches of Spain
and Portugal.' It was not five o'clock before I was aroused by a loud din of voices and splashing of water ander my halcony. Looking out, I bebeld the Grand Canal so entirely covered with fruits and vegetables on rafts and in barges, that I could scarcely distinguish a wave. Loads of grapes, peaches, and melons arrived. and disappeared in an instant, for every vessel was in motion ; and the crowds of purchasers, hurrying from boat to boat, formed a very lively picture. Amongst the multitudes I remarked a good many whose dress and carriage announced something above the common rank; and, npon inquiry. I found they were noble Venetians just come from their casinos, and met to refresh themselves with fruit before they retired to sleep for
This celebrated work of art was discovered in the villa of Adrian, in Tivoli. in the sixteenth century, broken into thirteen pieces. The restorations are by a Florentino sculptor. It was brought to Florence in the year 1699. It measg res in stature only 4 feet U inches. There is no expression of passion or sentiment in the statue ; it is au imago d abstract or ideal beauty.