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.281

..239

.: 93

PAGE.

Mre. Catherine G, F. Gore (1799. Dispensing Charity among the Irish

1861)..

.210

Poor.

279

Character of a Prudent Worldiy Samuel

Lover

(1798-1868)-Leitch

Lady..

.211

Ritchie (1800-1865)

.280

Exclusive London Life.

212

The Angels' Whisper.

.281

Mrs. Francis Trolope (1778-1863)....212 Thomas Hughes (born in 1823).

Countess of Blessington (1790-1541)..213 The Browns....

281

Mrs. S. C. Hall (born in 1802) 214 Mrs. Crowe....

.282

Depending l'pon Others.

..216 Stages in the History of Crime .2 3

G. P. Rainstord James (1801-1860)....17 Miss Pardoe (1806-1862).

281

Edward, Lord Lytton (1805–1873). 218 Miss Marsb-ads Fullerton

.284

Admiration of Genius...

221 Miss Kavanagh!--.rs. Caskcil 1811-

Death of Gawtrey, the Coiner. 223

1865)...

255

Talent and Genius..

224 Picture of Green Heys Fields, Man-

Poetical Sketch of Guizot..

227
chester....

2893

Imagination on Canvas and in Yorkshiremen oi the West Riding. 283

Books..

.229 William Wilkie Collins (born in 1824).289

Power und Genius-Idols of Imagin- Capt. Mayne Reid (born in 1818)......259

ation...

229

Samuel Phillips (1815-1854)--Angus

William Harrison Ainsworth (born in

B. Reach (1821-1856)-Albert

1185)

230

Smith (1516-1860).

200

Benjamin Disrarli (bern in 1804) 231 The South of France.

.91

The Principle or Utility,

231 Mrs. Ellis..

292

Jerusalein

23.5 Miss (M. Yonge- Miss Sewell-Miss

The Hebrew Race.

237

Jewsbury

..292

Pictures of Swiss Scenery, and of Nathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1804). 293

the City of Ven.ce..

239 The Capitol at Rome.

Samuel Warren (b. rn in 1807)...........9

A Socialist Experiment..

.293

Mrs. Bray.

Autumn at Concord, Massachusetts.295

Thomas Crofton Croker (1798-1854).. 240 The English Lake Country

The Last of the Irish Serpeute. .210 Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe.

296

Charles Dickens (1812-1570)

.241 English Trees Warwick Castle 297

Death and Funeral of a Pauper

A Moonlight Scene.

259

A Man from the Brown Forests of Love..

2009

the Mississippi

.249 Mrs. Lyon Linton-Mrs Henry Wood. 299

The Bustling, Affectionate Little Mrs. Anne Manning-Miss Rhoda
American Woman

.250

Brougton &c.
Farewell to Italy...

251 Charles Reade (born in 1814)...
Williain Mak: peace Thackeray (1811- Newhaven Fisherwomen.
1803)...

.:53 | G. R. Gleiy-W. H. Maxwell- James
Car-Travelling in Ireland.

25-3
Grunt.

.33

Decay of Matriinon al Love. 260 | George MacDonald (born in 1824).....304

Lady Clara Newcomb.

Death of the Drinking, Fiddling Son-

Recollections of Youthful Beauty..262

tar....

.305

Indifference of the World..

.263 Bible Class in the Fisher Village. ...306

Lackeys and Footmen in the Last "he Old Churchyard..

Century.

263 Love Dreains of a leasant Youth...308

The English Country Gentleman....263 Edmund !1. Yates (horn in 1831).

.319

Death of George the Third. .264 Miss Braddon-Louise De La Rame..309

The Ballad of Bouillabaisge 264 George Eliot....

310

Rev. Charles Kingsley (1819-1875)....266 Description of Adam Bede.

Three Fishers went Saillng.

208 Hetty Sorrel

.311

Scene in the Indian Forest..

Dialogue on Matrimony.

.312

Charlotte Brontë (1796-1855).

..272

Spring-Bright February Days.....314

Description of Yorkshire Moors...272 Ruined castles on the Rhine. .314

Emily Brontë and her Dog · Keeper'.274 Saint Theresa-Uufulfilled Aspira-

Death of Emily and Ann Bronie... 276 tions....

315

Protest against Pharifaism.. 2:7 Detached Thoughts.

The Orphan Child....

.278 Mrs. Craik (Miss Mulock).

Charles James Lever (1806-1872). .218 Death of Muriel, the Blind Child...817

...310

.....364

..375

PAG

PAGE.

The Chateau of La Garaye.

Ancient Egyptian Repast..

357

The last look of England. ..319 Chevalier Bunsen (1790-1860) S.

Mrs. Oliphant...

..520

Sharpe.

..359

An Eugiish Recior and Rectory.... Sr Francis Palgrave (1788–1861). .. 360

Fiction and Biography.

..3:2 The Battle of Hastings.

361

Anthony Trollope (born in 1815).. ..3:3 | George Ticknor (1791-1862).

.364

The Archdeacon's Sanctum and the Goethe at Weimar in 1816..

Od Church.....

321 Sir Walter Scott (1819).

.365

A Low-Church Chaplain.

.33 Sunday Dinner in Trinity Hall, Cam-
The Humanity of the Age.

326
bridge..

.265

Leiter Writing-Early Days-Lov. John L. Motley (born in 1814). .366

ers' Walks.

.327 The Image-breaking at Antwerp....366

Thomas Adolphus Trollope. . 24 George Bancroft (born in 1800).. .368

Thomas llardy.

.348 Massacre of English Colonists by In-

Tbo Crat Darn and the Sheep ahear-

diane....

369

cr....

323 The Town of Boston in the Last

A Thundur-storm..

.830

Century..

370

Br. t Harte..

.332 W. C. Bryant and Sydney H. Gay....371

A Spow-storm in the California Si- Three Periods in American History.371

ertas..

.332 Daniel Webster (1782-1852)... .372

Death and Destruction at the Dig- Eloqnent Apostrophe to England...372

gings

.333

Adams and Jefferson..

.372

John Chinaman

.334 Washington..

.374

William Black

.335 Edward King

Scene in the Hebrides.

.335 Condition of the Southern States...375

Edinburgh on a Summer Night.....337 Lord Macaulay (1800-1859)

.375

Miss Thackeray..

.337 Exordium to History of England...376

An English Country Sunday.

..333

The Battle of Sedgen oor...

.378

Old Kensington..

.339 Execution of Monmoutb.

Fishing village in Normandy. ...340 The Revolution of 1868-9..

.382

Mrs. Macqnoid-Hesba Stretton.... .3%) 'I he Valley of Glencoe..

..383

Florence Marsalt, Elizabeth Wethe- The Engiish Country Gentleman of

r:-1, &c.

..341

1688.

.383

R. D. Blackmore L. W. M, Lockhart. 341 The Roman Catholic Chnrch. .885

George A. Sala, E. Jenkins, W. Thorn- J'enry Thomas Buckle (1822-1862). ...387

bury...

.341 Proximate Causes of the French

Revolution...

.388

HISTORIANS AND BIOGRAPHERS.

The Three Great Movers of Society.388

Sir jrchibald Alison (1792–1867)......343 Thomas Carlyle (boru in 1795).
The French Revolutionary Assussins 344

Men of Genins.

.590
The Reign of Terror.

.344

Picture of a Retired, Happy, Litera-

W. H. Prescott (1796-1859).

.347

ry Life...

391

View of Mexico.

..343

Personal Appearance of Cromwell..394

Storrning the Temple of Mexico....349

Portrait of Coleridge...

..395

Fatal Visit co the Inca to Pizarro...350)

Frederick the Great.

..397

Dr. Arnold (1795-1942)..

.852

Charlotte Corday-Death of Marat..399

Character of Scipio..

1.354

Death of Marie Antoinette..

100

Character of Hannibal.

...355

Await the Ispue...

401

Sufferings during the Siege of Ge-

Sir George Cornewall Lewis (1806–

noa...

.356

1863)...

402

Sir John Gardiner Wilkinson (1797- Niebuhr's Ballad Theory,

402

1875)..

.356 Rev. C. Merivale..

403

Moral Superiority of the Ancient

Augustus Cæsar.

Egyptians...

1

CYCLOPÆDIA

OF

ENGLISH LITERATURE.

SEVENTH PERIOD.

GEORGE II. AND GEORGE III.

(Continued.)

TRAVELLERS.

MACARTNEY-STAUNTON-BRUCE-MUNGO PARK. The growing importance of our trade with China suggested a mission to the imperial court, in order to obtain some extension of the limits within which the traffic was confined. In 1792 an embassy was formed on a liberal scale, LORD MACARTNEY (1737–1806) being placed at its head, and Sir GEORGE L. STAUNTON (1737-1801) being secretary of legation or envoy-extraordinary. These two able diplomatists and travellers had served together in India, Macartney as governor of Madras, and Staunton as his secretary. The latter negotiated the peace with Tippoo Sahib in 1784, for which he was elevated to the baronetcy, and received from the East India Company a pension of £500 a year. The mission to China did not result in securing the commercial advantages anticipated, but the ‘Journal' published by Lord Macartney, and the Authentic Account of the Embassy' by Sir George Staunton, added greatly to our knowledge of the empire and people of China. Sir George's work was in two volumes quarto, and formed one of the most interesting and novel book3 of travels in the language. It was read with great avidity, and translated into French and German.

One of the most romantic and persevering of our travellers was JAMES BRUCE of Kinnaird, a Scottish gentleman of ancient family and property, who devoted several years to a journey into Abyssinia to discover the sources of the river Nile. The fountains of celebrated rivers have led to some of our most interesting exploratory expeditions. Superstition has hallowed the sources of the Nile and

the Ganges, and the mysterious Niger long wooed our adventurous

travellers into the sultry plains of Africa. The inhabitants of moun- tainous countries still look with veneration on their principal streams, and as theś roli on before them, connect them in imagination with the ancient glories or traditional legends of their native land.

Bruce partook largely of this feeling, and was a man of an ardent entbusiastic temperament He was born at Kinnaird House, in the county of Stirliny, on the 14th of December 1730, and was intended for the legal profession. He was averse, however, to the study of the law, and entered into business as a wine-merchant in London.

Being led to visit Spain and Portugal, he was struck with the architectural ruins and chivalrous tales of the Moorisha dominion, and applied hiinself diligently to the study of Eastern antiquities and languages. On his return to England he became known to the government, and it was proposed that he should make a journey to Barbary, which had been partially explored by Dr. Shaw. At the same time, the consulship of Algiers became vacant, and Bruce was appointed to the office. He left England, and arrived at Algiers in 1762. Above six years were spent by our traveller at Algiers and in various travels during which he surveyed and sketched the ruins of Palmyra and Baalbecand it was not till June 1768 that he reached Alexandria. Thence he proceeded to Cairo, and embarked on the Nile. He arrived at Gondar, the capital of Abyssinia, and after some stay there, he set out for the sources of Bahr-el-Azrek, under an impression that this was the principal branch of the Nile. The spot was at length pointed out by his guide—a hillock of green sod in the middle of a watery plain. The guide counselled him to pull off his shoes, as the people were all pagans, and prayed to the river as if it were God.

First Vier of the Supposed Source of the Nile. Half-undressed as I was.' continnes Bruce, by the loss of my sash, and throring off my shoes. I ran down the hill towards the hillock of green cod. which was about two hundred yards distant: the whole side of the bill was thick grown with flowers, the large bulbous roots of which appearing above the surface of the ground, and their skins coming off on ny treading upon them, occasioned me two very severe falls before I reached the brink of the marsh. I after this came to the altar of green turf. which was apparently the work of art, and I stood in rupture above the principal fountain, which rises in the middle of it. It is easier to gness than to describe the situation of my mind at that moment-standing in that spot which had baffled the genius, industry. and inqniry of both ancients and nioverns for the couret of near three thousand years, Kings had attempted this discovery at the head of armies, and each expedition was distinguished from the list only by the difference of numbers which had perished and agreed alone in the disappointment which had unifornlv. ard withont exception followed them all. Fame, riches, and honour had heen held ont for a series of ages to every individual of those myriads these princes commanded, withont having produced one man capable of graiifving the curiosity of his souprign. or wiping off this stain upon the enterprise and abilities of kind, or adding this desideratam for the encouragement of geography. Though a more private Briton. I triumphed here in my own mind, over kings and their armies! and every comparison was leading nearer and nearer to presumption, when the place itself where I stood, the object of my veinglory. suggested what depressed my short-lived triumph. I was hut a few minutes arrived at the sources of the Nie, through muinberless dangers and sufferings, the least of which would have

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