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OF NAMES OF PERSONS MENTIONED IN THE FORE
Audubon, John James. (Page 69.) An American ornithologist, born of French parents in Louisiana, May 4th, 1780; died in New York city, January 27th, 1851. His great work, “The Birds of America,” began to be published in 1826, and was thirteen years in reaching completion. He himself furnished the colored drawings from which the copperplates, upward of four hundred in number, were engraved. Some of these plates are exhibited at the New York Museum of Natural History in Central Park. His account of the carrion-crows or black vultures, to which Mr. Darwin refers, is given in Audubon's “Ornithological Biography” (vol. ii., p. 33), published in 1831-49.
Bonpland, Aimé. (Page 145.) A French botanist; born at La Rochelle, August 22d, 1773; died May 4th, 1858, at Santan Anna, in the Argentine Province of Corrientes. He accompanied Humboldt in his journey to South America in 1799. In 1816 he went again to that country, and lived by turns in La Plata (now the Argentine Confederation), Uruguay, Paraguay (at first as a prisoner of war), and Brazil. He was unwilling to return to Europe.
Burchell, WILLIAM J. (Page 73.) An English traveller. His “ Travels in the Interior of Southern Africa” was published in London in 1822–24.
Byron, John. (Page 44.) An English naval cominander; born November 8th, 1723; died April 10th, 1786 : the grandfather of Lord
Byron, the poet. De accompanied Anson in his voyage round the world, leaving England in September, 17+0. In May, 1741, he was slipwrecked on the west coast of Patagonia. The great hardships which he suffered in consegnence of this he afterward related in his “Narrative of the Honorable John Byron (Commodore in a late Expedition Round the World), containing an Account of the great Distresses suffered by Himself and his Companions on the Corist of Patagonia, from the year 1740 till their Arrival in England, 1746” (London, 1768). The “late expedition " referred to in this title took place in 1764–66.
Chamisso, ADELBERT. (Page 203.) A poet and naturalist; born of French parentage at Boncourt, in Champagne, France, January 27th, 1781; died in Berlin, August 21st, 1838.
At an early age he removed with his parents to Berlin, where he was edncated, and en
tered the Prussian military service. His writings, consequently, were in German. In 1815-18 he accompanied Kotzebue in the Romanoff expedition round the world, and besides furnishing part of the Report which appeared in 1821, wrote a separate account, first published in 1836–39. He is best known to English readers as the author of the remarkable story called “Peter Schlemill" -- the man who parted with his shadow.
CAPTAIN JAMES COOK.