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diffipated in vain and needlefs expences, and poverty be introduced in the place of affluence.—This may be poffible. It however rarely happens: for there seems to be in every nation a greater proportion of industry and frugality, which tend to enrich, than of idlenefs and prodigality, which occafion poverty; fo that upon the whole there is a continual accumulation. Reflect what Spain, Gaul, Germany, and Britain were in the time of the Romans, inhabited by people little richer than our favages, and confider the wealth they at prefent poffefs, in numer ous well-built cities, improved farms, rich moveables, magazines flocked with valuable manufactures, to say nothing of plate, jewels, and coined money; and all this, notwithstanding their bad, wafte ful, plundering governments, and their mad deftructive wars; and yet luxury and extravagant living has never fuffered much restraint in those countries. Then confider

confider the great proportion of industrious frugal farmers inhabiting the interior parts of thefe American ftates, and of whom the body of our nation confifts, and judge whether it is poffible that the luxury of our fea-ports can be fufficient to ruin fuch a country.-If the importation of foreign luxuries could ruin a people, we should probably have been ruined long ago; for the British nation claimed a right, and practised it, of importing among us not only the fuperfluities of their own production, but those of every nation under heaven; we bought and confumed them, and yet we flourished and grew rich. At present our independent governments may do what we could not then do, difcourage by heavy duties, or prevent by heavy prohibitions, fuch importations, and thereby grow richer ;-if, indeed, which may admit of difpute, the defire of adorning ourselves with fine clothes, poffeffing


fine furniture, with elegant houses, &c. is not, by ftrongly inciting to labour and induftry, the occafion of producing a greater value than is consumed in the gra

tification of that defire.

The agriculture and fisheries of the United States are the great fources of our increasing wealth. He that He that puts a feed into the earth is recompenfed, perhaps, by receiving forty out of it; and he who draws a fish out of our water, draws up a piece of filver.

Let us (and there is no doubt but we fhall) be attentive to these, and then the power of rivals, with all their reftraining and prohibiting acts, cannot much hurt us. We are fons of the earth and feas, and, like Antæus in the fable, if in wrestling with a Hercules we now and then receive a fall, the touch of our parents will communicate to us fresh ftrength and vigour to renew the contest.


MANY perfons in Europe having, directly or by letters, expreffed to the writer of this, who is well acquainted with North-America, their defire of tranfporting and establishing themselves in that country; but who appear to him to have formed, through ignorance, miftaken ideas and expectations of what is to be obtained there; he thinks it may be useful, and prevent inconvenient, expenfive, and fruitlefs removals and voyages of improper perfons, if he gives fome clearer and truer notions of that part of the world than appear to have hitherto prevailed.

He finds it is imagined by numbers, that the inhabitants of North-America

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are rich, capable of rewarding, and difposed to reward, all forts of ingenuity; that they are at the fame time ignorant of all the sciences, and confequently that ftrangers, poffeffing talents in the belleslettres, fine arts, &c. must be highly efteemed, and fo well paid as to become eafily rich themselves; that there are also abundance of profitable offices to be difposed of, which the natives are not qualified to fill; and that having few perfons of family among them, ftrangers of birth must be greatly refpected, and of course easily obtain the best of those offices, which will make all their fortunes: that the governments too, to encourage emigrations from Europe, not only pay the expence of perfonal tranfportation, but give lands gratis to ftrangers, with negroes to work for them, utenfils of hufbandry, and stocks of cattle. These are all wild imaginations; and those who go to America with expectations founded


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