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SOUTHWARK BRIDGE (11 S. ix. 286).--MR. ALECK ABRAHAMS says at the above reference that "the bridge will disappear unregretted and unsung." If your correspondent will look in Mr. J. Ashby-Sterry's last volume, 'The River Rhymer,' he will find the latter condition is assuredly unfulfilled. At p. 230 he will discover a charming lyrical picture of the bridge and its surroundings in its last days, as well as ample reference to the interesting Dickensian associations nected with it. I observe, however, that the Rhymer makes no allusion to the steamboat pier which years ago was attached to one of the buttresses of the bridge.
ANNOUNCEMENTS IN NEWSPAPER OFFICE WINDOWS (11 S. ix. 508). Following this statement of my friend MR. ALECK ÅBRAHAMS, it may be mentioned that, whatever is the custom in this country, in Paris the newspapers continue to give full reports of news in their windows as it arrives. For instance, the Matin, a journal of large circulation, with offices in a prominent position in the French capital, has crowds all day outside, reading the many messages displayed, and inspecting the pictures also on view of topical events and persons.
J. LANDFEAR LUCAS.
PALLAVICINI: JANE CROMWELL (11 S. ix. 270, 314, 375, 435, 511).—At the last reference a reply of mine appeared in which I said, concerning the epitaph of Horacio Pallavicine, The following is an exact copy." As it appears it is not exact. This is probably owing to some accident or to faulty type. The last two lines of the epitaph should read:
BEING OF THE AGE OF SIX
AND THIRTY YEARES.
[The type was correctly set, but two or three letters were broken during printing.]
Notes on Books.
London. By Sir Laurence Gomme. (Williams & Norgate, 78. 6d. net.)
London Survivals. By P. H. Ditchfield. (Methuen & Co., 108. 6d. net.) WORKS on London and its surroundings multiply apace. Only the other week we reviewed two books on Chelsea, and to-day we have these further contributions to the history of London.
Anything written by Sir Laurence Gomme on London is sure to receive a hearty welcome. In his book on The Governance of London' (1907) he dealt with a newly discovered aspect of the question of origins; in 'The Making of London," published in 1912, he attempted to apply the results of this study to the evolution of the city; and in this his latest book he deals with a part of the subject which is only incidentally touched upon in the two previous works, and claims to have discovered the great fact of historical continuity-conscious and effective continuity-underlying the main issues of London life throughout all its changes. result of his investigations he maintains that "the continuity springs from the city-state of Roman Londinium, is carried through the hundred years of historical silence, is handed on to the London of Anglo-Saxon times, proceeds through the great period of Plantagenet rule, runs deep down under the preponderating mass of Tudor and Stuart changes, and comes out in the open when the Georgian statesmanship broke away the blocking forces."
Sir Laurence acknowledges that "the continuity thus revealed is not unchanging throughout the centuries. Each age modifies its form; or rather its form is modified by the different forces which have constantly worked upon it"; but he asserts that "the ideal of continuity comes from Roman London and from Roman Augusta, and it has never lost touch with the realities. Each age has possessed the feeling for continuity, has expressed itself in terms belonging to itself. It is only the terms which have been altered....The material was different,
but the undying ideal was always the same." The author is aware that there will be opposition to such a point of view, and an opposition not easy to meet, coming as it does from "the schools which have so long been dominated by the sweeping generalities of Freeman and his followers." He says that the story he has to tell "differs altogether from that hitherto told," for it includes masses of material which have until but one word to say about "the tradition of now been ignored. In the present work he has London"; he could not omit this from his evidence, and he could not complete it, for it will make a book by itself, and we are glad to know He gives in that he means to publish it soon. the text of the present work a summary sufficient for immediate purposes, expressing a conviction that "the completed study will satisfy many that the position he takes up for London is historically sound."
The last chapter, The Greatness that is London,' refers to its magnificent development, which has never been at the bidding of outside forces, for its_whole history shows it to be a
11 S. X. JULY 11, 1914.]
NOTES AND QUERIES.
living organism at every stage of its exhausting
There are twenty-four illustrations. We much wish that the compiling of the Index had been more thorough.
Mr. Ditchfield, in a series of pleasant rambles, takes us through the quaint streets of the City, and points out the treasures of beauty and antiquity that still survive. The wanderings do not extend far beyond the demesne of the Corporation, and most of the illustrations (114 in number) by Mr. E. L. Wratten have been sketched within the area of the City. The constant references made in our pages to vanishing London show how rapidly old landmarks are disappearing, and we are grateful to Mr. Ditchfield for these descriptions and sketches of places, some of which will in course of time become mere matters of history.
We must leave the author's readers to ramble with him through the pre-Reformation churches, the churches built by Wren, the Inns of Court, the City Palaces, and the Halls of the Companies, and we feel sure that they, like ourselves, will find enjoyment in doing so.
Monograph. (Cambridge University Press, 58.
WE have great pleasure in recommending this
The author begins with a quest for the earliest relics to be found of London civilization. does not concern himself about Celtic London, but contents himself with searching for Roman for being London, the first object looked The survey is begun at the Roman wall. the Tower, where among the remains of the Wardrobe Tower, close to the White Tower, there is a portion with some medieval building attached to it. This was long concealed by modern brickwork, and eventually it was found that the wall "From the Tower had continued further south. it ran northwards across the moat, through Tower Hill (though no signs appear above the ground) to Trinity Place, where we see a large It has been One of the ablest features of the work is the portion from the level of the street. repaired, and a roof has been placed over the top Northwards, a considerable handling of the original authorities, and the skill to preserve it." portion of the wall is to be found in Barber's and insight with which each is corrected as to his Mr. Ditch- errors, and made to yield his quota of truth. Thus Bonded Warehouses, Cooper's Row. field was permitted to examine this, which forms we have discrepant accounts of the position of the part of the eastern wall of the great warehouse English archers, said by the Lanercost Chronicler and vaults. "Its height here is 35 ft., and we climb and by Trokelowe to have been in the first line, stairs and descend into cellars, and inspect each and by Baker to have been in the rear. Dr. Morris In the plausibly conjectures that the main body of them part of this magnificent stretch of 112 ft. basement it is 8 ft. thick, and entirely Roman. was in fact in the rear, but that in the course of the "That part which is displayed on the ground and battle Edward threw out a skirmishing line of which drew northwards towards the upper floors is medieval, and you can see the archers a small proportion only of the wholerampart, along which the guard walked, protected number In Crutched Friars, No. 1 has English right, and did some rapid and not ineffective shooting into the left flank of Douglas. by a bulwark." Roman Wall House," where a been named perfect piece of the wall was discovered which forms the foundation of the neighbouring houses. Mr. Ditchfield then traces the wall to the site of Christ's Hospital, where, during the erection of the new Post Office, a fine part of the wall was discovered beneath the ground. Steps have been Inade to lead to it, so as to facilitate inspection of runthis piece. The wall proceeds southwards, ning probably through Printing House Square towards the river."
The account of the battle is preceded by a and careful study of the evolution of tactics and the composition of armies during the previous reign, while the whole monograph points forward to the methods employed at Crecy and Poitiers. It is curious, in analyzing the levies, to observe how unwarlike at one time were the northerners of England, and, again, for how long a time it was counted on to do execution as archers. Welshmen, not Englishmen, who could alone be
The illustrations are photographs giving views of the tract over which the armies moved, and of the supposed field of the battle, and an attentive consideration of them is well worth while for the light it throws on the historical material at our command.
THE July number of The Burlington Magazine contains further 'Notes on Pictures in the Royal Collections,' by Mr. Lionel Cust, these relating to pictures by Pieter de Hooch. One, A Garden Scene,' now at Windsor Castle, has only received notice comparatively recently, owing to its seclusion in private apartments. Illus trations of this and of two others are provided. The results of the continued exploration of the soil of Persia are recorded in notes on early Persian pottery from the excavations at Rhages, of which plates are given, and a detailed description by M. Charles Vignier. Some interesting Limoges enamels by an unidentified master receive comment and illustration. The series of Notes on Italian Medals,' by Mr. G. F. Hill, is continued. Attention is called to some thirteenth-century portrait-heads of St. Louis and his family in the Château Vieux, St. Germain, the plates of four of these showing work that is full of vitality, early in date as it is. There is a full-page coloured illustration of a tapestry picture recently brought from China by Mr. Larkin of Bond Street, droll and quaint in character, though perhaps somewhat slight as a work of art. Mrs. J. H. Pollen has an article on Ancient Linen Garments,' and Mr. Egerton Beck some interesting notes on PreTatial Crosses in Heraldry and Ornament.' Four -sketches of scenes at Tivoli by Turner are reproduced. with some comments on the points of interest in the neighbourhood by Mr. T. Ashby. The frontispiece is a reproduction of a Persian miniature of the sixteenth century from the collection of M. Léonce Rosenberg.
In his Catalogue No. 340 Mr. Francis Edwards has brought together something short of 300 works on Alpine Climbing and Mountaineering generally. The earliest work described is Tynes Moryson's Itinerary,' the 1617 folio, offered here for 77. 10s. Nearly a century separates this from the book next in date, Itinera Alpina Tria, 1702-4,' by Joh. Jac. Scheuchzer, a small 4to, published in London, 1708, and to be had here for 14s. Of eighteenth-century works, the best is Baron de Zurlauban's Tableau de la Suisse,' four folio vols., containing 430 copperplate views-unlettered proofs-and published at Paris, 1780-86, 147. Among early nineteenthcentury things we noticed as worth mentioning Von Humboldt's 'Vues des Cordillères,' bound in half-morocco, 1810, 9.; Brockedon's 'Illustrations of the Passes of the Alps'-one of the 12 copies on large paper-in 2 vols., having the plates, of which there are 109, in two states, 1828, 41.; and Beaumont's Travels from France to Italy through the Lepontine Alps,' a coloured copy, 1800, 31.
MR. J. METCALFE-MORTON of Brighton has sent us his Catalogue No. 14, which is both various and entertaining. One of the best collections here is that of works on botany, which includes a number of useful works, and also a set of Anne Pratt,' complete in six volumes, and an unopened copy,
10s. 6d. Under the heading offered for 2. Curious' we notice a copy of Defoe's 'Colonel Jacque,' the second edition, published in the same year as the first (1723), 11. 5s.; and under 'Early Printing' there is an interesting little sixteenthcentury production from Rome, 24 pp., roughly bound in contemporary parchment, and bearing marginal notes in ink here and there, containing a treatise on calligraphy and letter-writing, 1543, 31. Freemasonry covers nearly 130 items in the catalogue, and not a few are worth consideration. We noted the Masonic print by Gillray (193 in. by 173 in.), in which Count Cagliostro is the principal figure, mentioned in Trowbridge's book on that hero, 1786, 41.; and also a 'Recueil de Chansons,' dated "Jerusalem 1765, and Philadelphie 1773," and offered for 31. 78. 6d., which has bound up with it a work on Female Masonry, both of them belonging to the circle, if not to the pen, of Cagliostro. Under Old Plays' and 'Old Poetry' are some good first editions; and two interesting volumes with which we may conclude this notice are a copy of the first issue of the sixth edition of Frederick Locker's London Lyrics,' which, it may be remembered, includes half a score or so of poems here published for the first time, 1822, 10s. 6d., and a first edition of 'Eothen,' 1844, 188. 6d.
MESSRS. PROBSTHAIN & Co.'s Catalogue of Indian Literature, Art, and Religion (No. 28) is certainly worth an Oriental student's looking through. There are useful collections of Sanskrit and Pali texts and translations, as well as some examples in like kind of divers Indian dialects, and a number Books on the of Grammars and Dictionaries. Jains and Parsis, on Folk-lore, Yoga and Vedanta, Numismatics, and Music also include several good items, among the last being six works by S. M. Tagore. The most important item in the list of Journals and Transactions is a complete set, from Vol. I. to Vol. LXXIII.. of the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (1832-1904), for which 1251. is asked. Under Art and Archæology we noticed the Reports of the Archæological Survey of India, 1871-87, done by Major-General Cunningham and Messrs. Beglar and Carlleyle, complete in 24 vols., including a General Index, 20. There are also Fergusson's Tree and Serpent Worship, second edition, 1873, 12. 12s.; Moor's Hindu Pantheon,' 1864 edition, 2. 10s.; and Dubois's Description des Castes Indiennes, in a MS. of 1,019 pages, bound in calf, and thought to be the author's original copy from which the English translation was made, 107. 10s. A copy of this last (1817) is also offered here at 18s.
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CORRESPONDENTS who send letters to be forwarded to other contributors should put on the top left-hand corner of their envelopes the number of the page of N. & Q' to which their letters refer, so that the contributor may be readily identified. Forwarded.
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