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"another begins to force, and to refill with cold "water, and fo fucceffively, the fire being tended

and kept conftant, which the self-fame perfon may likewise abundantly perform in the in" terim between the neceffity of turning the faid " cock *."

Two of the Inventions of the Marquis feem to be of most eminent utility.

"XXXII. How to compofe an univerfal cha racter, methodical, and easy to be written, yet intelligible in any language, fo that if an Eng"lishman wrote it in English, a Frenchman,

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Italian, Spaniard, Irishman, Welchman (being "Scholars,) yea, Grecian, or Hebrew, fhall as perfectly understand it, in their own tongue, as "if they were perfect English, distinguishing the



"Spare me not, my Lords and Gentlemen," fays this illuftrious Nobleman, in his Dedication to his Scantling of Inventions," in what your wifdoms fhall find me useful, "who do esteem myself, not only by the Act of the water"commanding engine (which fo chearfully you have paffed,) "fufficiently rewarded, but likewife with courage enabled me "to do ten times more for the future; and my debts being "paid, and a competency to live according to my wish and "quality fettled, the reft I fhall dedicate to the fervice of our "King and Country, by your disposals; and esteem me not "the more, or rather any more, by what is past, but what is "to come; prof:ffing really, from my heart, that my inten ❝tions are to out-go the Gx or feven thousand pounds already "facrificed,"

verbs from nouns, the numbers, tenfes, and cafes, as properly expreffed in their own language, as if it was written in English." "LXXXIV. An inftrument*, whereby persons ignorant in Arithmetic may perfectly ob"ferve numerations and fubftractions of all fums " and fractions."

The following anecdotes of this illuftrious Nobleman, no less the loyal subject of his Sovereign than the defender of the liberties of the People, are taken from a very scarce little book, intitled," Worcester's Apophthegmata, or Witty

Sayings of the Right Honourable Henry (late) Marquis of Worcester. By S. B. a constant "Obferver, and no lefs Admirer, of his Lordship's Wisdom and Loyalty."


"When the King (Charles the First) had made "his repaire to Raglon Caftlet, a feat of the Marquifs of Worcester's, between Monmouth "and Abergavenny, after the battell of Nafeby;

* An instrument of this kind was made a few years afterwards by the learned and excellent Pascal, who calls it, "une "machine arithmetique." See Oeuvres de PASCAL.

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+ The King marched from Hereford to Ragland Caftle, belonging to the Earl of Worcester, very ftrong of itself, and beautiful to behold. Here the King continued three "weeks."





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taking occafion to thank the Marquis for fome "monies lent to his Majefty, the Marquis returned his Majefty this anfwer :-Sir, I had your word "for the money, but I never thought I should be "fo foon repayed; for now you have given me thanks, I have all I looked for."

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"Another time the King came unto my Lord and told him, that he thought not to have

ftayed with his Lordship above three days, but "his occafions require his longer abode with "him, he was willing to ease him of so great a "burthen, as to be altogether fo heavy a charge "unto him; and confidering it was a garrifon,

that his provifions might not be spent by fo "great a preffure, he was willing that his Lord

ship should have power given him to take what "provifions the country would afford for his present maintenance and recruit; to which his

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Lordship made this reply: I humbly thank your Majefty, but my Caftle will not ftand long if "it leanes upon the countrey. I had rather be brought to a morfel of bread, than any morfels " of bread should be brought me to entertain

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"The Marquifs had a mind to tell the King (as handfomely as he could) of fome of his


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(as he thought) faults; and thus he contrives his plot. Against the time that his Majefty "was wont to give his Lordfhip a vifit, as he commonly used to do after dinner, his Lordship had the book of John Gower lying before him on the table. The King cafting his eye upon the book, told the Marquifs that he had er never feen it before. Oh, faid the Marquifs, it "is the book of books, which if your Majesty "had been well verfed in, it would have made

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you a King of Kings. Why fo, my Lord? "faid the King. Why, faid the Marquifs, here "is fet down how Ariftotle brought up and in"ftructed Alexander the Great in all the rudi"ments and principles belonging to a Prince. "And under the perfons of Alexander and "Ariftotle he read the King fuch a leffon, that

all the ftanders by were amazed at the boldness; and the King, fuppofing that he had gone further than his text would have given him leave, "afked the Marquifs if he had his leffon by heart,

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or whether he fpake out of the book. The Marquifs replied, Sir, if you could read my heart, it may be you may find it there; or, if your Majesty please to get it by heart, I will "lend you my book; which latter proffer the King accepted of, and did borrow it. Nay, faid the Marquifs, I will lend it to your Majefty upon thefe conditions: first, that you

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"it; fecondly, that you make ufe of it. But "perceiving how that fome of the new-made

"Lords fretted and bit their thumbs at certain

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paffages of the Marquifs's difcourfe, he thought "a little to please his Majefty, though he difpleased them the more, who were fo much difpleafed already. Protefting unto his Majesty, that no one was fo much for the abfolute power "of a King as Ariftotle; defiring the book out " of the King's hand, he told his Majefty, that " he could fhew him a remarkable paffage to "that purpose, turning to that place that has this "verfe:

"A King can kill, a King can save,
"A King can make a Lord a knave;
"And of a Knave a Lord also,

"And more than that a King can do.

"There were then divers new-made Lords who "fhrunk out of the room; 'which the King obferving, told the Marquifs, My Lord, at this "rate you will drive away all my Nobility. The

Marquifs replyed, I proteft unto your Majefty, "I am as new a made Lord as any of them all; "but I was never called a knave and rogue fo "much in all my life as I have been since I re"ceived this laft honour, and why should not "they bear their fhares?"

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Speaking of the ancient Houfe of Peers that were nearly melted with the Houfe of Com


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