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tion the affurance given to the public, that the Lectures on Ecclefiaftical History were transcribed, and revised, and prepared for the prefs by the author himself, we can only regret, that we are obliged to rely on the truth of this information; and in that cafe may juftly apply an obfervation which was made on a fimilar occafion, that-" when an au"thor charges his blunderbuss to be fired off by his 66 executors, it looks as if he himfelf was afraid of "the recoil."

We fhall now take our leave of Dr. Campbell, with much concern for having been compelled to accompany him fo long through that thorny field of controversy into which we have been reluctantly dragged. Nothing could have induced us to enter on it but an imperious fenfe of duty, demanding every ef fort in our power to protect our ecclefiaftical polity from the effects of that sharp and severe treatment, which it has unfortunately experienced at the hands of one of the most distinguished of our countrymen. It is with pain that we reflect on a great part of the publication now before us, and hence unhappily feel a diminution of that respect, which we would gladly have entertained for the memory of Dr. Campbell. He has however afforded us an opportunity of reviewing the grounds on which our principles have fo long stood firm and unshaken, refifting all the

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the Doctor himself maintained, in relation to the "rife and progrefs" of, what they both join in making the conftant butt of their raillery- -the bierarchy,

the force of irony and declamation, even when aided by the still more powerful influence of worldly intereft. And having thus, as we think, fully eftablished what was propofed as the fubject of this chapter, That a part of the holy, catholic and apoftolic church of Chrift, though deprived of the support of civil establishment, does ftill exist in this country under the name of the Scotch Epifcopal Church, whofe doctrine, discipline and worship have been happily found to agree with that of the first and pureft ages of Christianity; it will now, we trust, be an easy matter to fhew, that thefe ought to be fteadily adhered to, by all who profefs to be of the Epifcopal communion in this part of the kingdom; the fhewing which, in as plain, inoffenfive, and concife terms as poffible, will, in our humble opinion, form a very fuitable conclufion to the defign for which these perfons have been addreffed on the present occafion.




IT has been justly obferved, that no part of the hiftory of man's redemption is more worthy of our devout admiration, than that myfterious union, by which God and man became one Chrift, one Mediator, who was both to fuffer, and to fave; as man to suffer, and as God to fave. But by the union of God and man in the person of Christ, another union was effected between Chrift and his church; and as the head is joined to the body, fo "we "being many, are one body in Chrift." Now the church is that body; which he has united to himfelf in the fame manner, according to another allufion of his own adopting, as a branch is in the vine, fo as to receive nourishment from the root that feeds and fupports it. But this points out the neceflity of thefe branches being alfo united by fuch common ties as may hold them together, and fo promote the growth and vigour by which they mutually cherish 3 M 2


and fupport each other; juft as Chriftians, reprefented as one body in Chrift, are faid to be "fitly "joined together, and compacted by that which

every joint supplieth," for the purpose of fhewing the falutary effects of that connecting principle, by which the members are all tied to one another, and bear the fame happy relation to the fame common head.

We know, it is the beauty as well as the fecurity of all regular focieties, to be well compacted ard closely joined together, by fuch bonds of union as are best calculated for that purpose; and it is the peculiar recommendation of the church of Christ, that it has in its conftitution, as fettled by its divine Founder, every thing neceffary for conftituting a regular, well formed fociety. Its members are fubject to one Head, even to him, whom the "Father "of glory hath given to be head over all things to "the church," and who, as "the Captain of their "falvation, was made perfect through fufferings, "that his fons might be brought unto glory, by "fighting manfully under his banner." To the order and difcipline established by him, they are all bound to fubmit; and obliged to go through that course of probationary exercise, and perform that religious fervice, which he has appointed, as the means of training them up for the enjoyment of those heavenly rewards, by the promife and expectation of which they are peculiarly distinguished from all other people. This is the light in which we are taught

taught to view the great object and end of the Chriftian church, while confined to its militant ftate here on earth; and from these, and fuch like allufions, frequently to be met with in the facred writings, we are justly led to confider it as a fociety established on the most solid and lafting foundation.

Having therefore examined the nature of this foundation, and the order and uniformity of the ftructure raised upon it, we cannot fail to discover, if we only look with an attentive, unprejudiced eye, the neceffity of preferving what is thus effential to the original purpofe, and no lefs conducive to the permanent fecurity, of this fpiritual building. Thefe are things which ought not to be lightly regarded, as matters of mere indifference; for they are neceffarily interwoven with the gracious fcheme of our falvation, as laid down in the counfel of the most High, and ought not to be feparated from it. To attempt any fuch feparation is to affect being "wife "above what is written," which can only ferve to expose our own folly and prefumption. How much wifer and fafer muft it be, to put ourfelves under God's direction, and being once entered into the school of Chrift, to abide carefully by his inftructions, and make use of the means which he has appointed for training us up in the way, wherein we ought to go; the only way that leads to heaven and happinefs?— Yet mankind have always fhewn a greater defire to travel in paths of their own devifing, than to keep in the way which God has kindly marked out for them.

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