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"The noblest mind the best contentment has."-Spenser.

CHEERFULNESS, which is a quality peculiar to THE cheerfulness of heart which springs up man-a brute being capable only of enjoyment-in us from the survey of Nature's works, is an opens, like spring, all the blossoms of the inward admirable preparation for gratitude. The mind man. Try for a single day, I beseech you, to pre- has gone a great way towards praise and thanksserve yourself in an easy and cheerful frame of giving that is filled with such a secret gladness; a mind; be, but for one day, instead of a fire-worship- grateful reflection on the Supreme Cause who per of passion and hell, the sun-worshipper of clear produces it, sanctifies the soul, and gives it its self-possession, and compare the day in which you proper value. Such an habitual disposition of have rooted out the weed of dissatisfaction with mind consecrates every field and wood, turns that on which you have suffered it to grow up, and an ordinary walk into a morning or evening sacriyou will find your heart open to every good fice, and will improve those transient gleams of motive, your life strengthened, and your breast joy, which naturally brighten up and refresh the armed with a panoply against every trick of fate; soul on such occasions, into an inviolable and truly you will wonder at your own improvement. perpetual state of bliss and happiness.-Addison. -7. P. Richter. GRUMBLING is food of little nourishment.THE most manifest sign of wisdom is con- Icelandic Proverb. tinued cheerfulness.-Montaigne. FORTUNE is like a

How much lies in laughter: the cipher. key, wherewith we decipher the whole man. Some men wear an everlasting barren simper; in the smile of others lies a cold glitter as of ice; the fewest are able to laugh what can be called laughing, but only sniff and titter; or, at best, produce some whiffling husky cachinnation as if they were laughing through wool; of none such comes good. The man who cannot laugh is not only fit for treasons, stratagems, and spoils, but his whole life is already a treason and a stratagem.-Carlyle. *

Complaint.

market, where many times if you wait a little the price will fall.Bacon.

"How seldom, friend, a good great man inherits
Honours, or wealth, with all his toil and pains;
It sounds like stories from the land of spirits,
If any man obtain that which he merits,
Or any merit that which he obtains.

Reply.

For shame, dear friend, forego this canting
strain;

What wouldst thou have the good great man
obtain!

Wealth, titles, salary, a gilded chain,

A throne of corpses which his sword had slain!
Goodness and greatness are not means but ends.
Hath he not always treasures, always friends,
The good great man! Three treasures, life, and
light,

And calm thoughts, regular as infant's breath,
And three firm friends, more sure than day and
night-

CERTAINLY it is heaven upon earth to have a man's mind move in charity, rest in Providence, and turn upon the poles of truth.-Bacon.

CHEERFULNESS is health; the opposite, melancholy, is disease.-Haliburton.

IF thou workest at that which is before thee, following right reason seriously, vigorously, calmly, without allowing anything else to distract thee, but keeping thy divine part pure, as if thou shouldest be bound to give it back immediately; if thou holdest to this, expecting nothing, fearing nothing, but satisfied with thy present activity according to nature, and with heroic truth in every word thou utterest, thou wilt live happy. And there is no man who is able to prevent this.-M. Antoninus.

Himself, his Maker, and the Angel Death.

Ir one only wished to be happy, this could be readily accomplished; but we wish to be happier than other people: and this is almost always difficult, for we believe others to be happier than they are.-Montesquieu.

ALWAYS say a kind word if you can, if only that it may come in, perhaps, with singular opportuneness, entering some mournful man's darkened room, like a beautiful fire-fly whose happy circumvolutions he cannot but watch, forgetting his many troubles. Arthur Helps.

WEEP no more, nor sigh, nor groan,
Sorrow calls no time that's gone;
Violets plucked, the sweetest rain
Makes not fresh nor grow again;
Trim thy locks, look cheerfully,
Fate's hidden ends eyes cannot see:
Joys as winged dreams fly fast,
Why should sadness longer last!
Grief is but a wound to woe:
Gentlest fair one, mourn no mo.

Samuel Fletcher.

COLERIDGE.

THERE is a pleasure in admiration; and this is that which properly causeth admiration when we discover a great deal in an object which we understand to be excellent; and yet we see (we know not how much) more beyond that, which our understandings cannot fully reach and comprehend.-Tillotson.

LEARN to admire rightly; the great pleasure of life is that. Note what the great men admired; they admired great things: narrow spirits admire basely, and worship meanly.-Thacke

ray.

ALL honest men, whether counts or cobblers, are of the same rank if classed by moral distinctions.

"There is a past which is gone for ever. But there is a future which is still our own."
F. W. ROBERTSON.

PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE.

"We know what we are, but know not what we may be."-Shakespeare.

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66 'Know'st thou not me?" the deep voice cried ; "So long enjoyed, so oft misused

Alternate, in thy fickle pride,

Desired, neglected, and accused! Before my breath, like blazing flax,

Man and his marvels pass away! And changing empires wane and wax, Are founded, flourish, and decay. Redeem mine hours

the space is briefWhile in my glass the sand-grains shiver, And measureless thy joy or grief, When TIME and thou shalt part for ever!" Sir Walter Scott.

THE mere lapse of years is not life. To eat, and drink, and sleep to be exposed to darkness and the light-to pace round in the mill of habit, and turn thought into an implement of trade -this is not life.

In

WE were made to grow. Our faculties are germs, and given for an expansion to which nothing authorises us to set bounds. The soul bears the impress of illimitableness in the thirst, the unquenchable thirst, which it brings with it into being, for a power, knowledge, happiness, which it never gains, and which always carry it forward into futurity. The body soon reaches its limit. But intellect, affection, moral energy, in proportion to their growth, tend to further enlargement, and every acquisition is an impulse to something higher. When I consider this principle or capacity of the human soul, I cannot restrain the hope which it awakens. The partition-walls which imagination has reared between men and higher orders of beings In truth, vanish.

Death the Leveller.

The glories of our blood and state
Are shadows-not substantial things;
There is no armour against fate;
Death lays his icy hand on kings:
Sceptre and crown
Must tumble down,
And in the dust be equal made
With the poor crooked scythe and spade.
Some men with swords may reap the field,
And plant fresh laurels where they kill:
But their strong nerves at last must yield;
They tame but one another still:

Early or late

They stoop to fate,

And must give up their murmuring breath
When they, pale captives, creep to death.

all this but a poor
fraction of the con-
sciousness of hu-
manity is awakened,
and the sanctities still
slumber which make
it worth while to be.
Knowledge, truth,
love, beauty, good-
ness, faith, alone can
give vitality to the
mechanism of existence. The laugh of mirth that
vibrates through the heart-the tears that freshen
the dry wastes within-the music that brings
childhood back-the prayer that calls the future
near-the doubt which makes us hesitate the
death which startles us with mystery-the hard-
ship which forces us to struggle-the anxiety
which ends in trust-are the true nourishment of
our natural being.-James Martineau.

The garlands wither on your brow;

Then boast no more your mighty deeds;
Upon Death's purple altar now

See where the victor-victim bleeds:
Your heads must come

To the cold tomb;

Only the actions of the just

Smell sweet, and blossom in their dust.

Look not mournfully into the past-it comes not back again; wisely improve the present-it is thine; go forth to meet the shadowy future without fear and with a manly heart.-Longfellow.

PARTING and forgetting? What faithful heart can do these? Our great thoughts, our great affections, the truths of our life, never leave us.. Surely they cannot separate from our consciousness; shall follow it whithersoever that shall go; and are of their nature divine and immortal.-Thackeray.

J. SHIRLEY.

I feel my utter inability to conceive what a mind is to attain which is to advance for ever. Add but that element, eternity, to man's progress, and the results of his existence surpass not only human but angelic thought. Give me this, and the future glory of the human mind becomes to me as incomprehensible as God himself.-Channing.

INTERESTING as has been the past history of our race,engrossing as must ever be the present the future, more exciting still, mingles itself with every thought and sentiment, and casts its beams of hope, or its shadows of fear, over the stage both of active and contemplative life. In youth we scarcely descry it in the distance. To the stripling and the man it appears and disappears like a variable star, showing in painful succession its spots of light and of shade. In age, it looms gigantic to the eye, full of chastened hope and glorious anticipation; and at the great transition, when the outward eye is dim, the image of the future is the last picture which is effaced from the retina of the mind. Sir David Brewster.

What is death

To him who meets it with an upright heart?
A quiet haven, where his shattered bark
Harbours secure, till the rough storm is past.
Perhaps a passage, overhung with clouds
But at its entrance; a few leagues beyond
Opening to kinder skies and milder suns,
And seas pacific as the soul that seeks them..

Hurdis.

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[1873.

Royal Residences.

BUCKINGHAM PALACE.

BUCKINGHAM PA

LACE, in St. James's Park, was commenced on the site of Buckingham House in the reign of George IV., and completed in that of William IV., but was never inhabited by that sovereign, who is said to have expressed great dislike to the general appearance and discomfort of the whole structure. It was, indeed, a clumsy and unimposing piece of archítecture. When her Majesty came to the throne several

alterations were effected, and

new buildings added to the south, the Queen entering into her new palace on July 13, 1837. Greater changes have since taken place, the marble arch having been removed to its present site at Cumberland Gate, and an east front, represented in our engraving on the opposite page, having been erected

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nificent ballroom on the south side, finished in 1856, and decorated within by Gruner. The Green Drawing-room, opening upon the upper storey of the portico of the old building, is fifty feet in length and thirty-two in height. The Throne-room is sixty-four feet

in length, and hung with crimson satin, striped. The ceiling is richly emblazoned with arms, and the room is also adorned with a marble frieze

(the Wars of the Roses) designed by Stothard and executed by Baily, R.A. The pictures, chiefly collected by George IV., are almost without exception first-rate works. They include specimens of Albert Durer, Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck, Jansen, Cuyp, and Reynolds.

|bers and melons. Sow salads, carrots, and kidney. beans on slight hot-beds. Plant dried tubers and bulbs of bordered flowers, if not done in autumn. Transplant herbaceous plants in light soils, if not done in autumn; also deciduous trees, shrubs, and hedges. Lay edgings in fine weather. Sow mignonette, stocks, &c., in pots; sow sweet peas and a few hardy annuals on a warm border.

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cost of £150,000. The palace contains a grand staircase of white marble, with decorations by L. Gruner. There is a mag

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CHILDREN Sweeten labours, but they make misfortunes more bitter; they increase the cares of life, but they mitigate the remembrance of death. -Bacon.

CHILDREN generally hate to be idle; all the care then is that their busy. humour should be constantly, employed in something of use to them.-Locke.

A CHILD is lent to its parents, and not given. "Good Christian people, here lies for you an inestimable loan: take all heed thereof, in all carefulness employ it-with high recompense or else with heavy penalties will it one day be required back."-Carlyle.

THE greatest enemy that we have to combat in the education of children is self-love, and to this enemy we cannot give attention too early. Our business is to weaken it, and we must be careful Frequent praise encourages pride, induces a not to strengthen it by indiscriminate praise. child to value itself as superior to its companions, and renders it unable to bear any reproaches or objections, however mild. We should be cautious, even in the expression of affection, not to lead children to suppose that we are constantly occupied with them. Timid children may be encouraged by praise; but it must be judiciously bestowed, and for their good conduct, not for personal graces. Above all things, it is necessary to inspire them with a love of truth; to and to impress it upon their minds that there is teach them to practise it, at their own expense; nothing so truly great as the frank acknowledg

THE first character of right childhood is that it is modest. A well-bred child does not think it can teach its parents, or that it knows everything. It may think its father and mother know everything-perhaps that all grown-up people know everything; very certainly it is sure that it does not. And it is always asking questions, and wanting to know more. A second character of right childhood is to be faithful. Perceiving that its father knows best what is good for it, a noble child trusts him wholly, gives him its hand, and will walk blindfold with him if he bids it. A third character of right childhood is to be loving and generous. Give a little love to a child, and you get a great deal back. It loves everything near it when it is a right kind of child; would give the best it has away, always, if you need it; does not lay plans for getting everything in the house for itself, and delights in "THELWALL," says Coleridge, "thought it very helping people-you cannot please it so much as unfair to influence a child's mind by inculcating by giving it a chance of being useful, in ever so any opinion before it had come to years of dislittle a way. And, because of all these cha-cretion to choose for itself. I showed him my racters, it is cheerful. Putting its trust in its garden, and told him it was my botanical garden. father, it is careful for nothing; being full of love "How so?" said he, "it is covered with weeds." to every creature, it is happy always, whether in 'Oh," I replied, "that is only because it has its play or its duty. So, then, you have not yet come to its age of discretion and choice. the child's character. in these four things-Hu- The weeds, you see, have taken the liberty to mility, Faith, Charity, and Cheerfulness.- grow, and I thought it unfair in me to prejudice Ruskin. the soil towards roses and strawberries"

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Purification. 4 Sunday after s. 4 50
Epiphany.

4 Tu February is so named from Februa,
supposed to be the same as Juno.

Th"February fill dyke, be it black or be

NOOW

SOUTHS.

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white,

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But if it be black, it's the better to like."

751

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Mary, Queen of Scotland, beheaded, S. 5 I
1587.

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Mezerai records the appearance of a
great comet of extraordinary magni-
tude, which was visible in this month, S. 5 8
1471. Its long tail turned a little R. 7 20

towards the north.

St. Valentine. The saint is a S. 5 12
Christian saint, but the holiday is of R. 7 16
heathen origin.

first by the name of Sprout Kale, and
afterwards by that of Sol-Monath.

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February went among the Saxons,

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20 Th The state espousals of Peter, Czar of
Muscovy, and his wife, Catherine
Alexievna, called his majesty's Old
Wedding, are solemnised at St. s. 5 26
Petersburg, at 7 o'clock moṛn., 1712.

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jan's pillar at Rome. The feet high, were made of stone, while the pillar from pedestal to lantern, was coated with 425 bronze plaques moulded in bas-relief, and forming a complete pictorial history of the campaign. The bronze of the castings was made from 1,200 cannon, captured at Ulm and Vienna. On the summit was a statue of the great emperor in a Roman toga. Such a monument to the military glories of the Empire was not to be endured by those Communists who, in 1871, held chief there. They overthrew Paris, and did so much misit on the evening of the 16th May. A piece had been sawn out of the bottom of the pillar, and the rest of the disgraceful work was accomplished by an arrangement of blocks and pulleys. Suddenly there arose the cry, "It falls!" and slowly the huge column bowed

pedestal and shaft, in all 132

towards the Rue de la Paix.
As it fell it broke into several
pieces in the air, falling in about
four portions on a bed partly
receive it.
composed of sand prepared to
A band of music
played during the ceremony,
and the whole affair ended
with a speech from a member
of the Commune, abusing Na-
poleon I.

Sow beans and peas in the beginning and end of peaches, nectarines, and plums, before the buds the month; a few early cabbages; red cabbages be much swelled; also apples, pears, cherries, and savoys in the last week. Sow also early horn gooseberries, currants, and raspberries, before carrot; Dutch turnip; onions for a full crop in the end of the month. Continue the forcing of light soils, with a few leeks. Sow chervil and all kinds of fruits. In the flower garden, in fennel, and lettuce, with radishes and round- good weather, plant dried roots, including most leaved spinach, twice in the course of the month; of the finer florists' flowers; continue the transsmall salads every fortnight. Plant Jerusalem planting of hardy biennial flowers and herbaceous artichokes, garlick, horse-radish, and early pota- plants. Sow in the last week mignonette, and Strawberries may be planted about the end hardy annuals in a warm border, for subsequent of the month. Transplant for seed, cabbage, transplanting. It is to be noted, that by sowing cauliflower, turnip, &c. Transplant to the bot-in February, and again in March or April, one is tom of a south wall a few of the peas sown in able to obtain a succession of flowers of the same November for the first crop. Prune apricots, kind in the summer and autumn.

toes.

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