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PREFACE TO VOLUME II.
MATERIAL for the preparation of this volume has been very complete. Upon almost every chapter head there has been only too much of official documents, statements, letters, views, &c., put forth. Having reserved ample time for the production of this, the second of our three octavos, we have been able to reduce the chaos of witnesses to something like order, and to produce a narrative which we feel willing to trust to the world as the historical estimate that time must affix to the events of the Great Rebellion. It is true we have been only one year removed from these events; but, when the reader considers that the omnipotent press and the vanity of men are both exalted to a degree of communicativeness never before attained, he will realise that we have had ample means of information upon most points of historical interest. Very few are the secret archives which the agents of the press and the inquisitiveness of Committees have not explored in a twelve months' travail for facts. If new evidences do transpire, to modify the views and estimates herein embodied, it shall be our endeavor so to revise the text as to render it a correct interpretation of affairs.
Victor Hugo, in his wonderful word-picture of Waterloo, says: "There is a certain moment when the battle degenerates to the combat; when it individualizes itself, and disposes of the whole in details, which, as Napoleon remarks, 'belong to the biography of the regiment rather than to the history of the field'. The historian, hence, has the privilege of generalization. He can catch only the ensemble of the conflict; nor, is it permitted the narrator conscientious for the truth, to eliminate more than the outward form of the frightful shape (cloud) called a battle." We have sought, in our exposition of campaigns and battles, to paint the whole-all that the future will be concerned in-avoiding those particulars of detail which must have cumbered the narrative and have confused the reader's perceptions. We can afford to leave to others the work of writing the biographies of regiments: our province is to present the history of the War for the Union in its more comprehensive and general sense. In a few instances where the heroism of men came out clear against the battle-cloud like a signet of glory-we have permitted the pen to trace the picture in detail. Such episodes serve to intensify the general impression which it is the historian's task to produce, and, hence, are admissible.
may repeat our thanks to correspondents for favors which have added materially to our data. We owe little to the Departments at Washington, but much to friends at headquarters, who, in the midst of onerous duties, could find time to answer our not always easily appeased demands for facts. Yet, after all, to the omnipotent, omnipresent daily journals do we owe most thanks. Their subtle agencies, spread everywhere over the vast field of operations—insinuating themselves into the Departments, into Bureaus, into camp and staff councils-usurping the double office of witness and judge in the discharge of their duty-official and personal expositors-are now and ever must remain the historian's
resources when all others fail.
NEW YORK, April 1st, 1863.
HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS, No. 3, from March 4th, to April 15th, 1861..
CHAPTER I. The Inauguration of Abraham
Lincoln as President. His In-
II. The Press for Place. Fort Sum-
ter to be Abandoned. Effect of
The Confederate States threat-
en to Coerce them. Richmond
Slave Confederacy........... 60
VIII. The Secret Preparations in New
Evident Policy of the Adminis-
IX. The Bombardment of Fort Sumter 74
X. President Lincoln's Proclamation
Calling for Seventy-five Thou-
CHAPTER I. Proofs of the Design to "Coerce"
the United States. Davis' Call
Counter-Proclamation of Block-
cognition" of the Southern Con-
federacy. The Virginia Ordi-
II. Washington in Danger. States'
more. State of Public Feeling.
Correspondence with the Presi-
IV. State of Feeling in the North.
tion of all Classes in Support of
President Pierce, General Cass,
Everett, and others, to the Peo-
votion to the Cause of the Union.
ordinary Spectacle of Flags on
V. Major Anderson in New York.
Excuse for not Reenforcing him.
Fort Pickens Safe. Particulars
of its Reenforcement. The Har-
Particulars of the Affair. Move-
lis. Operations of the " Union
VIII. Military Activity of the South.
Governor Moore's Call to Arms.
the Desertion of their Northern
Friends. Defiance of the North.
of the Confederate States..... 136
IX. Military Movements in the North.
Funds by Legislatures, Cities,
mation for Three Years' Troops.
of Troops. Doings of Butler in
HISTORICAL SUMMARY OF EVENTS, No. 5, from July 4th, to November 1st, 1861..
II. Ability of the Loyal States to Sus-
III. The Advance Movement upon
the Causes of the Disaster.... 247
IV. The First Campaign in Missouri.
treat. State of Affairs at St.
treat from Springfield. Doings
V. The Last Struggle in the South
Against Secession. Tennessee's
VI. Meeting of the Confederate Con-
questrating the Property of
VII. Rosecrans' Operations in the Ka-
up to October 15th.......
Terrific Scene. The Forts Cap-
tured. Occupation of the Forts
tions of Sherman on the Islands.
Interesting Incidents. Negroes
bardment at Pensacola Bay.. 385
II. The Mason-Slidell Arrest. Par-
ticulars of the Affair and the
Official Papers in the Case...
III. Affairs in Missouri during Hunter's
Sad Effect of the Retreat from
litia in Service. New Military
pudiation of the Fremont-Price
ating it. Fremont's Errors... 411
IV. Operations in Kentucky up to the
in the Field. The East Tennes-
shall's Brigade. Zollicoffer's
V. Affairs in the South up to Febru-
Revelations by Governor Letch-