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This passion towards each other, when I owe the following epigram, which I showed once well fixed, enters into the very consti- my friend Will Honeycomb in French, who tution, and the kindness flows as easily and has translated it as follows, without undersilently as the blood in the veins. When standing the original. I expect it will please this affection is enjoyed in the sublime de- the English better than the Latin reader. gree, unskilful eyes see nothing of it; but 'When my bright consort, now nor wife nor maid, when it is subject to be changed, and has Asham'd and wanton, of embrace afraid, an allay in it that may make it end in dis- Fled to the streams, the streams my fair betray'd; taste, it is apt to break into rage, or overTo my fond eyes she all transparent stood; She blush'd; I smil'd at the slight covering flood. flow into fondness, before the rest of the Thus through the glass the lovely lily glows; world. Thus through the ambient gem shines forth the rose. I saw new charms. and plung'd to seize my store, Kisses I snatch'd-the waves prevented more.'

Uxander and Viramira are amorous and young, have been married these two years; yet do they so much distinguish each other in company, that in your conversation with the dear things, you are still put to a sort of cross-purposes. Whenever you address yourself in ordinary discourse to Viramira, she turns her head another way, and the answer is made to the dear Uxander. If you tell a merry tale, the application is still directed to her dear; and when she should commend you, she says to him, as if he had spoke it, That is, my dear, so pretty. This puts me in mind of what I have somewhere read in the admired memoirs of the famous Cervantes; where, while honest Sancho Panca is putting some necessary humble question concerning Rozinante, his supper, or his lodging, the knight of the sorrowful countenance is ever improving the harmless lowly hints of his squire to the poetical conceit, rapture, and flight, in contemplation of the dear dulcinea

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of his affections.

On the other side, Dictamnus and Moria are ever squabbling; and you may observe them, all the time they are in company, in a state of impatience. As Uxander and Viramira wish you all gone, that they may be at freedom for dalliance; Dictamnus and Moria wait your absence, that they may speak their harsh interpretations on each other's words and actions, during the time you were with them.

It is certain that the greater part of the evils, attending this condition of life, arises from fashion. Prejudice in this case is turned the wrong way; and, instead of expecting more happiness than we shall meet with in it, we are laughed into a prepossession, that we shall be disappointed if we hope for lasting satisfactions.

With all persons who have made good sense the rule of action, marriage is de

My friend would not allow that this luscious account could be given of a wife, and therefore used the word consort; which, he learnedly said, would serve for a mistress as well, and give a more gentlemanly turn to the epigram. But, under favour of him and all other such fine gentlemen, I cannot be persuaded but that the passion a bridegroom has for a virtuous young woman will, by little and little, grow into friendship, and then it has ascended to a higher pleasure than it was in its first fervour. Without this happens, he is a very unfortunate man who has entered into this state, and left the habitudes of life he might have enjoyed with a faithful friend. But when the wife proves capable of filling serious as well as joyous hours, she brings happiness unknown to friendship itself. Spenser speaks of each kind of love with great justice, and attri butes the highest praise to friendship; and indeed there is no disputing that point, but by making that friendship take its place between two married persons.

'Hard is the doubt, and difficult to deem,
When all three kinds of love together meet,
And do dispart the heart with power extreme
Whether shall weigh the balance down; to wil,
The dear affection unto kindred sweet,
Or raging fire of love to womankind,
Or zeal of friends combin'd by virtues meet;
But. of them all, the band of virtues mind
Methinks the gentle heart should most assured bind.
'For natural affection soon doth cease,
And quenched is with Cupid's greater flame:
But faithful friendship doth them both suppress,
And them with mastering discipline doth tame,
Through thoughts aspiring to eternal fame.
For as the soul doth rule the earthly mass,"
And all the service of the body frame;
So love of soul doth love of body pass,
No less than perfect gold surmounts the meant
brass.

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-Digna satis fortuna revisit.

T.

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scribed as the state capable of the highest No. 491.] Tuesday, September 23, 1712 human felicity. Tully has epistles full of affectionate pleasure, when he writes to his wife or speaks of his children. But, above all the hints of this kind I have met with in writers of ancient date, I am pleased with an epigram of Martial, in honour of the beauty of his wife Cleopatra. Commentators say it was written the day after his wedding-night. When his spouse was retired to the bathing-room in the heat of the day, he, it seems, came in upon her when she was just going into the water. To her beauty and carriage on this occasion we

Virg. Æn. ill. 318 A just reverse of fortune on him waits. It is common with me to run from book to book to exercise my mind with many objects, and qualify myself for my daily bours. After an hour spent in this loitering way of reading, something will remain to be food to the imagination. The writing that please me most on such occasions are stories, for the truth of which there is good authority. The mind of man is naturally

over of justice. And when we read a story | sion. This design had its desired effect; wherein a criminal is overtaken, in whom and the wife of the unfortunate Danvelt, the here is no quality which is the object of day before that which was appointed for ity, the soul enjoys a certain revenge for his execution, presented herself in the hall he offence done to its nature, in the wicked of the governor's house; and, as he passed actions committed in the preceding part of through the apartment, threw herself at he history. This will be better under- his feet, and, holding his knees, beseeched tood by the reader from the following nar- his mercy. Rhynsault beheld her with a ation itself, than from any thing which I dissembled satisfaction; and, assuming an an say to introduce it. air of thought and authority, he bid her When Charles duke of Burgundy, sur- arise, and told her she must follow him to amed The Bold, reigned over spacious his closet; and, asking her whether she lominions now swallowed up by the power knew the hand of the letter he pulled out f France, he heaped many favours and of his pocket, went from her, leaving this tonours upon Claudius Rhynsault, a Ger- admonition aloud: 'If you will save your nan, who had served him in his wars against husband, you must give me an account of he insults of his neighbours. A great part all you know without prevarication: for fZealand was at that time in subjection every body is satisfied he was too fond of 0 that dukedom. The prince himself was you to be able to hide from you the names person of singular humanity and justice. of the rest of the conspirators, or any other hynsault, with no other real quality than particulars whatsoever. He went to his ourage, had dissimulation enough to pass closet, and soon after the lady was sent for pon his generous and unsuspicious master to an audience. The servant knew his disor a person of blunt honesty and fidelity, tance when matters of state were to be without any vice that could bias him from debated; and the governor, laying aside the be execution of justice. His highness, pre-air with which he had appeared in public, ossessed to his advantage, upon the de- began to be the supplicant, to rally an afease of the governor of his chief town of fliction, which it was in her power easily to Lealand, gave Rhynsault that command. remove, and relieve an innocent man from de was not long seated in that government his imprisonment. She easily perceived efore he cast his eyes upon Sapphira, a his intention; and bathed in tears, began to oman of exquisite beauty, the wife of deprecate so wicked a design. Lust, like Paul Danvelt, a wealthy merchant of the ambition, takes all the faculties of the mind ity under his protection and government. and body into its service and subjection. hynsault was a man of a warm constitu- Her becoming tears, her honest anguish, ion, and violent inclination to women, and the wringing of her hands, and the many ot unskilled in the soft arts which win changes of her posture and figure in the heir favour. He knew what it was to enjoy vehemence of speaking, were but so many he satisfactions which are reaped from the attitudes in which he beheld her beauty, Jossession of beauty, but was an utter and farther incentives of his desires. All tranger to the decencies, honours, and de- humanity was lost in that one appetite, and icacies, that attend the passion towards he signified to her in so many plain terms, hem in elegant minds. However, he had that he was unhappy till he had possessed o much of the world, that he had a great her, and nothing less should be the price hare of the language which usually pre-of her husband's life, and she must, before Fails upon the weaker part of that sex; and the following noon, pronounce the death, e could with his tongue utter a passion or enlargement, of Danvelt. After this nowith which his heart was wholly untouched. tification, when he saw Sapphira enough le was one of those brutal minds which again distracted, to make the subject of an be gratified with the violation of inno- their discourse to common eyes appear difence and beauty, without the least pity, ferent from what it was, he called servant's assion, or love, to that with which they to conduct her to the gate. Loaded with re so much delighted. Ingratitude is a insupportable affliction, she immediately ice inseparable to a lustful man; and the repairs to her husband; and, having signified ossession of a woman by him, who has no to his gaolers that she had a proposal to hought but allaying a passion painful to make to her husband from the governor, imself, is necessarily followed by distaste she was left alone with him, revealed to nd aversion. Rhynsault, being resolved to him all that had passed, and represented ccomplish his will on the wife of Danvelt, the endless conflict she was in between love eft no arts untried to get into a familiarity to his person, and fidelity to his bed.

It is

t her house; but she knew his character easy to imagine the sharp affliction this nd disposition too well, not to shun all ccasions that might ensnare her into his onversation. The governor, despairing of access by ordinary means, apprehended nd imprisoned her husband, under preence of an information, that he was guilty fa correspondence with the enemies of the uke to betray the town into their posses

honest pair was in upon such an incident, in lives not used to any but ordinary occurrences. The man was bridled by shame from speaking what his fear prompted, upon so near an approach of death; but let fall words that signified to her, he should not think her polluted, though she had not yet confessed to him that the governor had

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violated her person, since he knew her | sion of what your husband has so bounting will had no part in the action. She parted fully bestowed on you;' and ordered the h from him with this oblique permission to immediate execution of Rhynsault. save a life he had not resolution enough to resign for the safety of his honour.

The next morning the unhappy Sapphira No. 492.] Wednesday, September 24, 1712 attended the governor, and being led into a remote apartment, submitted to his desires. Rhynsault commended her charms, claimed a familiarity after what had passed between them, and with an air of gayety, in the language of a gallant, bid her return, and take her husband out of prison: but,' continued he, my fair one must not be offended that I have taken care he should not be an interruption to our future assignations.' These last words foreboded what she found when she came to the gaol-her husband executed by the order of Rhynsault!

It was remarkable that the woman, who was full of tears and lamentations during the whole course of her afflictions, uttered neither sigh nor complaint, but stood fixed with grief at this consummation of her misfortunes. She betook herself to her abode; and, after having in solitude paid her devotions to him who is the avenger of innocence, she repaired privately to court. Her person, and a certain grandeur of sorrow, negligent of forms, gained her passage into the presence of the duke her sovereign. As soon as she came into the presence, she broke forth into the following words: Behold, O mighty Charles, a wretch weary of life, though it has always been spent with innocence and virtue. It is not in your power to redress my injuries, but it is to avenge them. And if the protection of the distressed, and the punishment of oppressors, is a task worthy of a prince, I bring the duke of Burgundy ample matter for doing honour to his own great name, and wiping infamy off from mine.'

When she had spoke this, she delivered the duke a paper reciting her story. He read it with all the emotions that indignation and pity could raise in a prince jealous of his honour in the behaviour of his officers, and prosperity of his subjects.

Upon an appointed day, Rhynsault was sent for to court, and, in the presence of a few of the council, confronted by Sapphira. The prince asking, 'Do you know that lady? Rhynsault, as soon as he could recover his surprise, told the duke he would marry her, if his highness would please to think that a reparation. The duke seemed contented with this answer, and stood by during the immediate solemnization of the ceremony. At the conclusion of it he told Rhynsault, Thus far you have done as constrained by my authority: I shall not be satisfied of your kind usage to her, without you sign a gift of your whole estate to her after your decease.' To the performance of this also the duke was a witness. When these two acts were executed, the duke turned to the lady, and told her, It now remains for me to put you in quiet posses

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"Tunbridge, Sept. 18 'DEAR MR. SPECTATOR,-I am a young woman of eighteen years of age, and I do assure you a maid of unspotted reputation, founded upon a very careful carriage in all my looks, words, and actions. At the same time I must own to you, that it is with much constraint to flesh and blood that my be haviour is so strictly irreproachable; for I am naturally addicted to mirth, to gayety, to a free air, to motion, and gadding. Now, what gives me a great deal of anxiety, and is some discouragement in the pursuit of virtue, is, that the young women who run into greater freedoms with the men are more taken notice of than I am. The men are such unthinking sots, that they do not prefer her who restrains all her passions and affections, and keeps much within the bounds of what is lawful, to her who goes to the utmost verge of innocence and parleys at the very brink of vice, whether she shall be a wife or a mistress. But I must appeal to your spectatorial wisdom, who, I find, have passed very much of your time in the study of woman, whether this is not a most unreasonable proceeding. I have read some where that Hobbes of Malmesbury asserts that continent persons have more of what they contain than those who give a loose to their desires. According to this rule, let there be equal age, equal wit, and equal good-humour, in the woman of prudence, and her of liberty; what stores has he to expect who takes the former? What refuse must he be contented with who chooses the latter? Well, but I sat down to write to you to vent my indignation against several pert creatures who are addressed to and courted in this place, while poor I, and two or three like me, are wholly unregarded.

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Every one of these affect gaining the hearts of your sex. This is generally a tempted by particular manner of car ing themselves with familiarity. Glyce has a dancing walk, and keeps time in her ordinary gait. Chloe, her sister, who is u willing to interrupt her conquests, comes into the room before her with a familiar r Dulcissa takes advantage of the approach of the winter, and has introduced a pretty shiver; closing up her shoulder and shrinking as she moves. All that are in this mode carry their fans between bo hands before them. Dulcissa herself, is author of this air, adds the pretty run it: and has also, when she is in very good humour, a taking familiarity in throwin herself into the lowest seat in the room,

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etting her hooped petticoats fall with a acky decency about her. I know she pracises this way of sitting down in her cham"er; and indeed she does it as well as you may have seen an actress fall down dead in tragedy. Not the least indecency in her osture. If you have observed what pretty arcasses are carried off at the end of a verse the theatre, it will give you a notion how Dulcissa plumps into a chair. Here is a ttle country girl that is very cunning, that hakes her use of being young and unbred, Snd outdoes the ensnarers, who are almost twice her age. The air that she takes is to ome into company after a walk, and is ery successfully out of breath upon occaon. Her mother is in the secret, and calls romp, and then looks round to see what Dung men stare at her.

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It would take up more than can come adto one of your papers, to enumerate all e particular airs of the younger company this place. But I cannot omit Dulceorella, hose manner is the most indolent imaginle, but still as watchful of conquest as the

and bring us sober girls into observation, there is no help for it; we must swim with the tide; the coquettes are too powerful a party for us. To look into the merit of a regular and well behaved woman is a slow thing. A loose trivial song gains the affections, when a wise homily is not attended to. There is no other way but to make war upon them, or we must go over to them. As for my part, I will show all the world it is not for want of charms that I stand so long unasked; and if you do not take measures for the immediate redress of us rigids, as the fellows call us, I can move with a speaking mien, can look significantly, can lisp, can trip, can loll, can start, can blush, can rage, can weep, if I must do it, and can be frighted as agreeably as any she in England. All which is humbly submitted to your spectatorial consideration, with all humility, by your most humble servant, MATILDA MOHAIR.'

T.

Qualem commendes etiam atque etiam adspice, ne mox
Incutiant aliena tibi peccata pudorem.
Hor. Lib. 1. Ep. xviii. 76.
Commend not, till a man is thoroughly known:
A rascal prais'd, you make his faults your own.

Anon.

siest virgin among us. She has a peculiar No. 493.] Thursday, September 25, 1712. dt of staring at a young fellow, till she sees inking he has got him, and inflamed him by so uch observation. When she sees she has em, and he begins to toss his head upon it, he is immediately short-sighted, and laurs to observe what he is at a distance, ith her eyes half shut. Thus the captive It is no unpleasant matter of speculation at thought her first struck, is to make to consider the recommendatory epistles ordery near approaches, or be wholly disre- that pass round this town from hand to ded. This artifice has done more execu- hand, and the abuse people put upon one on than all the ogling of the rest of the another in that kind. It is indeed come to 4 omen here, with the utmost variety of that pass, that, instead of being the testihalf glances, attentive heedlessnesses, child-mony of merit in the person recommended, h inadvertencies, haughty contempts, or the true reading of a letter of this sort is, tificial oversights. After I have said thus The bearer hereof is so uneasy to me, that Accuch of ladies among us who fight thus it will be an act of charity in you to take

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gularly, I am to complain to you of a set

thefamiliar romps, who have broken through or not, it is all one; for I have no manner of

common rules, and have thought of a

him off my hands; whether you prefer him

kindness for him, or obligation to him or

Sthey effectual way of showing more charms his; and do what you please as to that.' As lan all of us. These, Mr. Spectator, are negligent as men are in this respect, a point the swingers. You are to know these care- of honour is concerned in it; and there is

SS pretty creatures are very innocents nothing a man should be more ashamed of, gain; and it is to be no matter what they than passing a worthless creature into the

lep for it is all harmless freedom. They get service or interests of a man who has never

ropes, as you must have seen the chil-injured you. The women indeed are a little the, and are swung by their men visitants. too keen in their resentments to trespass he jest is, that Mr. Such-a-one can name often this way: but you shall sometimes tic Colour of Mrs. Such-a-one's stockings; know, that the mistress and the maid shall

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nd she tells him he is a lying thief, so he quarrel, and give each other very free lan and full of roguery; and she will lay a guage, and at last the lady shall be pacified ager, and her sister shall tell the truth if to turn her out of doors, and give her a very says right, and he cannot tell what colour good word to any body else. Hence it is er garters are of. In this diversion there that you see, in a year and a half's time, very many pretty shrieks, not so much the same face a domestic in all parts of the fear of falling, as that their petticoats town. Good-breeding and good-nature lead ould untie; for there is a great care had people in a great measure to this injustice: avoid improprieties; and the lover who when suitors of no consideration will have vings the lady is to tie her clothes very confidence enough to press upon their suose together with his hatband, before she periors those in power are tender of speakImits him to throw up her heels. ing the exceptions they have against them, Now, Mr. Spectator, except you can and are mortgaged into promises out of e these wantonnesses in their beginnings, their impatience of importunity. In this

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VOL. II.

32

him the word to alarm the watch; he had the impudence to tell me it was against the law. You that are married, and live one day after another the same way, and so on the whole week, I dare say will like him, and he will be glad to have his meat in due season. The fellow is certainly very honest. My service to your lady. Yours, J. T.'

Now this was very fair dealing. Jack knew very well, that though the love of order made a man very awkward in his equipage, it was a valuable quality among the queer people who live by rule; and had too much good-sense and good-nature to let the fellow starve, because he was not fit to attend his vivacities.

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latter case, it would be a very useful in- | We were coming down Essex-street one
quiry to know the history of recommenda- night a little flustered, and I was giving
tions. There are, you must know, certain
abettors of this way of torment, who make
it a profession to manage the affairs of can-
didates. These gentlemen let out their im-
pudence to their clients, and supply any
defective recommendation, by informing
how such and such a man is to be attacked.
They will tell you, get the least scrap from
Mr. Such-a-one, and leave the rest to them.
When one of these undertakers has your
business in hand, you may be sick, absent
in town or country, and the patron shall be
worried, or you prevail. I remember to
have been shown a gentleman some years
ago, who punished a whole people for their
facility in giving their credentials. This
person had belonged to a regiment which
I shall end this discourse with a letter of
did duty in the West Indies, and, by the recommendation from Horace to Claudius
mortality of the place, happened to be Nero. You will see in that letter a slow-
commanding officer in the colony. He op-ness to ask a favour, a strong reason for
pressed his subjects with great frankness,
till he became sensible that he was heartily
hated by every man under his command.
When he had carried his point to be thus
detestable, in a pretended fit of dishumour,
and feigned uneasiness of living where he
found he was so universally unacceptable,
he communicated to the chief inhabitants a
design he had to return for England, pro-
vided they would give him ample testi-
monials of their approbation. The planters
came into it to a man, and in proportion to
his deserving the quite contrary, the words
justice, generosity, and courage, were in-
serted in his commission, not omitting the
general good liking of people of all condi-.
'To Claudius Nero.
tions in the colony. The gentleman returns
for England, and within a few months after
'SIR,-Septimus, who waits upon you
came back to them their governor, on the with this, is very well acquainted with the
strength of their own testimonials.
place you are pleased to allow me in your
Such a rebuke as this cannot indeed hap-friendship. For when he beseeches me to
pen to easy recommenders, in the ordinary
course of things from one hand to another;
but how would a man bear to have it said
to him, 'The person I took into confidence
on the credit you gave him, has proved
false, unjust, and has not answered any way
the character you gave me of him?'

being unable to deny his good word any
longer, and that it is a service to the person
to whom he recommends, to comply with
what is asked: all which are necessary cir
cumstances, both in justice and good-breed-
ing, if a man would ask so as to have reason
to complain of a denial; and indeed a man
should not in strictness ask otherwise. In
hopes the authority of Horace, who per le
fectly understood how to live with great e
men, may have a good effect towards
amending this facility in people of condi-
tion, and the confidence of those who apply
to them without merit, I have translated
the epistle.

I cannot but conceive very good hopes of that rake Jack Toper of the Temple, for an honest scrupulousness in this point. A friend of his meeting with a servant that had formerly lived with Jack, and having a mind to take him, sent to him to know what faults the fellow had, since he could not please such a careless fellow as he was. His answer was as follows:

recommend him to your notice in such a manner as to be received by you, who are delicate in the choice of your friends and domestics, he knows our intimacy, and understands my ability to serve him better than I do myself. I have defended myself against his ambition to be yours, as long as I possibly could; but fearing the imputation of hiding my power in you out of mean and selfish considerations, I am at last prevailed upon to give you this trouble. Thus, avoid the appearance of a greater fault, I have put on this confidence. If you can forgive this transgression of modesty in be half of a friend, receive this gentleman into your interests and friendship, and take it from me that he is an honest and a brave man.'

'SIR, Thomas, that lived with me, was turned away because he was too good for

me.

You know I live in taverns: he is an orderly sober rascal, and thinks much to sleep in an entry until two in the morning. He told me one day, when he was dressing me, that he wondered I was not dead before now, since I went to dinner in the evening,

T.

Cicers

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No. 494.] Friday, September 26, 1712
lem, quorum est tandem philosophorum ?
Ægritudinem laudare, unan rem maxime detestabi
What kind of philosophy is it testof melancholy,
the most detestable thing in nature?
ABOUT an age ago it was the fashion in

and went to supper at two in the morning. England for every one that would be

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