Изображения страниц
PDF
EPUB

ADVERTISEMENT.

In publishing the two concluding volumes of this work, the author wishes to remove an impression which appears to have prevailed in some quarters, that it was designed to supersede the study of the continental historians. So far from this being the case, its more humble aim is to serve as an introduction to such a study; and it is with this view that reference has been constantly made to the best sources, whence more ample and satisfactory information might be derived. It was also hoped that the book might convey, to such readers as have not time or inclination for deeper studies, a tolerable idea of the chief events of continental history; as well as prove a handy-book of reference to refresh the memory even of the more erudite; for which purpose a copious Index has been subjoined to the last volume. It was further imagined that the work might afford some notion, however imperfect, of the general connection of the events of European history, which cannot commonly be gained from the histories of particular States.

With these few words of explanation as to the objects of his work, the author respectfully submits it to the candour of his critics, and to public trial and use. Nobody can be more sensible than himself of the numerous faults and imperfections which it must necessarily contain ; in palliation of which the best plea he can offer is the vast extent and enormous difficulty of the subject.

London: October 1864.

[blocks in formation]

CHAPTER II.

Affairs of Sweden, Russia, and Poland.-Frederick William the Great

Elector.-Wars of Charles X.-Treaties of Oliva, Copenhagen, and

Kardis (pp. 36–65).

1644. Christina Queen of Sweden 36 1656. Alliance between Charles and

1649. Names Charles Gustavus to

the Prince of Transylvania 52

the Succession

37 1657. Frederick III.of Denmark de-

1654. Abdicates ..

38

clares War against Charles

Accession of Charles X.

53

John Casimir II. of Poland

Leopold of Austria aids John

protests against it

39

Casimir

State of Poland under that

Retreat of Charles X.

54

Monarch

40 1657. Frederick William becomes

The Czar Alexis

41

Sorereign of Prussia

55

The Cossacks of the Ukraine 42

War between Denmark and

Alexis makes war the

Sweden

Poles.

43

Siege of Fredericksodde 56

1655. The Swedes invade Poland 44 1658. Charles X. crosses the Belt

John Casimir defeated

45

on the Ice.

57

Frederick William the “Great

Peace of Roskild

58

Elector"

46

Gigantic Plans of Charles 59

Concludes an Alliance with

He renews the War with

the Dutch.

47

Denmark

60

Charles X. reduces Prussia 48

Frederick III.'s brave De-

1656. Confederacy of Tyrcowicz

fence of Copenhagen

Alliance between Charles X.

He is assisted by the Elector

and Frederick William 49

of Brandenburg

61

They recover Warsaw

50 1659. England and Holland inter-

Relations between Charles X.

62

and the Czar

First Convention of the Hague

Alexis attacks Sweden

51 1660. Death of Charles X.

63

Treaty of Labiau between

Treaties of Oliva and Copen-

Charles X. and Frederick

hagen

64

William

52 1661. Peace of Kardis

65

[ocr errors]

vene

70

96

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

CHAPTER IV.

War between Austria and Turkey.-- Holy League.-Affairs of Hungary

and Poland.Revolutions in Denmark and Sweden.- Wars of the

Swedes, Prussians, and Danes (pp. 104—129).

1658. Mahomet IV. interferes in

1702. Peace between Russia and the

Transylvania

104

Porte

116

1663. Achmet Kôprili invades that 1692. Hanover made an Electorate 117

country

105 Retrospect of Scandinavian

1664. Battle of St. Gothard

106

History

118

Treaty of Vasvar

107 1660. The Danish Crown made here-

1678. Revolt of the Hungarians

ditary

119

under Tekeli.

108

New Constitution, or Lex

1683. Mahomet IV. besieges Vienna

Regia

120
Which is relieved by John

Oligarchical Government in

Sobieski

109

Sweden.

1684. Holy League against the Turks 110 Affairs of Brandenburg

121

1685. Hungary reduced by the Aus- 1675. The Swedes invade that coun-

trians

111

try

122

1687. The Hungarian Crown made

Defeated at Fehrbellin

123

hereditary :

Christian V. of Denmark

Conquests of the Venetians

coerces the Duke of Hol-

in the Morea

112

stein.

Siege of Athens

Hostilities between the Danes

Mahomet IV. deposed in

and Swedes

124

favour of Solyman II. 113 1677. Naval Victories of the Danes 125

1690. Successes of the Turks

114 1679. Frederick William defeats the

1691. Solyman II. succeeded by

Swedes at Splitter

126

Achmet II.

Louis XIV. dictates a Peace

1695. Achmet succeeded by Mus-

Treaties of Fontainebleau and

tapha II.

Lunden

127

1697. Augustus the Strong of Saxony 1680. The Swedish Crown made ab-

elected King of Poland 115

solute

128

Prince Eugène of Savoy com-

Reigns of Charles XI. of

mands the Imperial Army

Sweden and Christian V. of

1699. Peace of Carlowitz .

116

Denmark

129

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]
« ПредыдущаяПродолжить »