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Rev. V.-On Food: its Varieties, Chemical Composition, Nutritive Value,

Comparative Digestibility, Physiological Functions and Uses, Prepara-

tion, Culinary Treatment, Preservation, Adulteration, &c. Being the

Substance of Four Cantor Lectures by H. LETHEBY, M.B., M.A.,

Ph.D., &c.

57

Rev. VI.—The Principles and Practice of Veterinary Surgery. By W.

WILLIAMS, M.R.C.V.S., F.R.S.E., &c. Edinburgh and London, 1872.

Pp. 685.

REV. VII.-1. Traité de Chirurgie d'Armée, par L. LEGOUEST. Paris 92

2. Le Chirurgie Militaire, par LEON LE FORT. Paris

ib.

3. La Mortalité dans l'Armée, par Le Dr. J. C. CAENU. Paris

ib.

4. Code des Officiers de Santé, par P. A. DIDIOT. Paris

Rev. VIII.-1. Illustrations of the Influence of the Mind upon the Body in

Health and Disease. By DANIEL HACK TUKE, M.D., M.R.C.P.

1872

. 110

2. The Power of the Soul over the Body, considered in relation to Health

and Morals. By GEORGE MOORE, M.D. 1846

ib.

3. Theory of the Influence exerted by the Mind over the Body in the

Production and Removal of Morbid and Anomalous Conditions of the

Animal Economy. By JOHN GLEN, M.A. 1855 .

ib.

Rev. IX.-1. On the Pathology of the Morbid State commonly called Chronic

Bright's Disease, with Contracted Kidney (“ Arterio-Capillary

Fibrosis "). By Sir W. GULL, Bart., M.D., D.C.L., F.R.S., and

HENRY G. SUTTON, M.B., F.R.C.P. 'Med.-Chir. Transactions, vol.

lv, pp. 273–326

132

2. On the Pathology of Chronic Bright's Disease with Contracted

Kidney ; with especial reference to the Theory of “Arteris-Capillary

Fibrosis.” By GEORGE JOHNSON, M.D., F.R.S. Proceedings of

the Royal Medical and Chirurgical Society,' vol. vii, No. III, pp.

101 to 105

ib.

Rev. X.- Neuralgia and Kindred Diseases of the Nervous System ; their

Nature, Causes, and Treatment; also a Series of Cases, preceded by

an Analytical Exposition of them, exemplifying the Principles and

Practice of Neuro-Dynamic Medicine. By JOHN CHAPMAN, M.D.,

M.R.C.P., M.R.C.S. London, 1873. Pp. 512

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ÅRT. III.—The Microscope and Microscopical Technology. A Text Book for

Physicians and Students. By Dr. HEINRICH Frey, Professor of

Medicine in Zurich, Switzerland. Translated from the German and

Edited by GEORGE CUTTER, M.D. New York, 1872. Pp. 658 156

ART. IV.–Ozone and Antozone-their History and Nature. When, where,

why, how is Ozone observed in the Atmosphere ? By CORNELIUS

B. Fox, M.D. Edin., M.R.C.P. Lond., Fellow Brit. Meteor. Soc.,

Fellow Obstet. Soc., Member Scottish Meteor. Soc., &c. London,

1873. Pp. 329

. 158

ART. V.-Handbook of Medical Information and Advice : containing a brief

'Account of the Nature and Treatment of Common Diseases, &c. By a

Physician. London, 1872. Pp. 352

160

ART. VI.—The English Factory Legislation. By ERNST EDLER VON

PLENER. Translated from the German by F. L. WEINMANN. With

an Introduction by A. J. MUNDELLA, M.P. London, 1873. Pp. 175 162

ABT. VII.- Descriptive Catalogue of the Teratological Series in the Museum

of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. By B. THOMPSON

LOWNE, M.R.C.S.E., &c. London, 1872. Pp. 110

163

ART. VIII.—The Journal of Anatomy and Physiology. Nos. X and XI, May

and November, 1872

. 164

ART. IX.-A Handbook of Therapeutics. By SYDNEY RINGER, M.D. Third

Edition. 1873. Pp. 576

. 165

Art. X.- The Diseases of the Stomach ; being the Third Edition of the

• Diagnosis and Treatment of the Varieties of Dyspepsia.' Revised

and enlarged. By Wilson Fox, M.D., F.R.C.P., &c. London, 1872.

Pp. 236.

166

ART. XI.--General Surgical Pathology and Therapeutics. By THEODORE

BILLROTH, Professor of Surgery in Vienna, &c. Translated from the

Fourth German Edition by CHARLES HACKLEY, A.M., M.D. New

York, 1871

. 167

ART. XII.-Sydenham Society's Publications :

. 169

ABT. XIII.-On Cerebria, and other Diseases of the Brain. By CHARLES

ELAM, M.D. London, 1872 .

ib.

ART. XIV.- Proceedings of the Dublin Obstetrical Society of Session

1871-72. Dublin. Pp. 164 .

171

ART XV.–The • Epistles' and `Art of Poetry' of Horace, translated into

English Metre. By ANDREW WOOD, M.D. Edinburgh, 1872. Pp. 140 172

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THE

BRITISH AND FOREIGN

MEDICO-CHIRURGICAL REVIEW.

JULY, 1873.

Analytical and Critical Reviews.

I.-On Air and Rain.' “ You must pass the winter in a more genial and warmer climate”-or, “You should live in a more bracing atmosphere' -or, “ You will not be able to resist the heat of the tropics’ or, “ Town air must be avoided in a case like yours:"_We may safely conclude from the fact that such recommendations as the foregoing are constantly given by medical men to their patients, that there is a deep and general belief both in the therapeutic and in the pathogenic influence of climate.

It is no trifling thing, however, to recommend a man to leave home or change his residence. Cart loads of mixtures and pills would cost less, and few prescriptions are so difficult to followin so far at least as regards the multitude. It may be assumed, therefore, when a physician counsels his patient to seek in change of climate a restoration of health, that he is fully convinced in his mind of the value of what he advises, and that he has at least as thorough a knowledge of this, as he has of the other remedial agencies in which his faith is habitually declared.

There are those, perhaps, who think that the physician does not know much about any of them, and who regard the art of healing as little better than a make-believe; but with such wrong-headed and very objectionable people we have nothing here to do.. We are not asking whether we know much or little about such things as quinine and strychnine, but whether we know as much about the constitution and action of climate as we do about them-whether, in short, we have studied climate in an equally careful and scientific manner.

11. Air and Rain : the Beginnings of a Chemical Climatology. By ROBERT ANGUS Smith, Ph.D., F.R.S., F.G.S. London, 1872.

2. On Chemical Climatology. By R. ANGUS SMITH, F.R.S. 'Journal of the Scottish Meteorological Society,' January, 1870, No. xxv.

103-LII.

1

It is needless to say that we should have a good reason for every medical faith that is in us; but, in a special sense and measure, it seems desirable that our faith in climate, which sends men hither and thither over the face of the whole earth, which breaks up homes, and which leads to large outlays of money and time, should, if possible, be well grounded in knowledge. It is, indeed, but common honesty that we should do our very best to avoid mistakes in such a matter. In little things, of

. course, as well as in big, we ought to be alike honest--that goes without the saying—but it is clear that we may conscientiously and easily advise a patient to try a purgative or a tonic (hoping if not believing, that it will do him good), though we may hesitate and feel a special call to make sure that we are counselling wisely before we recommend what he may not be able to obtain without much difficulty.

In considerations of this nature there is surely a reason for making our knowledge of climate as fulland as accurate as possible. But there are other and strong considerations which point to the same end. Has not Hippocrates himself said—“Whoever wishes to investigate medicine properly should proceed thus : in the first place to consider the seasons of the year and what effects each of them produces ” ? Did he not mean by this to give climate almost the very first place as a producer, preventor, and healer of diseases, and who can refuse to admit that in this he was right? Climate, therefore, is something worth knowing about, because it is an agent of great and undoubted power. We can use our knowledge of it both to avert and to relieve suffering. It kills as well as cures, and may be used for either purpose. Yet is it not as true now, as it was when Brady said in a letter to Sydenham, that “No physician, hitherto, has attentively considered the force and influence of the atmosphere upon human bodies: nor yet sufficiently ascertained the part it plays in prolonging human life.” ??

There is reason to fear that what was true in Sydenham's day continues to be true in ours, and that the belief in the action of climate, though it widely shapes our counsels, is nevertheless founded on very loose and imperfect information. It is not too much to say that it is mainly derived from works, the chief object of which was the bringing into repute localities in which the writers practised their art. Such works have often no claim whatever to be regarded as expositions of scientific research, and they too frequently betray a lamentable ignorance of well-known discoveries in meteorology. Medical men, in

| Works of Hippocrates, ‘Syd. Soc. Ed.,'i, 190. 2 Works of 'Syd. Soc. Ed.,'ii, 3.

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