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H I STORY

OF

E N G L A N D,

FROM

The INVASION of JULIUS CÆSAR

Τ Ο

The REVOLUTION in 1688.

IN EIGHT VOLUMES,

By DAVID HUME, Esq;

VOL. v.

A NEW EDITION, Corrected.

To which is added, a COMPLETE INDE X.

DU B L I N:

PRINTED FOR THE UNITED COMPANY OF BOOK-

SELLERS.
MDCCLXXV.

CANTON

LIBRUTAL

VAUD

PA

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C ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S

OF THE

FIFTH V O L U M E.

E L I Z A B E T H.

CHA P. XXXIX. Queen's popularity.--Re-establishment of the protestant reli

gion. A parliament.-- Peace with France.- Disgust between the queen and Mary queen of Scots.Affairs of Scotland.- Reformation in Scotland.-Civil wars in Scotland.- Interposal of the queen in the affairs of Scotland.Settlement of Scotland.-French affairs.- Arrival of Mary in Scotland.-Bigotry of the Scotch reformers. Wife government of Elizabeth.

page 1

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State of Europe.--Civil wars of France.--Havre de Grace

put in polèfon of the English.--A parliament.-Havre left.--Affairs of Scotland. The queen of Scots marries the earl of Darnley.--Confederacy against the protestants.Murder of Rizzio.--A parliament.-Marder of Darnley.-- Queen of Scots marries Bothwell.— Insurrections in Scotland.— Imprisonment of Mary.Mary flies into England.-Conferences at York and Hampton-Court. 52

CHAP. XLI.

Character of the puritans.-Duke of Norfolk's.conspiracy:

Insurrection in the north.-- Afasination of the earl of Murray.- A parliament.-Civil wars of France. --Affairs

the duke of Norfolk.Trial of Norfolk. His execution.-- Affairs of Scotland.- French affairs.--Masacre of Paris.-French affairs. --Livil wars of the Low

Countries.-- Aparliament.

I 22 CH A P.

A 2

CHAP. XLII.

Affairs of Scotland Spanish affairs.--—Sir Francis

Drake. A parliament. -Negociations of marriage

with the duke of Anjou. -Affairs of Scotland.--Letter

of queen Mary to Elizabeth. Conspiracies in England,

-A parliament.The ecclesiastical commission. --Af-

fairs of the Low Countries. Hoftilities with Spain.

187

CHAP. XLIII.

Zeal of the Catholics. -Babington's conspiracy.-Mury

assents to the conspiracy. -The conspirators seized and

executed.-Resolution to try the queen of Scots.

The commisioners prevail on her to submit to the trial.-

The trial. Sentence against Mary. Interposition of

king James. -Reasons for the exceution of Mary.

The execution.Mary's character.-The queen's affected

forrow.-Drake destroys the Spanish fleet at Cadiz.

Philip projeets the invasion of England. The invincible

armada.---Preparations in England. -The armada ar-

rives in the channel.-Defeated.--A parliament.--Ex-

pedition against Portugal.- Affairs of Scotland. 228

CHA P. XLIV.

French affairs.-Murder of the duke of Guise.Murder of

Henry the third.-Progress of Henry the fourth.--Na-

val enterprizes against Spain. -A parliament.--Henry

the fourth embraces the catholic religion. Scotch af-

fairs.--Naval enterprizes.--A parliament.-- Peace of

Virvins. -The earl of Elex.

286

CHAP. XLV.

State of Ireland.-Tyrone's rebellion.--Esex sent over to

Ireland.His ill success.- Returns to England.- Is dif-
graced.— His intrigues.--His insurrection. His trial
and execution. French affairs.- Mountjoy's fuccess in
Ireland.-

Defeat of the Spaniards and Irish.--A parli-

ament.-Tyrone's submission. Queen's sickness.

And death. And character.

319

APPENDIX III.

Government of England. - Revenues.---Commerce.-Military

force.-Manufactures. Learning.

364

THE

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Queen's popularity.--Re-establishment of the protestant religion. A parliament. Peace with France. Disgust between the queen and Mary queen of Scots. Affairs of Scotland. Reformation in Scotland.Civil wars in Scotland.- -Interposal of the queen in the affairs of Scotland Settlement of Scotland.French affairs.--Arrival of Mary in Scotland.Bigotry of the Scotch reformers.Wife government of Elizabeth,

IN

Na nation so divided as the English, it could scarcely CHA P.

be expected, that the death of one sovereign, and XXXIX. the accession of another, who was generally believed to have embraced opposite principles to those which prevail- 1558. ed, could be the object of universal fatisfa&ion : Yet Queen's fo much were men displeased with the present con- popularity. du& of affairs, and such apprehensions were entertained of futurity, that the people, overlooking their theological disputes, expressed a general and unfeigned joy that the scepter had passed into the hand of Elizabeth. That princesshad discovered great prudencein hercondu&during the reign of her sister; and as men were sensible of the imminent danger, to which she was every moment exposed, compassion towards her situation, and concern for her safety, had rendered her, to an uncommon degree, Vol. V.

B.

the

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